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Marsha Blackburn's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

Office: U.S. Senate (TN) - Jr, Republican
Marsha Blackburn has refused to provide voters with positions on key issues covered by the 2018 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests from Vote Smart and voters like you.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

For Presidential and Congressional candidates who refuse to provide voters with their positions, Vote Smart has researched their public records to determine their likely responses. These issue positions are from 2018.

Pro-life Inferred Answer Abortion: Do you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "Congressman Blackburn is a committed advocate for pro-life policy in the U.S. House, and is dedicating to preserving the traditional institution of marriage." http://blackburn.house.gov/issues/issue/?IssueID=3782 (blackburn.house.gov)
  • "Specifically in the Senate, Marsha will: Fight to protect the unborn." https://www.marshablackburn.com/about.html (www.marshablackburn.com)
  • "Throughout her career, Congressman Blackburn has been a passionate supporter of the right to life. She believes every life is precious and that we must work to build a culture that respects the right to life." https://votesmart.org/public-statement/1121816/issue-position-marshas-solutions#.WzEhdq3SQfI (votesmart.org)
  • "Congressman Blackburn believes the use of taxpayer money to fund big abortion businesses like Planned Parenthood is both morally indefensible and fiscally irresponsible, which is why she introduced the first pro-life bill of the 113th Congress." http://blackburn.house.gov/issues/issue/?IssueID=31763 (blackburn.house.gov)
  • "Congressman Blackburn is a committed advocate for pro-life policy in the U.S. House, and is dedicating to preserving the traditional institution of marriage." http://blackburn.house.gov/issues/issue/?IssueID=3782 (blackburn.house.gov)
  • "Specifically in the Senate, Marsha will: Fight to protect the unborn." https://www.marshablackburn.com/about.html (www.marshablackburn.com)
  • "Throughout her career, Congressman Blackburn has been a passionate supporter of the right to life. She believes every life is precious and that we must work to build a culture that respects the right to life." https://votesmart.org/public-statement/1121816/issue-position-marshas-solutions#.WzEhdq3SQfI (votesmart.org)
  • "Congressman Blackburn believes the use of taxpayer money to fund big abortion businesses like Planned Parenthood is both morally indefensible and fiscally irresponsible, which is why she introduced the first pro-life bill of the 113th Congress." http://blackburn.house.gov/issues/issue/?IssueID=31763 (blackburn.house.gov)
  • "Congressman Blackburn is a committed advocate for pro-life policy in the U.S. House, and is dedicating to preserving the traditional institution of marriage." http://blackburn.house.gov/issues/issue/?IssueID=3782 (blackburn.house.gov)
  • "Specifically in the Senate, Marsha will: Fight to protect the unborn." https://www.marshablackburn.com/about.html (www.marshablackburn.com)
  • "Throughout her career, Congressman Blackburn has been a passionate supporter of the right to life. She believes every life is precious and that we must work to build a culture that respects the right to life." https://votesmart.org/public-statement/1121816/issue-position-marshas-solutions#.WzEhdq3SQfI (votesmart.org)
  • "Congressman Blackburn believes the use of taxpayer money to fund big abortion businesses like Planned Parenthood is both morally indefensible and fiscally irresponsible, which is why she introduced the first pro-life bill of the 113th Congress." http://blackburn.house.gov/issues/issue/?IssueID=31763 (blackburn.house.gov)
No Inferred Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "I, _________________, pledge to the taxpayers of the state of ________________, and to the American people that I will: ONE, oppose any and all efforts to increase the marginal income tax rates for individuals and/or businesses; and TWO, oppose any net reduction or elimination of deductions and credits, unless matched dollar for dollar by further reducing tax rates." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/813534/americans-for-prosperity-federal-taxpayer-protection-pledge#.VY7QTXUViko (votesmart.org)
  • "Specifically in the Senate, Marsha will: Fight to bring significant tax relief to hard-working Tennesseans." https://www.marshablackburn.com/about.html (www.marshablackburn.com)
  • "I, _________________, pledge to the taxpayers of the state of ________________, and to the American people that I will: ONE, oppose any and all efforts to increase the marginal income tax rates for individuals and/or businesses; and TWO, oppose any net reduction or elimination of deductions and credits, unless matched dollar for dollar by further reducing tax rates." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/813534/americans-for-prosperity-federal-taxpayer-protection-pledge#.VY7QTXUViko (votesmart.org)
  • "The taxes that are in place should be fair for all Americans." http://blackburn.house.gov/issues/issue/?IssueID=3652 (blackburn.house.gov)
  • "Specifically in the Senate, Marsha will: Fight to bring significant tax relief to hard-working Tennesseans." https://www.marshablackburn.com/about.html (www.marshablackburn.com)
