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John Culberson's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

Office: U.S. House (TX) - District 7, Republican
John Culberson has refused to provide voters with positions on key issues covered by the 2018 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests from Vote Smart and voters like you.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

For Presidential and Congressional candidates who refuse to provide voters with their positions, Vote Smart has researched their public records to determine their likely responses. These issue positions are from 2018.

Pro-life Inferred Answer Abortion: Do you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "There's overwhelming support among the American people that we don't want our tax dollars used to subsidize or support abortion in any way." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/590935/full-year-continuing-appropriations-act-2011#.VbEUZHV3k1M (votesmart.org)
  • "In the 40 years since Roe v. Wade, there have been more than 55 million abortions in the United States a number twice the size of the population of Texas. That's 55 million lives that were not allowed to begin, 55 million children who were not allowed to bring joy to their families and friends, and 55 million Americans who were not allowed to work hard and strengthen our families and communities." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/764446/culberson-statement-on-the-40th-anniversary-of-roe-v-wade#.VZHIHXUVhHx (votesmart.org)
  • Rated 0% by Planned Parenthood https://votesmart.org/candidate/evaluations/5488/john-culberson/75#.Wh8wQGe3wfI (votesmart.org)
  • "There's overwhelming support among the American people that we don't want our tax dollars used to subsidize or support abortion in any way." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/590935/full-year-continuing-appropriations-act-2011#.VbEUZHV3k1M (votesmart.org)
  • "In the 40 years since Roe v. Wade, there have been more than 55 million abortions in the United States a number twice the size of the population of Texas. That's 55 million lives that were not allowed to begin, 55 million children who were not allowed to bring joy to their families and friends, and 55 million Americans who were not allowed to work hard and strengthen our families and communities." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/764446/culberson-statement-on-the-40th-anniversary-of-roe-v-wade#.VZHIHXUVhHx (votesmart.org)
  • Rated 0% by Planned Parenthood https://votesmart.org/candidate/evaluations/5488/john-culberson/75#.Wh8wQGe3wfI (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "I will continue work with my colleagues to reduce the tax burden on families and businesses and work toward a simpler and more transparent system to keep the money where it belongs in the hands of the American people who earned it." http://culberson.house.gov/issues/issue/?IssueID=109047 (culberson.house.gov)
  • "I support abolishing the income tax and the Internal Revenue Service and replacing it with a national retail consumption tax to be administered by the states." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/369548/issue-position-taxes#.VZHIfnUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "I will continue work with my colleagues to reduce the tax burden on families and businesses and work toward a simpler and more transparent system to keep the money where it belongs in the hands of the American people who earned it." http://culberson.house.gov/issues/issue/?IssueID=109047 (culberson.house.gov)
  • "I oppose raising taxes on anyone." https://votesmart.org/public-statement/764438/why-i-will-vote-no-on-the-senate-passed-bill/?search=defense%20budget#.WiWCHme3wfJ (votesmart.org)
  • "I support abolishing the income tax and the Internal Revenue Service and replacing it with a national retail consumption tax to be administered by the states." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/369548/issue-position-taxes#.VZHIfnUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "I oppose raising taxes on anyone." https://votesmart.org/public-statement/764438/why-i-will-vote-no-on-the-senate-passed-bill/?search=defense%20budget#.WiWCHme3wfJ (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support reducing defense spending? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Our nation's debt is the top threat to our nation's defense. But the across-the-board cuts to discretionary spending, known as sequestration, would have a disproportionate and devastating impact on our military at a critical time." https://votesmart.org/public-statement/1010862/issue-position-defense/?search=spending#.WiWHIGe3wfI (votesmart.org)
  • "By providing a $26.4 billion increase above the President's budget request, Congress will make investments in facilities maintenance, missile defense, end strength, Naval presence, ground forces, aviation assets and critical munitions levels." https://votesmart.org/public-statement/1207660/rep-culberson-statement-on-passage-of-national-defense-authorization-act/?search=budget#.WiWGHGe3wfI (votesmart.org)
  • Our nation's debt is the top threat to our nation's defense. But the across-the-board cuts to discretionary spending, known as sequestration, would have a disproportionate and devastating impact on our military at a critical time." https://votesmart.org/public-statement/1010862/issue-position-defense/?search=spending#.WiWHIGe3wfI (votesmart.org)
  • "By providing a $26.4 billion increase above the President's budget request, Congress will make investments in facilities maintenance, missile defense, end strength, Naval presence, ground forces, aviation assets and critical munitions levels." https://votesmart.org/public-statement/1207660/rep-culberson-statement-on-passage-of-national-defense-authorization-act/?search=budget#.WiWGHGe3wfI (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Campaign Finance: Do you support the regulation of indirect campaign contributions from corporations and unions? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Despite exhaustive research, Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.
No Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "I've supported legislation that would begin to rein in runaway spending and reform entitlement programs" http://culberson.house.gov/issues/issue/?IssueID=109038 (culberson.house.gov)
  • "Congress must find ways to reduce spending on wasteful projects and to reform entitlement programs. Record deficits threaten our economic prosperity and the financial security of future generations." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/369545/issue-position-spending#.VZHJxXUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "I've supported legislation that would begin to rein in runaway spending and reform entitlement programs" http://culberson.house.gov/issues/issue/?IssueID=109038 (culberson.house.gov)
  • "The most serious threat to our nation's defense is our debt. Over the last four years we have seen more spending than in the entire history of our country and every failed attempt at a so-called recovery has cost the taxpayers even more. Therefore, the House unanimously rejected the president's budget 414-0." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/832890/issue-position-budget#.VZHJWHUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "Congress must find ways to reduce spending on wasteful projects and to reform entitlement programs. Record deficits threaten our economic prosperity and the financial security of future generations." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/369545/issue-position-spending#.VZHJxXUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "The most serious threat to our nation's defense is our debt. Over the last four years we have seen more spending than in the entire history of our country and every failed attempt at a so-called recovery has cost the taxpayers even more. Therefore, the House unanimously rejected the president's budget 414-0." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/832890/issue-position-budget#.VZHJWHUVhHw (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support lowering corporate taxes as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Signed a pledge stating "ONE, oppose any and all efforts to increase the marginal income tax rates for individuals and/or businesses; and TWO, oppose any net reduction or elimination of deductions and credits, unless matched dollar for dollar by further reducing tax rates." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/813534/americans-for-prosperity-federal-taxpayer-protection-pledge#.VbEV7XV3k1M (votesmart.org)
  • "I will continue work with my colleagues to reduce the tax burden on families and businesses and work toward a simpler and more transparent system to keep the money where it belongs – in the hands of the American people who earned it." http://culberson.house.gov/issues/issue/?IssueID=109047 (culberson.house.gov)
  • Signed a pledge stating "ONE, oppose any and all efforts to increase the marginal income tax rates for individuals and/or businesses; and TWO, oppose any net reduction or elimination of deductions and credits, unless matched dollar for dollar by further reducing tax rates." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/813534/americans-for-prosperity-federal-taxpayer-protection-pledge#.VbEV7XV3k1M (votesmart.org)
  • "Until Congress can reform the tax code with the Fair Tax Act, I support lowering taxes so American families can keep and invest more of their hard-earned money." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/369548/issue-position-taxes#.VZHIfnUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "I will continue work with my colleagues to reduce the tax burden on families and businesses and work toward a simpler and more transparent system to keep the money where it belongs – in the hands of the American people who earned it." http://culberson.house.gov/issues/issue/?IssueID=109047 (culberson.house.gov)
  • "Until Congress can reform the tax code with the Fair Tax Act, I support lowering taxes so American families can keep and invest more of their hard-earned money." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/369548/issue-position-taxes#.VZHIfnUVhHw (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Education: Do you support requiring states to adopt federal education standards? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "The education of our children is not a power delegated to the federal government under the Constitution. This power rests exclusively with parents, local school districts, and state legislatures. I believe the No Child Left Behind Act gives too much authority to bureaucrats at the Department of Education and wastes billions of our tax dollars each year." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/628000/issue-position-education#.VbEYmXV3k1M (votesmart.org)
  • "The education of our children is not a power delegated to the federal government under the Constitution. This power rests exclusively with parents, local school districts, and state legislatures. I believe the No Child Left Behind Act gives too much authority to bureaucrats at the Department of Education and wastes billions of our tax dollars each year." http://culberson.house.gov/issues/issue/?IssueID=109041 (culberson.house.gov)
  • "The education of our children is not a power delegated to the federal government under the Constitution. This power rests exclusively with parents, local school districts, and state legislatures. I believe the No Child Left Behind Act gives too much authority to bureaucrats at the Department of Education and wastes billions of our tax dollars each year." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/628000/issue-position-education#.VbEYmXV3k1M (votesmart.org)
  • "[..] I believe there is no constitutional role for the Federal Government in education. However, I understand that the funds under this act are accepted voluntarily by each State, but I am concerned that State bureaucrats often simply accept these funds and all the strings without any input from our constituents or locally elected officials."http://votesmart.org/public-statement/951524/student-success-act#.VbEY-nV3k1N (votesmart.org)
