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Zoe Lofgren's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

Office: U.S. House (CA) - District 19, Democratic
On The Ballot: Running, Democratic for U.S. House - District 19
Zoe Lofgren has refused to provide voters with positions on key issues covered by the 2018 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests from Vote Smart and voters like you.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

For Presidential and Congressional candidates who refuse to provide voters with their positions, Vote Smart has researched their public records to determine their likely responses. These issue positions are from 2018.

Pro-choice Inferred Answer Abortion: Do you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Rated 100% by NARAL Pro-Choice America http://votesmart.org/candidate/evaluations/21899/zoe-lofgren#.Va1x83UVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "The bill imposes a nationwide 20-week abortion ban. It's unconstitutional, but it's also dangerous to the health and safety of American women. The narrow health exception in the bill only allows for abortions that are necessary to save the life of a pregnant woman. It's shortsighted at best and cruel at worst." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/793696/pain-capable-unborn-child-protection-act (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Despite exhaustive research, Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support reducing defense spending? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Despite exhaustive research, Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.
Yes Inferred Answer Campaign Finance: Do you support the regulation of indirect campaign contributions from corporations and unions? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "As a Vice Chair of the Democracy Reform Task Force, Zoe has been actively engaged on efforts to increase transparency in campaign spending and to reduce the influence of special interests in politics, including overturning the Citizens United decision." https://zoelofgren.com/issues/clean-elections/ (zoelofgren.com)
Yes Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "As the elected Chair of the 39-member California Democratic Congressional Delegation, Zoe has worked with her colleagues to help California with investments in infrastructure, transportation, and clean American energy programs that put people to work in jobs that can't be sent overseas." https://lofgren.house.gov/issues/growing-strong-economy (lofgren.house.gov)
  • Voted in favor of H.R.22 "Fixing America's Surface Transportation (FAST) Act" http://votesmart.org/bill/votes/54470 (votesmart.org)
  • "When the financial crisis hit the country in the fall of 2008, Zoe joined her Democratic colleagues in fashioning a broad measure to counter the recession, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, credited with preventing a second Great Depression. It made key investments in infrastructure projects to build new roads and bridges, saving and creating jobs in the process. Education funding to keep educators in the classrooms and avoid massive teacher layoffs was included." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/826597/issue-position-growing-a-strong-us-economy (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Economy: Do you support lowering corporate taxes as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Despite exhaustive research, Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Education: Do you support requiring states to adopt federal education standards? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "Education is one of the most important issues I deal with as a Member of Congress. The stakes are enormous and I take seriously my responsibility to ensure that the federal government plans and positions well in making resources available to local school districts to help educate our children." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/687935/issue-position-education#.Va15S3UVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "Looking forward, I am committed to reforming the so-called 'No Child Left Behind' program and seeing that it is fully funded." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/557357/issue-position-education (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Energy & Environment: Do you support government funding for the development of renewable energy (e.g. solar, wind, thermal)? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Signed a letter stating "We are writing on behalf of the 80,000 Americans employed by the U.S. wind industry – representing jobs in all fifty states – to ask that you promptly extend the current law Production Tax Credit (PTC) and the Investment Tax Credit (ITC). Wind now provides power to over 15 million American homes, as well as to many thousands of farms and businesses." http://loebsack.house.gov/uploadedfiles/wind_ptc-itc_extension_letter_final_3.21.2014.pdf (loebsack.house.gov)
  • "Reps. Zoe Lofgren (CA-19) and Doris Matsui (CA-06) introduced the Clean Energy Victory Bonds Act today, legislation allowing Americans to invest in clean energy technologies and projects around the country that will create jobs and spur the rapidly growing field of clean energy technologies that will be needed to increase U.S. energy security." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/863928/reps-lofgren-and-matsui-introduce-legislation-to-increase-investment-in-clean-energy-technologies#.Va5TF3UVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "She is a strong advocate for long-term policies that invest in energy efficiency, clean renewable energy, and research into the next generation of innovative power source technologies." https://lofgren.house.gov/issues/energy-and-environment (lofgren.house.gov)
Yes Inferred Answer Energy & Environment: Do you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "Welcome to the Science Committee, the last place on the planet where we question whether climate change is being caused by human activity. It seems to me that the reality of anthropogenic climate change is impossible to deny." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/977701/republicans-hold-yet-another-hearing-attempting-to-dismiss-the-scientific-evidence-behind-climate-change#.Va5e_HUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • Voted in favor of H.Amdt.507 "Specifies the Authority of the Secretary of Interior on the Regulation of Methane Emissions" http://votesmart.org/bill/votes/46345 (votesmart.org)
