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Roger Wicker's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

Office: U.S. Senate (MS) - Jr, Republican
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Roger Wicker refused to tell citizens where he stands on any of the issues addressed in the 2012 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests from Vote Smart, national media, and prominent political leaders.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These issue positions, from the year 2012, are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Pro-life Inferred Answer Abortion: Do you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Roger Wicker. Wicker Votes to Bar Federal Funding of Abortion in Senate Health Bill. 8 December 2009. "For more than 30 years, taxpayer funding of abortion has been prohibited. This is a policy that is supported by most Mississippians and a majority of Americans. Any health reform legislation that is enacted by Congress must include this important provision to prohibit taxpayer-funded abortion. Unfortunately, with the defeat of this amendment, the Senate Democrats' health care bill allows for taxpayer funds to be used to purchase abortion coverage." (
  • Roger Wicker. Don't Ask, Don't Tell Policy. 28 May 2010. "There is one other issue that was regrettably voted on in the affirmative by the committee yesterday, and that is with regard to abortion policy. Since 1996, we have had a policy that abortions -- elective abortions -- will not be performed on our military installations. This is a policy that was passed by the House and Senate and signed into law by a Democratic President, President Clinton. For the past 14 years, it has been our policy that elective abortions will not be performed in our military installations. Yesterday, the committee decided to reverse this longstanding policy and to say that, indeed, abortions for whatever reason will be performed in these facilities that are paid for at taxpayer expense and are there for the care of our serv ice mem bers, to keep them healthy and to repair their injuries. We are going to use those facilities for elective abortions." (
  • Roger Wicker. Issue Position: Protecting Life. 8 July 2011. "I have a long record of upholding the sanctity of life. As a state senator, I authored the legislation that put in place regulations for abortion clinics and created the twenty-four hour waiting period for abortions. As a member of the U.S. House of Representatives, I supported the ban on partial birth abortions, which the Supreme Court upheld. I have cosponsored various other bills in both the House and Senate reflecting my belief that life begins at conception. Most recently, in June 2008, I introduced the Life at Conception Act. This legislation simply defines life as beginning at conception, expanding protections in the 14th Amendment to unborn babies." (
  • Roger Wicker. Letter to The Honorable Harry Reid Majority Leader. 7 December 2009. "We have grave concerns regarding the exclusion of longstanding funding limitations on abortion in the various appropriations bills that are currently before Congress. These measures, which have enjoyed broad bipartisan support for many years, are meant to ensure that taxpayers are not forced to pay for or promote elective abortions either in the United States or abroad. Yet provisions calling for taxpayer financed abortions and the promotion of abortion have been included in the FY2010 Financial Services and State/Foreign Operations Appropriations bills. We cannot, in good conscience, allow these provisions to move forward, even in an omnibus appropriations bill. We want to assure you that we are prepared to take full advantage of our rights under Senate rules to prevent massive taxpayer subsidies for abortions and abortion-related activities." (
  • Roger Wicker. Protecting the Most Precious Gift. 24 January 2011. "One of the most contentious provisions in the President's unpopular health care law reignited the debate over whether the federal government should subsidize abortions with taxpayer dollars. I fought to ensure that federal funds were banned from paying for abortions. Americans should not forced to use their tax money to pay for something that so many find morally wrong." (
  • Roger Wicker. Recess. 3 March 2009. "Madam President, I spoke at some length yesterday about this amendment. It deals with one issue and one issue only -- whether U.S. taxpayer dollars will be provided in this omnibus bill to help fund coercive population control policies, such as China's one-child policy -- a policy that relies on coerced abortion and forced sterilization. Specifically, this pro-child, pro-family, pro-woman amendment would restore the Kemp-Kasten antipopulation control provision, which has been a fundamental part of our foreign policy for almost a quarter century. As it has always done, Kemp-Kasten allows the President of the United States to certify that funds are not used for coercive family practices. As it has always done, the provision would allow the President to release those funds after he has made such a certification." (
  • Roger Wicker. Report From Congress: 4/23/07. 23 April 2007. "The U.S. Supreme Court ruled 5-4 last week to uphold a ban on partial-birth abortions. The court's action was a victory for the sanctity of life and finally makes this gruesome procedure illegal. I cosponsored the Partial Birth Abortion Ban Act and was actively involved in promoting its passage in 2003. The bill was approved in both Houses of Congress and signed into law by President Bush at a ceremony I attended. But before the ink was dry on the parchment, opponents announced plans to challenge the constitutionality of the new law. That challenge took four years to make its way to the highest court in the land. The Supreme Court decision affirming the law means it can go into effect for the first time." (
  • Roger Wicker. Wicker Continues Calling for New Approach to Health Care Reform. 11 March 2010. "I don't think they [House Democrats] can be assured that we can correct all these mistakes - that we can correct the great, huge favor done to union health plans as opposed to the ones owned by the rest of Americans. I think we can assure House members that we cannot fix the abortion language. The [pro-life] House language on abortion is superior to the Senate language, and I think if they pass the Senate bill and the president signs it, it's going to amount to a huge reversal in federal policy. We will be paying for abortions with federal tax dollars for the first time in two decades." (
  • Roger Wicker. Wicker Supports Fresh Start and Step-by-Step Approach for Health Care. 19 February 2010. "Each of these ideas represents a bipartisan step we can take toward improving health care in America. We must also stand firm against provisions that would damage our system. Tax hikes and Medicare cuts would raise health care costs for everyone. Offering benefits to illegal immigrants would be a drain on federal resources and would encourage unlawful behavior. Federal funding for abortions must remain prohibited, as it has for 30 years. Finally, our approach should not add to the growing national debt." (
Yes Inferred Answer Afghanistan: Do you support United States' combat operations in Afghanistan? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Roger Wicker. Wicker Says Change in Leadership Will Not Change Mission in Afghanistan. 12 July 2010. "Our forces are engaged in a civil-military campaign to prevent al-Qaeda and other extremist groups from establishing sanctuaries in Afghanistan similar to those enjoyed under Taliban rule prior to September 11. We cannot allow the Islamic fundamentalists to find safe haven in Afghanistan. We must learn from the past and recognize the dangers that arise when a power vacuum occurs. Bordered by Iran and Pakistan, Afghanistan's geographic location makes it critical to U.S. security. Instability in this region can have grave consequences for the world. Our troops need to know that they have the support and backing of our government and the American people to carry out this dangerous mission." (
  • Roger Wicker. Wicker Says Difficult Times Remain In Afghanistan. 2 February 2009. "In his testimony, Secretary Gates left little doubt that the conflict in Afghanistan is now our greatest military challenge. Vast security improvements in Iraq have led extremists to return their attention to Afghanistan, making the country an increasingly crucial front in the war against al Qaeda and radical Islam. Considering its geographic location, failure in Afghanistan would have serious implications for our national security. Should the Afghan government collapse and the country fall back into the hands of the Taliban or other extremists, terrorists would not only have a safe haven to operate from, they would also have control of a country with dangerous proximity to an unstable and nuclear-armed Pakistan. Realizing the serious implications of failure in Afghanistan, Secretary Gates outlined the plan to send another 10,000 to 12,000 troops to the country by late spring or mid-summer of this year. These troops would be in addition to the 36,000 troops we already have in Afghanistan. As our military continues to draw down from Iraq, more of our troops will be headed to Afghanistan, with military commanders calling for a total of 60,000 American troops." (
  • Roger Wicker. Issue Position: National Security. 11 July 2011. "As a member of the Senate Armed Services Committee, I am working closely with my colleagues to ensure our military is the best equipped and most prepared in the world. As a retired Air Force Reservist and the father of an Air Force ROTC cadet, I understand the sacrifices our military community makes to protect our freedom. We must continue to give them our unwavering support. Our nation faces serious security challenges in the changing global environment. I have traveled to Iraq and Afghanistan to see the hard work our troops, many of them Mississippians, are doing to protect our country. As we face the threats of today and tomorrow, it is imperative we provide our troops with the resources they need to perform and achieve their mission of protecting our nation. I am committed to meeting these needs for today's soldier and tomorrow's veteran." (
  • Roger Wicker. Justice Has Been Done but Vigilance Must Remain. 9 May 2011. "One important effort aimed at preventing future attacks continues to be the U.S. action in Afghanistan. We must not lose our resolve and allow that country to serve once again as a staging ground for those who seek to harm the United States and our allies. Any review of our troop levels in Afghanistan must be based on conditions on the ground. As a member of the Senate Armed Services Committee, I will continue to meet with our commanders in the field, and I look forward to General David Petraeus's professional recommendations this summer as he begins his new role, Director of the CIA. Although al-Qaeda has suffered a significant blow, it is not the end of their terror network or their pursuit for a safe haven. As many as eleven al-Qaeda groups are currently operating worldwide, and we need to be concerned about them all. The fight against terrorism is not over, nor is the war in Afghanistan. The remaining members of al-Qaeda and other violent Islamist extremist groups are intent on killing innocent men, women, and children around the world. I will continue to support the members of our Armed Forces and intelligence personnel as they work to accomplish their difficult task. Their efforts are critical to protecting Americans both at home and abroad." (
  • Roger Wicker. Senator Wicker Statement on the Confirmation of General David Petraeus. 29 June 2010. "General David Petraeus is a true American hero and the right man to lead our efforts in Afghanistan. We owe a great deal of thanks to him and his wife for their sacrifice and service to our country. However, the question of victory does not fall on General Petraeus. I have complete faith and confidence in him and the remarkable men and women in uniform. The only way we could fail in Afghanistan is if we have a government unwilling to support our troops on the ground. I will work with my colleagues to ensure General Petraeus and our brave men and women have the resources they need to succeed. The alternative is unacceptable." (
  • Roger Wicker. Wicker Calls for Strong Partnership for Success in Afghanistan. 17 May 2010. "It was important for Mr. Karzai to observe for himself the nature of America's sacrifice, particularly as both countries prepare for the challenges to come. I was recently briefed by General Stanley McCrystal, commander of U.S. Forces in Afghanistan, and he and other leaders have made it clear that things will get worse in Afghanistan before they get better. As the U.S. ramps up counterinsurgency efforts in Taliban strongholds, notably the Kandahar province, violence and casualties will rise. This is a necessary step in helping establish stability and rule of law in Afghanistan. My hope is that a strengthened partnership and strategy for success has come out of the discussions between Mr. Karzai and top U.S. military officials during his visit to Washington. When I spoke with Mr. Karzi during a visit to Kabul in January, I stressed that America's commitment must be met by the determination and cooperation of his government. In my roles on the Senate Foreign Relations and Armed Forces Committees, I will continue to ask the hard questions that are necessary to keep this consequential partnership on track. I want to be supportive of the administration's efforts; however, the Senate should not be a rubber stamp for White House policies. We must thoughtfully consider the reports and requests from our commanders on the ground and set policies that will give our troops the right strategies and tools. I believe we can and must succeed in Afghanistan." (
  • Roger Wicker. Wicker Highlights Recent Trip to Afghanistan, Pakistan. 18 January 2010. "I recently returned from a congressional delegation trip to Afghanistan and Pakistan, where I was given a firsthand look at our military's ongoing effort to rid the country from the Taliban and al-Qaeda extremists. The trip, which came less than two months after President Obama announced a surge of 30,000 troops in Afghanistan, gave my colleagues and me the chance to meet with political and security leaders from Afghanistan and Pakistan, as well as top U.S. and coalition military commanders. I returned home confident our men and women in uniform are capable of successfully completing this critical mission. And while there are great challenges that remain and problems that need to be addressed, it is evident that the efforts and sacrifices of our service members are creating positive results... If we succeed in Afghanistan, we will have helped transform it into a more stable country that can defend itself from the Taliban and al-Qaeda and become an important ally in fighting the war on terror. There is difficult and dangerous work to be done, and many obstacles remain, but I believe we are implementing a strategy that can lead us to achieving our objective." (
