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Chuck Grassley's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

Office: U.S. Senate (IA) - Sr, Republican
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Chuck Grassley has refused to provide voters with positions on key issues covered by the 2016 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests. Historically, candidates have failed to complete our test due to the advice they receive from their parties and advisors and out of fear of negative attack ads.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These issue positions, from the year 2016, are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Pro-life Inferred Answer Abortion: Do you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "And while anti-abortion supporters have been fighting against abortion for decades, the changes are slowly seeping into legislation. It seems like victory isn't moving fast enough, but it's moving toward it slowly." (
  • Rated 100% by National Right to Life Committee (
No Inferred Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • " […] history shows us that it is lower taxes that help to bring about the private-sector economic activity needed to create jobs and increase revenues to the federal Treasury." (
  • "Washington needs belt-tightening, not tax-hiking." (
Yes Inferred Answer Crime: Do you support mandatory minimum sentences for non-violent drug offenders? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "I'm open to adjusting some mandatory minimum sentences for non-violent, lower-level crimes, as long as others are raised where needed, notably for the prosecution and conviction of sexual assault cases." (
  • "And the leniency industrial complex wants people to think that people who are sentenced to mandatory minimum sentences are 'low level offenders.' They neglect to mention that true low level offenders receive the safety valve and avoid mandatory minimum sentences and that many others avoid them by providing substantial assistance." (
  • "The proposed Smarter Sentencing Act that recently passed out of this committee cuts the mandatory minimum sentences for those who manufacture, import, or distribute heroin in half. These are penalties for dealers, not users. In the midst of a heroin epidemic, this makes no sense." (
No Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "Spending binges and tax hikes are not the answer." (
  • "When the federal government started doling out checks in an unwise, massive government spending spree, Chuck Grassley raised a red flag. He began asking questions as to why less than one half of one percent of the tax relief in the stimulus bill was designated to spur investment in small businesses." (
Yes Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support lowering taxes as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "As then-chairman of the tax-writing Finance Committee, Senator Grassley helped steer through Congress the landmark 2001 and 2003 tax relief laws that lowered marginal tax rates, creating a first-ever 10 percent bracket. However, if this job-creating, economy-growing tax policy is allowed to lapse, American families and businesses will face a $900 billion tax increase over five years. Americans should not be paying more in taxes. Congress needs to maintain the job-creating fiscal policy that expands the economic pie." (
  • Rated 96% by Heritage Foundation (
  • "President John F. Kennedy recognized the economic benefits of lowering taxes, so in his State of the Union Address on January 14, 1963, President Kennedy spoke of the need to increase economic growth and job creation." (
No Inferred Answer Education: Do you generally support requiring states to adopt federal education standards? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "As the U.S. Senate begins debate over elementary and secondary education programs, U.S. Senator Pat Roberts (R-Kans.) today introduced a bill to preserve state education autonomy by prohibiting the federal government from coercing states to adopt education standards like Common Core." (
  • "I've responded to the way federal education programs have tied eligibility to Common Core standards by organizing a group of nine senators to formally request that Senate appropriations legislation that will fund the U.S. Department of Education for the next fiscal year be written to restore state-level decision making about academic content in public schools. Clear restrictions should be set to prevent the federal agency from setting academic content standards either directly or indirectly. The federal government should not be allowed to coerce state-level education decisions." (
Yes Inferred Answer Energy: Do you support building the Keystone XL pipeline? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Voted in favor of S.1 "A Bill to Approve the Keystone XL Pipeline" (
  • "While it's good news to approve this bipartisan bill, it would be better news if the President would sign it into law." (