  • "The education of our children is not a power delegated to the federal government under the Constitution. This power rests exclusively with parents, local school districts, and state legislatures. I believe the No Child Left Behind Act gives too much authority to bureaucrats at the Department of Education and wastes billions of our tax dollars each year." http://culberson.house.gov/issues/issue/?IssueID=109041 (culberson.house.gov)
  • "[..] I believe there is no constitutional role for the Federal Government in education. However, I understand that the funds under this act are accepted voluntarily by each State, but I am concerned that State bureaucrats often simply accept these funds and all the strings without any input from our constituents or locally elected officials."http://votesmart.org/public-statement/951524/student-success-act#.VbEY-nV3k1N (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Energy & Environment: Do you support government funding for the development of renewable energy (e.g. solar, wind, thermal)? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "I believe there is a better way to conserve energy while conserving our tax dollars, which is why I am a co-sponsor of H.R. 2828, the American Energy Innovation Act. This fiscally responsible approach encourages innovation by investing in renewable energy technology, promotes conservation by providing incentives for reducing energy demand, and increases production of American energy by utilizing available resources and streamlining burdensome regulations." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/369534/issue-position-energy#.VbEasnV3k1M (votesmart.org)
  • "Dependence on foreign oil is a serious threat to our economy and national security. Congress should provide incentives for domestic oil production and promote alternative forms of energy." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/853512/issue-position-energy#.VZHLkHUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "I believe there is a better way to conserve energy while conserving our tax dollars, which is why I am a co-sponsor of H.R. 2828, the American Energy Innovation Act. This fiscally responsible approach encourages innovation by investing in renewable energy technology, promotes conservation by providing incentives for reducing energy demand, and increases production of American energy by utilizing available resources and streamlining burdensome regulations." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/369534/issue-position-energy#.VbEasnV3k1M (votesmart.org)
  • "Dependence on foreign oil is a serious threat to our economy and national security. Congress should provide incentives for domestic oil production and promote alternative forms of energy." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/853512/issue-position-energy#.VZHLkHUVhHw (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Energy & Environment: Do you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "You don't need a PhD in economics to understand that further regulations will only serve to eliminate jobs and raise energy prices for struggling American families and businesses. Sadly, we've already seen American jobs leave the Gulf Coast and head to the president's recently championed Brazil as a result of this administration's de facto moratorium on offshore drilling." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/598075/further-regulation-will-eliminate-jobs-and-raise-energy-prices#.VZHL3nUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • Rated 0% by Environment America https://votesmart.org/candidate/evaluations/5488/john-culberson/30#.Wh8wbme3wfI (votesmart.org)
  • "The cap and trade plan recently passed by House Democrats is likely to be the largest tax increase in American history." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/598075/further-regulation-will-eliminate-jobs-and-raise-energy-prices#.VbEcC3V3k1N (votesmart.org)
  • "You don't need a PhD in economics to understand that further regulations will only serve to eliminate jobs and raise energy prices for struggling American families and businesses. Sadly, we've already seen American jobs leave the Gulf Coast and head to the president's recently championed Brazil as a result of this administration's de facto moratorium on offshore drilling." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/598075/further-regulation-will-eliminate-jobs-and-raise-energy-prices#.VZHL3nUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • Rated 0% by Environment America https://votesmart.org/candidate/evaluations/5488/john-culberson/30#.Wh8wbme3wfI (votesmart.org)
  • "The cap and trade plan recently passed by House Democrats is likely to be the largest tax increase in American history." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/598075/further-regulation-will-eliminate-jobs-and-raise-energy-prices#.VbEcC3V3k1N (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Guns: Do you generally support gun-control legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Rated 90% by Gun Owners of America http://votesmart.org/interest-group/1226/rating/8555 (votesmart.org)
  • "I will not support any legislation that prevents Americans from responsibly exercising their Second Amendment rights, including any attempt to prevent ownership of certain firearms or ammunition." http://culberson.house.gov/issues/issue/?IssueID=109045 (culberson.house.gov)
  • Rated 90% by Gun Owners of America http://votesmart.org/interest-group/1226/rating/8555 (votesmart.org)