  • Roger Wicker. Wicker Says Afghanistan Is Winnable But Difficult Times Lie Ahead. 8 June 2009. "Like many of us, I remember where I was on September 11, 2001. Having just completed a meeting at the Pentagon with the Secretary of Defense, I learned about the attack in New York. We all soon realized that the world had changed forever. September 11, was one of the darkest days in our history, but it also was a time when Americans united and displayed the power and resolve of our nation. During the hearing last week, General McChrystal succinctly laid out why we must fight and succeed in Afghanistan. First and foremost, we must prevent Al-Qaeda from operating freely in Afghanistan. The protection afforded to them in 2001 by the Taliban allowed Al-Qaeda to directly attack our homeland, killing over 3,000 innocent civilians. U.S. forces with our coalition allies must never again allow these types of safe havens to exist. Second, instability in this region will cause geopolitical problems throughout the international community. Bordered by nuclear neighbors, Afghanistan's volatility historically has proven dangerous for all. Furthermore, stability in Afghanistan is directly linked with security and stability in Pakistan. Recent Taliban advances in Pakistan have dramatically displayed the dangerous ripple effect for this region. Finally, General McChrystal emphasized the long-term impact U.S. efforts in Afghanistan will have on our nation's credibility throughout the world. While Afghanistan is a country ravaged by decades of war, the United States has the ability to provide security for the population, help establish a local Afghan security force, and render the Taliban irrelevant. These actions by the United States and our allies will not only protect U.S. national security, but will also shape a better future for the people of Afghanistan." (
No Inferred Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support reducing defense spending? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Roger Wicker. Report from Congress- Wicker Notes Progress on Intelligence, Homeland Security. 28 June 2004. "The occasion of our nation's 228th birthday this weekend provides another opportunity to celebrate the greatest system of government ever devised. Along with the parades, picnics, and patriotic songs, Americans should also take time to reflect on the challenge our republic faces in the worldwide war against terrorism. Thomas Jefferson said, 'The price of freedom is eternal vigilance,' but he might never have imagined the efforts required to remain vigilant against the forces that threaten America on Independence Day 2004. Ensuring that the U.S. is prepared to meet those challenges at home and abroad is among our highest priorities on Capitol Hill. In addition to boosting defense spending, the House of Representatives has acted to strengthen two other national security components-homeland defense and intelligence operations." (
  • Roger Wicker. Report From Congress (Wicker Touts Bill Boosting National Defense). 2 October 2006. "One of Congress' most important actions during this past month was passage of a defense spending bill that ensures our armed forces will have the resources and support they need to fight the global war on terror and protect our country. The 2007 Defense Appropriations Act cleared the House of Representatives and Senate by large margins and awaits President Bush's signature. The package also includes funding for a wide range of projects in Mississippi. I am a member of the Defense subcommittee and served on the panel that worked out differences between the House and Senate bills. We were also fortunate to have Senate Appropriations Committee Chairman Thad Cochran's leadership in crafting a final version. The measure includes funds for critical troop protection needs, new equipment and weapons, and research and development activities." (
  • Roger Wicker. Funding Crisis: U.S. Military Slashing Budgets at Home. 23 March 2011. "I don't see why on a bi-partisan basis and a bi-cameral basis we can't decide as a Congress to fund the military capabilities of this nation on a permanent basis." (
  • Roger Wicker. Sen. Roger Wicker likes idea of crossing the aisle for State of the Union. 25 January 2011. "I would hate to see us try to balance the budget on the backs of the naval infrastructure or the military infrastructure." (
  • Roger Wicker. Wicker Meets With USM Officials. 5 February 2008. "Wicker, a Republican, was in Hattiesburg Monday to hear a presentation from polymer science advocate Shelby Thames and other Southern Miss officials about defense contracts the school now has to research and develop products made from materials that don't corrode. The meeting was in the Shelby Thames Polymer Science Center, the campus building named for the former Southern Miss president, who is now a research professor. Large contractors such as Boeing and Northrop Grumman may soon be hiring more polymer scientists than metallurgists, said Jeff Wiggins, a polymer science and high performance materials professor. Using composites, military contractors can build stronger, lighter and faster Air Force jets and Navy ships, he said. Federal funding for research at Southern Miss increased in recent years. 'That's a dramatic investment of federal funds,' Wicker said. 'It will mean a safer country and more jobs for Missisippians.'" (
  • Roger Wicker. Bring Jobs Home Act--Motion to Proceed. 18 July 2012. "Unless we act, and act soon, $492 billion will be cut from defense spending beginning January 3, 2013. According to Defense Secretary Leon Panetta, the effect would be ``devastating''--a ``meat axe.'' Our Secretary of Defense, a member of the Obama administration, said it would ``hollow out the force.'' Unfortunately, Secretary Panetta and the White House, so far, have failed to identify the specific impact of these cuts. Clarity is needed as to how these automatic cuts would limit our capabilities. As of this moment, sequestration is the law of the land unless Congress passes--and the President signs--a bill to stop it. The administration needs to get specific about the results of this 'meat axe.'" (
  • Roger Wicker. Wicker Notes Importance of Naval Power, Shipbuilding Industry. 13 December 2004. "The Navy's ability to project military strength anywhere in the world is a key component in safeguarding U.S. interests and deterring adversaries. It is also a reality that defense spending limitations have forced a troubling downsizing of the fleet over the past two decades. The challenge we face is to reverse that trend within the framework of a defense budget under pressure to meet wide-ranging obligations." (
No Inferred Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Roger Wicker. Wicker Says Administration Should Stop the Tax Hikes. 9 August 2010. "The historic tax cuts have helped American families and businesses keep more of their hard earned money for nearly a decade. The tax relief reduced income taxes, raised the child tax credit, eliminated the marriage penalty and abolished the death tax. The tax relief has been instrumental in creating new jobs and expanding small businesses. Unless these lower tax rates are extended, Americans will be hit with the largest tax increase in our nation's history on January 1, 2011. The President has said repeatedly that his number one goal is to create jobs and revive the economy, but his opposition to extending all of the tax cuts contradicts this objective. The looming 2011 tax hikes would weaken our recovery and further threaten the health of our economy. When testifying before the House Financial Services Committee recently, Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke acknowledged the importance of extending the tax relief package by saying it would help strengthen a U.S. economy still in need of stimulus." (
  • Roger Wicker. Wicker Statement on Extension of Tax Relief for All Americans. 14 December 2010. "U.S. Senator Roger Wicker (R-Miss.) issued the following statement today after voting in favor of bringing the tax extension bill to the Senate floor for debate: 'The most important thing Congress can do right now to help American families and small businesses is to prevent tax increases from going into effect on Jan. 1. The tax relief extension allows Mississippians to maintain the current tax rates that have been in place for nearly a decade. I hope Congress passes this important legislation so Americans and job creators will have the certainty needed to plan, invest, and grow our economy.' (
  • Roger Wicker. 2008. National Association of Wholesale-Distributors: Interview with Mississippi Senator Roger Wicker. September 2008. "Americans know how to spend their money better than politicians in Washington. Cutting taxes creates new, higher-paying jobs and increases tax revenue to the federal government. I supported the 2001 and 2003 tax cuts, and I am working to make sure they are made permanent. In a time of slow economic growth, we cannot afford tax increases. American families are struggling to pay for groceries, mortgages, and gas. We should not add another payment to the government in their already crunched budgets. Small businesses are the engine of our national economy, we must be sure that their tax rates are as low as possible so that they can continue adding jobs and growing the economy." (
  • Roger Wicker. Letter to Leader Reid. 17 May 2012. "If Congress and the President do not act by the end of this year, American taxpayers will face $310 billion in tax increases next year. This would be, without any exaggeration, the largest tax increase in American history. The failure to extend the expiring tax relief -- tax relief previously supported by President Obama -- would hit all taxpayers, undermine small businesses, and be a dangerous drag on the economy." (
  • Roger Wicker. Congress' Unfinished Business. 10 April 2010. "The tax relief expiring at the end of 2010 will lead to the largest tax hike in American history. We have known that these tax increases are coming, but Democratic leadership delayed action, leaving millions of Americans and businesses uncertain about the future. Just last week, the non-partisan Congressional Budget Office announced that these tax hikes will hurt the economy and slow the recovery. According to the IRS, higher tax rates would apply to half of small business income and would impact 25 percent of the American workforce. Additionally, the National Federation of Independent Business announced that businesses employing 20 to 250 people would be hit the hardest if Congress fails to extend the current tax cuts. The uncertainty caused by Congress' inaction is preventing businesses from planning, investing, and hiring. I cosponsored the Tax Hike Prevention Act, which would make the 2001 and 2003 tax rates permanent. With nearly 15 million Americans looking for work, it was irresponsible of this Congress to leave town for November elections without extending tax cuts to all Americans." (
No Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Roger Wicker. Wicker Says More Stimulus Spending Should Be Rejected. 13 July 2009. "In opposing the stimulus bill in February, I outlined an alternative I believe would have been a true stimulus and helped get Americans back to work. The plan focused on getting the housing market out of the gutter by providing a $15,000 tax credit to home buyers. It also provided additional tax relief to families and workers, as well as small businesses so they could begin hiring again. Additionally, our plan called for targeted construction projects with clear economic development purposes like highways and early investment in military equipment and facilities. It is clear the stimulus bill has not worked. Unfortunately, America's taxpayers are still on the hook for the almost trillion dollars we borrowed. The president and Congressional Democrats should dismiss any calls for additional deficit spending and debt in disguise as stimulus spending." (
  • Roger Wicker. Wicker Urges Congress to Cut Spending as Treasury Announces $1.3 Trillion Deficit for 2010. 18 October 2010. "Today's Treasury Department announcement about the deficit confirms what Americans have been warning all along -- Washington is dangerously spending more than we can afford. Rather than creating jobs and improving the economy, the failed stimulus bill and government bailouts created one of the largest deficits in American history since the Second World War. More than one out of every 10 Mississippians is looking for work, leading many to question what they are getting in return for their tax dollars. Clearly, increasing government spending is not the answer to our economic problems. The reckless spending of today limits the opportunities for future generations. If we fail to drastically reduce the size of the government, our children and grandchildren will be forced to bear the burden." (
  • Roger Wicker. Debt Continues to be Growing Threat. 7 March 2011. "In his annual budget request, President Obama called for a five-year federal spending freeze, a proposal that means hardly anything. Spending escalated dramatically over the last two years as President Obama's signature legislation, the $1 trillion stimulus and the $1 trillion health care law, added to the problems we face. Continuing deficits of $1.6 trillion for the next five years would be harmful and worsen our fiscal crisis." (
  • Roger Wicker. Issue Position: Taxes. 8 July 2011. "I strongly believe that Americans know how to spend their money better than politicians in Washington. Reducing tax rates helps unleash the entrepreneurial spirit of America. History has shown us time and time again that cutting taxes creates new, higher-paying jobs while increasing the overall tax revenue of the federal government. As your U.S. Senator, I will continue working to limit wasteful Washington spending in order to keep your taxes low." (
  • Roger Wicker. Passing the American Dream to Our Children. 18 October 2010. "How did we get here? Counting the failed stimulus plan, Congress increased discretionary spending by 84 percent from 2008 to 2010. In addition to the trillion dollar stimulus bill, this Congress passed an $896 billion bailout for Wall Street and a $100 billion bailout for U.S. automakers. I opposed the bailouts and stimulus plans because I did not believe the drastic government intervention and increased spending would solve our problems. Foreclosures continue to rise in Mississippi and across the nation, and the national unemployment rate still hovers near 10 percent. All of this spending adds to our exploding national debt without creating the jobs that were promised." (
  • Roger Wicker. Press Conference With Senator Jon Kyl (R-Az) on the Economic Recovery and Reinvestment Act. 29 January 2009. "I think Senator Jim Bunning and I want to follow along with Senator Sessions' reference to the 315 leading economists who have now subscribed to this ad in The Washington Post -- full-page ad today in The Washington Post -- that basically says, let's go slow on this. Let's -- government spending is not the way to improve economic performance. Lower tax rates and a reduction of the burden of government are the best ways of using fiscal policy to boost growth. I was hoping that we could have a bipartisan economic stimulus package. Maybe we ought to be asking for a non-partisan economic stimulus package. As far as I know, these leading scholars and economists, now some 315 strong, including Nobel laureates, don't have a political agenda. I don't know what their political registration is. But they've said to the president, let's be careful about this. Let's get worried about the additional spending, and let's do something that will work." (
  • Roger Wicker. Restoring Government Accountability. 1 November 2010. "The President's answer to the many challenges our country faces is more big government. In an attempt to address the economic slowdown, the President rammed through a partisan, trillion-dollar stimulus, throwing more money at our problems. I voted against this plan because I was concerned about the expensive price tag and lack of oversight. Rather than jumpstart the economy and help grow the private sector, the costly bill has added to the national debt and has expanded the federal government. The Social Security Administration's Inspector General recently discovered that 89,000 people who received stimulus checks were either deceased or in jail. The payments totaled approximately $22.3 million. Although many of the checks were returned to the government, it is disturbing that the report was conducted nearly a year and a half after these payments were issued. The stimulus bill is a costly failure. The bill has not kept unemployment below eight percent as the Administration promised. Instead, more than 10 percent of Mississippians are looking for work, and eventually the taxpayers will have to foot the bill for the stimulus plan. This type of inefficient and wasteful spending burdens future generations who already are inheriting a $13.6 trillion national debt." (