  • "I, _________________, pledge to the taxpayers of the state of ________________, and to the American people that I will: ONE, oppose any and all efforts to increase the marginal income tax rates for individuals and/or businesses; and TWO, oppose any net reduction or elimination of deductions and credits, unless matched dollar for dollar by further reducing tax rates." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/813534/americans-for-prosperity-federal-taxpayer-protection-pledge#.VY7QTXUViko (votesmart.org)
  • "The taxes that are in place should be fair for all Americans." http://blackburn.house.gov/issues/issue/?IssueID=3652 (blackburn.house.gov)
  • "Specifically in the Senate, Marsha will: Fight to bring significant tax relief to hard-working Tennesseans." https://www.marshablackburn.com/about.html (www.marshablackburn.com)
  • "The taxes that are in place should be fair for all Americans." http://blackburn.house.gov/issues/issue/?IssueID=3652 (blackburn.house.gov)
No Inferred Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support reducing defense spending? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "We have a profound obligation to provide for the common defense. It is our job to ensure those who selflessly serve have the tools and resources they need to keep Americans safe." https://votesmart.org/public-statement/1175826/blackburn-on-passage-of-2018-defense-authorization-bill#.W0jVGa3SQfI (votesmart.org)
  • "We have a profound obligation to provide for the common defense. It is our job to ensure those who selflessly serve have the tools and resources they need to keep Americans safe." https://votesmart.org/public-statement/1175826/blackburn-on-passage-of-2018-defense-authorization-bill#.W0jVGa3SQfI (votesmart.org)
  • "We have a profound obligation to provide for the common defense. It is our job to ensure those who selflessly serve have the tools and resources they need to keep Americans safe." https://votesmart.org/public-statement/1175826/blackburn-on-passage-of-2018-defense-authorization-bill#.W0jVGa3SQfI (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Campaign Finance: Do you support the regulation of indirect campaign contributions from corporations and unions? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Despite exhaustive research, Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.
No Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "As she has in every Congress in which she has served, Congressman Blackburn is offering her colleagues a choice of spending reduction bills. Blackburn agrees with Speaker Boehner that federal funding levels should immediately return to 2008 levels." http://blackburn.house.gov/issues/issue/?IssueID=31763 (blackburn.house.gov)
  • "As she has in every Congress in which she has served, Congressman Blackburn is offering her colleagues a choice of spending reduction bills." https://votesmart.org/public-statement/1121816/issue-position-marshas-solutions#.WzEhdq3SQfI (votesmart.org)
  • "Specifically in the Senate, Marsha will: Fight to cut wasteful spending." https://www.marshablackburn.com/about.html (www.marshablackburn.com)
  • "As she has in every Congress in which she has served, Congressman Blackburn is offering her colleagues a choice of spending reduction bills. Blackburn agrees with Speaker Boehner that federal funding levels should immediately return to 2008 levels." http://blackburn.house.gov/issues/issue/?IssueID=31763 (blackburn.house.gov)
  • "As stewards of the taxpayer dollar, we have a duty to make responsible decisions with these funds. Reducing spending by just 1% would save taxpayers approximately $4 billion in 2015." http://blackburn.house.gov/news/documentsingle.aspx?DocumentID=397648 (blackburn.house.gov)
  • "As she has in every Congress in which she has served, Congressman Blackburn is offering her colleagues a choice of spending reduction bills." https://votesmart.org/public-statement/1121816/issue-position-marshas-solutions#.WzEhdq3SQfI (votesmart.org)
  • "Specifically in the Senate, Marsha will: Fight to cut wasteful spending." https://www.marshablackburn.com/about.html (www.marshablackburn.com)
  • "As she has in every Congress in which she has served, Congressman Blackburn is offering her colleagues a choice of spending reduction bills. Blackburn agrees with Speaker Boehner that federal funding levels should immediately return to 2008 levels." http://blackburn.house.gov/issues/issue/?IssueID=31763 (blackburn.house.gov)
  • "As stewards of the taxpayer dollar, we have a duty to make responsible decisions with these funds. Reducing spending by just 1% would save taxpayers approximately $4 billion in 2015." http://blackburn.house.gov/news/documentsingle.aspx?DocumentID=397648 (blackburn.house.gov)
  • "As she has in every Congress in which she has served, Congressman Blackburn is offering her colleagues a choice of spending reduction bills." https://votesmart.org/public-statement/1121816/issue-position-marshas-solutions#.WzEhdq3SQfI (votesmart.org)
  • "Specifically in the Senate, Marsha will: Fight to cut wasteful spending." https://www.marshablackburn.com/about.html (www.marshablackburn.com)
  • "As stewards of the taxpayer dollar, we have a duty to make responsible decisions with these funds. Reducing spending by just 1% would save taxpayers approximately $4 billion in 2015." http://blackburn.house.gov/news/documentsingle.aspx?DocumentID=397648 (blackburn.house.gov)