  • "The EPA's actions are nothing more than a de facto attempt to thwart the Second Amendment rights of Americans, since banning lead would dramatically reduce the availability of ammunition in this country and drive up prices for manufacturers and consumers." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/844150/newsletter-protecting-the-second-amendment#.VZHMaXUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "I will not support any legislation that prevents Americans from responsibly exercising their Second Amendment rights, including any attempt to prevent ownership of certain firearms or ammunition." http://culberson.house.gov/issues/issue/?IssueID=109045 (culberson.house.gov)
  • "The EPA's actions are nothing more than a de facto attempt to thwart the Second Amendment rights of Americans, since banning lead would dramatically reduce the availability of ammunition in this country and drive up prices for manufacturers and consumers." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/844150/newsletter-protecting-the-second-amendment#.VZHMaXUVhHw (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Health Care: Do you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act ("Obamacare")? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "This past month marked the five-year anniversary of Obamacare. Unfortunately, there wasn't much to celebrate. Obamacare is proof that Washington does not know best." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/969651/freeing-states-from-obamacare#.VZHNAnUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "I will continue to work ceaselessly to repeal and defund Obamacare." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/987926/culberson-statement-on-supreme-courts-decision-on-obamacare/?search=obamacare#.Vl3YbGwViko (votesmart.org)
  • "This past month marked the five-year anniversary of Obamacare. Unfortunately, there wasn't much to celebrate. Obamacare is proof that Washington does not know best." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/969651/freeing-states-from-obamacare#.VZHNAnUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "We need to fix the broken network of government policies and federal mandates that have made such a mess of health care in America and replace Obamacare with patient-centered reforms rooted in free market principles that will lower costs" http://culberson.house.gov/issues/issue/?IssueID=109036 (culberson.house.gov)
  • "I will continue to work ceaselessly to repeal and defund Obamacare." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/987926/culberson-statement-on-supreme-courts-decision-on-obamacare/?search=obamacare#.Vl3YbGwViko (votesmart.org)
  • "We need to fix the broken network of government policies and federal mandates that have made such a mess of health care in America and replace Obamacare with patient-centered reforms rooted in free market principles that will lower costs" http://culberson.house.gov/issues/issue/?IssueID=109036 (culberson.house.gov)
Yes Inferred Answer Immigration: Do you support the construction of a wall along the Mexican border? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "[...] I will continue to advocate for Texans by restoring the rule of law, increasing border security, and working to cut off federal funding to jurisdictions that ignore immigration laws and put our families' safety at risk." https://votesmart.org/public-statement/1106543/a-major-victory-for-the-rule-of-law/?search=border%20security#.WiV9LGe3wfI (votesmart.org)
  • "We will never win the war on terror until we secure our borders." https://votesmart.org/public-statement/853505/issue-position-border-security/?search=drugs#.WiWBu2e3wfJ (votesmart.org)
  • Texas Tribune "Congressman Culberson supports President-elect Trump’s plan to secure the border with a wall […]" https://www.texastribune.org/2016/12/20/where-texas-congressional-delegation-stands-trumps/ (www.texastribune.org)
  • "[...] I will continue to advocate for Texans by restoring the rule of law, increasing border security, and working to cut off federal funding to jurisdictions that ignore immigration laws and put our families' safety at risk." https://votesmart.org/public-statement/1106543/a-major-victory-for-the-rule-of-law/?search=border%20security#.WiV9LGe3wfI (votesmart.org)
  • "We will never win the war on terror until we secure our borders." https://votesmart.org/public-statement/853505/issue-position-border-security/?search=drugs#.WiWBu2e3wfJ (votesmart.org)
  • Texas Tribune "Congressman Culberson supports President-elect Trump’s plan to secure the border with a wall […]" https://www.texastribune.org/2016/12/20/where-texas-congressional-delegation-stands-trumps/ (www.texastribune.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Immigration: Do you support requiring immigrants who are unlawfully present to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "President Obama's overreach is unprecedented. From Obamacare to the IRS scandals to his executive amnesty, no president has shown less regard for the rule of law." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/959756/culberson-stands-with-texas-in-fight-against-amnesty#.VbEdp3V3k1M (votesmart.org)
  • "I am strongly opposed to amnesty for illegal immigrants. Respect for the rule of law is a hallmark of our democracy, and it is one of the reasons America has the largest immigrant population in the world. We must work to streamline and improve our visa system so that people who want to come to our country legally are able to do so through the proper channels without unnecessary delays." http://culberson.house.gov/issues/issue/?IssueID=109034 (culberson.house.gov)
  • "My highest priority is to ensure that the Obama Administration enforces our immigrations laws and secures our border. I am determined to do whatever it takes to stop the implementation of President Obama's illegal and unconstitutional executive amnesty." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/959741/newsletter-continuing-the-fight-against-the-presidents-illegal-amnesty#.VZHNLnUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "President Obama's overreach is unprecedented. From Obamacare to the IRS scandals to his executive amnesty, no president has shown less regard for the rule of law." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/959756/culberson-stands-with-texas-in-fight-against-amnesty#.VbEdp3V3k1M (votesmart.org)