  • Signed a letter stating "Thank you for your leadership in responding to the serious challenge of climate change. We applaud and support your Climate Action Plan, the joint announcement with China establishing ambitious carbon pollution reduction targets, and the national commitment to the Green Climate Fund. These actions are critical to protect Americans from the most dangerous effects of climate change." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/966103/letter-to-barack-obama-president-of-the-united-states-bicameral-task-force-on-climate-change#.Va5eqnUVhHw (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Guns: Do you generally support gun-control legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "Zoe is an original cosponsor of the Assault Weapons Ban which would prohibit individuals and manufacturers from selling and obtaining semi-automatic rifles, pistols, and shotguns as well as high-capacity magazines. This bill has been referred to the House Committee on the Judiciary, where Zoe serves." https://lofgren.house.gov/issues/gun-violence (lofgren.house.gov)
  • "Here in Congress we may not agree on every aspect of how best to keep our nation safe from terrorist attack, but we should all agree that we can't allow terrorists to legally purchase firearms at will. If we are serious about protecting against acts of violence like what occurred in Paris, then this bill should be our first course of action." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/1039436/lofgren-thompson-introduce-no-guns-for-terrorists-act (votesmart.org)
  • Signed a letter stating "Our nation has suffered at least 74 school shootings since the Sandy Hook massacre. The factors allowing these rampages are no mystery: loopholes in the background check laws, straw purchases, restrictions on law enforcement, and gaps in our mental health system." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/888676/letter-to-john-boehner-speaker-of-the-house-163-members-of-congress-demand-a-vote-not-silence-to-prevent-gun-violence#.Va5fZnUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "The Public Safety and Second Amendment Rights Protection Act would require background checks to be completed for all commercial gun sales to prevent domestic abusers and felons from obtaining firearms through gun shows or over the internet where background checks are currently not needed." https://lofgren.house.gov/issues/gun-violence (lofgren.house.gov)
No Inferred Answer Health Care: Do you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act ("Obamacare")? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "Zoe has always been a proponent of Medicare, and has been supportive of efforts to make health care more affordable and accessible in our country. She is an original cosponsor of the Expanded and Improved Medicare for All Act, which would create a single-payer health care system." https://lofgren.house.gov/issues/health-care (lofgren.house.gov)
  • "I supported the inclusion of a robust public option in President Obama's health insurance reform measure, and I worked with my colleagues to ensure that the final bill passed the House of Representatives. While it was far from perfect and lacked the public option plan I supported, it has already helped millions of Americans secure access to life saving medical care." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/687894/issue-position-health-care#.Va5g2nUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "Today's ruling is a victory for the millions of Americans who are the true beneficiaries of the Affordable Care Act's expanded, affordable coverage that can't be denied because of pre-existing conditions. I was proud to vote for this bill when it passed the House of Representatives in March 2010." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/712385/rep-zoe-lofgren-reacts-to-supreme-court-decision-on-healthcare-reform#.Va5gGXUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • "The Affordable Care Act provides health care insurance for more than 20 million individuals across America, and Zoe opposes any heedless dismantling of good health policies that would jeopardize the well-being of families and individuals currently covered by this plan. Zoe opposed the Republican Affordble Care Act replacement plan which would increase the cost of health care premiums for middle-class Americans while providing tax breaks for the top 1% of taxpayers." https://lofgren.house.gov/issues/health-care (lofgren.house.gov)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Immigration: Do you support the construction of a wall along the Mexican border? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Despite exhaustive research, Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.
No Inferred Answer Immigration: Do you support requiring immigrants who are unlawfully present to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "The President understands these are innocent young people who are American in every sense of the word, but who live in constant fear of deportation. The President's actions will provide temporary deferred action and give these young people the opportunity to live freely and contribute to the country they love." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/709958/rep-zoe-lofgren-praises-obama-administrations-decision-on-dream-act-students/?search=path#.VnLuXWwViko (votesmart.org)
  • Signed a letter stating "We believe it is undeniable that detention in a secure facility is detrimental to mothers and children and is not reflective of our values as a Nation. Children require special protections and should not be laced in jail-like settings." http://grijalva.house.gov/uploads/2015_5_27Family_Detention_Letter.pdf (grijalva.house.gov)
  • Signed a letter stating "We hope that your actions will prevent the separation of undocumented family members of U.S. citizens, lawful permanent residents, and DACA beneficiaries and offer protection to others who have long worked in the United States and have established strong ties with our communities." http://gutierrez.house.gov/sites/gutierrez.house.gov/files/documents/11.13.14%20Gutierrez-Lofgren%20Letter%20to%20POTUS%20on%20Exec%20Action%20Post%20Election%20%28FINAL%29.pdf (gutierrez.house.gov)
  • "In 2017, she introduced the American Hope Act to provide a permanent legislative solution for the young people enrolled in DACA and put thousands of others on a path to earn permanent legal residency and eventual citizenship if they meet certain requirements. Zoe is also an original co-sponsor of the Dream Act of 2017 – a bipartisan bill allowing certain U.S.-raised immigrant youth to earn lawful permanent residence and American citizenship." https://zoelofgren.com/issues/protecting-dreamers/ (zoelofgren.com)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Marijuana: Do you support the legalization of marijuana for recreational purposes? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Despite exhaustive research, Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.
Unknown Position Unknown Answer National Security: Should the United States use military force in order to prevent governments hostile to the U.S. from possessing a nuclear weapon? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Despite exhaustive research, Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.
Unknown Position Unknown Answer National Security: Do you support increased American intervention in Middle Eastern conflicts beyond air support? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Despite exhaustive research, Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.