  • Roger Wicker. Tax Day Is Anything But A Holiday. 13 April 2009. "There is a better way forward. In order to get our country out of this recession and on the path to sustained, long-term economic prosperity, Congress should implement policies that limit government spending in order to keep taxes low on America's families and small businesses." (
  • Roger Wicker. Wicker Says Congress Should Focus on Job Creation. 7 September 2010. "In February of last year, leading economists and members of both political parties stated that any stimulus bill should be targeted, timely, and temporary in order to spark economic growth. Unfortunately, Congress enacted an unfocused and poorly crafted bill that did little to address the housing crisis, lower taxes, or stimulate growth. In numerous speeches and interviews, the administration promised Americans that the stimulus bill would save or create 3.5 million jobs. In fact, the trillion dollar stimulus plan failed to meet the President's own expectations. Rather than creating jobs, the U.S. has lost over three million jobs since the stimulus bill was signed into law. The White House economic team anticipated that the stimulus package would keep unemployment rates below eight percent, but the national unemployment rate continues to hover near double digits." (
  • Roger Wicker. Wicker Says Out-of-Control Government Spending Threatens America's Future. 26 June 2010. "Our nation's spending is on an unsustainable path. Many Americans realize this and are asking when Congress will judge the price tag on new programs to be too high. When is the hole we are digging too deep for our children to climb out? The spending binge will not stop if Congress continues to pass costly policies like the health care package, TARP bailout, and stimulus bill. The federal government should practice the same fiscal restraint that American families, business owners, teachers, farmers, and shrimpers, among others, practice daily." (
Yes Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support providing tax incentives to businesses for the purpose of job creation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Roger Wicker. Wicker Applauds Senate Action on Economic Stimulus Package. 7 February 2008. "U.S. Senator Roger Wicker today praised an economic stimulus package approved by the Senate that will provide tax rebates for millions of Americans and tax incentives for small businesses aimed at spurring job creation. Prior to approving the package, the Senate approved an amendment cosponsored by Senator Wicker that expands eligibility to ensure that disabled veterans and their widows as well as low-income seniors receive rebate checks. As initially drafted, the legislation omitted these groups, meaning they wouldn't have been eligible for rebate checks. The amendment also ensures that illegal immigrants do not receive rebate checks. 'This bipartisan measure means that thousands of working families, disabled veterans and low-income seniors in Mississippi will be receiving rebates from the federal government in the months to come,' said Wicker. 'During this period of economic uncertainty, it's important that Congress act swiftly to provide a boost to our economy. I believe this stimulus package does so, and I encourage the House to concur quickly and send this legislation to the president for his signature.'" (
  • Roger Wicker. Wicker: Out-Of-Control Deficit Spending Wrong Way to Create Jobs. 8 February 2010. "Creating jobs and economic opportunity must be our main focus. However, there are several ways we can undertake this national priority without out-of-control spending and unsustainable deficits [...] Another way is to extend tax relief to small businesses. The tax rate reductions that were adopted in 2003 in response to the economic slowdown immediately reversed job losses, helped stabilize the stock market, and spurred business investment. Yet the 2001 and 2003 provisions, which included relief from income taxes, capital gains taxes, dividend taxes, and death taxes, are set to expire next year. If tax relief is not extended, it will amount to a massive tax hike on small businesses during a recession. We should extend those provisions and enact other reforms, such as payroll tax relief and tax incentives for small business investment. This would reward job creation and encourage entrepreneurship." (
  • Roger Wicker. Wicker: Extending Tax Relief Will Continue Economic Success. 12 December 2005. "Businesses would continue to benefit from continuation of a tax credit for research and development activities. The provision has been a strong incentive for private enterprise to pursue innovations to create jobs and increased economic activity. Small businesses would retain the ability to deduct up to $100,000 in the first year of investments in depreciable assets. Without the extension, the deduction would drop to $25,000. Over the past two years, the House has passed more than 50 measures focused on stimulating the economy and expanding opportunities for American workers. The tax relief provisions in this package have been an important part of our pro-growth agenda." (
  • Roger Wicker. Wicker and Vitter Introduce Gulf Coast Recovery Legislation. 30 September 2010. "U.S. Senators Roger Wicker (R-Miss.) and David Vitter (R-La.) introduced legislation on Wednesday to help Gulf Coast businesses and workers affected by the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. The Wicker-Vitter bill would provide tax assistance and investment incentives to spur job creation along the coast. 'The tax relief and economic incentives provided in this legislation would offer immediate assistance to those along the Gulf Coast who have suffered economic harm because of the oil spill,' said Wicker. 'Although Mississippians affected by this spill are being reimbursed for lost income by those responsible, the disaster has created other challenges that compensation alone does not address. For example, some small business owners are being forced to dip into their retirement savings to keep their business afloat during this time and should not be penalized by the tax code.'" (
  • Roger Wicker. Wicker Touts Positive Economic News. 13 June 2005. "Congress and the President continue to support initiatives that will build on our economic success. Among the priorities is making expiring tax relief provisions permanent, easing the regulatory burden and boosting incentives for small business development, and holding the line on federal spending. Final action is expected on the long-overdue energy bill to help reduce our dependency on foreign oil, create jobs, and lead to lower gasoline prices for American consumers. I hope we will also consider the highway reauthorization bill before the August recess. This measure will provide funds to make our roadways safer and boost economic opportunities in Mississippi and across the country." (
  • Roger Wicker. Wicker Pleased with Good Economic News. 18 July 2005. "Legislation to reduce income tax rates, boost incentives for small businesses to invest in new equipment, and cuts to the tax rates on dividends and capital gains were among the actions Mr. Bolten listed as positives for economic growth. Many of these pro-growth tax cuts are set to expire soon unless Congress takes action. This week's welcome economic news provides a powerful incentive to make this tax relief permanent." (
  • Roger Wicker. Bipartisan Group of Senators Propose Plan for Post-Oil Spill Recovery Along Gulf Coast. 2 July 2010. "In an effort to help individuals and small businesses along the Gulf coast, a bipartisan group of six lawmakers have put together a package of tax breaks for those hit hard by the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. The bipartisan nature of the group -- six senators coming from across the political aisle and across the Gulf - sends a strong signal to congressional leadership that there is broad support for such a measure, which is a rarity in Washington these days but something necessary for any legislation to pass. The senators' proposal, spearheaded by Sens. Bill Nelson (D-FL) and Roger Wicker (R-MS), is similar in aim to one offered just yesterday in the House by U.S. Rep. Jeff Miller, a Republican from Chumuckla, Fla. The House plan would offer assistance mainly to property owners, while the senators would target job creation through tax incentives to employers and for tourism...Their proposal is intended to provide relief for struggling small businesses, to create jobs and give a boost to travel and tourism in the Gulf region. Some highlights from the package: it would allow for tax credits for Gulf coast businesses that hire workers displaced by the oil spill, as well as enact a temporary program to reimburse Gulf states for revenue losses if they adopt a hotel or car rental tax holiday." (
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Education: Do you support requiring states to implement education reforms in order to be eligible for competitive federal grants? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Roger Wicker. Wicker: Education Reform Part of Economic Recovery. 2 October 2011. "Nearly a decade after No Child Left Behind (NCLB) became law, the debate continues among educators, administrators, and lawmakers over the merits and flaws of measuring school accountability nationwide. There is no doubt that Washington has dramatically expanded its role in education. But states and local leaders -- who can better assess the specific needs of their area -- should be the guides of reform, not rigid test requirements [...] President Obama announced a waiver program late last month that would exempt states from NCLB if they meet certain federal standards set by his Administration [¦] According to the Economic Policy Institute's Richard Rothstein, the new one-size-fits-all conditions are not a step forward [¦] Instead of more top-down approaches, we should enact legislation that gives states and school districts more flexibility and a greater role in determining their students' progress." (
  • Roger Wicker. Issue Position: Education. 11 July 2011. "Education should be a top priority for any elected official. It is important to make sure the federal government is playing a constructive role in our education system and not building an inflexible, unworkable bureaucracy. Since coming to Washington, I have voted to increase federal funding for elementary and secondary education programs. These increases are important for areas, like special education, where the government is not living up to its promises. I believe that the federal government should place an emphasis on education, but most decisions should be left to parents and state or local officials. Whatever steps we take on a national level must empower local school administrators, teachers, and parents to make the best decisions for their students and children. It is important that state and local governments maintain the flexibility needed to direct funding to the greatest needs in their community." (
  • Roger Wicker. Concurrent Resolution on the Budget for Fiscal Year 2005. 24 March 2004. "Many on both sides of the aisle believe that accountability standards in this No Child Left Behind law represent the greatest accomplishment in a generation in terms of K-12 education, and an even more important stride than the funding increases that I have talked about. This budget also continues our commitment to provide for and strengthen those principles." (
Yes Inferred Answer Energy: Do you support reducing restrictions on offshore energy production? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Roger Wicker. Cochran, Wicker Sponsor Resolution Seeking Streamlined Offshore Energy Permit Process. 17 February 2011. "We are importing far too much oil. The President's continued obstruction to offshore energy exploration hampers our ability to meet our energy needs. Arbitrarily limiting American production not only worsens our dependence on foreign energy sources, it costs us important jobs." (
  • Roger Wicker. Issue Position: Gas Prices. 11 July 2011. "As Americans continue feeling squeezed at the gas pump, it is more important than ever that Congress take action to implement meaningful energy policies to put us on the road toward energy independence and more affordable gasoline. America must do a better job of immediately increasing our domestic production of energy at home and invest in alternative and renewable energy sources to free us from dependence on foreign oil. I support exploring for oil and gas in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) and in the Outer Continental Shelf's deep waters off our coast. Those areas hold 24 billion barrels of recoverable oil. It is important that states be given the ability to control the use of their coastal resources." (
  • Roger Wicker. Wicker Says Gulf Coast More Resilient Five Years After Katrina. 30 August 2010. "Mississippi and the Gulf Coast have come a long way since Hurricane Katrina made landfall in 2005. Unfortunately, the destructive storm was not the only blow that would hit us. We have also suffered through a national recession, and we continue to battle one of the worst man-made disasters our country has seen -- the Gulf oil spill. These events have complicated the recovery efforts of the Coast. Unemployment in Mississippi is over 11 percent, and that number may rise as a result of the oil spill and the jobs being threatened by the administration's offshore drilling moratorium, but I am confident in our ability to weather this new storm." (
  • Roger Wicker. 2008. National Association of Wholesale-Distributors: Interview with Mississippi Senator Roger Wicker. September 2008. "Skyrocketing gas prices continue to hit Mississippi families and businesses hard. I see the prices each time I go fill up my car, and I know that these prices are magnified for businesses that depend on transportation for their livelihood. I believe we can improve both our security and our economy by increasing American-based energy production “ from exploring ANWR and the OCS to increasing American refining capacity...we must access valuable American resources like oil deposits in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, Outer Continental Shelf, and shale oil sites.." (
  • Roger Wicker. Wicker Says President's Plan to Ban Offshore Drilling Threatens Jobs and Energy Security. 1 December 2010. "This seven-year ban on offshore drilling threatens American jobs and our country's energy security. At a time when unemployment is near double digits nationwide, the federal government should not be implementing policies that would send American jobs overseas. America needs a balanced and responsible energy approach to decrease our dependence on foreign oil, and that plan must include producing domestic resources. The decision to lock up some of our offshore energy resources is another example that this administration is not serious about producing American energy and creating jobs. The tragic accident on Deepwater Horizon should not be used as a tool to advance an anti-drilling agenda. We need to find out what went wrong on Deepwater Horizon and how we can ensure the safety of the public and the environment." (
  • Roger Wicker. Wicker Statement on Lifting of Offshore Drilling Moratorium. 12 October 2010. "Although I am glad the President finally lifted the ban on offshore drilling, I remain concerned that bureaucratic red tape and administrative hurdles continue to increase uncertainty in the energy industry. We need to ensure that the policies coming from Washington do not lead to more pink slips for the thousands of Americans working in the energy sector. I urge the Interior Department to back up its words with actions and not create another de facto moratorium as we have seen with shallow water drilling. Americans need a balanced energy approach that includes the production of our domestic oil and natural gas resources. I will continue to monitor the ongoing developments with offshore drilling to make sure we are producing our domestic resources in a safe and responsible way." (
