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Frederica Wilson's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

Office: U.S. House (FL) - District 24, Democratic
Project Vote Smart does not permit the use of its name or programs in any campaign activity, including advertising, debates, and speeches.
Frederica Wilson has refused to provide voters with positions on key issues covered by the 2016 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests. Historically, candidates have failed to complete our test due to the advice they receive from their parties and advisors and out of fear of negative attack ads.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These issue positions, from the year 2016, are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Pro-choice Inferred Answer Abortion: Do you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Signed a letter stating, "While not all policy riders are objectionable, many of those included this year are not only controversial but blatantly partisan. Included riders would block the implementation of the Affordable Care Act, roll back important clean air and clean water protections, and place new restrictions on women's access to a full range of medical and health services, among others." (
  • Rated 100% by Planned Parenthood (
Yes Inferred Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "The Republicans will stop at nothing to end Medicare as we know it and balance the budget on the backs of our most vulnerable citizens, all while protecting special tax breaks for the wealthy." (
  • "The way to ensure that people making more than $1 million per year pay their fair share is the Buffet Rule, named for legendary investor Warren Buffett who famously said that it is wrong that he pays a lower tax rate than his secretary." (
  • Voted in favor of H.R.8 "Job Protection and Recession Prevention Act of 2012" (
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Crime: Do you support mandatory minimum sentences for non-violent drug offenders? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Despite exhaustive research, Project Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.
Yes Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "The President rightly spoke about making meaningful investments in education, innovation, and infrastructure to create jobs. That is the solution we need to turn the corner from recovery to economic growth." (
  • "In Washington, I am fighting to protect Social Security and Medicare from Republican-sponsored budget cuts. In addition to introducing my own jobs legislation, I support President Obama's economic stimulus and job creation initiatives." (
  • Voted in favor of H.R.22 "Fixing America's Surface Transportation (FAST) Act" (
Yes Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support lowering taxes as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "Let's put an end to these games, Mr. Speaker. Let's not give 160 million Americans a $1,000 tax hike, let's not take away the unemployment benefits of 2.2 million Americans, and let's not block 48 million seniors' access to their doctors." (
  • Signed a letter stating "This week, I voted to extend tax cuts for 98 percent of American families and 97 percent of small businesses, while requiring the richest two percent to start paying their fair share. […] The way to create jobs is to put more money in the pockets of the people who will spend it." (
No Inferred Answer Education: Do you generally support requiring states to adopt federal education standards? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "Unfortunately, No Child Left Behind's one-size-fits-all approach derailed the fulfillment of this promise by creating an untenable environment of excessive, high-stakes testing that undermines educators' ability to serve their students." (
No Inferred Answer Energy: Do you support building the Keystone XL pipeline? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Voted against S.1 "A Bill to Approve the Keystone XL Pipeline" (
  • Voted against H.R.3 "Keystone XL Pipeline Act" (
Yes Inferred Answer Energy: Do you support government funding for the development of renewable energy (e.g. solar, wind, thermal)? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "I am committed to smart energy policies that fight climate change by cutting carbon emissions and boosting renewable fuel production. As the solar industry has demonstrated, by investing in new clean technologies, we can not only protect our planet but also create new high-wage jobs." (
  • "I call on everyone to do their part, including recycling, beach cleanups, exploring mass transit options, and investing in clean energy that would both reduce carbon emissions and create jobs." (
  • Signed a letter stating "We are writing on behalf of the 80,000 Americans employed by the wind industry – representing jobs in all fifty states – to ask that you promptly extend the current law Production Tax Credit (PTC) and the Investment Tax Credit (ITC). Wind now provides power to over 15 million American homes, as well as to many thousands of farms and businesses." (
Yes Inferred Answer Environment: Do you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "Over the past 42 years, we have made some progress in conservation, but we must rededicate ourselves to combat climate change -- especially given the danger that rising sea levels pose to Florida. I call on everyone to do their part, including recycling, beach cleanups, exploring mass transit options, and investing in clean energy that would both reduce carbon emissions and create jobs. We have only one home – planet earth – and if we take better care of it, it will take better care of us." (
  • "The Obama administration made progress in 2014 when the president forged a bilateral agreement between the United States and China to place a cap on carbon emissions and created the first regulations on power plants under the president's Climate Action Plan." (
  • Voted in favor of H.Amdt.507 "Specifies the Authority of the Secretary of Interior on the Regulation of Methane Emissions" (