Key

Candidate Answer

Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue.

Vote Smart's Research: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as the candidate has submitted it. Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

Congressional Election 2002 National Political Awareness Test

This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.

The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning abortion.
a) Abortions should always be illegal.
b) Abortions should always be legally available.
c) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester of pregnancy.
d) Abortions should be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape.
e) Abortions should be legal when the life of the woman is endangered.
f) Eliminate public funding for abortions and public funding of organizations that advocate or perform abortions.
Xg) Other or expanded principles

I support Roe.v. Wade, current law in America which should have been one of your "listed' choices.

Budgetary Priorities
Using the key below, indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category.
Greatly Decrease Fundinga) Agricultural
Slightly Increase Fundingb) Arts
c) Defense
Greatly Increase Fundingd) Education
e) Environmental
f) International Aid
g) Law Enforcement
Greatly Increase Fundingh) Medical Research
Greatly Increase Fundingi) National Aeronautical Space Administration (NASA)
Greatly Increase Fundingj) National Parks
Greatly Increase Fundingk) Public Health Services
Greatly Increase Fundingl) Scientific Research
m) Terrorism Prevention
Slightly Increase Fundingn) Transportation and Highway Infrastructure
o) Welfare
p) Other or expanded categories
Defense Spending
Using the key below, indicate what levels of federal funding you support for the following categories. Select one number per category.
Maintain Funding Statusa) Armed Forces personnel training
b) Covert intelligence operations
c) Military hardware
Greatly Increase Fundingd) Pay for active duty personnel
Eliminate Fundinge) National Missile Defense Program
Greatly Increase Fundingf) Programs to improve military retention rates
Maintain Funding Statusg) Research and development of new weapons
h) Troop and equipment readiness
i) Other or expanded categories
Taxes
Using the key below, indicate what levels you support concerning taxes, deductions, and tax credits in the following categories. Select one number per tax.
Income Taxes - Family Income
a) Less than $25,000
b) $25,000 - $75,000
c) $75,000 - $150,000
d) Over $150,000
e) Other or expanded categories
Income Taxes - Retiree Income
f) Over $40, 000
g) Other or expanded categories
Other Taxes
Slightly Increasea) Alcohol taxes
b) Capital gains taxes
Greatly Increasec) Cigarette taxes
d) Corporate taxes
e) Gasoline taxes
Greatly Decreasef) Inheritance taxes
g) Other or expanded categories
Deductions/Credits
a) Charitable deductions
b) Medical expense deductions
c) Mortgage deductions
Greatly Increased) Child tax credit
Greatly Increasee) Earned income tax credit
Greatly Increasef) Student loan tax credit
g) Other or expanded categories
Taxes
Yes2) Should a married couple filing jointly pay the same taxes as if they were an unmarried couple filing separately?
No3) Would you use Social Security surpluses to balance the budget?
4) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and governmental reform issues.
a) Support public taxpayer funding for congressional candidates who comply with campaign spending limits.
b) Increase the amount individuals are permitted to contribute to federal campaigns.
c) Prohibit Political Action Committee (PAC) contributions to candidates for federal office.
Xd) Provide free or low-cost television advertising to candidates who agree to voluntary campaign spending limits.
Xe) Ban unregulated soft money campaign contributions to political parties or committees.
f) Prohibit non-U.S. citizens from making soft money contributions to national parties or party committees.
Xg) Require full disclosure of funding sources of issue advocacy commercials which appear within 60 days of an election.
h) Remove all contribution limits to federal candidates and parties.
i) Require congressional candidates to raise over half of their campaign money from their home state.
Xj) Require that unions give members the option of not having membership dues used for political purposes.
Yesk) Support the federal government mandate that creates national voting system standards.
Nol) Do you support amending the Constitution to limit the number of terms that members of Congress can serve?
Undecidedm) Do you support voting on-line?
Xn) Other or expanded principles