Yes Inferred Answer Energy: Do you support government funding for the development of renewable energy (e.g. solar, wind, thermal)? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "As a federal policymaker, Senator Grassley's farm-bred green thumb has long guided his work on Capitol Hill to promote renewable energy and a clean environment. That includes sowing and tending the seeds at the policymaking tables to tap Iowa’s agricultural abundance as an alternative source of energy." (
  • "Home-grown, renewable energy has no better friend than Chuck Grassley. Grassley has used his top-ranking position on the Senate Finance Committee to advance public policy measures and build America's investment in renewable energy, including: ethanol, biodiesel, cellulosic biofuels, hydropower, wind, geothermal, and methane-powered electricity from livestock waste." (
No Inferred Answer Environment: Do you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "If the U.S. acts alone to cap carbon dioxide, Americans would pay more for energy and goods without any measurable impact on the climate. EPA Administrator Lisa Jackson testified that unilateral action by the U.S. would provide no real environmental gain. A carbon cap that doesn't include the largest emitter, China, and other developing nations, would mean lost jobs for Americans. Any effort to reduce greenhouse gases should be made through an international agreement. The cap-and-trade legislation passed last year by the House of Representatives would increase the cost of energy for homes and businesses, especially in the Midwest." (
  • "The small business community is currently being strangled by a climate of uncertainty. Whether we are speaking about cap and trade […] or about health care reform [...]" (
No Inferred Answer Guns: Do you generally support gun-control legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "Senators Chuck Grassley of Iowa and Ted Cruz of Texas are introducing an alternative amendment to gun legislation pending on the Senate floor. Their 'Protecting Communities and Preserving the Second Amendment Act' would preserve the Second Amendment while providing important fixes to existing law. The Grassley-Cruz proposal would reauthorize and improve the National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS), increase resources for prosecutions of gun crime, address mental illness in the criminal justice system, and strengthen criminal law by including straw purchasing and illegal firearm trafficking statutes." (
  • Rated 0% by the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence (
Yes Inferred Answer Health Care: Do you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act ("Obamacare")? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "I respect the court and its role in our system of government, but Obamacare remains a terrible law. […] I'm committed to replacing Obamacare with health care reforms that empower consumers, drive down costs, and use marketplace incentives to make health care coverage accessible and affordable." (
  • Voted in favor of S. Amdt. 13"Repealing the Federal Health Care Law" (
Yes Inferred Answer Immigration: Do you support requiring immigrants who are unlawfully present to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "Grassley first and foremost is opposed to amnesty. He believes if Congress insists on a legalization program, it's important these individuals truly do 'earn' any potential adjustment to legal status. This includes assimilation efforts such as learning English or paying back taxes." (
  • Voted in favor of S.Amdt.1197 "Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border" (
No Inferred Answer Marriage: Do you support same-sex marriage? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Rated 0% by the Human Rights Campign (
  • "I support traditional marriage." (
Yes Inferred Answer National Security: Do you support increased American intervention in Iraq and Syria beyond air support? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "A timid, lackluster strategy from the United States would encourage the well-funded, well-armed ISIS and other like-minded terrorist organizations to continue ramping up recruiting and radicalizing more militants. Airstrikes and humanitarian assistance were the right steps to take but have not been enough to stop ISIS in its tracks from establishing an extremist Islamic State." (
Yes Inferred Answer Social Security: Do you support allowing individuals to divert a portion of their Social Security taxes into personal retirement accounts? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • New York Times "Mr. Grassley's decision, first reported Thursday in USA Today, reflects the deep political resistance to Mr. Bush's Social Security plan. Even writing off the Democrats, it will be very difficult for Mr. Grassley to hold all 11 Republicans on his committee for a plan that includes private accounts paid out of payroll tax revenues, as Mr. Bush proposes." (
  • "The Social Security Challenge: The New Deal program offers a good deal for my generation, just like it was for my parents and grandparents. But now we know Social Security will be a raw deal for my grandkids' generation if reforms aren't made to fix the funding shortfall." (