  • Roger Wicker. Wicker Votes to Increase American Energy Production to Help Lower Gas Prices. 19 May 2011. "'We need to address current needs with currently available domestic energy resources, such as oil and natural gas,' said Wicker. 'The Offshore Production and Safety Act is a balanced measure that offers a timely way forward by presenting a path toward lower fuel prices, job creation, and energy independence. This legislation is responsive to the needs of the American people, not at some uncertain date in the future but now, making use of the resources and technology available today...Energy independence -- a goal we all share -- can only be achieved through conservation, innovation, and domestic exploration, but domestic exploration must be a part of this in order for us to obtain independence.'" (
  • Roger Wicker. Meeting America's Energy Needs. 25 April 2011. "To help spur the Administration to act, I co-sponsored The Domestic Jobs, Domestic Energy and Deficit Reduction Act of 2011. This 'all of the above' approach directs the Secretary of Interior to conduct a lease sale in each Outer Continental Shelf (OCS), opens Alaska's Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, and establishes a reasonable time frame on the review process for energy projects. Each of these actions would help promote domestic production, easing supply concerns and prompting job creation. OCS production alone could generate 1.2 million additional full-time jobs. In March, a federal judge called the Administration's permitting delays 'inexcusable,' and most Americans agree with nearly 7 in 10 Americans supporting renewed offshore energy exploration, according to a recent CNN poll. I will continue to support strategies that promote new energy technology but place a priority on utilizing and developing the resources we have available today. With gas prices rising, the President should adopt this policy too." (
  • Roger Wicker. Two Opposing Approaches to America's Energy. 23 May 2011. "Last week, the Senate debated and voted on two measures related to energy. Although neither proposal received the necessary 60 votes for passage, the debate did manage to highlight two very different approaches to our energy policy. One, the Offshore Production and Safety Act, would have increased access to domestic oil and natural gas. This strategy would create jobs and spur economic growth, while increasing government revenues and improving industry safety. Oil and natural gas reserves are abundant and accessible in the United States today. Tapping these domestic resources is essential to lowering energy prices and making us more energy independent. The Offshore Production and Safety Act is one part of the solution to decrease our unemployment rate, which is currently at 9 percent. America's oil and natural gas sector is responsible for 9.2 million jobs in this country. Expanding that 9.2 million to a higher figure would be an important boost for our economy [¦] Our goal should be to increase our energy independence in the near term, but the White House seems to want to lead us in the opposite direction. Most Mississippians understand that higher taxes and more regulations will do nothing to encourage increased production." (
  • Roger Wicker. Wicker Says Drilling Moratorium Harmful to Small Businesses. 27 July 2010. "The decision to implement this moratorium in defiance of industry experts and the federal courts demonstrates the arrogance of this administration. It is likely that the president's decision to suspend offshore drilling may cause more economic devastation than the spill itself. Offshore drilling is essential to creating jobs and strengthening our country's energy security. The uncertainty caused by the president's irresponsible moratorium devastates businesses and threatens American jobs. At a time when unemployment is near double digits nationwide, the federal government should not be implementing policies that would send American jobs overseas." (
No Inferred Answer Environment: Do you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions? View Citations

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  • Roger Wicker. Wicker: U.S. Correct to Reject Kyoto Treaty. 28 March 2005. "An international climate agreement aimed at reducing emissions of greenhouse gases and other pollutants went into effect last month. The Kyoto Treaty was ratified by 141 countries - but the U.S was not among them. President Bush was correct to reject this ill-advised pact because of the devastating effect it could have on the U.S. economy. The treaty, named for the Japanese city where it was created, would impose mandatory restrictions on automobile and manufacturing plant emissions that its proponents say are contributing to global warming. The list of treaty signatories includes 35 industrialized nations, which would be bound by strict limits. Other treaty participants-including countries with whom we compete for jobs such as India and China-are classified as developing countries and would be exempt from the same limitations. The agreement would have forced the U.S. to reduce emissions to a point below levels recorded in 1990. The White House estimated that such action might result in a loss of almost five million American jobs and a $400 billion jolt to our economy. The Bush Administration also correctly points out that the treaty is ineffective and discriminatory because so many rapidly developing countries would not be bound by the same limits. The President has noted that the U.S. is spending more than $5.8 billion this year on research, new technology, and tax incentives to reduce air pollutants. The measures are aimed at improving energy security without hurting economic growth and job creation opportunities." (
  • Roger Wicker. Wicker: U.S. Should Not Sign Climate Pact Amid Economic Risks, Scientific Doubts. 14 December 2009. "Despite the flimsy science behind man-made global warming and the Senate's stalled cap and trade bill, international climate negotiators are counting on a new administration to seal America's agreement at Copenhagen. Those who hope President Obama will sign a new treaty are likely encouraged by the recent Environmental Protection Agency declaration that CO2 is a pollutant. This outrageous decision gives the Obama administration -- through the EPA -- power to regulate greenhouse gases without congressional approval. I hope this is not an indicator of what the President intends to convey to the world in Copenhagen. Considering all that is at stake, it is important that both sides of this debate be represented at the summit." (
  • Roger Wicker. Wicker: EPA Should Not Set Radical Greenhouse Gas Regulations. 14 June 2010. "Last week, the Senate missed a golden opportunity to protect Americans from higher taxes, higher energy costs, and an overreaching federal bureaucracy. By a narrow margin of 47 to 53, the Senate voted not to overturn an Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulation designed to cap greenhouse gas emissions. I voted in favor of this 'resolution of disapproval' for two basic reasons. First, I strongly feel that any policy changes concerning energy and global warming should be taken by elected representatives in Congress. Second, the proposed actions of the EPA will severely damage our economy, putting at risk jobs and the quality of life for millions of American families. In 2007, the Supreme Court authorized the EPA to study greenhouse emissions and issue regulations about these carbon dioxide gasses. In my view, this 5-4 decision was wrong and amounted to an intrusion into Congressional authority. As Justice Antonin Scalia said in a dissenting opinion, 'This Court has no business substituting its own desired outcome for the reasoned judgment of the responsible agency.' Even so, there was no mandate by the Court for the EPA to act -- only a requirement that the agency consider whether greenhouse gasses should be added to the list of pollutants." (
  • Roger Wicker. Wicker Says Delay of Cap-and-Trade Bill Is Welcome Development. 14 September 2009. "The House of Representatives narrowly approved cap-and-trade legislation in June. The legislation would ostensibly curb global warming by reducing the amount of carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere. In order to achieve this, companies that emit carbon dioxide -- such as power plants, petroleum refiners, and manufacturers -- would be forced to purchase allowances from the federal government for each ton of carbon dioxide emissions they produce. The cost of these allowances would in effect be a massive tax levied on energy producers, manufacturers, and other companies across our economy. This massive new tax would not simply be absorbed by the companies. It would be passed along to consumers by way of higher energy prices. This is not just my prediction. As a candidate for president, then-Sen. Obama admitted: 'Under my plan of a cap-and-trade system, electricity rates would necessarily skyrocket. Since energy is used to make and provide other goods and services, Americans would see higher prices across the board.' In writing recently about cap-and-trade, Patrick Fleenor, the chief economist at the Tax Foundation, said that 'other effects will be less obvious. Food prices will rise because energy is used extensively in the production and transportation of agriculture products.' In fact, during testimony before Congress, the director of the nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office said it was unlikely any consumer product's price would remain the same under a cap-and-trade program." (
  • Roger Wicker. Wicker Delivers Weekly Republican Address to the Nation. 21 June 2010. "In his speech Tuesday night, President Obama made it clear that he intends to exploit this crisis to push his liberal agenda for a cap and tax scheme. This is a disservice not only to the victims and their families but also to the millions of Gulf Coast residents who are struggling in the wake of the spill. Americans increasingly reject the cap and tax proposal because it would drive up the cost of energy and force American jobs overseas... Now is not the time to push a controversial, job-killing, partisan agenda through Congress. In addition to devastating our economy, this proposal would do nothing to fix the disastrous leak or clean up our beaches, marshes, and waters." (
  • Roger Wicker. Powering America Forward. 11 October 2010. "The price families pay to turn on their lights, put gas in their cars, heat their homes, and stock their food supply will skyrocket if some in Washington succeed in passing a new carbon tax called cap and trade. Cap and trade, or cap and tax as it should be known, would impose a fee on carbon released during energy production. This energy tax would devastate the U.S. economy and families already struggling to make ends meet. The Heritage Foundation estimates a cap and trade law would raise the average utility costs for a family of four by $829 per year. The same analysis also shows gasoline prices would rise by 58 percent. Cap and trade would also hurt businesses by putting U.S. workers at a disadvantage compared to Chinese and Indian workers who are not subjected to the same regulations. For manufacturers looking to locate new facilities, energy prices are a major consideration, so it is imperative to keep U.S. energy costs as low as possible. A cap and trade policy could force many companies to ship jobs overseas. The uncertainty created by the prospect of more government regulations and higher taxes next year is stalling job creation at a time when we can least afford it. Last year, the House passed a cap and trade bill, H.R. 2454, and proponents of the ill-advised legislation will continue to push for a vote in the Senate. I am opposed to this job-killing proposal and will work to defeat it if the bill comes to the Senate floor. Raising any taxes during the current economic slowdown is irresponsible. Mississippi families cannot afford increased taxes or higher energy costs." (
  • Roger Wicker. Cochran and Wicker Cosponsor Energy Tax Prevention Act. 4 March 2011. "U.S. Senators Thad Cochran and Roger Wicker (R-Miss.), today announced their support for legislation to protect the American people from higher energy costs by halting Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) efforts to impose greenhouse gas regulations on industry. The Energy Tax Prevention Act of 2011 (S.482) clarifies that the EPA does not have the authority under the Clean Air Act to regulate greenhouse gases for climate change purposes and maintains that responsibility for climate and energy policy lies with Congress. It would effectively block the EPA from forcing new unfounded federal regulations on power plants, refineries and other industrial operations [...] 'This bill protects American jobs and manufacturers from overreaching EPA regulations that hinder our ability to compete with China and other countries,' said Wicker. 'EPA bureaucrats should not make legislative decisions. These decisions should be made by Congress, and the Energy Tax Prevention Act clarifies this important point.'" (
  • Roger Wicker signed a Letter to the Honorable Barack Obama, President of the United States. 7 April 2011. "With consumers again facing $4.00/gallon gasoline, the EPA is pursuing job-killing greenhouse gas regulations that, like the failed cap-and-trade legislation, will serve as an energy tax on every consumer. The Affordable Power Alliance recently studied the impacts of this action and found that the price of gasoline and electricity could increase as much as 50 percent. To make matters worse, the EPA acknowledges that unilateral action by the United States will have no impact on the world's climate, as China and India dramatically increase their emissions [...] At your State of the Union Address, you called for a review of job-killing regulations within your Administration. We believe the Administration hereby has the keys to unlock our domestic energy potential today. As this review is underway, and with recognition of the toll higher energy prices are taking on Americans, we respectfully encourage you to examine the damage these current policies are having on the economy, and to work to reconcile these contradictions." (
  • Roger Wicker. Wickers Warns of the Dangers of a Lame Duck. 25 October 2010. "Climate change legislation is another potential item that could resurface. In August, Carol Browner, the Administration's top energy adviser, confirmed that President Obama remains committed to passing a climate change bill and acknowledged that it could come up after the election. The President's plan would include a devastating new carbon tax called cap and trade that raises energy prices for American families at a time when they can least afford it. Not only would we see gas prices and electric bills increase under this new tax, but also the cost of food and groceries. Additionally, this cap and tax plan would put U.S. workers at a disadvantage to their overseas competitors that are not subjected to the same energy costs and government regulations." (