Yes Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support lowering corporate taxes as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "Small business optimism is at a 30+ year high thanks to #TaxCuts and pro-growth reforms championed by @realDonaldTrump. These are the reforms that are unleashing America's potential. In the Senate, I’ll work to continue this success. #PromisesKept" https://twitter.com/VoteMarsha/status/1006631991331246080 (twitter.com)
  • Voted in favor of HR 1 "Tax Cuts and Jobs Act" https://votesmart.org/bill/24168/62174/25186/tax-cuts-and-jobs-act#.WzEeka3SQfI (votesmart.org)
  • Voted in favor of HR 1 "Tax Cuts and Jobs Act" https://votesmart.org/bill/24168/62174/25186/tax-cuts-and-jobs-act#.WzEeka3SQfI (votesmart.org)
  • "Small business optimism is at a 30+ year high thanks to #TaxCuts and pro-growth reforms championed by @realDonaldTrump. These are the reforms that are unleashing America's potential. In the Senate, I’ll work to continue this success. #PromisesKept" https://twitter.com/VoteMarsha/status/1006631991331246080 (twitter.com)
  • "Small business optimism is at a 30+ year high thanks to #TaxCuts and pro-growth reforms championed by @realDonaldTrump. These are the reforms that are unleashing America's potential. In the Senate, I’ll work to continue this success. #PromisesKept" https://twitter.com/VoteMarsha/status/1006631991331246080 (twitter.com)
  • Voted in favor of HR 1 "Tax Cuts and Jobs Act" https://votesmart.org/bill/24168/62174/25186/tax-cuts-and-jobs-act#.WzEeka3SQfI (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Education: Do you support requiring states to adopt federal education standards? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "The feedback I have received from my constituents in Tennessee over the years from No Child Left Behind is that one-size-fits-all does not work. People do not want these decisions being made in Washington and the Student Success Act would fix this by repealing the federal accountability system and restoring much needed local control." http://blackburn.house.gov/news/documentsingle.aspx?DocumentID=343185 (blackburn.house.gov)
  • "The feedback I have received from my constituents in Tennessee over the years from No Child Left Behind is that one-size-fits-all does not work. People do not want these decisions being made in Washington and the Student Success Act would fix this by repealing the federal accountability system and restoring much needed local control." http://blackburn.house.gov/news/documentsingle.aspx?DocumentID=343185 (blackburn.house.gov)
  • "The feedback I have received from my constituents in Tennessee over the years from No Child Left Behind is that one-size-fits-all does not work. People do not want these decisions being made in Washington and the Student Success Act would fix this by repealing the federal accountability system and restoring much needed local control." http://blackburn.house.gov/news/documentsingle.aspx?DocumentID=343185 (blackburn.house.gov)
Yes Inferred Answer Energy & Environment: Do you support government funding for the development of renewable energy (e.g. solar, wind, thermal)? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "Cheap and reliable energy is crucial to restoring our economic strength. Congressman Blackburn knows we need to pursue clean, economical and responsible energy options that ensure we have access to the energy we need -- including natural gas, nuclear, and coal. We should not allow ourselves to be hamstrung by the environmental lobby that pushes winners and losers at the expense of the American people." https://votesmart.org/public-statement/1121816/issue-position-marshas-solutions#.WzEhdq3SQfI (votesmart.org)
  • "Cheap and reliable energy is crucial to restoring our economic strength. Congressman Blackburn knows we need to pursue clean, economical and responsible energy options that ensure we have access to the energy we need -- including natural gas, nuclear, and coal. We should not allow ourselves to be hamstrung by the environmental lobby that pushes winners and losers at the expense of the American people." https://votesmart.org/public-statement/1121816/issue-position-marshas-solutions#.WzEhdq3SQfI (votesmart.org)
  • "Cheap and reliable energy is crucial to restoring our economic strength. Congressman Blackburn knows we need to pursue clean, economical and responsible energy options that ensure we have access to the energy we need -- including natural gas, nuclear, and coal. We should not allow ourselves to be hamstrung by the environmental lobby that pushes winners and losers at the expense of the American people." https://votesmart.org/public-statement/1121816/issue-position-marshas-solutions#.WzEhdq3SQfI (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Energy & Environment: Do you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "Congressman Blackburn opposes the Cap & Trade scheme that institutes billions in new taxes but does not do much to create more energy or help the environment.  She knows that the EPA is willing to implement this scheme without the consent of Congresss and with little regard for the economic impact by restricting carbon dioxide emissions through the Clean Air Act.  To stop this bureaucratic overreach and preserve Congressional authority (not to mention your wallet) Marsha Blackburn has sponsored H.R. 97 which will prohibit the EPA from regulating carbon emissions under the Clean Air Act.  She supports efforts Senator Inhofe and Chairman of the Energy and Commerce Committee, Fred Upton, are making to roll back the EPA." https://blackburn.house.gov/issues/issue/?IssueID=3784 (blackburn.house.gov)
