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Joel Judd's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

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What is the Political Courage Test?

Colorado State Legislative Election 2008 Political Courage Test

The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion.
a) Abortions should always be illegal.
Xb) Abortions should always be legal.
c) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester of pregnancy.
d) Abortions should be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape.
e) Abortions should be legal when the life of the woman is endangered.
f) Abortions should be subject to a mandatory waiting period.
g) Require clinics to give parental notification before performing abortions on minors.
h) Other or expanded principles

Abortion should be safe, legal and rare.

State Budget: Indicate what state funding levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one level per category, you can use a number more than once.
a) Education (Higher)
b) Education (K-12)
c) Emergency preparedness
d) Environment
e) Health care
f) Law enforcement
g) Transportation and highway infrastructure
h) Welfare
i) Other or expanded categories

Colorado has a limit on total revenue and spending and a constitutional mandate to increase education spending. Until that changes there is little meaningful ability to adjust spending levels. If the voters approve SAFE in November we will eventually have the resources to increase the education and mental health services that can divert people from the criminal justice system and reduce prison spending pressure. That will allow us to increase higher education resources. Until then plugging the oil and gas property tax loophole will provide limited additional higher education resources. Transportation and general health will require separate taxpayer approval.

State Taxes: Indicate what state tax levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one level per category, you can use a number more than once.
a) Alcohol taxes
b) Cigarette taxes
c) Corporate taxes
d) Gasoline taxes
e) Income taxes (incomes below $75,000)
f) Income taxes (incomes above $75,000)
g) Sales taxes
h) Vehicle taxes
i) Other or expanded categories

Only Colorado's voters can increase taxes. I recommend they increase the gas tax to pay for transportation improvements and close the oil and gas property tax loophole.

1) Should state sales taxes be extended to Internet sales?
2) Should accounts such as a "rainy day" fund be used to balance the state budget?
3) Should fee increases be used to balance the state budget?
4) Other or expanded principles

1) Colorado has one of the the country's most complicated sales tax systems. The Supreme Court says it's an undue burden on interstate commerce to require an out of state merchant to collect Colorado taxes. We can't discuss taxing internet sales without a massive revision of our sales tax system.
2) Colorado should have a rainy day fund. It should only be tapped when revenue drops precipitously. SAFE will fund a rainy day account.
3) Fees must reflect the cost of the service provided.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform.
a) Do you support the current limit of terms for Colorado governors?
b) Do you support the current limit of terms for Colorado state senators and representatives?
c) Do you support limiting the following types of contributions to state legislative candidates?
1) Individual
2) PAC
3) Corporate
4) Political Parties
Yesd) Do you support requiring full and timely disclosure of campaign finance information?
e) Do you support imposing spending limits on state-level political campaigns?
Nof) Should Colorado participate in the federal REAL ID program?
g) Other or expanded principles

a) & b) Increase term limits to 12 years.
c) As long as the Supreme Court equates money with first amendment protected free speech, money will flow into the political process. Diverting it from candidate control into independent expenditures is counter-productive. Timely disclosure is the best we can do.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding crime.
a) Increase state funds for construction of state prisons and hiring of additional prison staff.
b) Support the death penalty in Colorado.
c) Support programs to provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
Xd) Implement penalties other than incarceration for certain non-violent offenders.
e) Minors accused of a violent crime should be prosecuted as adults.
f) Support state and local law enforcement officials enforcing federal immigration laws.
g) Support hate crime legislation.
h) Other or expanded principles

a) & c) See Budget and Tax above.
b) We need the death penalty for very rare events. Colorado has too many death qualifiers.
e) Old enough minors should be prosecuted as adults, under some circumstances, subject to judicial review.
f) I oppose diverting scarce resources from crime fighting. The federal government must rationalize its immigration policies, pull 12m hard workers out of the shadows and put them on an earned citizenship path.
g) I've supported hate crime legislation as a valid statement of public policy.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education.
a) Support state funding of universal pre-K programs.
b) Support federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind).
c) Support state education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students.
d) Support requiring public schools to administer high school exit exams.
e) Allow parents to use vouchers to send their children to any public school.
f) Allow parents to use vouchers to send their children to any private or religious school.
g) Provide state funding to increase teacher salaries.
h) Support using a merit pay system for teachers.
i) Provide state funding for tax incentives and financial aid to help make college more affordable.
j) Support allowing illegal immigrant high school graduates of Colorado to pay in-state tuition at public universities.
k) Other or expanded principles