  • "I am strongly opposed to amnesty for illegal immigrants. Respect for the rule of law is a hallmark of our democracy, and it is one of the reasons America has the largest immigrant population in the world. We must work to streamline and improve our visa system so that people who want to come to our country legally are able to do so through the proper channels without unnecessary delays." http://culberson.house.gov/issues/issue/?IssueID=109034 (culberson.house.gov)
  • "My highest priority is to ensure that the Obama Administration enforces our immigrations laws and secures our border. I am determined to do whatever it takes to stop the implementation of President Obama's illegal and unconstitutional executive amnesty." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/959741/newsletter-continuing-the-fight-against-the-presidents-illegal-amnesty#.VZHNLnUVhHw (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Marijuana: Do you support the legalization of marijuana for recreational purposes? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Voted against H Amdt 748 "Prohibits Federal Agencies from Preventing States from Authorizing the Use of Medical Marijuana" https://votesmart.org/candidate/key-votes/5488/john-culberson/101/marijuana-legalization#.W6VHtXX5gfI (votesmart.org)
  • Rated 0% by Americans for Safe Access https://votesmart.org/candidate/evaluations/5488/john-culberson#.WiV_kGe3wfI (votesmart.org)
  • Rated 17% by the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws https://votesmart.org/candidate/evaluations/5488/john-culberson#.WiV_kGe3wfI (votesmart.org)
  • Rated 0% by Americans for Safe Access https://votesmart.org/candidate/evaluations/5488/john-culberson#.WiV_kGe3wfI (votesmart.org)
  • Rated 17% by the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws https://votesmart.org/candidate/evaluations/5488/john-culberson#.WiV_kGe3wfI (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer National Security: Should the United States use military force in order to prevent governments hostile to the U.S. from possessing a nuclear weapon? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Despite exhaustive research, Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.
Unknown Position Unknown Answer National Security: Do you support increased American intervention in Middle Eastern conflicts beyond air support? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "I look forward to the Administration engaging with Congress on any ongoing efforts to combat atrocities in Syria." https://votesmart.org/public-statement/1176991/culbersons-statement-on-missile-strikes-in-syria/?search=syria#.WiWDUWe3wfI (votesmart.org)
  • "I also believe we must continue to encourage democratic alternatives to any transitioning nations. What we are seeing in the Middle East now is the brutal results of long standing authoritarian regimes. Under these regimes, there are almost always no opportunities for political expression. Instead, political activity is pushed underground. It is under this oppression that political movements fester and radicalize into extremist groups. The people’s dissenting voices can be heard only through democracy, and only then will the growing wave of extremism and terrorism be halted." https://culberson.house.gov/issues/issue/?IssueID=109042 (culberson.house.gov)
  • "I look forward to the Administration engaging with Congress on any ongoing efforts to combat atrocities in Syria." https://votesmart.org/public-statement/1176991/culbersons-statement-on-missile-strikes-in-syria/?search=syria#.WiWDUWe3wfI (votesmart.org)

Key

Candidate Answer

Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue.

Vote Smart's Research: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as the candidate has submitted it. Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

Congressional Election 2000 National Political Awareness Test

This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.

The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning abortion.
a) Abortions should always be illegal.
b) Abortions should be illegal when the fetus is viable, with or without life support.
c) Abortions should always be legally available.
d) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester of pregnancy.
Xe) Abortions should be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape.
Xf) Abortions should be legal when the life of the woman is endangered.
Xg) Abortions should be limited by waiting periods and notification requirements as decided by each state government.
Xh) Prohibit the dilation and extraction procedure, also known as "partial birth" abortion.
Xi) Prohibit public funding of abortions and public funding of organizations that advocate or perform abortions.
j) Support "buffer-zones" by requiring demonstrators to stay at least five feet from abortion clinic doorways and driveways.
k) Provide funding for family planning programs as a means to decrease the number of abortions.
l) Other
Budgetary Priorities
Indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following general categories.
Slightly Decrease Fundinga) Agricultural
Eliminate Fundingb) Arts
Slightly Increase Fundingc) Defense
Slightly Increase Fundingd) Education
Slightly Decrease Fundinge) Environmental
Greatly Decrease Fundingf) International aid
Slightly Increase Fundingg) Law enforcement
Slightly Increase Fundingh) Medical Research
Greatly Increase Fundingi) National Aeronautical Space Administration (NASA)
Slightly Decrease Fundingj) National Parks
Greatly Increase Fundingk) Scientific Research
Slightly Increase Fundingl) Transportation and Highway Infrastructure
Slightly Decrease Fundingm) Welfare
n) Other
Yes2) Would you support enforcing the spending limits agreed to in 1997 by the President and Congress to balance the budget?
Defense Spending
Indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following categories.