  • "Congressman Blackburn opposes the Cap & Trade scheme that institutes billions in new taxes but does not do much to create more energy or help the environment.  She knows that the EPA is willing to implement this scheme without the consent of Congresss and with little regard for the economic impact by restricting carbon dioxide emissions through the Clean Air Act.  To stop this bureaucratic overreach and preserve Congressional authority (not to mention your wallet) Marsha Blackburn has sponsored H.R. 97 which will prohibit the EPA from regulating carbon emissions under the Clean Air Act.  She supports efforts Senator Inhofe and Chairman of the Energy and Commerce Committee, Fred Upton, are making to roll back the EPA." https://blackburn.house.gov/issues/issue/?IssueID=3784 (blackburn.house.gov)
  • "Congressman Blackburn opposes the Cap & Trade scheme that institutes billions in new taxes but does not do much to create more energy or help the environment.  She knows that the EPA is willing to implement this scheme without the consent of Congresss and with little regard for the economic impact by restricting carbon dioxide emissions through the Clean Air Act.  To stop this bureaucratic overreach and preserve Congressional authority (not to mention your wallet) Marsha Blackburn has sponsored H.R. 97 which will prohibit the EPA from regulating carbon emissions under the Clean Air Act.  She supports efforts Senator Inhofe and Chairman of the Energy and Commerce Committee, Fred Upton, are making to roll back the EPA." https://blackburn.house.gov/issues/issue/?IssueID=3784 (blackburn.house.gov)
No Inferred Answer Guns: Do you generally support gun-control legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "Specifically in the Senate, Marsha will: Fight to protect our Second Amendment rights" https://www.marshablackburn.com/about.html (www.marshablackburn.com)
  • "Specifically in the Senate, Marsha will: Fight to protect our Second Amendment rights" https://www.marshablackburn.com/about.html (www.marshablackburn.com)
  • "I am not going to allow this administration to trample on the Second Amendment or put new restrictions on the rights of law-abiding citizens to own firearms and ammunition." http://blackburn.house.gov/news/documentsingle.aspx?DocumentID=317013 (blackburn.house.gov)
  • "Specifically in the Senate, Marsha will: Fight to protect our Second Amendment rights" https://www.marshablackburn.com/about.html (www.marshablackburn.com)
  • "I am not going to allow this administration to trample on the Second Amendment or put new restrictions on the rights of law-abiding citizens to own firearms and ammunition." http://blackburn.house.gov/news/documentsingle.aspx?DocumentID=317013 (blackburn.house.gov)
  • "I am not going to allow this administration to trample on the Second Amendment or put new restrictions on the rights of law-abiding citizens to own firearms and ammunition." http://blackburn.house.gov/news/documentsingle.aspx?DocumentID=317013 (blackburn.house.gov)
Yes Inferred Answer Health Care: Do you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act ("Obamacare")? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "To that end, Marsha has reintroduced her legislation, H.R. 543, the Healthcare Choice Act, that would repeal Obamacare and allow Americans to shop for health care insurance across state lines, allowing insurance companies to compete for your business. She has supported other moves by House Republicans to repeal and replace Obamacare, including H.R. 2653, the American Healthcare Reform Act." https://blackburn.house.gov/issues/issue/?IssueID=43654 (blackburn.house.gov)
  • "She also knows that Obamacare has left too many Americans without the care they need at a price they can afford. She believes that market based reforms, that put patients and not Federal bureaucrats in the driver’s seat, are the best means to expand access at a lower cost." https://blackburn.house.gov/issues/issue/?IssueID=43654 (blackburn.house.gov)
  • "The law has failed to provide affordable healthcare to Americans. It is nothing more than a broken promise – an insurance card but not actual health care. The law is fundamentally flawed, and the court’s decision does not change our resolve to repeal it and replace it with patient-centered solutions that will increase access to affordable healthcare for all Americans." https://blackburn.house.gov/news/documentsingle.aspx?DocumentID=397759 (blackburn.house.gov)
  • "She also knows that Obamacare has left too many Americans without the care they need at a price they can afford. She believes that market based reforms, that put patients and not Federal bureaucrats in the driver’s seat, are the best means to expand access at a lower cost." https://blackburn.house.gov/issues/issue/?IssueID=43654 (blackburn.house.gov)