Candidate Answer

Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue.

Vote Smart's Research: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as the candidate has submitted it. Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

Congressional Election 1998 National Political Awareness Test

This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.

The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning abortion.
a) Abortions should always be legally available.
b) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester of pregnancy.
Xc) Abortions should be legal only when the pregnancy resulted from incest, rape, or when the life of the woman is endangered.
d) Abortions should be legal only when the life of the woman is endangered.
e) Abortions should always be illegal.
Xf) Abortions should be limited by waiting periods and notification requirements as decided by each state government.
Xg) Prohibit the late-term abortion procedure known as "partial-birth" abortion.
Xh) Prohibit public funding of abortions and public funding of organizations that advocate or perform abortions.
i) Other
1) Indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following categories. Select one number (level) only.
Maintain Statusa) AIDS programs
Slightly Decreaseb) Arts funding
Slightly Increasec) Education (K-12)
Maintain Statusd) Environmental programs
Slightly Decreasee) Foreign aid
Slightly Increasef) Housing projects
Slightly Increaseg) Job training programs
Slightly Increaseh) Law enforcement
Maintain Statusi) Medicaid
Maintain Statusj) Medicare
Maintain Statusk) NASA
Maintain Statusl) Student loan programs
Maintain Statusm) Welfare
n) Other

I evaluate each program annually based on need and merit. For example, I support greatly increasing NIH funding, which could include AIDS research program.

o) Other
p) Other
2) Indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following defense-related categories. Select one number (level) only.
Maintain Statusa) Armed Forces personnel training
Maintain Statusb) CIA appropriations
Maintain Statusc) Defense plant conversion
Slightly Decreased) Development of new weapons
Slightly Decreasee) Military hardware
Maintain Statusf) Military space shuttle missions
Maintain Statusg) National Missile Defense Program
Maintain Statush) Pay for active duty personnel
i) Other
3) Do you support amending the U.S. Constitution to require an annual balanced federal budget?
4) Indicate how you would apply the expected federal budget surplus.
Xa) Social Security
b) Medicare
c) Tax cuts
d) Federal debt reduction
e) Other
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance reform.
a) Remove all legislative limits on campaign financing.
b) Establish spending limits on congressional campaigns.
c) Provide public funding for federal candidates who comply with campaign spending limits.
d) Support legislation that would increase the federal limits on individual contributions.
Xe) Strengthen and enforce legislation that encourages full and timely disclosure of campaign finance information.
f) Prohibit Political Action Committee (PAC) contributions to candidates for federal office.
g) Provide free or low-cost television advertising to candidates who agree to voluntary campaign spending limits.
h) Ban the unregulated campaign contributions known as soft money.
i) Pass legislation banning issue advocacy commercials by outside groups within 60 days of an election.
j) Prohibit non-U.S. citizens from making contributions to federal campaigns.
Xk) Other

