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John Hoeven's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

Office: U.S. Senate (ND) - Sr, Republican
Vote Smart does not permit the use of its name or programs in any campaign activity, including advertising, debates, and speeches.
John Hoeven has refused to provide voters with positions on key issues covered by the 2016 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests. Historically, candidates have failed to complete our test due to the advice they receive from their parties and advisors and out of fear of negative attack ads.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These issue positions, from the year 2016, are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Pro-life Inferred Answer Abortion: Do you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Rated 100% by the National Right to Life Committee http://votesmart.org/interest-group/252/rating/7227 (votesmart.org)
  • "Today, I voted in support of a measure that would protect unborn children at 20 weeks, or approximately five months into a pregnancy, who are capable of feeling pain from late-term abortions." http://www.hoeven.senate.gov/public/index.cfm/2015/9/hoeven-statement-in-response-to-today-s-senate-vote-on-the-pain-capable-unborn-child-protection-act (www.hoeven.senate.gov)
  • Signed H.B. 1466 "Abortion Ban" http://votesmart.org/bill/votes/12717#.VabTWnUViko (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Despite exhaustive research, Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Crime: Do you support mandatory minimum sentences for non-violent drug offenders? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Despite exhaustive research, Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.
No Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "It is the private sector that creates the jobs and careers that will produce a higher standard of living for our citizens. But for too long, government has stood as an obstacle to business. We will work hard to put policies in place that will build a positive business climate and spur job creation and growth, as we have in North Dakota." http://www.hoeven.senate.gov/public/index.cfm/issues (www.hoeven.senate.gov)
  • "We have to start living within our means. We cannot keep spending and then borrowing and then raising taxes and expect to have an economy that grows and a government that lives within its means [...]" http://votesmart.org/public-statement/625939/balanced-budget-amendment/?search=spending#.VafFEXUViko (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support lowering taxes as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "But for too long, government has stood as an obstacle to business. We will work hard to put policies in place that will build a positive business climate and spur job creation and growth, as we have in North Dakota. That means: Reducing the tax burden; Working to simplify the tax code [...]" http://www.hoeven.senate.gov/public/index.cfm/issues (www.hoeven.senate.gov)
  • "The right approach is to build a legal, regulatory and tax environment that attracts private investment and gets our economy going again. We need to find sensible savings to address our debt and deficit and pass pro-growth tax reform that will encourage businesses to hire." http://www.hoeven.senate.gov/public/index.cfm/2014/1/hoeven-statement-on-president-obama-s-state-of-the-union-address (www.hoeven.senate.gov)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Education: Do you generally support requiring states to adopt federal education standards? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Despite exhaustive research, Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.
Yes Inferred Answer Energy: Do you support building the Keystone XL pipeline? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "If we look at this legislation, if we look at this Keystone XL Pipeline project, it is about energy. It is about jobs. It is about helping to grow our economy. It is about working to achieve national security in terms of energy security." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/961990/keystone-xl-pipeline-act/?search=keystone#.VafLHXUViko (votesmart.org)
  • Voted in favor of S.1. "A Bill to Approve the Keystone XL Pipeline" http://votesmart.org/bill/votes/50944#.VafKXXUViko (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Energy: Do you support government funding for the development of renewable energy (e.g. solar, wind, thermal)? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Voted in favor of S.Amdt 2985 "Repeals the Limit on the Use of Funds to Procure Alternative Fuel" http://votesmart.org/bill/votes/41984#.VafkV3UViko (votesmart.org)
  • "Last session alone, Hoeven and the North Dakota Legislature invested $42 million in a renewable energy package to build our energy future." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/377174/issue-position-energy/?search=renewable#.VafLk3UViko (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Environment: Do you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "Well, the science shows that there's warming. There's different opinions of exactly what's causing it." https://www.barackobama.com/climate-change-deniers/john-hoeven-north-dakota/ (www.barackobama.com)
  • "Regulation will cost the energy industry billions of dollars and impede job creation at a time when unemployment is lingering at nearly 9 percent and the American economy continues to flounder." http://www.hoeven.senate.gov/public/index.cfm/2011/4/hoeven-cosponsors-amendment-to-curb-epa-regulation-of-greenhouse-gases-and-to-promote-domestic-energy-production (www.hoeven.senate.gov)
  • "Washington's approach to domestic energy development is to tax energy providers with Cap and Trade - or Cap and Tax. This approach will raise costs for families and businesses." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/560544/issue-position-energy/?search=cap%20and%20trade#.Vi--YGwViko (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Guns: Do you generally support gun-control legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Rated 0% by the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence http://votesmart.org/interest-group/122/rating/7712 (votesmart.org)
  • "As a sportsman and an elected official, I have always been a strong proponent of the Second Amendment, and I don't believe restricting law-abiding individuals from owning guns will address the problem of gun violence in America." http://www.hoeven.senate.gov/public/index.cfm/2013/1/hoeven-statement-on-president-obama-s-proposals-to-address-gun-violence (www.hoeven.senate.gov)
Yes Inferred Answer Health Care: Do you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act ("Obamacare")? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Signed a letter stating that "This law is unworkable and harmful to the economy and to American families [...]" http://www.mcconnell.senate.gov/public/index.cfm?p=PressReleases&ContentRecord_id=93864e94-f3db-4bc9-9a9f-301d93d2d728&ContentType_id=c19bc7a5-2bb9-4a73-b2ab-3c1b5191a72b&Group_id=0fd6ddca-6a05-4b26-8710-a0b7b59a8f1f (www.mcconnell.senate.gov)
  • "This is not the approach Americans want or deserve. Congress must repeal and replace this government-run approach with step-by-step, market-based reforms that lower costs and empower individuals to choose their own insurance and health care provider." http://www.hoeven.senate.gov/public/index.cfm/news-releases?ID=43898760-8ba3-4538-831f-c4ecfad6e24a (www.hoeven.senate.gov)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Immigration: Do you support requiring immigrants who are unlawfully present to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Despite exhaustive research, Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.
No Inferred Answer Marriage: Do you support same-sex marriage? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "I continue to support and believe that marriage is a unique institution, a union between a man and a woman." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/795452/hoeven-statement-in-response-to-supreme-court-decision-on-the-defense-of-marriage-act#.VafvSHUViko (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer National Security: Do you support increased American intervention in Iraq and Syria beyond air support? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Despite exhaustive research, Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Social Security: Do you support allowing individuals to divert a portion of their Social Security taxes into personal retirement accounts? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Despite exhaustive research, Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.