  • "To that end, Marsha has reintroduced her legislation, H.R. 543, the Healthcare Choice Act, that would repeal Obamacare and allow Americans to shop for health care insurance across state lines, allowing insurance companies to compete for your business. She has supported other moves by House Republicans to repeal and replace Obamacare, including H.R. 2653, the American Healthcare Reform Act." https://blackburn.house.gov/issues/issue/?IssueID=43654 (blackburn.house.gov)
  • "The law has failed to provide affordable healthcare to Americans. It is nothing more than a broken promise – an insurance card but not actual health care. The law is fundamentally flawed, and the court’s decision does not change our resolve to repeal it and replace it with patient-centered solutions that will increase access to affordable healthcare for all Americans." https://blackburn.house.gov/news/documentsingle.aspx?DocumentID=397759 (blackburn.house.gov)
  • "She also knows that Obamacare has left too many Americans without the care they need at a price they can afford. She believes that market based reforms, that put patients and not Federal bureaucrats in the driver’s seat, are the best means to expand access at a lower cost." https://blackburn.house.gov/issues/issue/?IssueID=43654 (blackburn.house.gov)
  • "To that end, Marsha has reintroduced her legislation, H.R. 543, the Healthcare Choice Act, that would repeal Obamacare and allow Americans to shop for health care insurance across state lines, allowing insurance companies to compete for your business. She has supported other moves by House Republicans to repeal and replace Obamacare, including H.R. 2653, the American Healthcare Reform Act." https://blackburn.house.gov/issues/issue/?IssueID=43654 (blackburn.house.gov)
  • "The law has failed to provide affordable healthcare to Americans. It is nothing more than a broken promise – an insurance card but not actual health care. The law is fundamentally flawed, and the court’s decision does not change our resolve to repeal it and replace it with patient-centered solutions that will increase access to affordable healthcare for all Americans." https://blackburn.house.gov/news/documentsingle.aspx?DocumentID=397759 (blackburn.house.gov)
Yes Inferred Answer Immigration: Do you support the construction of a wall along the Mexican border? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "Fentanyl, Cocaine, Heroin, and Meth. 168 kilograms of drugs smuggled into the U.S. because Chuck Schumer and the Democrats refuse to do their job and secure the southern border. We need to build the wall!" https://twitter.com/VoteMarsha/status/1034910537166061568 (twitter.com)
Yes Inferred Answer Immigration: Do you support requiring immigrants who are unlawfully present to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "Specifically in the Senate, Marsha will: And support President Trump's immigration ban." https://www.marshablackburn.com/about.html (www.marshablackburn.com)
  • "DACA has provided deportation deferrals and work permits to illegal aliens, which has served as a magnet to encourage more illegal aliens to cross our Southern border. The President's decision to expand amnesty for over five million unlawful entrants is a gross abuse of power." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/984815/newsletter-this-week-in-washington-619#.VY7Oz3UViko (votesmart.org)
  • "DACA has provided deportation deferrals and work permits to illegal aliens, which has served as a magnet to encourage more illegal aliens to cross our Southern border. The President's decision to expand amnesty for over five million unlawful entrants is a gross abuse of power." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/984815/newsletter-this-week-in-washington-619#.VY7Oz3UViko (votesmart.org)
  • "She is also the sponsor of the CLEAR act which gives law enforcement the tools they need to help the federal government deport criminal aliens from our country." http://blackburn.house.gov/issues/issue/?IssueID=3778 (blackburn.house.gov)
  • "She is also the sponsor of the CLEAR act which gives law enforcement the tools they need to help the federal government deport criminal aliens from our country." http://blackburn.house.gov/issues/issue/?IssueID=3778 (blackburn.house.gov)
  • "Specifically in the Senate, Marsha will: And support President Trump's immigration ban." https://www.marshablackburn.com/about.html (www.marshablackburn.com)
  • "DACA has provided deportation deferrals and work permits to illegal aliens, which has served as a magnet to encourage more illegal aliens to cross our Southern border. The President's decision to expand amnesty for over five million unlawful entrants is a gross abuse of power." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/984815/newsletter-this-week-in-washington-619#.VY7Oz3UViko (votesmart.org)
  • "She is also the sponsor of the CLEAR act which gives law enforcement the tools they need to help the federal government deport criminal aliens from our country." http://blackburn.house.gov/issues/issue/?IssueID=3778 (blackburn.house.gov)
  • "Specifically in the Senate, Marsha will: And support President Trump's immigration ban." https://www.marshablackburn.com/about.html (www.marshablackburn.com)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Marijuana: Do you support the legalization of marijuana for recreational purposes? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Despite exhaustive research, Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.