Campaign finance reform is an important priority. Let there be no mistake: I support reform of the campaign finance sustem. Rather than respond with my views on each of the several pieces within the pending lefislation, I would like to state my reform philosophy.
My goals for campaign finance reform include: improved citizen participation, enhanced public discourse, full public disclosure and safeguarding the right of Americans to organize and peririon their government.
To accomplish these objectives, I want reform to give individuals a bigger role in the political process, increase up-front participation of political parties, protect union members from being forced to bankroll candidates they oppose, discourage misconduct by political campaigns with swift and sure punishment, and require full public sidclosure of all contribution sources. Let the sun shine in on contributors. THe publis and the process will benefit.
I would like to see a campaign finance system that encourages this kind of grassroots support. Small dollat, individual donors should be the predominate force throughout America's campaign finance system. This would give individuals more of a stake in the integrity of the process.
Overall, to get campaign finance reform passed, we need to see broad support from each political party. That is the only way to achieve credible regorm. It is the only way to ensure reform does not simply protect incumbents. Simply put, broad bipartisan support equals credible reform.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) to address crime.
Xa) Broaden use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
Xb) Increase spending to build more federal prisons.
Xc) Impose "truth in sentencing" for violent criminals so they serve full sentences with no chance of parole.
d) Fund programs to provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
e) Expand funding for community policing programs.
f) Increase penalties for the possession of any illegal firearms.
Xg) Prosecute youths accused of a felony as adults.
h) Increase funding for local Boys & Girls Clubs and other independent organizations in communities with at-risk youth.
i) Reduce prison sentences for those who commit non-violent crimes.
j) Deport all permanent resident aliens convicted of a felony.
k) Other
Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning illegal drugs.
Xa) Increase penalties for selling illegal drugs.
Xb) Impose mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
Xc) Impose capital punishment for convicted international drug traffickers.
Xd) Strengthen current laws dealing with non-controlled substances, including inhalants and commercially available pills.
Xe) Increase funding of federally-sponsored drug education and drug treatment programs.
f) Decriminalize the use of marijuana for medicinal purposes.
Xg) Increase funding for border security to stop the flow of illegal drugs into the U.S.
h) Other
1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the economy and employment.
Xa) Provide tax credits for companies that move job-creating industries into areas with high unemployment.
Xb) Increase funding for national job-training programs that re-train displaced workers or teach skills needed in today's job market.
Xc) Reduce government regulations on the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion.
d) Establish empowerment zones in areas with large numbers of unemployed people.
e) Eliminate any federal programs designed to reduce unemployment.
f) Increase the minimum wage.
Xg) Pass legislation that encourages employers to offer their employees the options of flex-time scheduling, comp-time and unpaid leave to attend to their family responsibilities.
h) Provide tax credits for businesses that provide on-site child care.
2) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding affirmative action and discrimination.
a) The federal government should consider race and sex in making government contracting decisions.
b) The federal government should continue affirmative action programs only if such programs do not include quotas.
c) The federal government should discontinue affirmative action programs.
Xd) The federal government should prosecute cases of discrimination in the public sector.
Xe) The federal government should prosecute cases of discrimination in the private sector.
f) The federal government should include sexual orientation in its anti-discrimination laws.
Xg) Other

The federal government should consider disadvantaged backgrounds.

1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning education.
a) Support national standards and testing in reading and math.
b) Allow parents to use vouchers to send their children to any publicly funded school.
Xc) Allow parents to use vouchers to send their children to any participating school: public, private or religious.
d) Allow parents to use tax-free savings accounts to send their children to any publicly funded school.
Xe) Allow parents to use tax-free savings accounts to send their children to any participating school: public, private or religious.
f) Support creation of more charter schools where teachers and professionals receive authorization and funding to establish new schools.
Xg) Give all federal education funding to states in the form of block grants and allow them to spend it as they see fit.
h) Support voluntary teacher testing and reward teachers with merit pay.
i) Increase funding for block grants to states to help them hire additional teachers.
j) Other
Yes2) Do you support amending the U.S. Constitution to guarantee the right to religious expression and voluntary prayer in public places, including schools?
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding America's environment and natural resources.
Xa) Require the state to fully compensate citizens when environmental regulations limit uses on privately owned land.
b) Strengthen the Clean Water Act.
c) Change the Endangered Species Act of 1973 to limit the number of habitats eligible to be designated as endangered.
Xd) Increase fees charged to ranchers who graze cattle on federal lands.
e) Revise the 1872 mining law to increase the fees charged to mining companies using federal lands.
Xf) Encourage development of alternative fuels to reduce pollution.
g) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel powered engines, including cars and trucks.
h) Increase federal taxes on gasoline and diesel fuels to promote conservation and alternative fuel development.
i) Promote the selling of pollution credits between nations to encourage industries to decrease pollution levels.
j) Impose stricter national air quality standards.
k) Adhere to the United Nations treaty regarding global climate change.
l) Strengthen the restrictions on clear-cutting on federal lands.
m) Other
Indicate which level of government that should have primary responsibility for the following services. Select one level only.
Federala) Border security
Federalb) Civil rights enforcement
Localc) Education
Federald) Environmental cleanup
Locale) Job training
Statef) Law enforcement
Localg) Low-income housing
Stateh) Medicaid
Statei) Medicare
Federalj) Transportation infrastructure (highways, roads, bridges)
Statek) Welfare
l) Other
1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Bosnia/former Yugoslavia.
Xa) The U.S. should lift the arms embargo against Bosnia-Herzegovina.
b) The U.S. should maintain a military presence in Bosnia-Herzegovina with a certain deadline for withdrawal.
c) The U.S. should maintain a military presence in Bosnia-Herzegovina without a certain deadline for withdrawal.
Xd) Other