Key

Candidate Answer

Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue.

Vote Smart's Research: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as the candidate has submitted it. Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

North Dakota Gubernatorial Election 2008 Political Courage Test

This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.

The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion.
a) Abortions should always be illegal.
b) Abortions should always be legal.
c) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester of pregnancy.
Xd) Abortions should be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape.
Xe) Abortions should be legal when the life of the woman is endangered.
f) Abortions should be subject to a mandatory waiting period.
g) Require clinics to give parental notification before performing abortions on minors.
h) Other or expanded principles

Regarding Items C, F and G, I oppose abortion except in cases of rape, incest, or if the life of the mother is at stake. Given current situation where abortion is legal, it should be limited to only within the first trimester of pregnancy, and it should be subject to both a mandatory waiting period and parental notification.

Public funding of abortions and of organizations that advocate or perform abortions should be prohibited.

State Budget: Indicate what state funding levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one level per category, you can use a number more than once.
a) Education (Higher)
Greatly Increaseb) Education (K-12)
Slightly Increasec) Emergency preparedness
d) Environment
Greatly Increasee) Health care
Slightly Increasef) Law enforcement
Greatly Increaseg) Transportation and highway infrastructure
Slightly Increaseh) Welfare
i) Other or expanded categories

Regarding Item A, I support more funding for higher education, particularly to make college more affordable and to link it with our economic development efforts.

Regarding Item D, we need to fund efforts to ensure good stewardship of our environment including renewable energy, energy conservation, CO2 sequestration and biomass research.

State Taxes: Indicate what state tax levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one level per category, you can use a number more than once.
Maintain Statusa) Alcohol taxes
Maintain Statusb) Cigarette taxes
Maintain Statusc) Corporate taxes
Maintain Statusd) Gasoline taxes
Slightly Decreasee) Income taxes (incomes below $75,000)
Slightly Decreasef) Income taxes (incomes above $75,000)
Greatly Decreaseg) Property taxes
Maintain Statush) Sales taxes
Maintain Statusi) Vehicle taxes
j) Other or expanded categories

We have proposed a $300 million property tax relief and education funding reform plan.

Yes1) Should state sales taxes be extended to Internet sales?
Yes2) Should accounts such as a "rainy day" fund be used to balance the state budget?
No3) Should fee increases be used to balance the state budget?
4) Other or expanded principles

Regarding Question 2, it's important to have a strong reserve fund, and it should be used to balance the state budget when necessary to avoid raising taxes or cutting essential services. That's why we are building a strong reserve fund.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform.
Noa) Do you support limiting the number of terms for North Dakota governors?
Nob) Do you support limiting the number of terms for North Dakota state senators and representatives?
c) Do you support limiting the following types of contributions to gubernatorial candidates?
1) Individual
2) PAC
Yes3) Corporate
4) Political Parties
Yesd) Do you support requiring full and timely disclosure of campaign finance information?
Noe) Do you support imposing spending limits on state-level political campaigns?
f) Should North Dakota participate in the federal REAL ID program?
g) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding crime.
Xa) Increase state funds for construction of state prisons and hiring of additional prison staff.
b) Establish the death penalty in North Dakota.
Xc) Support programs to provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
Xd) Implement penalties other than incarceration for certain non-violent offenders.
e) Decriminalize the possession of small amounts of marijuana.
f) Minors accused of a violent crime should be prosecuted as adults.
Xg) Support state and local law enforcement officials enforcing federal immigration laws.
h) Support hate crime legislation.
i) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education.
Xa) Support state funding of universal pre-K programs.
b) Support federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind).
Xc) Support state education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students.
d) Support requiring public schools to administer high school exit exams.
e) Allow parents to use vouchers to send their children to any public school.
f) Allow parents to use vouchers to send their children to any private or religious school.
Xg) Provide state funding to increase teacher salaries.
h) Support using a merit pay system for teachers.
Xi) Provide state funding for tax incentives and financial aid to help make college more affordable.
j) Support allowing illegal immigrant high school graduates of North Dakota to pay in-state tuition at public universities.
k) Other or expanded principles