Yes Inferred Answer National Security: Should the United States use military force in order to prevent governments hostile to the U.S. from possessing a nuclear weapon? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "As the new axis of evil (Iran, Russia, China, and North Korea) presents an ever-growing threat, the United States and our allies sent a clear message last night. We will always fight to protect innocent civilians and defend the free world." https://twitter.com/VoteMarsha/status/985141653009764353 (twitter.com)
  • "This is the right thing to do. President Obama put our security at risk and compromised years of foreign intelligence work. And for what? The disastrous and failing Iran Deal." https://twitter.com/VoteMarsha/status/944371303104081920 (twitter.com)
Yes Inferred Answer National Security: Do you support increased American intervention in Middle Eastern conflicts beyond air support? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "Half-measures will not ‘destroy and degrade’ ISIL. We must take the fight to the enemy before they come to our shores." http://blackburn.house.gov/news/documentsingle.aspx?DocumentID=393916 (blackburn.house.gov)
  • "Half-measures will not ‘destroy and degrade’ ISIL. We must take the fight to the enemy before they come to our shores." http://blackburn.house.gov/news/documentsingle.aspx?DocumentID=393916 (blackburn.house.gov)
  • "Half-measures will not ‘destroy and degrade’ ISIL. We must take the fight to the enemy before they come to our shores." http://blackburn.house.gov/news/documentsingle.aspx?DocumentID=393916 (blackburn.house.gov)

Key

Candidate Answer

Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue.

Vote Smart's Research: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as the candidate has submitted it. Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

Congressional Election 2004 National Political Awareness Test

This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.

The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion.
a) Abortions should always be illegal.
b) Abortions should always be legal.
c) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester of pregnancy.
Xd) Abortions should be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape.
Xe) Abortions should be legal when the life of the woman is endangered.
Xf) Prohibit the dilation and extraction procedure, also known as "partial-birth" abortion.
Xg) Prohibit public funding of abortions and of organizations that advocate or perform abortions.
h) Other or expanded principles
Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category.
Budget Priorities
Slightly Decreasea) Agriculture
Slightly Decreaseb) Arts
Maintain Statusc) Defense
Slightly Decreased) Education
Slightly Decreasee) Environment
Maintain Statusf) Homeland security
Greatly Decreaseg) International aid
Maintain Statush) Law enforcement
Maintain Statusi) Medical research
Maintain Statusj) National parks
Slightly Decreasek) Public health services
Maintain Statusl) Scientific research
Maintain Statusm) Space exploration programs
Maintain Statusn) Transportation and highway infrastructure
Slightly Decreaseo) Welfare
p) Other or expanded categories
Defense Spending
Maintain Statusa) Armed Forces personnel training
Slightly Increaseb) Intelligence operations
Maintain Statusc) Military hardware
Maintain Statusd) Modernization of weaponry and equipment
Maintain Statuse) National missile defense
Slightly Increasef) Pay for active duty personnel
Maintain Statusg) Programs to improve troop retention rates
Maintain Statush) Research and development of new weapons
Maintain Statusi) Troop and equipment readiness
j) Other or expanded categories
Using the key above, indicate what federal tax levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category.
Taxes
Income Taxes:
Family Income
Maintain Statusa) Less than $25,000
Maintain Statusb) $25,000-$75,000
Maintain Statusc) $75,000-$150,000
Maintain Statusd) Over $150,000
e) Other or expanded categories
Retiree Income
f) Over $40,000
g) Other or expanded categories
Other Taxes:
Maintain Statusa) Alcohol taxes
Slightly Decreaseb) Capital gains taxes
Maintain Statusc) Cigarette taxes
Slightly Decreased) Corporate taxes
Maintain Statuse) Gasoline taxes
Slightly Decreasef) Inheritance taxes
g) Other or expanded categories
Deductions/Credits:
Maintain Statusa) Charitable contributions
Slightly Increaseb) Child tax credit
Maintain Statusc) Earned income tax credit
Maintain Statusd) Medical expense deduction
Maintain Statuse) Mortgage deduction
Slightly Increasef) Student loan credit
g) Other or expanded categories
Yes4) Do you support permanent repeal of the federal estate tax?
Yes5) Do you support eliminating taxes on dividends paid to individual investors?
Yes6) Should a married couple filing jointly pay the same taxes as if they were an unmarried couple filing separately?
7) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform.
a) Support public taxpayer funding for federal candidates who comply with campaign spending limits.
Xb) Increase the amount individuals are permitted to contribute to federal campaigns.
c) Prohibit Political Action Committee (PAC) contributions to candidates for federal office.
d) Allow unregulated soft money campaign contributions to political parties or committees.
e) Allow ads paid for by soft money that support or attack a candidate for federal office.
Xf) Allow issue advocacy commercials by corporations, labor unions, and non-profit groups which appear within 60 days of a general election and within 30 days of a primary election.
g) Remove all contribution limits on federal campaigns and parties.
Undecidedh) Do you support instant run-off voting (IRV)?
Undecidedi) Should Election Day be a national holiday?
Yesj) Should same-sex couples be allowed to form civil unions?
k) Should marriage be restricted to a union only between a man and a woman?
l) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding crime.
