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Jill Stein's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

Jill Stein has provided voters with clear stances on key issues by responding to the 2016 Political Courage Test.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Presidential Election 2016 Political Courage Test

Pro-choiceCandidate AnswerDo you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation?
Other or expanded principles

I believe that women have a right to make their own reproductive health decisions free of coercion from legislatures, the courts, or their employers. I would reduce unwanted pregnancies by implementing a universal single-payer health care system that would provide all women with the reproductive health care they need and deserve.

YesCandidate AnswerIn order to balance the budget, do you support reducing defense spending?
YesCandidate AnswerIn order to balance the budget, do you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket?
Other or expanded principles

We are now spending more on the military than the next seven nations in the world - and most of those seven nations are our allies. We cannot afford to continue this overspending. Nor can we afford the unnecessary and unjust tax breaks which allow corporations and the wealthy to shift their taxes onto the backs of ordinary people.

YesCandidate AnswerDo you support the regulation of indirect campaign contributions from corporations and unions?
Other or expanded principles

Our democracy must be protected from the disempowerment of voters that occurs when big money controls elections. An electoral system controlled by private money will never produce a government that stands up for ordinary people. I do not accept the support of superPACs nor do I accept campaign donations from lobbyists hired by for-profit corporations to seek influence with my administration. I support public campaign financing which is a proven technique for allowing good candidates to run for office without selling out to wealthy special interests.

NoDo you support capital punishment for certain crimes?
YesDo you support alternatives to incarceration for certain non-violent offenders such as mandatory counseling or substance abuse treatment?
NoCandidate AnswerDo you support mandatory minimum sentences for non-violent drug offenders?
Other or expanded principles

Experience indicates that capital punishment does not serve the interests of justice or deterrence. It provides a distraction from the question of how to prevent future criminal acts. Our goal in sentencing non-violent offenders should be to return them to their families and communities and help them live socially constructive lives. Mandatory minimum sentences often result in unjust sentencing and should be eliminated.

YesCandidate AnswerDo you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth?
NoCandidate AnswerDo you support lowering taxes as a means of promoting economic growth?
YesDo you support providing tax incentives to businesses for the purpose of job creation?
Other or expanded principles

Federal spending on needed infrastructure or on developing beneficial markets is an investment that pays for itself many times over. I do not support broad no-strings-attached tax reductions awarded with the vague and suspect argument that they promote "growth". Such tax breaks tend to shift taxes from corporations to individual taxpayers, and they are very expensive for the benefits they produce. Tax breaks and tax incentives should be designed to produce specific social benefits and should not be designed so that only the wealthy can take advantage of them.

NoCandidate AnswerDo you generally support requiring states to adopt federal education standards?
Other or expanded principles

The Federal government must stop pushing questionable "reforms" such as privatization, charter schools, and standardized testing. The Federal government should not punish struggling schools by denying them the funds that they desperately need to provide services to students. Competition for funding should not be used to bully schools or to camouflage the lack of adequate overall funding. I do support federal involvement that encourages state action to eliminate racial disparities in education and to learn from the experiences of other states.

NoCandidate AnswerDo you support building the Keystone XL pipeline?
YesCandidate AnswerDo you support government funding for the development of renewable energy (e.g. solar, wind, thermal)?
YesDo you support increased regulations on the hydraulic fracturing ("fracking") industry?
Other or expanded principles

We should be investing our nation's wealth in renewable energy, not in fossil fuel infrastructure that locks us in to further damage from climate change. I would ban fracking as part of an initiative to end fossil fuel pollution and stop funding of dirty energy markets. The health care savings that can be realized by cleaning up our air and water with renewable energy will largely pay for renewable energy infrastructure.

YesDo you believe that human activity is contributing to climate change?
YesCandidate AnswerDo you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions?
Other or expanded principles

Climate change is the greatest challenge that humanity has ever faced. If we continue down the road of inadequate, "all of the above" energy programs, we will see our economy destroyed and our children facing a destabilized and inhospitable planet. The United States must show leadership in supporting a binding international agreement that does what science says is necessary to save our planet. We must begin an emergency initiative to transition to renewable energy by 2030.

YesCandidate AnswerDo you generally support gun-control legislation?
Other or expanded principles

I support measures such as background checks for gun purchases and a ban on military-style assault rifles. My universal health care program will help reduce gun violence by ensuring that emotionally disturbed individuals get proper mental health care before they get to the point of committing violent acts.