on line voting is not yet secure, but I support it when security is achieved.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) to address crime.
a) Eliminate the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
b) Increase spending to build more federal prisons.
c) Impose "truth in sentencing" for violent criminals so they serve full sentences with no chance of parole.
Xd) Support programs to provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
Xe) Support programs to provide prison inmates with drug and alcohol addiction treatment.
Xf) Increase funding for community policing programs.
Xg) Implement penalties other than incarceration for certain non-violent offenders.
Xh) Require that crimes based on gender, sexual orientation, and disability be prosecuted as federal hate crimes.
i) Enforcement of civil rights should primarily be the responsibility of the federal government.
j) Minors accused of a violent crime should be prosecuted as adults.
Xk) Support programs that provide job training and placement services for at-risk youth.
l) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning illegal drugs.
Xa) Increase penalties for selling illegal drugs.
Xb) Support mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
Xc) Expand federally sponsored drug education and drug treatment programs.
Xd) Decriminalize the use of marijuana for medicinal purposes.
Xe) Increase border security to stop the flow of illegal drugs into the U.S.
f) Eliminate federal funding for programs associated with the "war on drugs."
g) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning education.
Xa) Support national standards and testing of public school students.
b) Allow parents to use vouchers (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any publicly-funded school.
c) Allow parents to use vouchers (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any participating school: public, private or religious.
Xd) Support charter schools where teachers and professionals receive authorization and funding to establish new schools.
Xe) Increase funding for block grants to states to help them hire additional teachers.
f) Support teacher testing and reward teachers with merit pay.
Xg) Increase funding for computers and computer training in public schools.
Xh) Increase funding for school capital improvements (e.g. buildings and infrastructure).
Xi) Eliminate restrictions on federal education funding, giving educators or local school districts more flexibility to design and implement their programs.
Xj) Increase funding of programs such as Pell grants and Stafford loans to help students pay for college.
Xk) Support federal tax incentives to help families save for college.
l) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding employment and affirmative action.
Xa) Increase funding for national job-training programs that re-train displaced workers or teach skills needed in today's job market.
b) Reduce government regulation of the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion.
Xc) Establish empowerment zones in areas with large numbers of unemployed people.
Xd) Provide tax credits for businesses that provide child care for their employees.
Xe) Encourage employers to offer flex-time scheduling, comp-time, and unpaid leave for family emergencies.
f) Eliminate any federal programs designed to reduce unemployment.
Xg) Increase the federal minimum wage.
Xh) Considering race and gender in government contracting decisions is appropriate for the federal government.
Xi) Include sexual orientation in federal anti-discrimination laws.
Xj) Continue federal affirmative action programs.
k) Discontinue federal affirmative action programs.
l) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding America's environment and natural resources.
Xa) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Water Act.
Xb) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act.
c) Support opening a select portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil exploration.
Xd) Support the U.S. re-entering the current Kyoto treaty process to limit global warming.
e) Require states to fully compensate citizens when environmental regulations limit uses of privately owned land.
Xf) Promote increased use of alternative fuel technology.
Xg) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
Xh) Provide tax credits for state and local bonds to preserve open spaces, build parks, improve water quality and redevelop brownfields.
Xi) Support the National Forest Protection and Restoration Act prohibiting commercial logging in our national forests.
Xj) Provide states and local communities with more flexibility to address their respective environmental problems.
k) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning gun issues.
a) Ban the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting.
Xb) Maintain and strengthen the enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
e) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns.
Xf) Require manufacturers to provide child-safety locks on guns.
Xg) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows.
h) Require a license for gun possession.
Xi) Raise the minimum age for ownership of handguns from 18 to 21.
j) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health issues.
a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government.
b) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income.
Xc) Support a Patient's Bill of Rights to define and enforce the rights of insured patients, including greater access to specialists and emergency rooms, wider choice of health care providers, and appeal mechanisms when claims are denied.