See my education funding comments above in Budget and Tax regarding the Savings Account for Education on the November ballot. One of the reasons we passed SB08-130 is to add some relevancy to our testing. I oppose publicly funded vouchers and support the Procomp merit pay system and DREAM act.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding employment.
a) Increase funding for state job-training programs that re-train displaced workers and teach skills needed in today's job market.
b) Reduce state government regulations on the private sector.
c) Provide low interest loans and tax credits for starting, expanding, or relocating businesses.
d) Provide tax credits for businesses that provide child care for children in low-income working families.
e) Increase state funds to provide child care for children in low-income working families.
f) Increase the state minimum wage.
g) Support laws that prevent employers from dismissing employees at will.
h) Support financial punishments for those who knowingly employ illegal immigrants.
i) Support increased work requirements for able-bodied welfare recipients.
j) Increase funding for employment and job training programs for welfare recipients.
k) Prohibit union membership and dues being a condition of employment (right-to-work laws).
l) Other or expanded principles

a) We need to improve education and training all the way through our p - 20 system.
b) I've passed legislation reducing government regulation.
c) No. We can't pick winners as well as the market. We're better putting those resources into education and infrastructure.
d), e) & f) I've voted for child care tax credits and the minimum wage increase.
k) I strongly oppose right to work for less. Aggregation of resources is as essential to effective representation as it is to national defense or any other common good. It levels the playing field.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy.
a) Promote increased use of alternative fuel technology.
b) Support increased production of traditional domestic energy sources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil, etc).
c) Support providing financial incentives to farms that produce biofuel crops.
d) Use state funds to clean up former industrial and commercial sites that are contaminated, unused, or abandoned.
e) Support funding for improvements to Colorado's power generating and transmission facilities.
f) Support funding for open space preservation.
g) Limit carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases linked to global warming.
h) Enact environmental regulations even if they are stricter than federal law.
i) Other or expanded principles

a), b), c) & g) We must continue to move toward solar, wind, cellulosic ethanol. and other renewable energy sources. I oppose corn based ethanol incentives. We'll continue to rely on fossil fuel for a long time. We don't need more production incentives at $150/b. We do need clean burning research.
d), e) & f) These are all admirable subject to my budget discussion above.
h) Again admirable, but we'll be hard pressed to meet federal ozone requirement.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns.
Yesa) Should background checks be required on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows?
Yesb) Should citizens be allowed to carry concealed guns?
c) Should a license be required for gun possession?
Yesd) Do you support current levels of enforcement of existing state restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns?
Yese) Do you support current state restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns?
f) Other or expanded principles

c) We do and should require a permit to carry a concealed firearm. We effectively screen for criminal history; not so effectively for mental health issues.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health.
Xa) Ensure that citizens have access to basic health care through managed care, insurance reforms, or state-funded care where necessary.
b) Guaranteed medical care to all citizens is not a responsibility of state government.
c) Limit the amount of damages that can be awarded in medical malpractice lawsuits.
Xd) Allow patients to sue their HMOs.
Xe) Require hospitals and labs to release reports on infections that are a risk to public health, while not compromising patient confidentiality.
Xf) Legalize physician assisted suicide in Colorado.
Xg) Support allowing doctors to prescribe marijuana to their patients for medicinal purposes.
h) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding social issues.
Yesa) Should Colorado recognize civil unions between same-sex couples?
Yesb) Should same-sex couples be allowed to marry?
Yesc) Should Colorado provide state-level spousal rights to same-sex couples?
Nod) Do you support a moment of silence in public schools?
Noe) Do you support voluntary prayer in public schools?
Yesf) Do you support sexual education programs that include information on abstinence, contraceptives, and HIV/STD prevention methods?
Nog) Do you support abstinence-only sexual education programs?
h) Should the state government consider race and gender in state government contracting and hiring decisions?
i) Do you support affirmative action in public college admissions?
j) Should Colorado continue affirmative action programs?
k) Do you support state funding of stem cell research?
l) Do you support state funding of embryonic stem cell research?
m) Do you support allowing pharmacists who conscientiously object to emergency contraception to refuse to dispense it?
n) Other or expanded principles

h), i) & j) No one should lose a job or educational opportunity due to skin color or ethnicity. I have bright Hispanic girls in my district who will never become chemical engineers or physicians or cure our cancer without additional support and encouragement. We withhold that support and encouragement at our own peril.
k) & l) Admirable but subject to my budget discussion above.
m) Only when patients have an accessible alternative we can defer to those objections.

Legislative Priorities
Please explain in a total of 100 words or less, your top two or three priorities if elected. If they require additional funding for implementation, please explain how you would obtain this funding.

Passing the Savings Account for Education and closing the oil and gas property tax loophole in November will provide resources and flexibility to improve education and mental health, reducing the prison drain on our budget and freeing up resources for higher education, health care, infrastructure, the environment, etc.

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