No Inferred Answer Guns: Do you support restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Roger Wicker. Wicker Concerned With New Attorney General's Views On Gun Rights. 9 February 2009. "Under our Constitution, the Senate is given the duty of providing the President of the United States with 'advice and consent' on top executive and judicial branch nominations. In practical terms, this gives the American people - through their elected senators - a say on the approval of the president's choices for top members of his administration, as well as judges who serve on the bench. As your senator, this is a responsibility I take very seriously. It was with that sense of responsibility that I voted last week against the confirmation of Eric Holder, President Obama's choice for Attorney General. Even though Mr. Holder was confirmed by vote of 75-21, I remain concerned by his record of opposition to Second Amendment rights. I share the concerns of law-abiding gun owners across the country who worry that Mr. Holder's views may lead to our government not fully protecting our Constitutional right to bear arms." (
  • Roger Wicker. Defending the Second Amendment. 27 December 2010. "With deer season in full swing, many Mississippians will participate in a time honored tradition of hunting. This time outdoors allows our people to develop important life skills at an early age and gain a love of nature, which can last a lifetime. As a sportsman, I know the benefits of hunting firsthand, and as a member of Congress, I remain committed to preserving our Second Amendment rights...Responsible exercise of Second Amendment rights is part of Mississippi's way of life. I am working to preserve the right to bear arms and defend the Constitution. The right of individuals to own firearms for recreational use and to protect their families and property has been under attack for years. The new law stands for the proposition that Americans should not have their second amendment rights restricted for any reason, including when they choose to travel on America's federally subsidized rail line. I will continue working in the new Congress that convenes in January to preserve the Second Amendment." (
  • Roger Wicker. Letter to Harry Reid, Senate Majority Leader, Re: Speedy Passage of Second Amendment Rights Legislation. 17 September 2008. "On June 26, 2008, the Supreme Court issued a landmark ruling affirming the Second Amendment right to bear arms as an individual and constitutionally protected right. In DC v. Heller, the court affirmed that the District of Columbia's ban on ownership of handguns was an unconstitutional restriction on that right. The majority held 'that the District's ban on handgun possession in the home violates the Second Amendment, as does its prohibition against rendering any lawful firearm in the home operable for the purpose of immediate self-defense.' For more than thirty years, the District of Columbia has subjected residents to the most prohibitive gun control laws of any city in the nation, requiring rifles and shotguns to be registered, stored unloaded, and either locked or disassembled. Despite the Court's ruling in June, the District of Columbia city council has continued to exact onerous and unconstitutional firearm regulations on law-abiding residents. Today, the House of Representatives passed H.R. 6842, the National Capital Security and Safety Act. This bipartisan bill was overwhelmingly approved with a vote of 266-152. We ask you to ensure that D.C. residents do not have to wait any longer to realize their constitutional rights by allowing the full Senate to consider H.R. 6842 before the 110th Congress concludes." (
  • Roger Wicker. Wicker Will Oppose Kagan Nomination. 19 July 2010. "Over the past several weeks, I have been reviewing the record and testimony of President Obama's Supreme Court nominee, Elena Kagan. On Wednesday, I had the opportunity to sit down with Ms. Kagan and discuss some of my concerns surrounding her views and past statements.... I have serious concerns about Ms. Kagan's view on the right to bear arms, a basic constitutional right. As a clerk to Justice Thurgood Marshall, Elena Kagan wrote a memorandum indicating she was 'not sympathetic' to a Second Amendment challenge of the gun ban in Washington, D.C. Not only was Ms. Kagan's recommendation troubling, but the personal tone she used is even more disturbing. Rather than pointing to text and precedent, rooting her analysis in law, or looking to the Constitution, she chose to insert her personal beliefs saying, 'I'm not sympathetic.'" (
  • Roger Wicker. Wicker Votes Against Nomination of Elena Kagan to Supreme Court. 5 August 2010. "After thoroughly examining her record, I do not believe Ms. Kagan is suited for the highest court in the nation. I remain concerned with Ms. Kagan's ability to set aside her personal and political beliefs to apply the law impartially. Her decision to openly defy federal law in the past raises serious questions about how she would interpret the Constitution as a Supreme Court Justice. I am particularly troubled by Ms. Kagan's past statements on the Second Amendment. Ms. Kagan's record demonstrates a clear disdain for an individual's right to bear arms. At a time when the Second Amendment right of every American hangs by a single vote in the Supreme Court, I fear Ms. Kagan would allow her past political activism to influence the way she judges from the bench." (
  • Roger Wicker. Wicker Statement on Judge Sonia Sotomayor. 23 June 2009. "Today, I had a cordial meeting with Judge Sonia Sotomayor. We discussed her judicial philosophy and her record on topics such as the Second Amendment and abortion. I remain deeply concerned by her appointment but will reserve a final judgment until after the Senate has a full, fair, and vigorous debate on her nomination." (
  • Roger Wicker. Issue Position: Guns. 8 July 2011. "I support the Second Amendment right of people to keep and bear arms. Since being elected to Congress, I have been a strong and consistent defender of the Second Amendment. I have opposed efforts to impose gun restrictions on law-abiding citizens, and I do not feel more gun control laws are the answer to the problems confronting our nation. I believe tougher enforcement of existing laws is a more effective means of addressing crime. The right to bear arms is an individual right guaranteed by our Constitution and affirmed by the U.S. Supreme Court in the decision to overturn Washington D.C.'s gun ban. One of my first acts as your Senator was to join 55 other Senators and 250 Members of the House of Representatives in sending an amicus curiae brief to the Court supporting an individual's right to bear arms." (
  • Roger Wicker. Wicker Says Second Amendment Is A Fundamental American Right. 27 July 2009. "Following the conclusion of her Senate hearings last week, I announced my intention to oppose the confirmation of Judge Sonia Sotomayor to fill the vacancy on the Supreme Court. Despite the respect I have for Judge Sotomayor's life story and professional accomplishments, I am deeply concerned about her record and philosophy on a number of issues, including the Second Amendment. During her confirmation hearings, Judge Sotomayor refused to confirm that the Second Amendment is a fundamental right that applies to all 50 states, and thus, all Americans. This is a view that is certainly out of the mainstream in Mississippi, and I believe across the rest of the nation. Alarmingly, this is not the first high-profile Obama administration nominee that has held a hostile view of the Second Amendment. In February, I voted against the confirmation of Eric Holder as attorney general due to his long history of opposing gun rights. I believe all freedoms guaranteed by our Constitution - including the right to bear arms - should be respected and defended by both the Supreme Court and the Department of Justice." (
Yes Inferred Answer Health Care: Do you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Roger Wicker. Issue Position: Health Care. 11 July 2011. "One of the biggest health concerns facing our nation today is the lack of affordable health insurance coverage. Despite multiple sources of health care coverage, millions of Americans remain uninsured, and our health care costs continue to rise. The nation's health care system needs reforms so that those uninsured Americans who want coverage can find it at an affordable rate. I believe we can accomplish these goals and provide coverage to every American without creating a government-run system. To help achieve this goal, the first bill I introduced in the Senate was the Making Health Care More Affordable Act, which includes six steps the federal government should take to help provide affordable coverage to more Mississippians." (
  • Roger Wicker. A New Direction for the New Congress. 10 January 2011. "The President's government health care takeover is another good place to begin reducing the size of government. The November elections showed the American people rejected this government-centered approach, which costs more than $1 trillion, slashes Medicare by $500 billion to create a new entitlement program, and increases taxes by another $500 billion. Members of the House will vote to repeal Obamacare this week, and Leader Reid should allow an up-or-down Senate vote soon. The massive law creates 159 new bureaucracies and will burden large and small business alike with higher health costs and more regulations. New taxes contained in the law on job creators stifle economic opportunities. At a time when more than one in ten Mississippians are actively looking for work, we should be acting to lower health care costs and simplify the system. I voted against the health care law, and I will vote to pass a repeal. If we are blocked from repealing it, I will work to stop the worst provisions first, including defunding its implementation. I also plan to reintroduce legislation that would give state leaders a path to challenge parts of the law that infringe on states' rights sooner than they can now." (
  • Roger Wicker. New Health Law is Still the Wrong Approach. 28 March 2011. "President Obama's health care law turned one year old last week. In the year since he signed this massive bill into law, we have learned a lot about what was buried in it. The American people remain opposed to the government-centered approach. New findings give them good reason. I voted to repeal Obamacare earlier this year, and I will continue working to replace it with better solutions that will help lower health costs for all Americans. Even though most of the major provisions of the health care takeover will not go into effect until 2014, Mississippians are already experiencing its harmful effects. Once fully implemented, the negative implications will be even more far-reaching. This government takeover is the wrong way to lower health care costs, which remains the greatest barrier to care." (
  • Roger Wicker. Wicker Says Out-of-Control Government Spending Threatens America's Future. 26 July 2010. "The greatest threat to our economic stability is the spending on entitlement programs. Our nation faces $77 trillion in unfunded entitlement obligations over 75 years, and these important programs -- Social Security, Medicare, and Medicaid -- are running up debts at an alarming rate. Despite the already rapid growth, the President's budget would increase mandatory spending even more by $1.9 trillion over 10 years. Additionally, the President's health care bill creates another expensive entitlement program, further intensifying this fiscal burden. We can protect these programs and reduce the deficit by focusing on ways to slow the growth rate. If we are serious about preventing a fiscal collapse, Congress should repeal the government health care takeover and reform entitlement programs." (
  • Roger Wicker. Wicker Says Democrats Ignored Public on Healthcare. 29 March 2010. "I have cosponsored a bill to fully repeal the health care law. Congress should take the law off the books and replace it with the sensible and less costly alternatives put forward during the health care debate that could gain bipartisan support and not result in job loss. The House and Senate would need super-majorities to override a guaranteed veto by President Obama -- and much depends on who is elected to Congress this fall." (
  • Roger Wicker. Wicker Says Battle for Better Health Care is Not Over. 27 September 2010. "Congressional Democrats and the administration defied the will of the American people by passing this bill six months ago. Mississippians and Americans across the country wanted health care reform that would reduce costs and increase the quality of care. Americans did not want tax increases, premium hikes, bureaucratic mandates, and cuts to seniors' benefits. It is no wonder 43 states have either joined lawsuits or taken other official actions to oppose the ObamaCare mandates. This massive health care takeover will not be fully implemented until 2014. I am continuing to fight to repeal this massive government-takeover of our health care system. We can still work to provide Americans with the kind of reform that will fix the broken health care system and drive down costs." (
  • Roger Wicker. Wicker Criticizes Plan to Overturn Senate Rules. 7 January 2011. "On the first day of this new Congress, Senate Democrats are already trying to circumvent the rules in an attempt to give more control to Majority Leader Reid and President Obama. The American people's message was loud and clear, but Democrats who lost power in the election now want to change the rules and limit the filibuster. By allowing full debate and consideration of amendments, the filibuster prevents a power grab by the majority, compels consensus building, and is an important tool to protect the minority. Democrats' ill-conceived changes could force more partisan legislation though the Senate. The American people want Congress to move in a different direction, not more of the same heavy-handed approach. Instead, we should be working to create economic opportunities and jobs and that begins with repealing this massive government-takeover of our health care system. Obamacare will burden large and small business alike with higher health costs and more regulations. While Democrats still control the White House and the Senate, Washington needs to listen to voters and respond with commonsense." (
  • Roger Wicker. Wicker Continues to Oppose President's Health Care Law on First Anniversary. 22 March 2011. "Even though most of the major provisions of the health care takeover will not go into effect until 2014, Mississippians are already experiencing its harmful effects. Once fully implemented, the negative implications will be even more far-reaching. This government takeover is the wrong approach to lowering health care costs, which remain the greatest barrier to care. Earlier this year, I voted to repeal the President's unpopular health care law. The Senate had an opportunity to show the American people that we are listening by overturning the measure, but the vote failed. I remain committed to repealing it and replacing it with solutions to bring down health care costs." (
  • Roger Wicker. Listening to the People on Health Care. 15 November 2010. "Voters across the country sent a clear message to the President a few weeks ago. They opposed the growing role of the federal government in their lives, and that included President Obama's top legislative item -- the massive new health care law. Already, employees at McDonald's, 3M, Caterpillar, Verizon, and AARP face higher premiums or fewer coverage options because of the law. Mississippi taxpayers will be strapped with an additional $297 million burden because of the Medicaid expansion. Costing more than $1 trillion and creating 159 new federal bureaucracies, Obamacare puts the country on the wrong path. I remain committed to repealing the health care law and replacing it with commonsense approaches that would lower the costs of care without creating another expensive entitlement program." (
