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Mike Crapo's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

Office: U.S. Senate (ID) - Sr, Republican
Mike Crapo has provided voters with clear stances on key issues by responding to the 2016 Political Courage Test.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Idaho Congressional Election 2016 Political Courage Test

Pro-lifeCandidate AnswerDo you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation?
Other or expanded principles
YesCandidate AnswerIn order to balance the budget, do you support reducing defense spending?
NoCandidate AnswerIn order to balance the budget, do you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket?
Other or expanded principles

It is time to stop borrowing money from future generations, as these actions do not lead to long-term growth and economic stabilization. The solution to our problems will require dramatic action and shared sacrifice. The sheer scope of our fiscal situation means every part of our government ledger sheet must be scrutinized.

Do you support the regulation of indirect campaign contributions from corporations and unions?
Other or expanded principles

I support full and immediate disclosure of campaign contributions and spending. We need campaign finance reform that will end special treatment and apply the same rules equally to all individuals, corporations and others.

YesDo you support capital punishment for certain crimes?
YesDo you support alternatives to incarceration for certain non-violent offenders such as mandatory counseling or substance abuse treatment?
NoCandidate AnswerDo you support mandatory minimum sentences for non-violent drug offenders?
Other or expanded principles

Yes/no format doesn't present a true picture of positions, as the answer often depends on details of the particular proposal.

NoCandidate AnswerDo you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth?
YesCandidate AnswerDo you support lowering taxes as a means of promoting economic growth?
YesDo you support providing tax incentives to businesses for the purpose of job creation?
Other or expanded principles

I support redesigning the tax code with an emphasis on broadening the base, reducing complexity, lowering rates, eliminating anti-competitive provisions, and unleashing economic growth. Our tax code is far too long, complex and anti-competitive to serve as the long-term foundation for the economic growth our country needs.

Some federal spending, such as infrastructure investments, provide economic growth and are appropriate federal expenditures.

NoInferred Answer Do you generally support requiring states to adopt federal education standards? View Citations
  • "In Congress, I have consistently worked to enact laws that achieve increased support for public education and preserve decision-making authority for states, local communities and especially local school boards. It is important that we provide a strong foundation for education, but there is a proper role for federal support of education." (
  • "The No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act put needed focus on improving education. However, I do not support the federal control over local and state decision making created by NCLB, which is moving our nation toward the U.S. government becoming a national school board." (
Other or expanded principles

Education should be governed at the state and local levels.

YesCandidate AnswerDo you support building the Keystone XL pipeline?
YesCandidate AnswerDo you support government funding for the development of renewable energy (e.g. solar, wind, thermal)?
NoDo you support increased regulations on the hydraulic fracturing ("fracking") industry?
Other or expanded principles

A comprehensive national energy policy must contain an all-of-the-above approach and embrace technological solutions to enhance security and lower costs, including hydropower and nuclear. A robust policy should have cost-effective renewable options, not government-chosen solutions.

The appropriate level of regulation on hydraulic fracturing should be determined at the state and local level.

Do you believe that human activity is contributing to climate change?
NoCandidate AnswerDo you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions?
Other or expanded principles

We should be making clean energy less expensive, not making traditional energy more expensive. We need more innovation and less regulation. Clean energy is about more than just wind and solar. Our country should pursue its own clean energy agenda that embraces technological solutions to enhance security and lower costs, including hydropower and nuclear. A robust policy should have cost-effective renewable options, not government-mandated solutions.

NoCandidate AnswerDo you generally support gun-control legislation?
Other or expanded principles
YesCandidate AnswerDo you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act ("Obamacare")?
Other or expanded principles
YesInferred Answer Do you support requiring immigrants who are unlawfully present to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship? View Citations
  • "Our immigration system must not grant amnesty to those who enter our country illegally. No person who breaks the law and enters the U.S. illegally should obtain any benefit toward either permanent legal residency or citizenship as a result of their illegal conduct. This is unfair both to American citizens and to those who have gone through legal channels for immigration to the U.S." (
  • "I do not support amnesty for those who have illegally entered the United States. I define amnesty as granting a person who is illegally in the United States a status or preference over a person who wishes to legally enter the country." (
  • Voted in favor of S.Amdt.1197 "Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border" (
Other or expanded principles

A rational immigration policy must be built on several important principles. The United States must commit the resources necessary to have the strongest border enforcement realistically possible. Our immigration system must not grant amnesty to those who enter our country illegally. Guest worker programs must assure that American citizens have the first right to access available jobs. And, an efficient and workable guest worker program must be developed that will provide employers with a reliable, verifiable and legal system to identify guest workers who are legally in the country.