Xd) Support a Patient's Bill of Rights which includes the right to sue when claims are denied.
Xe) Support a Patient's Bill of Rights which includes the right to appeal to an administrative board of specialists when services are denied.
Xf) Support legislation to provide prescription drug coverage under Medicare.
Xg) Increase research funding of the human genome to find cures for diseases such as cancer, AIDS/HIV, Alzheimer's, and heart disease.
Xh) Increase federal funding for training health workers to recognize and respond to the release of biological agents.
i) Prohibit the procedure of cloning human embryos.
j) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding immigration.
a) Decrease the number of legal immigrants allowed into the country.
Xb) Provide extra federal aid to states with higher numbers of immigrants for necessary medical and social services.
Xc) Prohibit states from passing laws that deny human services (medical care, education) to illegal immigrants or their children.
d) Increase the immigration quota for computer scientists and other information technology workers.
e) Establish English as the official U.S. language.
f) Collect fingerprint data from all U.S. visa applicants which would be accessible to all federal immigration-related agencies.
Xg) Allow legalization for certain illegal immigrants working in the U.S.
h) Other or expanded principles
International Aid
Indicate which principles (if any) you support regarding U. S. economic assistance.
Xa) Aid should be granted to countries when extraordinary circumstances cause disaster and threaten civilian lives.
Xb) Aid should be granted to countries when it is in the security interests of the U. S.
Xc) Aid should be granted to countries that are close allies of the U. S. and in need of financial/military assistance.
d) Aid should be eliminated for any nation with documented human rights abuses.
e) Aid programs should be scaled back and eventually eliminated except for extraordinary circumstances.
f) Other or expanded principles
International Policy
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the Middle East.
a) The U.S. should take military action against Iraq only as part of an international effort.
Xb) The U.S. should end the economic embargo against Iraq.
c) The U.S. should not continue to play a prominent leadership role in the peace process between Israel and the Palestine Authority.
Xd) The U.S. should support the formation of a Palestinian state.
e) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the United States-United Nations relationship.
Xa) The U.S. should participate in United Nations peacekeeping missions only when vital U.S. interests are involved.
b) The U.S. should not commit military troops to United Nations peacekeeping missions.
c) The U.S. should withdraw completely from the United Nations.
d) Other or expanded principles
Yes3) Should the U.S. have full diplomatic relations with Cuba?
Undecided4) Should the U.S. recognize and extend full diplomatic relations to Taiwan?
No5) Should the U.S. increase its financial support to Colombia for the "war on drugs?"
Yes6) Do you support the cooperative threat reduction programs with Russia to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons? ___ Yes ___ No ___ Undecided
No7) Do you support the recent withdrawal of the U.S. from the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) treaty in order to deploy a national missile defense system?
Yes8) Should the U.S. hold nations accountable for terrorists who operate from their country?
9) Other or expanded principles
International Trade
Undecided1) Do you support the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)?
Undecided2) Do you support the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)?
Yes3) Do you support continued U.S. membership in the World Trade Organization (WTO)?
Yes4) Do you support China becoming a member of the World Trade Organization?
Undecided5) Should a nation's human rights record affect its normal trade relations (most favored nation) trading status with the United States? ___ Yes ___ No ___ Undecided
Yes6) Should the President have "fast-track" authority to negotiate trade agreements?
No7) Do you support the trade embargo against Cuba?
8) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding national security.
No1. Do you support the President using military tribunals to try terrorist suspects when the President deems ordinary civil courts to be inappropriate or impractical?
No2. Should the U.S. adopt higher qualification rules for student visa applications from nations known to sponsor terrorism?
No3. Should law enforcement agencies be granted greater discretion to read mail and email, tap phones, and conduct random searches to prevent future terrorist attacks?
Undecided4. Should federal law enforcement agencies share intelligence data with local law enforcement agencies?
Yes5. Should the federal government provide states with funding for homeland security?
6. Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security.
a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves.
b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government.
Xc) The federal government should invest a portion of Social Security's assets collectively in stocks and bonds instead of U.S. Treasury securities.
d) Increase the payroll tax to better finance Social Security in its current form.
e) Lower Social Security's annual cost-of-living increases.
Xf) Support a "lock box" measure, limiting Congress's ability to spend Social Security and Medicare surpluses on any other federal programs except Social Security and Medicare, until each program's long-term solvency is guaranteed.
Xg) Other or expanded principles