Yes Inferred Answer Immigration: Do you support requiring illegal immigrants to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Roger Wicker. Executive Session. 16 December 2010. "Madam President, America had an election on November 2. Let me begin by reminding my colleagues that the American people spoke loudly and clearly in November and chose a far different team to serve in Washington. A vastly different leadership will soon take over in the House of Representatives, and a substantially different group of Senators was chosen by the American people in the election on November 2. It seems the leadership of this lameduck Senate is determined, in the waning days of 2010, to pack quite a bit of legislation that normally is debated over a considerable amount of time into just a few days -- not only the START treaty that we are on now but also don't ask, don't tell and supposedly the majority leader has not given up on the DREAM Act, which would provide amnesty to many illegal immigrants, and also there is the massive Omnibus appropriations bill with 2,000-plus pages." (
  • Roger Wicker. Congress Continues Effort To Protect Our Border. 10 November 2008. "In a positive development for our nation's ongoing effort to stop illegal immigration, the president recently signed into law legislation that provides needed funding for border security programs. The funds were contained in the 2009 Department of Homeland Security (DHS) appropriations bill, which was included in a larger bill passed by Congress in September. The legislation contained funding that will greatly assist DHS in cracking down on illegal immigration and keeping our nation more secure. With over 12 million people currently living in our country illegally, there is no question that our borders are broken. Illegal immigration is a serious problem that needs a serious solution. I have been glad to work with other like-minded members of Congress to increase funding for border enforcement and other programs that crack down on illegal immigration. We have made progress, but there is more work to be done. In the Senate, I helped form the Border Security and Enforcement First Caucus. The caucus goals are full enforcement of existing immigration laws, stronger border security and interior enforcement legislation, and ensuring that amnesty is never given to illegal immigrants. Our nation was built upon the rule of law. Mississippians understand that, and they expect Congress to enforce those laws to the fullest. I look forward to continuing to work with my colleagues to advance policies that will help us put an end to illegal immigration in our country." (
  • Roger Wicker. Wicker Says Amnesty Is Not The Answer To Immigration Reform. 27 April 2009. "As we think about how to address illegal immigration, we should concentrate on what works, including stronger enforcement of existing immigration laws and strengthening of our border and interior enforcement. At the same time, we should recognize what has not worked and ensure we do not make the same mistakes we have in the past. Using history as our guide, we know that amnesty is not the answer. Congress previously tried addressing the issue through amnesty with the Simpson-Mazzoli Act of 1986. The bill promised to solve illegal immigration by offering amnesty to nearly three million illegal immigrants. Now, just over 20 years later, we have four times as many immigrants illegally in our country. If President Obama intends to bring forward immigration reform this year, he should do so in a manner that respects the rule of law our nation was built upon. Offering the failed solution of amnesty would not do so, and it would not solve this problem." (
  • Roger Wicker. Wicker Lauds House Action on Border Security. 2 January 2006. "The House of Representatives took action in the closing days of the 2005 session to combat illegal immigration and regain control of our borders. Passage of the Border Protection, Antiterrorism, and Illegal Immigration Control Act is a significant step toward enhancing national security and the rule of law. Illegal immigration is not just a matter of interest in states along our border with Mexico. It is having an effect on local economies, schools, health care delivery, and public safety all across the country. The issue has been brought into even more focus since September 11, 2001. Our porous borders provide easy access for terrorist organizations seeking to send operatives into the U.S. The comprehensive measure addresses the need to establish physical barriers along the border with Mexico. It also holds employers accountable for hiring illegal workers while increasing penalties for individuals convicted of smuggling aliens across the border. Legislation addressing illegal immigration stirs strong emotions, and reaching consensus will be a difficult task. Winning approval in the House is just the first step in the process. The Senate will consider the measure in 2006 and is expected to attach guest-worker provisions similar to those offered by President Bush. The President has made it clear, however, that his reform plan does not include amnesty for aliens already in the country illegally." (
  • Roger Wicker. Weekly Column: Senate Border Security Caucus to Focus on Stopping Illegal Immigration. 17 March 2008. "Realizing more must be done to secure our borders and address the illegal immigration problem, I have joined with eight other U.S. senators in forming a new caucus designed to increase the focus on regaining control of our borders and strengthening national security. The mission of the Border Security and Enforcement First Caucus includes promoting the concept of 'Attrition through Enforcement' and opposing legislation to provide amnesty for illegals already in the U.S. The caucus will also advance an ambitious package of initiatives designed to improve border security and interior enforcement. The principle behind the Attrition through Enforcement effort is that enforcing existing law at all levels of government will reduce incentives for illegals to cross the border and make it more difficult for those individuals to live here in violation of American law. It presents a clear and effective alternative to the more controversial and less workable options of amnesty or en masse deportation of millions of illegals. Our goal is to help turn off the magnet that draws people here illegally. It is estimated that one in 25 residents in the U.S. today is here illegally. The cost associated with providing health care, welfare and related benefits obtained through fraudulent documentation, and other general services is more than $20 billion each year. The financial strain on local and state governments is especially troublesome." (
  • Roger Wicker. Report From Congress (Wicker Pushes For Action On Border Security). 11 September 2006. "Border security continues to be a high priority as Congress works on an ambitious legislative agenda in the closing days of this session. Contrary to press reports that the issue is dead for this year, I expect final action will be taken on several measures to protect our homeland and toughen immigration law. Both the House and Senate have passed comprehensive but vastly different immigration reform plans. I strongly support the House version, which focuses on securing our border before addressing other immigration issues. The bill would authorize construction of a security barrier along the 2,000 mile Mexico border that runs across Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, and California. The legislation is also tough on employers who knowingly hire illegal workers. I oppose the Senate version because it includes a path toward citizenship for millions of aliens who have entered the country illegally. In addition, the Senate bill's enforcement and border protection provisions are not as strong as those contained in the House version. I seriously doubt an agreement can be reached this year on these two very different measures, but that will not prevent Congress from taking a series of significant steps to enhance border security." (
  • Roger Wicker. Issue Position: Immigration. 11 July 2011. "I oppose amnesty and entitlement benefits for illegal immigrants, and believe the first step toward stopping the illegal immigration problem is to secure our borders. I have visited the border at the Rio Grande and witnessed firsthand the challenges facing our border patrol agents. To help them do their job, I have supported legislation to build over 700 miles of reinforced fencing along our southern border, increase the number of border patrol agents, and increase the use of unmanned aerial vehicles and other technology along the border to prevent illegal immigrants from crossing into our country. This year, I helped form a new Senate caucus focused on working to secure our borders. The Border Security and Enforcement First Caucus will raise public awareness about the need to boost national security by strengthening our borders. The caucus also will help keep this important issue on the forefront of the national agenda. Our immigration policy has important ramifications for our workforce. Mississippi businesses and farms must have access to the best technology. Once employers have followed the law to verify a workers' status before he or she is hired, they should not be held accountable for the federal government's mistakes." (
  • Roger Wicker. Immigration Reform Focus Should Be On Security First. 4 June 2007. "Both Houses of Congress passed comprehensive immigration reform plans in 2006, but they were vastly different and no agreement was reached. Congress did enact a security measure to build 700 miles of fencing along our southern border. I strongly favor that approach because the first priority should be shutting off the flow of individuals coming into our country illegally. The new Senate plan does includes border security measures, but there is too much emphasis on providing a path toward citizenship for millions of illegals and too little emphasis on ensuring our national sovereignty. We should prove we can secure the border before talking about guest worker programs and other issues. No one knows how many people are in the U.S. illegally, perhaps 12-20 million, and more are coming each day." (
  • Roger Wicker. Wicker Says Congress Misguided in Lame Duck. 30 November 2010. "The DREAM Act would put an estimated 2.1 million illegal immigrants on a road to citizenship and provide them with access to federal student loans, work-study programs, and in-state tuition rates at public universities. Eligible immigrants for the DREAM Act must have entered the U.S. before the age of 16 and have lived in the country for at least five consecutive years to qualify. Supporters of the bill claim it is a way to incorporate the children of illegal immigrants into American society, but the details of the legislation have far-reaching implications that undermine our current immigration laws. Those who obtain legal status through the DREAM Act would be granted the same rights that legal immigrants receive. As a result, DREAM Act aliens would be allowed to seek naturalization for their family members, including the parents who brought them to the U.S. illegally in the first place. This essentially rewards illegal aliens for violating federal immigration laws. The bill also ties the hands of federal officials, prohibiting agencies like the Department of Homeland Security from receiving important information used in applications. Under the legislation, when an application for legal status is denied, the individual must return to their "previous immigration status." Although this previous status is likely illegal, the DREAM act would irresponsibly prohibit federal agencies from using this information to investigate fraud or deport illegal immigrants. In effect, this provision gives amnesty to individuals regardless of whether they qualify under the Act." (
No Inferred Answer Marriage: Do you support same-sex marriage? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Roger Wicker. Wicker Supports Efforts to Protect Traditional Marriage. 6 September 2004. "Another bill receiving attention on Capitol Hill is an amendment to the Constitution to define marriage as a union between one man and one woman. The measure came before the U.S. Senate in the days before the August recess, but a procedural vote prevented it from receiving full consideration. The House is expected to consider the amendment when Congress reconvenes in September. While I am generally reluctant to amend our Constitution, I have signed on as a co-sponsor of this legislation because of the far-reaching importance of this issue. Enacting a constitutional amendment is difficult. Only 21 amendments have been approved in the history of our country. A two-thirds majority is required in the House and Senate to pass the measure to send it to the states for ratification. It must then be approved by three-fourths of the states. I believe the states would ratify the federal marriage amendment, but winning super majorities in both Houses of Congress is a big challenge. I am also co-sponsoring a third measure that has a similar goal but does not require two-thirds approval in Congress or ratification by the states. The National Marriage Act would again define marriage as the union between one man and one woman for both federal and state purposes and would limit jurisdiction so that only the U. S. Supreme Court could hear challenges to the law." (
  • Roger Wicker. Wicker Honored With 'True Blue' Award for Family-Focused Record. 29 January 2008. "'As an elected official, I consider it part of my responsibility to promote pro-family policies in Congress,' Sen. Wicker said. 'I was proud to do so as a member of the House, and I look forward to continuing that focus in the Senate.' The award honors Members of Congress who have exhibited extraordinary leadership and commitment to the defense of family, faith, and freedom, according to FRC Action's new scorecard covering House and Senate votes during the 1st session of the 110th Congress. Recipients of the award voted consistently for pro-life and pro-family issues. In giving him the award, the Family Research Council noted that Sen. Wicker had a 100 percent record, meaning he voted in line with their pro-family position on each of the 16 roll call votes they scored." (
  • Jackson, Fred. 2008. Marriage Protection Act introduced in Senate. 25 June 2008. "On Wednesday, Republican Senator Roger Wicker introduced the Marriage Protection Act, a measure aimed at amending the Constitution to declare that marriage is a union between one man and one woman.'" (
  • Roger Wicker. Wicker Introduces Constitutional Amendment To Protect Marriage. 30 June 2008. "Since the beginning of man, marriage has been understood to be a union between two people of the opposite sex. This is a definition that remains widely accepted today. In fact, 45 states have either a constitutional provision or statute defining marriage as a union of a man and a woman. However, unelected judges are trying to change that. These judicial activists have opted to ignore the will of the people and have ruled against traditional marriage laws. I have introduced legislation that would protect our nation's most sacred institution. My legislation would amend the U.S. Constitution to declare that marriage is only between one man and one woman." (
  • Roger Wicker. Issue Position: Family Values. 11 July 2011. "I believe my values are shared with most Mississippians. As a Southern Baptist, I am a strong supporter of Christian family values. I do not support gay marriage and believe in the traditional definition of marriage. I have introduced an amendment to the Constitution to define marriage as a union between one man and one woman. Unelected judges in some states have taken action to change this traditional role of marriage in our country. It is important that those states do not impose their laws on Mississippi and other states that have rejected attempts to redefine marriage. I also oppose efforts to carve-out privileges for special groups or enact 'hate crimes' legislation, which seeks to punish offenders for their thoughts instead of their actions." (
  • Roger Wicker. Wicker Introduces Federal Marriage Amendment. 25 June 2008. "19 states have passed laws and 26 states have amended their constitution to protect traditional marriage. Rather than giving unelected activist judges the opportunity to legislate from the bench, this amendment will reaffirm what most Americans believe - marriage is between a man and a woman." (