NoInferred Answer Do you support same-sex marriage? View Citations
  • Northwest Public Radio "Idaho Senator Mike Crapo voted this week against a federal ban on workplace discrimination against gay, lesbian and transgender people. But Tuesday he said Idaho cities should be able to maintain their local gay rights ordinances." (
  • "Issues such as family and dating violence intervention, awareness and prevention; child predatorsonline or in person; methamphetamine and other illicit drug abuse awareness and prevention; protection of unborn children; and, preservation of marriage all affect the state of our families." (
  • CNN "On Tuesday, Cruz re-introduced the State Marriage Defense Act, which would prevent the federal government from asserting its own definition of marriage on the states. […] Eleven senators — John Boozman of Arkansas, Mike Crapo of Idaho, Steve Daines of Montana, James Inhofe and James Lankford of Oklahoma, Mike Lee of Utah, Pat Roberts of Kansas, Tim Scott of South Carolina, Jeff Sessions and Richard Shelby of Alabama and David Vitter of Louisiana — have cosponsored the bill." (
Other or expanded principles

Notwithstanding the Supreme Court ruling, I have consistently maintained that the states should have jurisdiction to decide this issue.

YesInferred Answer Do you support increased American intervention in Iraq and Syria beyond air support? View Citations
  • "Simply stated, we must: […] Strive to keep confrontations between the terrorists and Americans far from American soil." (
YesShould the U.S use military force in order to prevent governments hostile to the United States from possessing a nuclear weapon?
Other or expanded principles

Peaceful resolution of conflicts is always preferable. All options must remain on the table to safeguard our national security interests and protect U.S. citizens and our allies.

YesCandidate AnswerDo you support allowing individuals to divert a portion of their Social Security taxes into personal retirement accounts?
Other or expanded principles
Indicate what federal spending levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category; you can use a number more than once.
Slightly Decreasea) Agriculture
Slightly Decreaseb) Arts
Slightly Decreasec) Defense
Slightly Decreased) Education
Slightly Decreasee) Environment
Slightly Decreasef) Homeland Security
Slightly Decreaseg) International aid
Slightly Decreaseh) Medical Research
Slightly Decreasei) Scientific Research
Slightly Decreasej) Space exploration
Greatly Decreasek) United Nations
Slightly Decreasel) Welfare
m) Other or expanded categories
Indicate what federal tax levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category; you can use a number more than once.
Eliminatea) Capital gains taxes
Greatly Decreaseb) Corporate taxes
Greatly Decreasec) Small business taxes
Maintain Statusd) Excise taxes (alcohol)
Maintain Statuse) Excise taxes (cigarettes)
Maintain Statusf) Excise taxes (transportation fuel)
Greatly Decreaseg) Income taxes (low-income families)
Greatly Decreaseh) Income taxes (middle-income families)
Greatly Decreasei) Income taxes (high-income families)
Eliminatej) Inheritance taxes
Maintain Statusk) Payroll taxes
l) Other or expanded categories
Please explain in a total of 100 words or less, your top two or three priorities if elected. If they require additional funding for implementation, please explain how you would obtain this funding.

(1) Address the ever-increasing debt and deficit, stop government's out-of-control growth and intrusion into our lives so that government adheres to the constitution and promotes individual liberty and responsibility.
(2) Get people back to work by decreasing taxes, federal spending and regulations that burden our economy.
(3) Work for commonsense solutions to protect and properly manage our natural resource heritage.


Candidate Answer
Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.
Inferred Answer
Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.
Unknown Answer
Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue.
Vote Smart's Research: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as the candidate has submitted it. Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

Vote Smart does not permit the use of its name or programs in any campaign activity, including advertising, debates, and speeches.
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