Slightly Increase Fundinga) Armed Forces personnel training
Slightly Increase Fundingb) Covert intelligence operations
Slightly Increase Fundingc) Defense plant conversion
Slightly Increase Fundingd) Military hardware
Slightly Increase Fundinge) Military space shuttle missions
Greatly Increase Fundingf) Pay for active duty personnel
Greatly Increase Fundingg) National Missile Defense Program
Greatly Increase Fundingh) Modernization of weaponry and equipment
Greatly Increase Fundingi) Programs to improve military retention rates
Greatly Increase Fundingj) Research and development of new weapons
Greatly Increase Fundingk) Troop and equipment readiness
l) Other
Budget Surplus
Indicate your priorities for spending any anticipated federal budget surplus.
Not a Prioritya) Defense
Lowest Priorityb) Education
Highest Priorityc) Federal debt reduction
Medium Priorityd) Medicare
High Prioritye) Social Security
Low Priorityf) Tax cuts
g) Other
Taxes
Indicate what levels you support concerning taxes, deductions, and tax credits in the following categories.
Income Taxes - Family Income
Greatly Decreasea) Less than $25,000
Greatly Decreaseb) $25,000 - $75,000
Greatly Decreasec) $75,000 - $150,000
Greatly Decreased) Over $150,000
e) Other
Income Taxes - Retiree Income
Greatly Decreasef) Over $40, 000
g) Other
Other Taxes
Slightly Decreasea) Alcohol taxes
Eliminateb) Capital gains taxes
Maintain Statusc) Cigarette taxes
Slightly Decreased) Corporate taxes
Slightly Decreasee) Gasoline taxes
Eliminatef) Inheritance taxes
g) Other
Deductions/Credits
Slightly Increasea) Charitable deductions
Greatly Increaseb) Medical expense deductions
Slightly Increasec) Mortgage deductions
Slightly Increased) Child tax credit
Slightly Increasee) Earned income tax credit
Slightly Increasef) Student loan tax credit
g) Other
Taxes
Yes2) Do you support replacing the current U.S. income tax structure with a flat income tax?
No3) Should a married couple filing jointly pay the same taxes as if they were an unmarried couple filing separately?
Yes4) Would you cut taxes if there were an operating surplus?
No5) Would you cut taxes and use Social Security surpluses to supplement the difference?
6) Other
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance issues.
a) Support public taxpayer funding for Congressional candidates who comply with campaign spending limits.
Xb) Increase the amount individuals are permitted to contribute to federal campaigns.
c) Prohibit Political Action Committee (PAC) contributions to candidates for federal office.
d) Provide free or low-cost television advertising to candidates who agree to voluntary campaign spending limits.
e) Ban unregulated soft money campaign contributions to political parties or committees.
Xf) Prohibit non-U.S. citizens from making soft money contributions to national parties or party committees.
Xg) Require full disclosure of funding sources of issue advocacy commercials which appear within 60 days of an election.
h) Make campaign spending limits mandatory for all federal candidates.
Xi) Remove all contribution limits on federal candidates and parties, but require complete and immediate disclosure via the Internet.
Xj) Require Congressional candidates to raise over half of their campaign money from their home state.
k) Other
Indicate which principles you support (if any) to address crime.
Xa) Broaden the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
Xb) Increase spending to build more federal prisons.
Xc) Impose "truth in sentencing" for violent criminals so they serve full sentences with no chance of parole.
Xd) Support programs to provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
Xe) Support programs to provide prison inmates with drug and alcohol addiction treatment.
f) Increase penalties for crimes committed on school grounds.
g) Increase funding for community policing programs.
h) Implement penalties other than incarceration for certain non-violent offenders.
i) Require that crimes based on gender, sexual orientation, and disability be prosecuted as federal hate crimes.
j) Enforcement of civil rights should primarily be the responsibility of the federal government.
Xk) Prosecute as adults, youths accused of a felony.
Xl) Provide block grants to states for implementation of programs to combat juvenile crime.
Xm) Impose harsher penalties for youths convicted of violent offenses.
Xn) Support the use of "boot camps" as alternative sentencing for juvenile offenders.
o) Support programs that provide job training and placement services for at-risk youth.
p) Other
Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning illegal drugs.
Xa) Increase penalties for selling illegal drugs.
b) Support mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
Xc) Support capital punishment for convicted international drug traffickers.
d) Expand federally sponsored drug education and drug treatment programs.
e) Decriminalize the use of marijuana for medicinal purposes.
Xf) Increase border security to stop the flow of illegal drugs into the U.S.
g) Eliminate federal funding for programs associated with the "war on drugs."
h) Other
Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning education (K-12).
a) Support national standards and testing of public school students.
b) Allow parents to use vouchers (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any publicly-funded school.
c) Allow parents to use vouchers (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any participating school: public, private or religious.
d) Allow parents to use tax-free savings accounts to send their children to any publicly-funded school.
Xe) Allow parents to use tax-free savings accounts to send their children to any participating school: public, private or religious.