Unknown Position Unknown Answer National Security: Do you support targeting suspected terrorists outside of official theaters of conflict? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Roger Wicker. Wicker Praises President's State of Union Address. 6 February 2006. "Mr. Bush deserves praise for his efforts to fight terrorism here and abroad. A number of terrorist networks have been disrupted around the world, and many of their leaders have been killed or captured. 'If we were to leave the terrorists alone, they would not leave us alone,' he correctly pointed out. 'They would simply move the battlefield to our own shores.' It is worth noting that we have not suffered another terrorist attack on American soil since September 11, 2001." (
  • Roger Wicker. Justice Has Been Done but Vigilance Must Remain. 9 May 2011. "Osama bin Laden's ruthless assaults on Americans and our allies began well before 2001. As the leader of al-Qaeda, he planned or supported numerous other deadly terrorist attacks, including the 1993 bombing of the World Trade Center, the 1998 embassy bombings in Kenya and Tanzania, the 2000 suicide bombing on the USS Cole in Yemen, and the 2004 and 2005 blasts on commuter trains in Madrid and London. Following that dark day on September 11, 2001, countless terrorist plots have been prevented because of increased vigilance and enhanced cooperation at every level. While bin Laden's death was demoralizing for al-Qaeda, it does not mark the end of the War on Terror. Instead, we should use this opportunity to refocus on what has kept our nation safe since September 11. This successful mission should also serve as a reminder that the U.S. will not rest until those who would do us harm are stopped." (
  • Roger Wicker. Bipartisan Commission Warns Of Biological Attack By 2013. 8 December 2008. "After the September 11 attacks, our government recognized the need to create a strategy that would address the new challenges of terrorism and WMD [...] Even though a number of positive steps have been taken to prevent a WMD attack, the commission's report serves as a wake-up call, reminding us that even more needs to be done if we are to stay one step ahead of terrorists intent on harming us. As Sen. Graham stated, the threat of a WMD attack is growing 'not because we have not done positive things, but because our adversaries are moving at an even faster pace to increase their access' to WMD materials. The threat of a WMD attack on our country or one of our allies is real and it must not be ignored. The U.S. must continue to lead, building on the progress made in ensuring the world remains focused on keeping WMDs out of the hands of terrorists. This effort must be aggressively pursued, because the consequences of inaction are simply too great." (
  • Roger Wicker. Report from Congress- Wicker Notes Progress on Intelligence, Homeland Security. 28 June 2004. "The occasion of our nation's 228th birthday this weekend provides another opportunity to celebrate the greatest system of government ever devised. Along with the parades, picnics, and patriotic songs, Americans should also take time to reflect on the challenge our republic faces in the worldwide war against terrorism. Thomas Jefferson said, 'The price of freedom is eternal vigilance,' but he might never have imagined the efforts required to remain vigilant against the forces that threaten America on Independence Day 2004. Ensuring that the U.S. is prepared to meet those challenges at home and abroad is among our highest priorities on Capitol Hill. In addition to boosting defense spending, the House of Representatives has acted to strengthen two other national security components - homeland defense and intelligence operations." (
  • Roger Wicker. Wicker Applauds President's Resolve in War on Terror. 17 October 2005. "The strategy includes preventing attacks before they occur. A coordinated homeland defense and stronger intelligence gathering capabilities have helped prevent attacks on American soil. The White House revealed that the U.S. has thwarted at least 10 Al-Qaeda plots since 2001. These included plans to use hijacked commercial airliners to attack the east and west coasts of the U.S. At least five attempts to 'case possible targets' and infiltrate terrorist agents into the country were also foiled. Another prong of the strategy is to keep outlaw countries from developing weapons of mass destruction (WMD) that could be shared with terrorists. Progress has been made on this front. Libya agreed to give up its WMD programs, and North Korea may be on the verge of taking similar action. Coordination with our allies led to the shutdown of a black-market nuclear technology operation in Pakistan. Another step is to deny radical groups the sanctuary and support of rogue regimes. Syria and Iran were singled out as countries with a long history of helping terrorist groups." (
  • Roger Wicker. Wicker Calls for Strong Partnership for Success in Afghanistan. 17 May 2010. "Our strategy in Afghanistan cannot be focused on local gains alone. In a joint press conference after their Oval Office meeting, Mr. Obama and Mr. Karzai rightly emphasized regional threats, including the Taliban in neighboring Pakistan. The Taliban in Pakistan recently claimed connection to the failed Times Square bombing in New York City. Though there are questions about the intelligence supporting this claim, there are two facts that should not be overlooked. First, the Taliban in Pakistan has publicly expressed designs on spreading violence on U.S. soil. Second, suspect Faisal Shahzad traveled back and force between Pakistan and confessed that he received bomb-making training at a militant camp in that country. This serves as a strong reminder that monitoring terrorist activities in and out of Pakistan must also be a part of our regional efforts." (
  • Roger Wicker. Wicker Says Afghanistan Is Winnable But Difficult Times Lie Ahead. 8 June 2009. "Second, instability in this region will cause geopolitical problems throughout the international community. Bordered by nuclear neighbors, Afghanistan's volatility historically has proven dangerous for all. Furthermore, stability in Afghanistan is directly linked with security and stability in Pakistan. Recent Taliban advances in Pakistan have dramatically displayed the dangerous ripple effect for this region." (
  • Roger Wicker. Wicker Statement on Death of Osama bin Laden. 2 May 2011. "Even though bin Laden is dead, the War on Terror continues. Unlike traditional celebrations in our nation's history that marked the end of hostilities, there is no peace treaty. This also serves as a reminder that the U.S. will not rest until those who would do us harm are stopped. The remaining members of al-Qaeda and other violent Islamist extremist groups are intent on killing innocent men, women, and children around the world. I will continue to support the members of our Armed Forces and intelligence personnel as they work to accomplish their difficult task. Constant vigilance is critical to protecting Americans both at home and abroad." (
Yes Inferred Answer Social Security: Do you support allowing individuals to divert a portion of their Social Security taxes into personal retirement accounts? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Roger Wicker. Wicker Shares Bush Goals For Second Term. 15 November 2004. "The agenda includes: Social Security reform. Beginning a national dialogue on the most effective way to ensure the long-term solvency of the system, including allowing younger workers to invest a portion of their premiums in private accounts. Any new approach must also protect benefits for current beneficiaries and those who will retire in the next few years." (
  • Roger Wicker. Wicker Impressed With Bush Social Security Visit To State. 9 May 2005. "Another key component in this discussion is a voluntary plan that would allow younger workers to put a portion of their payroll taxes into a personal savings account. The accounts would be owned and controlled by taxpayers, not the government. The accounts offer the opportunity to build individual wealth at much greater returns than the present system. The funds amassed in these accounts could also be passed along to a retiree's heirs. I share the President's enthusiasm for personal accounts because of the potential they have to earn more money for future retirees. It was good to have Mr. Bush back in Mississippi again. I also appreciate that he continues to make the point that action on Social Security is needed sooner rather than later. I hope we can continue that dialogue and advance this issue on Capitol Hill in the coming days." (
  • Roger Wicker. Social Security Reform. 9 February 2005. "Mr. WICKER. Mr. Speaker, I want to congratulate the gentleman for his remarks. We can save the Social Security system and also we can get a better deal for our young workers in retirement. Let me make one quick point and see if I have it right. There are actually three aspects to the Social Security system. One is Social Security disability, another is the survivorship program, and the other is the old age retirement program. I think what most of us are saying is, we can save the retirement program through these individual accounts, but we do not have to do one single change to disability. People do not have to worry about losing their disability and they do not have to worry about the survivorship...We are not going to do anything to Social Security disability and survivorship, but we do need to give our younger workers an opportunity not only to save the system for their future, but to get a better deal than the one-half percent return or 1 percent return that they are getting now. We can do better; and if we can, we certainly ought to for retirees now and also for future generations. And I thank the gentleman for yielding to me." (
  • Roger Wicker. McComb Enterprise-Journal - Roger Wicker Says He Will Fight for State's 'Fair Share.' 25 March 2008. "Wicker also said he would back an independent commission to reform Social Security, saying there are ways for the program to get a better interest rate than the 2 percent returned by investing in the U.S. treasury. 'I don't like to say private investment,' he said, 'but individual accounts where the Social Security payer can get a better deal.'" (
  • Roger Wicker. Hearing of House Committee on the Budget: The President's Budget for Fiscal Year 2006. 8 February 2005. "Thank you, Mr. Chairman. I want to thank you and the administration, Director Bolten, for having the courage to come forward with a proposal, which we will see specifics of in more detail, concerning Social Security individual accounts. And I want to remind members of the committee of a quote from Albert Einstein when asked what was the most powerful force on the face of the Earth. He answered that the most powerful force on the face of the Earth was the power of compound interest. And that is what the administration is talking about and that is what talented members like Mr. Ryan, who is a member of this committee, have been proposing for some time now when it comes to giving workers an opportunity to put more of their money in individual accounts." (
  • Roger Wicker. Hearing of House Committee on the Budget House of Representatives - Social Security: Defining the Problem. 9 February 2005. "Mr. Wicker: OK. But I am not hearing much support from my friends on the left about the personal retirement accounts. Absent the personal retirement accounts, kicking the can down the road, means testing, reducing benefits long-term, raising taxes, raising the retirement age, raising their earnings limit, that still gives that couple 1 percent at the end of their working life, doesn't it?" (
  • Roger Wicker. Hearing of House Committee on the Budget - The Economic Outlook and Current Fiscal Issues. 2 March 2005. "Mr. Wicker: Thank you, Mr. Chairman, and thank you, Chairman Greenspan, for your testimony [...] There are folks that say going to these individual investment accounts, even though it would increase investment, that it dismantles this great program of Social Security, this social contract that we have had for half a century or more, that we take care of the needy elderly, that it is too risky. I find it hard to believe that you would recommend a scheme that would be too risky for Americans, that you would recommend a scheme that would somehow violate the Social Security safety net. So I would ask you to comment on that. Do you have a comfort level that we can move to individual accounts, gradually and cautiously, as you say, without harming this compact that we have had between the workers and the elderly and that we will not return to the elderly poor?" (
  • Roger Wicker. Greenspan Urges Prompt Action on Social Security. 7 March 2005. "As a member of the Budget Committee, I had the opportunity to question Chairman Greenspan about the wisdom of a solution that would include personal savings accounts. He told our panel that changes should be made 'sooner rather than later' and advised against solving the problem by increasing taxes because of the significant risks it would pose to economic growth. Mr. Greenspan speaks with great authority, having headed a commission that provided recommendations to strengthen the program in the early 1980s. Appointed and reappointed chairman of the Federal Reserve by Republican and Democrat presidents alike, he has monitored closely the growth and economic health of Social Security [...] The Chairman reiterated that the country's changing demographics will not support the current pay-as-you-go Social Security system. 'It just will not work,' he flatly stated. Several factors are working against the present formula, including a slowing population growth and improvements in life expectancy. The system will soon have fewer than two workers paying the benefits of one retiree. Mr. Greenspan suggested that a system with a 'significant personal accounts component' would be a credible way to ensure that the program adds to overall saving and boosts the nation's capital stock. He said personal accounts also offer the advantage of building individual wealth and provide the prospect of passing along that wealth to a retiree's heirs - a feature not available under the present system. Without endorsing a specific plan for personal accounts, he said there were a number of ways to ensure a level of benefits and preserve the compact government has had with its Social Security retirees - present and future. In other words, a solution that involves personal savings accounts would still provide the current guaranteed level of benefits with an opportunity for far greater returns." (
  • Roger Wicker. Wicker: President's Budget Provides Solid Foundation. 14 February 2005. "President Bush submitted his 2006 budget to Congress last week with recommendations to boost defense and homeland security funding and impose spending restraints on a number of domestic programs. While the proposal will surely undergo changes as the budget process unfolds, it provides a solid foundation from which to work. I was fortunate to be reappointed to another term on the House Budget Committee. Our Budget panel wasted no time in holding hearings on Mr. Bush's budget. We heard testimony from Office of Management and Budget Director Josh Bolten, Treasury Secretary John Snow, and other Administration leaders in support of the President's priorities. Committee members quizzed them about the budget plan and sought more information regarding the President's Social Security reform proposals. I told OMB Director Bolten I looked forward to hearing details about creating personal accounts for today's workers while ensuring the solvency of the Social Security System for every beneficiary." (


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This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.