NoCandidate AnswerDo you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act ("Obamacare")?
Other or expanded principles

Rather than a simple "repeal" I favor replacing the floundering Obamacare system with a universal "Medicare for All" system in which every citizen would receive adequate health care by presenting a single card to medical care providers. This would save billions of dollars that are now wasted in paperwork, and it would allow us to stop the overcharging for prescription drugs.

NoCandidate AnswerDo you support requiring immigrants who are unlawfully present to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship?
Other or expanded principles

I favor a welcoming path to citizenship for all law-abiding immigrants. I will end the massive deportations that have been occurring in recent years. I strongly oppose any new mass deportation scheme.

YesCandidate AnswerDo you support same-sex marriage?
Other or expanded principles

In 2002 I became the first gubernatorial candidate in my state to support marriage equality (at a time when no other major party candidate had ever gone further than supporting "civil unions"). In 2012 I made marriage equality a key point of my presidential campaign at a time when "gay marriage" was opposed by my opponents. I am proud of my party's consistent support for fair and equal treatment of all persons regardless of their sexual orientation.

NoCandidate AnswerDo you support increased American intervention in Iraq and Syria beyond air support?
NoShould the U.S use military force in order to prevent governments hostile to the United States from possessing a nuclear weapon?
Other or expanded principles

We have no right to seize the land or the skies of Syria. "No fly" zones are shoot-down zones likely to lead to war with Russia. We must work with all parties to create a cease fire and a negotiated solution. We must establish a weapons embargo and freeze the bank accounts of countries refusing to stop funding terrorist groups - including the Saudis. We should support the elimination of all nuclear weapons. Using military attacks to manage a one-sided nuclear arms race is dangerous and sure to fail.

NoCandidate AnswerDo you support allowing individuals to divert a portion of their Social Security taxes into personal retirement accounts?
Other or expanded principles

Social Security should be a cornerstone of retirement security for all Americans. It should not be undermined by diverting its revenues into private accounts.

Indicate what federal spending levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category; you can use a number more than once.
Slightly Decreasea) Agriculture
Slightly Increaseb) Arts
Greatly Decreasec) Defense
Greatly Increased) Education
Greatly Increasee) Environment
Slightly Decreasef) Homeland Security
Maintain Statusg) International aid
Maintain Statush) Medical Research
Maintain Statusi) Scientific Research
Slightly Decreasej) Space exploration
Maintain Statusk) United Nations
Slightly Increasel) Welfare
m) Other or expanded categories
Indicate what federal tax levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category; you can use a number more than once.
Greatly Increasea) Capital gains taxes
Greatly Increaseb) Corporate taxes
Maintain Statusc) Small business taxes
Maintain Statusd) Excise taxes (alcohol)
Maintain Statuse) Excise taxes (cigarettes)
Slightly Increasef) Excise taxes (transportation fuel)
Slightly Decreaseg) Income taxes (low-income families)
Slightly Decreaseh) Income taxes (middle-income families)
Slightly Increasei) Income taxes (high-income families)
Greatly Increasej) Inheritance taxes
Maintain Statusk) Payroll taxes
l) Other or expanded categories

We must enact a financial transaction tax to apply to stock market exchanges.

Please explain in a total of 100 words or less, how you would use executive orders if elected.

I would use executive orders to implement policies that have the support of the American people, and are consistent with the Constitution, but which are being blocked by a Congress under the influence of big money lobbyists.

Please explain in a total of 100 words or less, your top two or three priorities if elected. If they require additional funding for implementation, please explain how you would obtain this funding.

First, create full employment through direct job creation wherever unemployment exists. Secondly, ensure universal access to health care, containing health care costs through a Medicare-for-All insurance system. Thirdly, pursue a binding international agreement to do what science says is necessary to avert a climate catastrophe. Initial costs for these programs would be covered by cutting unnecessary military spending and requiring wealthier Americans to pay their fair share of taxes. Ultimately, all expenses are more than paid for by health care savings and avoiding costly environmental disasters.


Candidate Answer
Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.
Inferred Answer
Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.
Unknown Answer
Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue.
Vote Smart's Research: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as the candidate has submitted it. Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

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