I support our tropps and a certain deadline for withdrawal.

2) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the Middle East.
a) The U.S. should resolve future disputes with Iraq through diplomatic means.
b) The U.S. should take unilateral military action if Iraq does not comply with all accepted UN resolutions.
c) The U.S. should take military action against Iraq only as part of an international effort.
d) The U.S. should not continue to play a prominent leadership role in the peace process between Israel and Palestine.
Xe) Other

I support diplomatic methods and would support military action oly when necessary.

3) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the United States-United Nations relationship.
a) The U.S. should contribute more funding and troops to United Nations peacekeeping missions.
b) The U.S. should contribute less funding and troops to United Nations peacekeeping missions.
c) The U.S. should participate in UN peacekeeping missions only when vital U.S. interests are involved.
d) The U.S. should not commit military troops to UN peacekeeping missions.
e) The U.S. should withdraw from the UN completely.
f) The U.S. should pay its debt to the United Nations.
g) Other
4) Should the U.S. have diplomatic and trade relations with Cuba?
5) Should the U.S. recognize and extend full diplomatic relations to Taiwan?
Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning gun issues.
a) Ban the sale or transfer of all forms of semi-automatic weapons.
b) Increase federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms.
c) Maintain federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms.
d) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms.
e) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms by law-abiding citizens.
Xf) Favor allowing citizens to carry concealed firearms.
g) Require manufacturers to provide child-safety locks with firearms.
Xh) Other

Increase prosecution of felons caught with firearms; ease burdensome and unworkable restrictions on guns purchased by law abiding citizens.

1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health issues in America.
a) The federal government has no responsibility in providing health care.
b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income.
c) Implement a government-financed, single-payer national health care system similar to that of Canada.
d) Support health care strategies focused on prevention, including health education and natural medicines and remedies.
e) Support legislation to define and enforce the rights of insured patients, including greater access to specialists and emergency rooms, wider choice of health care providers, and appeal mechanisms when claims are denied.
f) Allow small business owners, the self-employed and workers whose employers do not provide health insurance to have the same deductibility for health costs as corporations and large employers.
g) Expand eligibility for tax-free medical savings accounts, which would be taxed if used for any purpose other than medical costs.
h) Establish limits on the amount of damages awarded in medical malpractice lawsuits.
i) Allow states and local communities to use federal funds for needle-exchange programs to combat the spread of HIV.
j) Classify nicotine as a drug and cigarettes as drug delivery devices, which should be regulated by the Federal Food and Drug Administration.
k) Provide citizens age 55-65 the option of purchasing Medicare health coverage.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding immigration.
a) Decrease the number of immigrants allowed into the country.
b) Increase the eligibility of legal immigrants for certain social programs (i.e. HUD housing, food stamps).
c) Require the Immigration and Naturalization Service to reduce to six months the time between applying for citizenship and taking the oath of allegiance.
d) Provide extra federal aid to states with higher numbers of immigrants for necessary medical and social services.
e) Prohibit states from passing laws that deny human services (medical care, education) to illegal immigrants or their children.
f) Children of illegal immigrants, born in the United States, should not automatically receive U.S. citizenship.
Xg) Increase the immigration quota for computer scientists and other information technology workers.
h) Establish English as the official and recognized language of the United States government.
Xi) Other

Increase both border and interior enforcement against illegal immigrants.