Regarding Item A, I support funding and development of pre-K programs in line with the recommendations of the Governor's Commission on Education Improvement.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding employment.
Xa) Increase funding for state job-training programs that re-train displaced workers and teach skills needed in today’s job market.
Xb) Reduce state government regulations on the private sector.
Xc) Provide low interest loans and tax credits for starting, expanding, or relocating businesses.
Xd) Provide tax credits for businesses that provide child care for children in low-income working families.
Xe) Increase state funds to provide child care for children in low-income working families.
Xf) Include sexual orientation in North Dakota's anti-discrimination laws.
Xg) Include gender identity in North Dakota's anti-discrimination laws.
Xh) Increase the state minimum wage.
i) Support laws that prevent employers from dismissing employees at will.
Xj) Support financial punishments for those who knowingly employ illegal immigrants.
Xk) Support increased work requirements for able-bodied welfare recipients.
Xl) Increase funding for employment and job training programs for welfare recipients.
m) Support Workforce Safety and Insurance remaining an independent entity.
Xn) Support giving the governor control of Workforce Safety and Insurance.
o) Support giving the insurance commissioner control of Workforce Safety and Insurance.
p) Other or expanded principles

Regarding Item H, state minimum wage should be the same as the federal minimum wage. There is room to raise them.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy.
Xa) Promote increased use of alternative fuel technology.
Xb) Support increased production of traditional domestic energy sources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil, etc).
Xc) Support providing financial incentives to farms that produce biofuel crops.
d) Use state funds to clean up former industrial and commercial sites that are contaminated, unused, or abandoned.
Xe) Support funding for improvements to North Dakota's power generating and transmission facilities.
Xf) Support funding for open space preservation.
g) Limit carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases linked to global warming.
h) Enact environmental regulations even if they are stricter than federal law.
i) Other or expanded principles

Regarding Item D, private and federal funds should be used first. In some cases, it may be necessary to use state funds.

Regarding Item G, we must set achievable standards and work with industry to develop and deploy new technologies that will reduce greenhouse gases.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns.
a) Should background checks be required on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows?
Yesb) Should citizens be allowed to carry concealed guns?
c) Should a license be required for gun possession?
Yesd) Do you support current levels of enforcement of existing state restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns?
Yese) Do you support current state restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns?
f) Other or expanded principles

I believe that the right to bear arms is protected under the Second Amendment of the U.S. Constitution.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health.
Xa) Ensure that citizens have access to basic health care through managed care, insurance reforms, or state-funded care where necessary.
b) Guaranteed medical care to all citizens is not a responsibility of state government.
Xc) Limit the amount of damages that can be awarded in medical malpractice lawsuits.
Xd) Allow patients to sue their HMOs.
Xe) Require hospitals and labs to release reports on infections that are a risk to public health, while not compromising patient confidentiality.
f) Legalize physician assisted suicide in North Dakota.
g) Support allowing doctors to prescribe marijuana to their patients for medicinal purposes.
h) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding social issues.
Noa) Should North Dakota recognize civil unions between same-sex couples?
Nob) Should same-sex couples be allowed to marry?
c) Should North Dakota provide state-level spousal rights to same-sex couples?
Yesd) Do you support a moment of silence in public schools?
Yese) Do you support voluntary prayer in public schools?
f) Do you support sexual education programs that include information on abstinence, contraceptives, and HIV/STD prevention methods?
g) Do you support abstinence-only sexual education programs?
h) Should the state government consider race and gender in state government contracting and hiring decisions?
i) Do you support affirmative action in public college admissions?
Yesj) Should North Dakota continue affirmative action programs?
k) Do you support state funding of stem cell research?
l) Do you support state funding of embryonic stem cell research?
m) Do you support allowing pharmacists who conscientiously object to emergency contraception to refuse to dispense it?
n) Other or expanded principles
Legislative Priorities
Please explain in a total of 100 words or less, your top two or three priorities if elected. If they require additional funding for implementation, please explain how you would obtain this funding.

1. Advance North Dakota economic development and creation of better paying jobs.
2. Provide strong support and funding for education.
3. Deliver more tax relief, especially property tax relief.
4. Support access and affordability to high quality healthcare for all North Dakota citizens

We are committed to continuing to expand and diversify our economy to achieve these goals.

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