The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion.
a) Abortions should always be illegal.
b) Abortions should always be legal.
c) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester.
d) Abortions should be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape.
Xe) Abortions should be legal when the life of the woman is endangered.
f) Dilation and extraction or "partial-birth" abortion procedures should be legal.
Xg) Medicare, Medicaid, and federal subsidies should be prohibited from being used on abortion procedures.
h) Other or expanded principles.
Indicate what federal funding levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once.
1) Budget Priorities
Maintain Statusa) Agriculture
Slightly Decreaseb) Arts
Greatly Increasec) Defense
Maintain Statusd) Education
Slightly Decreasee) Environment
Maintain Statusf) FEMA
Slightly Increaseg) Homeland security
Maintain Statush) International aid
Maintain Statusi) Law enforcement (Federal)
Maintain Statusj) Law enforcement (State)
Slightly Increasek) Medical research
Maintain Statusl) National parks
Slightly Increasem) Public health services
Slightly Increasen) Scientific research
Maintain Statuso) Space exploration programs
Greatly Increasep) Transportation and highway infrastructure
Slightly Decreaseq) United Nations
Maintain Statusr) Welfare
s) Other or expanded categories
2) Defense Spending
Slightly Increasea) Armed forces personnel training
Greatly Increaseb) Intelligence operations
Slightly Increasec) Military hardware
Slightly Increased) Modernization of weaponry and equipment
Slightly Increasee) National missile defense
Slightly Increasef) Pay for active duty personnel
Greatly Increaseg) Programs to improve troop retention rates
Slightly Increaseh) Research and development of new weapons
Slightly Increasei) Troop and equipment readiness
j) Other or expanded categories
3) Taxes
Indicate what federal tax levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once.
Family Income Taxes
Eliminatea) Less than $12,000
Greatly Decreaseb) $12,001-$40,000
Greatly Decreasec) $40,001-$100,000
Slightly Decreased) $100,001-$180,000
Slightly Decreasee) $180,001-$350,000
Maintain Statusf) $350,001 and above
g) Other or expanded categories
Other Taxes
Maintain Statusa) Alcohol taxes
Greatly Decreaseb) Capital gains taxes
Maintain Statusc) Cigarette taxes
Slightly Decreased) Corporate taxes
Slightly Decreasee) Gasoline taxes
Eliminatef) Inheritance taxes
g) Other or expanded categories
Maintain Statusa) Charitable contribution deduction
Maintain Statusb) Child tax credit
Maintain Statusc) Earned income tax credit
Maintain Statusd) Medical expense deduction
Maintain Statuse) Mortgage deduction
Maintain Statusf) Student loan credit
g) Other or expanded categories
Yes4) Do you support the permanent repeal of the federal estate tax?
Yes5) Do you support requiring the federal budget to be balanced each year?
6) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform.
Xa) Support increasing the amount individuals are permitted to contribute to federal campaigns.
b) Prohibit Political Action Committee (PAC) contributions to candidates for federal office.
Xc) Allow unregulated soft money campaign contributions to political parties or committees.
Xd) Remove all contribution limits on federal campaigns and parties.
e) Support prohibiting ads containing candidates' name that are paid for by third parties from airing 60 days before a primary and 30 days before a general federal election.
f) Support instant run-off voting (IRV).
g) Support designating Election Day as a national holiday.
h) Support giving the President the power of the line item veto for items concerning appropriations.
i) Support limiting the President's use of signing statements in order to prevent an alternative interpretation of the bill.
Xj) Support a federal shield law to protect reporter-source privilege.
k) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding crime.
Xa) Support the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
b) Eliminate the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
Xc) Support programs to provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
Xd) Support programs to provide prison inmates with drug and alcohol addiction treatment.
e) Reduce prison sentences for those who commit non-violent crimes.
f) Support mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
Xg) Support strict penalties for internet crime (e.g. hacking, identity theft, worms/viruses).
h) Require that crimes based on sexual orientation be prosecuted as federal hate crimes.
i) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education.
a) Support the federal government funding universal pre-K programs.
Xb) Allow parents to use vouchers to send their children to any public school.
Xc) Allow parents to use vouchers to send their children to any private or religious school.
Xd) Allow teachers and professionals to receive federal funding to establish charter or magnet schools.
Xe) Increase funding for the Pell Grant program.
f) Decrease interest rates of Stafford Loans.
Xg) Support federal tax incentives to help families save for college.
h) Ban university financial aid officers from owning stock in or accepting gifts from student loan lenders.
i) Require universities to disclose financial relationships with lenders.
Xj) Support federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind).
k) Eliminate all federal education standards and testing requirements for K-12 students (No Child Left Behind).
l) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding employment.
a) Increase funding for national job-training programs that retrain displaced workers or teach skills needed in today’s job market.
Xb) Reduce government regulation of the private sector.
c) Encourage employers to offer child care services, flex-time scheduling, comp-time, and unpaid leave for family emergencies.
d) Increase the federal minimum wage.
Xe) Support the right of workers to unionize.
f) Eliminate all federal programs designed to reduce unemployment.
g) Include sexual orientation in federal anti-discrimination laws.
h) Include gender identity in federal anti-discrimination laws.
i) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy.
a) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Water Act.
b) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act.
Xc) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil).
Xd) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
Xe) Strengthen fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
Xf) Support domestic oil exploration in areas that are currently restricted.
Xg) Encourage further development and use of alternative fuels.
Xh) Support the use of ethanol as an alternative fuel.
Xi) Support research and development of nuclear reactors as an alternative energy source.
j) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits under "cap and trade" laws.
k) Support international mandatory emission targets to limit global warming.
l) Support international voluntary emission targets to limit global warming.
m) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns.
Xa) Allow individuals to carry concealed guns.
b) Ban the sale, ownership or possession of handguns except by law enforcement and other government officials.
On (c) and (d), indicate what levels (#1-6) you support for the following categories.
Greatly Decreasec) Enforcement of existing restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
Eliminated) Restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
e) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health.
a) Implement a universal healthcare program to guarantee coverage to all Americans, regardless of income.
Xb) Expand eligibility for tax-free medical savings accounts.
Xc) Allow the importation of prescription drugs into the United States.
d) Support expanding prescription drug coverage under Medicare.
Xe) Offer tax credits to individuals and small businesses to offset the cost of insurance coverage.
f) Support expanding child healthcare programs.
g) Providing healthcare is not a responsibility of the federal government.
h) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding immigration.
a) Decrease the number of legal immigrants allowed into the country.
Xb) Establish English as the official national language.
Xc) Support a temporary worker program.
Xd) Support harsher financial punishments for those who knowingly employ illegal immigrants.
e) Support amnesty for illegal immigrants already working in the United States.
Xf) Illegal immigrants should have to return to their countries of origin before being considered for citizenship.
g) Illegal immigrants should be given a pathway to citizenship.
Xh) Support merit-based visas over family-based visas.
i) Other or expanded principles
International Aid
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international aid.
Xa) Support the United States granting aid to countries when extraordinary circumstances cause disaster and threaten civilian lives.
Xb) Support the United States granting aid to countries when it is in the security interests of the United States.
c) Eliminate United States aid for any nation with documented human rights abuses.
d) Aid granted by the United States should be scaled back and eventually eliminated.
e) Other or expanded principles
International Policy
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international policy.
Yesa) Should the United States continue to provide leadership in the Israeli-Palestinian peace process?
Yesb) Should the United States support the creation of a Palestinian state?
Yesc) Should the United States impose greater international sanctions on Iran if it continues to defy United Nations mandates?
Yesd) Should the United States support the Lebanese government against insurgent forces?
Yese) Should the United States maintain its troop levels in Iraq?
Nof) Should the United States withdraw its troops from Iraq?
g) Discuss your proposals for Iraq.

I believe we should maintain and build upon the successes of the troop surge while requiring the government of Iraq to shoulder more of the burden for their country's financial and security needs.

Yesh) Should the United States apply greater economic and diplomatic sanctions against North Korea if it fails to abide by its agreement to suspend its nuclear program?
Yesi) Should the United States increase financial support for Afghanistan?
Yesj) Should the United States increase military support for Afghanistan?
Undecidedk) Should the United States trade nuclear fuel to India for civilian purposes?
Nol) Should the United States decrease financial support for Pakistan?
Nom) Should the United States decrease military support for Pakistan?
Yesn) Should the United States be involved in bringing an end to the violence in Darfur, Sudan?
Yeso) Should the United States be involved in bringing an end to the violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo?
Yesp) Should the United States provide economic and military support to the Transitional Government of Somalia?
Yesq) Should the United States use sanctions to encourage the government of Zimbabwe to end its human rights abuses?
Undecidedr) Should the United States support the creation of an independent nation of Kosovo?
s) Other or expanded principles
International Trade
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international trade.
Noa) Do you support the United States imposing economic sanctions on China?
Undecidedb) Do you support the United States imposing trade sanctions on Venezuela?
Yesc) Do you support the United States involvement in free trade agreements?
Yesd) Do you support the United States involvement in intergovernmental organizations dedicated to trade?
e) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding national security.
Yesa) Do you support using military tribunals to try suspected terrorists when ordinary civilian courts are deemed inappropriate or impractical?
Yesb) Should law enforcement agencies have greater discretion to monitor domestic communications, to prevent future terrorist attacks?
Yesc) Should the United States hold foreign states accountable for terrorists who operate in their country?
Yesd) Should the federal government increase funding to states and cities for homeland security?
Undecidede) Do you support pre-emptive military strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to United States national security?
Nof) Do you support the creation of a federal identification card system?
Yesg) Do you support long-term use of National Guard troops to supplement the armed forces in assignments overseas?
Yesh) Should the United States expand its missile defense shield?
i) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding social issues.
Noa) Should same-sex couples be allowed to marry?
Yesb) Do you support a federal constitutional amendment defining marriage as between a man and a woman?
Yesc) Do you support federal funding for research on existing embryonic stem cell lines?
Nod) Do you support federal funding to create lines of stem cells from new embryos?
Undecidede) Should the federal government consider race and gender in government contracting decisions?
Nof) Should the federal government continue affirmative action programs?
Yesg) Should the federal government regulate internet gambling?
h) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security.
Xa) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts that they manage themselves.
b) Ensure the viability of Social Security by increasing the payroll tax.
c) Decrease benefits paid to retirees.
Xd) Support proportional increases of Social Security benefits based on the cost of living index.
e) Raise the retirement age for individual eligibility to receive full Social Security benefits.
f) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding welfare and poverty.
Xa) Require welfare recipients to spend at least 40 hours a week in a combination of work and training programs.
Xb) Continue to give states and local governments flexibility in and responsibility for welfare programs through federal block grants.
c) Support housing assistance for welfare recipients.
d) Abolish all federal welfare programs.
e) Other or expanded principles
Please explain in a total of 100 words or less, your top two or three priorities if elected. If they require additional funding for implementation, please explain how you would obtain this funding.

I will work to achieve actuarily sound wind insurance coverage for the coastal United States. I will support efforts to increase our domestic supply of energy. I seek to improve our health care system by supporting improving the access to quality, affordable health care and giving Americans more control over their health care decisions. In addition, I will support efforts to provide for a strong national defense and secure national borders.

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