Xf) Support charter schools where teachers and professionals receive authorization and funding to establish new schools.
Xg) Promote education flexibility by giving federal funds, in the form of block grants, to the states to spend it as they see fit.
Xh) Increase funding for block grants to states to help them hire additional teachers.
i) Support teacher testing and reward teachers with merit pay.
j) Increase funding for computers and computer training in public schools.
k) Increase funding for school capital improvements (e.g. buildings and infrastructure).
Xl) Eliminate restrictions on federal education funding, giving educators or local school districts more flexibility to design and implement their programs.
m) Support affirmative action in public college admissions.
Xn) Eliminate federal financial aid for individuals convicted of drug offenses.
Xo) Increase funding of programs such as Pell grants and Stafford loans to help students pay for college.
Xp) Support federal tax incentives to help families save for college.
q) Other
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding employment and affirmative action.
Xa) Provide tax credits for companies that move job-creating industries into areas with high unemployment.
b) Increase funding for national job-training programs that re-train displaced workers or teach skills needed in today's job market.
Xc) Reduce government regulation of the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion.
d) Establish empowerment zones in areas with large numbers of unemployed people.
e) Eliminate any federal programs designed to reduce unemployment.
f) Increase the federal minimum wage.
g) Encourage employers to offer flex-time scheduling, comp-time, and unpaid leave for family emergencies.
Xh) Provide tax credits for businesses that offer on-site child care.
i) The federal government should consider race and sex in making government contracting decisions.
j) The federal government should continue affirmative action programs.
Xk) The federal government should discontinue affirmative action programs.
Xl) The federal government should utilize merit and qualifications in making government contracting decisions.
m) Other
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding America's environment and natural resources.
a) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Water Act.
b) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act.
c) Waive environmental review requirements for grazing permits.
d) Revise the 1872 mining law to increase the fees charged to mining companies using federal lands.
Xe) Require states to fully compensate citizens when environmental regulations limit uses of privately owned land.
f) Encourage further development and use of alternative fuels to reduce pollution.
g) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
h) Promote the selling of pollution credits between nations to encourage industries to decrease pollution levels.
i) Strengthen logging restrictions on federal lands.
j) Reduce current federal regulations on the environment.
Xk) Give states added flexibility from the federal government in enforcing and funding federal environment regulations.
l) Other
Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning gun issues.
a) Ban the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting.
b) Maintain and strengthen the enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
Xc) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
Xe) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns.
f) Require manufacturers to provide child-safety locks on guns.
Xg) Increase penalties for the possession of any illegal guns.
h) Hold gun owners responsible for crimes committed with their guns by children age 16 and under.
i) Raise the minimum age for ownership of handguns from 18 to 21.
j) Require background checks of gun buyers at gun shows.
k) Require a license for gun possession.
l) Other
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health issues.
Xa) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government.
b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income.
c) Support health care strategies focused on prevention, including health education, and natural medicines and remedies.
Xd) Support a Patient's Bill of Rights to define and enforce the rights of insured patients, including greater access to specialists and emergency rooms, wider choice of health care providers, and appeal mechanisms when claims are denied.
e) Support a Patient's Bill of Rights which includes the right to sue when claims are denied.
Xf) Support a Patient's Bill of Rights which includes the right to appeal to an administrative board of specialists when services are denied.
Xg) Provide tax incentives to small businesses that provide health care to their employees.
Xh) Expand eligibility for tax-free medical savings accounts, which would be taxed if used for purposes other than medical costs.
Xi) Limit the amount of damages that can be awarded in medical malpractice lawsuits.
j) Allow states and local communities to use federal funds for needle-exchange programs to combat the spread of HIV.
Xk) Provide citizens age 55-65 the option of purchasing Medicare health coverage.
Xl) Support legislation to provide prescription drug coverage under Medicare.
m) Increase funding for AIDS programs.
n) Other
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding immigration.
Xa) Decrease the number of immigrants allowed into the country.
b) Increase the eligibility of legal immigrants for certain social programs (e.g. public housing, food stamps).
c) Require the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) to reduce the time between applying for citizenship and taking the oath of allegiance to six months.
Xd) Provide extra federal aid to states with higher numbers of immigrants for necessary medical and social services.
e) Prohibit states from passing laws that deny human services (medical care, education) to illegal immigrants or their children.
Xf) Grant U.S. citizenship to children born in the US only if their parents immigrated legally.
Xg) Increase the immigration quota for computer scientists and other information technology workers.
Xh) Establish English as the official national language.
i) Support the separation of the INS into two bureaus: one administering naturalization and one administering border patrol.
Xj) Increase state autonomy in handling immigration issues.