The American people have consistently mentioned the decline of morals and ethics in America as a major problem facing the country. On an attached page, in fifty words or less, explain what you will do as a member of Congress to address this concern.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security.
a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage.
b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which are managed by the government.
c) Invest Social Security's assets collectively in stocks and bonds instead of U.S. Treasury securities.
d) Increase the payroll tax to finance the program in its current form.
Xe) Invest a portion of the budget surplus into the Social Security trust fund.
f) Increase the minimum age that determines when retirees are able to receive full Social Security benefits.
g) Lower Social Security's annual cost-of-living increases.
h) Limit Social Security benefits based on recipients' other income and assets.
i) Require individuals to pay the Social Security tax on income above $68,400, which is currently exempt.
j) Other
1) Indicate the levels you support concerning taxes in the following categories. Select one number (level) only.
Income Taxes:
Greatly Decreasea) Retiree income over $40,000
Eliminateb) Family income less than $25,000
Greatly Decreasec) Family income $25-75,000
Greatly Decreased) Family income $75-150,000
Eliminatee) Family income over $150,000
Other Tax Issues:
Maintain Statusf) Alcohol taxes
Eliminateg) Capital gains taxes
Greatly Increaseh) Charitable deductions
Greatly Increasei) Child tax credit
Slightly Increasej) Cigarette taxes
Maintain Statusk) Corporate income taxes
Slightly Increasel) Earned Income Tax Credit
Eliminatem) Estate taxes
Slightly Increasen) Medical expense deductions
Slightly Increaseo) Mortgage deductions
p) Other

I support a more simple, fairer tax system.

q) Other
Undecided2) Do you support replacing the U.S. income tax structure with a flat income tax?
No3) Do you support eliminating the Internal Revenue Service?
Undecided4) Do you support instituting a national sales tax?
Yes5) Should a married couple filing jointly pay the same taxes as if they were an unmarried couple filing separately?
Yes6) Do you support requiring a super-majority vote in both houses of Congress to raise taxes?
7) Other
Yes1) Do you support amending the Constitution to limit the number of terms which members of Congress can serve?
If you support term limits, how many terms should each serve?
Senator (# of 6 yr. terms)
Representatives (# of 2 yr. terms)
Yes1) Do you support the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)?
Yes2) Do you support broadening NAFTA to include other countries in the western hemisphere?
Yes3) Do you support the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)?
Yes4) Do you support the World Trade Organization (WTO)?
Yes5) Do you support imposing tariffs on products imported from nations that maintain restrictive trade barriers on American products?
Yes6) Should a nation's human rights record affect its "most favored nation" trading status with the United States?
Yes7) Do you support granting the President "fast-track" authority?
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding poverty and the welfare system.
a) Provide tax incentives for companies to hire and train homeless people who want to work.
b) Increase funding of homeless shelters and low income housing projects.
c) Increase funds for housing assistance for welfare recipients who need housing to get or keep a job.
d) Provide homeless families with apartment vouchers they can use to supplement the cost of an apartment.
e) Continue to give states and local governments responsibility for welfare programs through block grants.
f) Eliminate federal funds for welfare programs at the federal, state or local levels.
g) Maintain current welfare-to-work requirements in order for states to qualify for block grants.
h) Convert government-funded low-income housing projects into private housing, managed and owned by the residents.
i) Require that unwed teenage mothers live with a parent or guardian (if possible) and attend school to receive benefits.
j) Other
Please explain what your two main legislative priorities will be if elected. Please explain how you would obtain any additional government funding needed to implement these priorities.

As chairman of the Internation Trade Subcommittee, I want to make a difference for rural America. Expanding markets around the world means new good-paying jobs, revitalized Main streets and vibrant Midwestern cities. New markets are key to the viability of the family farm and essential to the good life in Iowa.
As chairman of the Special Committee on Aging, I'm at work to improve the quality of life for older Americans and to advance smart public policies for a nation that's growing older at an unprecedented rate.

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