Xa) Support the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
b) Eliminate the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
Xc) Impose "truth in sentencing" for violent criminals so they serve full sentences with no chance of parole.
d) Support programs to provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
e) Support programs to provide prison inmates with drug and alcohol addiction treatment.
f) Reduce prison sentences for those who commit non-violent crimes.
Xg) Support additional criminal penalties if a fetus is killed in the commission of a federal crime against a pregnant woman.
h) Require that crimes based on gender, sexual orientation, and disability be prosecuted as federal hate crimes.
Xi) Support programs that provide job training and placement services for at-risk youth.
Xj) Impose stricter penalties for those convicted of white-collar crimes.
k) Enforcement of civil rights should primarily be the responsibility of the federal government.
Xl) Minors accused of a violent crime should be prosecuted as adults.
m) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding drugs.
Xa) Support mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
b) Expand federally sponsored drug education and drug treatment programs.
c) Decriminalize the possession of small amounts of marijuana.
d) Allow doctors to prescribe marijuana to their patients for medicinal purposes.
Xe) Increase border security to stop the flow of illegal drugs into the United States.
f) Eliminate federal funding for programs associated with the "war on drugs."
g) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education.
a) Support national standards for and testing of public school students.
Xb) Allow parents to use vouchers (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any public school.
Xc) Allow parents to use vouchers (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any private or religious school.
Xd) Allow teachers and professionals to receive authorization and funding to establish charter schools.
e) Increase funding for block grants to states to aid in the hiring of additional teachers.
Xf) Support teacher testing and reward teachers with merit pay.
g) Increase funding for school capital improvements (e.g. buildings, infrastructure, technology).
Xh) Support granting states limited control over Head Start programs.
i) Support changing the mission of Head Start to emphasize improving the math and reading skills of disadvantaged children.
j) Providing education is not a responsibility of the federal government.
k) Support affirmative action in public college admissions.
l) Increase funding of programs such as Pell grants and Stafford loans to help students pay for college.
Xm) Support federal tax incentives to help families save for college.
n) Other or expanded principles
1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding employment.
a) Increase funding for national job-training programs that re-train displaced workers or teach skills needed in today's job market.
Xb) Reduce government regulation of the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion.
Xc) Provide tax credits or grants to businesses that offer child care services to employees.
Xd) Encourage employers to offer flex-time scheduling, comp-time, and unpaid leave for family emergencies.
e) Eliminate all federal programs designed to reduce unemployment.
f) Increase the federal minimum wage.
g) Support the right of workers to strike without fear of being permanently replaced.
h) Allow workers to sell company stock and to diversify their company retirement funds into other investment options.
i) Other or expanded principles
2) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding affirmative action.
a) The federal government should consider race and gender in government contracting decisions.
Xb) The federal government should discontinue affirmative action programs.
c) The federal government should continue affirmative action programs.
d) Include sexual orientation in federal anti-discrimination laws.
e) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy.
a) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Water Act.
b) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act.
c) Require states to compensate citizens when environmental regulations limit uses of privately-owned land.
d) Relax logging restrictions on federal lands.
Xe) Relax standards on federal lands to allow increased recreational usage.
Xf) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil).
g) Strengthen emission controls and fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
Xh) Support opening a select portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil exploration.
Xi) Encourage further development and use of alternative fuels to reduce pollution.
j) Support the use of ethanol as an alternative fuel.
k) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits.
l) Support the U.S. re-entering the Kyoto treaty process to limit global warming.
m) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns.
a) Renew the ban on the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting.
b) Maintain and strengthen the current level of enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
Xc) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
Xe) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns.
f) Require manufacturers to provide child-safety locks on guns.
g) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows.
h) Require a license for gun possession.
i) Establish a national database of ballistic "fingerprints" to track guns used in criminal activities.
Xj) Support legislation that would protect manufacturers, distributors, dealers, and importers of firearms from civil lawsuits by crime victims.
k) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health care.
Xa) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government.
b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income.
c) Support a Patient's Bill of Rights which includes appeal mechanisms when claims are denied.
d) Support a Patient's Bill of Rights which includes the right to sue when claims are denied.
Xe) Expand eligibility for tax-free medical savings accounts.
f) Establish limits on the amount of punitive damages awarded in medical malpractice lawsuits.
g) Support expanding prescription drug coverage under Medicare.
h) Support expanding prescription drug coverage under private managed care plans.
Xi) Offer tax credits to individuals and small businesses to offset the cost of insurance coverage.
j) Support automatic enrollment of children in federal health care programs such as CHIP and Medicaid.
k) Allow 55-65 year-olds to buy into Medicare.
Xl) Support stem cell research on existing lines of stem cells.
m) Allow laboratories to create new lines of stem cells for additional research.
n) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding immigration.
a) Decrease the number of legal immigrants allowed into the country.