Xk) Reimburse states for providing services to illegal aliens.
l) Other
International Aid
Indicate which principles (if any) you support regarding U.S. International Aid.
a) Aid should be granted to countries when extraordinary circumstances cause disaster and threaten civilian lives.
Xb) Aid should be granted to countries when it is in the security interests of the U. S.
Xc) Aid should be granted to countries that are close allies of the U. S. and in need of financial/military assistance.
d) Aid should be eliminated for any nation with documented human rights abuses.
e) Aid programs should be scaled back and eventually eliminated except for extraordinary circumstances.
f) Other
International Policy
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the Middle East.
a) The U.S. should resolve future disputes with Iraq only through diplomatic means.
Xb) The U.S. should take unilateral military action if Iraq does not comply with all accepted United Nations resolutions.
Xc) The U.S. should take military action against Iraq only as part of an international effort.
d) The U.S. should end the economic embargo against Iraq.
e) The U.S. should not continue to play a prominent leadership role in the peace process between Israel and the Palestine Authority.
Xf) The U.S. should continue to play a prominent leadership role in the peace process between Israel and the Palestine Authority.
g) Other
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the United States-United Nations relationship.
Xa) The U.S. should participate in United Nations peacekeeping missions only when vital U.S. interests are involved.
b) The U.S. should not commit military troops to United Nations peacekeeping missions.
c) The U.S. should withdraw completely from the United Nations.
d) The U.S. should pay its debt to the United Nations.
e) Other
No3) Should the U.S. have full diplomatic relations with Cuba?
Yes4) Should the U.S. have full diplomatic relations with China?
Undecided5) Should the U.S. recognize and extend full diplomatic relations to Taiwan?
No6) Should the US maintain ground troops in Kosovo?
Yes7) Do you support the cooperative threat reduction programs with Russia to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons to unfriendly nations?
Yes8) Do you support modifying the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) Treaty in order to deploy the National Missile Defense System?
Other
International Trade
Yes1) Do you support the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)?
Undecided2) Do you support the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)?
Undecided3) Do you support continued U.S. membership in the World Trade Organization (WTO)?
Undecided4) Do you support China becoming a member of the World Trade Organization?
Undecided5) Do you support imposing tariffs on products imported from nations that maintain restrictive trade barriers on American products?
Yes6) Should a nation's human rights record affect its normal trade relations (most favored nation status) with the United States?
No7) Do you support normal trade relations (most favored nation status) with Vietnam?
Undecided8) Do you support granting the President "fast-track" authority in trade negotiations?
Yes9) Do you support the trade embargo against Cuba?
YesDo you believe there has been a decline in moral and ethical standards in America over the last four decades?
If Yes, please explain what you would do as a member of Congress to address this concern.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security.
Xa) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves.
Xb) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government.
c) Invest a portion of Social Security's assets collectively in stocks and bonds instead of U.S. Treasury securities.
d) Increase the payroll tax to better finance Social Security in its current form.
e) Lower Social Security's annual cost-of-living increases.
f) Limit Social Security benefits based on recipients' other income and assets.
g) Require individuals to pay the Social Security tax on incomes above $68,400 (which is currently exempt).
Xh) Support a lock box measure, limiting Congress's ability to spend Social Security and Medicare surpluses on any other federal programs except Social Security and Medicare, until each program's long-term solvency is guaranteed.
i) Other
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding technology.
Xa) Continuing the moratorium on Internet sales taxes.
b) Implement regulation of Internet content by the federal government.
c) Support on-line voter registration.
d) Support voting on-line.
Xe) Support government mandates to curtail violent and sexual content on television.
Xf) Support strict penalties for Internet crimes such as hacking and Internet violence.
Xg) Support strong Internet privacy laws.
h) Regulating the Internet should not in any way be controlled by the federal government.
i) Other
YesDo you support amending the Constitution to limit the number of terms which members of Congress can serve?
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding poverty and the welfare system.
a) Support housing assistance for welfare recipients.
b) Provide homeless families with apartment vouchers they can use to supplement the cost of an apartment.
Xc) Continue to give states and local governments responsibility for welfare programs through TANF block grants.
Xd) Maintain current welfare-to-work requirements in order for states to qualify for block grants.
e) Restore food stamp programs to legal immigrants.
Xf) Transfer homeless housing programs to states through block grants.
g) Provide continued Medicaid benefits for those welfare recipients who have moved from welfare to work.
Xh) Require states to return any unused welfare block grant funding to the federal government.
Xi) Direct federal poverty aid through religious, community-based or other non-profit organizations.
j) Other
Please explain what your top two or three priorities will be if elected. Please explain how you would obtain any additional government funding needed to implement these priorities.
Vote Smart does not permit the use of its name or programs in any campaign activity, including advertising, debates, and speeches.
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