Balance the budget

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding technology.
Xa) Continue the moratorium on Internet sales taxes.
b) Implement regulation of Internet content by the federal government.
Xc) Regulation of the Internet should not be controlled by the federal government.
d) Support government mandates to curtail violent and sexual content on television.
e) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding poverty and the welfare system.
Xa) Support housing assistance for welfare recipients.
Xb) Provide homeless families with apartment vouchers they can use to defray the cost of an apartment.
Xc) Continue to give states and local governments responsibility for welfare programs through TANF block grants.
Xd) Maintain current welfare-to-work requirements in order for states to qualify for block grants.
Xe) Restore food stamp programs to legal immigrants.
Xf) Transfer homeless housing programs to states through block grants.
Xg) Provide continued Medicaid benefits for those welfare recipients who have moved from welfare to work.
h) Require states to return any unused welfare block grant funding to the federal government.
i) Direct federal poverty aid through religious, community-based, or other non-profit organizations.
Xj) Provide states with additional funding for Medicaid programs to alleviate increasing state budget deficits.
k) Other or expanded principles
In a total of seventy-five (75) words or less, please explain what your top two or three priorities will be if elected. Please explain how you would obtain any additional funding needed to implement these priorities.
Vote Smart does not permit the use of its name or programs in any campaign activity, including advertising, debates, and speeches.
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