Xb) Establish English as the official national language.
c) Increase the number of visas issued for agricultural workers.
d) Relax restrictions barring legal immigrants from using social programs (e.g. public housing, food stamps).
e) Support amnesty for certain illegal immigrants who already reside in the United States.
f) Support the detention of asylum seekers from countries known to sponsor terrorism.
g) Other or expanded principles
International Aid
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding United States economic assistance.
Xa) Aid should be granted to countries when extraordinary circumstances cause disaster and threaten civilian lives.
Xb) Aid should be granted to countries when it is in the security interests of the United States.
c) Aid should be eliminated for any nation with documented human rights abuses.
d) Aid programs should be scaled back and eventually eliminated.
e) Other or expanded principles
International Policy
1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the Middle East.
Yesa) Should the United States continue to provide leadership in the Israeli-Palestinian peace process?
b) Should the United States support the creation of a Palestinian state?
Undecidedc) Should the United States withdraw its troops from Iraq?
d) Discuss your proposals for the reconstruction of Iraq. What funding sources would you use to implement these proposals? (75 words or less. Please use an attached page if the space below is not adequate.)

Continue and implement the current plan. More aid from allies and sale of Iraq oil.

e) Other or expanded principles
2) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Central and East Asia.
Yesa) Should the United States use diplomatic and economic pressure to encourage North Korea to abandon its nuclear weapons program?
Undecidedb) Should the United States use military force to destroy the North Korean nuclear weapons program?
Undecidedc) Should the United States remove the North Korean government from power?
Undecidedd) Should the United States increase financial support to Afghanistan?
Undecidede) Should the United States increase military support to Afghanistan?
f) Other or expanded principles
3) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the United Nations.
a) Should the United States maintain its financial support of the United Nations?
Yesb) Should the United States decrease its financial support of the United Nations?
c) Should the United States commit troops to United Nations peacekeeping missions?
d) Other or expanded principles
No4) Should the United States lift the travel ban to Cuba?
No5) Should the United States increase its financial support to Colombia to combat "the war on drugs"?
Yes6) Should aid to African nations for AIDS prevention programs fund distribution of contraceptives?
Yes7) Should aid to African nations for AIDS prevention fund abstinence education?
8) Other or expanded principles
International Trade
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international trade.
Yes1) Do you support the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)?
Yes2) Do you support the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)?
Yes3) Do you support continued U.S. membership in the World Trade Organization (WTO)?
Yes4) Should a nation's human rights record affect its normal trade relations (most favored nation) status with the United States?
Yes5) Do you support the trade embargo against Cuba?
Yes6) Should trade agreements include provisions to address environmental concerns and to protect workers' rights?
7) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding national security.
Yesa) Do you support using military tribunals to try suspected terrorists when ordinary civilian courts are deemed inappropriate or impractical?
Yesb) Should the United States adopt stricter rules for student visa applications from nations known to sponsor terrorism?
Noc) Should the United States grant law enforcement agencies greater discretion to read mail and email, tap phones, and conduct random searches to prevent future terrorist attacks?
Yesd) Should the United States hold foreign states accountable for terrorists who operate in their country?
Yese) Should the federal government increase funding to states and cities for homeland security?
Yesf) Do you support a policy of pre-emptive strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to national security?
g) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security.
a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves.
Xb) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government.
Xc) Invest a portion of Social Security assets collectively in stocks and bonds instead of United States Treasury securities.
d) Increase the payroll tax to better finance Social Security in its current form.
e) Lower the annual cost-of-living increases.
f) Raise the retirement age for when individuals are eligible to receive full Social Security benefits.
g) Other of expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding technology and communication.
a) Collect taxes on commercial Internet transactions.
Xb) Continue the moratorium on Internet taxation.
c) Implement regulation of Internet content.
Xd) Support government mandates to curtail violent and sexual content on television.
Xe) Support strict penalties for Internet crimes (e.g. hacking, identity theft, worms/viruses).
f) Support legislation to detail how personal information can be collected and used on the Internet.
g) Regulating the Internet is not a responsibility of the federal government.
Xh) Impose regulations on "spam" emails.
i) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding welfare and poverty.
Xa) Require welfare recipients to spend at least 40 hours a week in a combination of work and training programs.
b) Increase funding for child care programs.
Xc) Continue to give states and local governments flexibility in and responsibility for welfare programs through federal block grants.
Xd) Direct federal poverty aid through religious, community-based, or other non-profit organizations.
e) Abolish all federal welfare programs.
f) Support housing assistance for low-income families.
g) Other or expanded principles
On an attached page, disk, or via email, please explain in a total of 75 words or less, your top two or three priorities if elected. If they require additional funding for implementation, please explain how you would obtain this funding.
Vote Smart does not permit the use of its name or programs in any campaign activity, including advertising, debates, and speeches.
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