Yes Inferred Answer Guns: Do you generally support gun-control legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Rated 100% by Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence (
  • "There are too many guns in the hands of the wrong people. There is no reason for anyone who is prohibited from boarding a plane to be able to buy an arsenal of weapons. Congress has to act, and act now. My colleagues and I will continue to sit-in until Congress decides to take action to implement screenings for gun purchases no matter where or how the weapons are purchased, and until we end the sale of destructive assault weapons." (
No Inferred Answer Health Care: Do you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act ("Obamacare")? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "Today the Affordable Care Act turns six. Just like food, shelter and a living wage, affordable health care is a necessary lifeline. Thanks to the ACA, 20 million previously uninsured people now have access to affordable health insurance plans. In addition to enabling hardworking Americans to access much-needed preventative services, this historic legislation also lessens the likelihood that they will lose all that they've worked so hard for if they or a family member fall ill." (
  • Voted against H.R.596 "Repeal of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and Health Care-Related Provisions in the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010" (
  • "As a supporter of the Affordable Care Act and the representative of thousands of people who've depended on this landmark legislation to access quality, affordable health care, I am thrilled that the Supreme Court made the right decision in King v. Burwell." (
No Inferred Answer Immigration: Do you support requiring immigrants who are unlawfully present to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "It's time to bring America's hardworking immigrants out of the shadows. President Obama acted showed true leadership by implementing Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA)policy, protection a million young immigrants from deportation. The next step should be passage of the Development, Relief and Education of Alien Minors (DREAM) Act, which I cosponsored in Congress to provide safety to countless new Americans and add upwards of $329 billion to the US economy. This year, I'm calling on Congress to do what America has demanded and pass a comprehensive immigration reform plan that creates a path for undocumented Americans to obtain citizenship." (
  • "As the sponsor of the Florida DREAM Act when I was in the state senate, I applaud this announcement by the Obama administration, and I look forward to when we pass comprehensive immigration reform." (
  • "I support Comprehensive Immigration Reform. This country was founded by, and has thrived because of, immigrants. All people should be made to feel welcome in this country, everyone deserves respect." (
Yes Inferred Answer Marriage: Do you support same-sex marriage? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "I am proud to live in an America in which gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender people have the freedom and fundamental right to marry the man or woman they have chosen to love." (
  • Rated 100% by Human Rights Campaign (
  • "As a product of the civil rights movement, I believe in equality for all. As a lifelong educator, I have experienced the pain and hurt that rejection has on our gay and lesbian children. So, I always taught my students about the Golden Rule – ‘do unto others as you would have them do unto you.’ We are all children of God, and we all deserve the same freedoms, protections and peace. Right on, Mr. President, right on!" (
Unknown Position Unknown Answer National Security: Do you support increased American intervention in Iraq and Syria beyond air support? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Despite exhaustive research, Project Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.
No Inferred Answer Social Security: Do you support allowing individuals to divert a portion of their Social Security taxes into personal retirement accounts? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "As a Member of Congress, I am deeply committed to protecting Social Security. This means I will vote against any measure to privatize the program, cut benefits, or increase the eligibility age." (
  • Rated 100% by Alliance for Retired Americans (
  • "Social Security has provided financial security to the millions of Americans who have worked hard their entire lives to make this country great for more than 75 years. It is a promise to the American people that, after a lifetime of hard work and paying their fair share, they would have a reliable source of income with which to retire with dignity and live independently" (


Candidate Answer

Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue.

Project Vote Smart's Research: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as the candidate has submitted it. Project Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

Florida State Legislative Election 1998 National Political Awareness Test

This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.

The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning abortion.
Xa) Abortions should always be legally available.
b) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester of pregnancy.
c) Abortions should be legal only when pregnancy resulted from incest, rape, or when the life of the woman is endangered.
d) Abortions should be legal only when the life of the woman is endangered.
e) Abortions should always be illegal.
f) Abortions should be limited by waiting periods and parental notification requirements.
g) Prohibit the late-term abortion procedure known as "partial-birth" abortion.
h) Support "buffer zones" by requiring demonstrators to stay at least 15 feet away from abortion clinic doorways and driveways.
i) Other
Yesj) Should Florida government funding be provided to clinics and medical facilities that provide abortion services?
Indicate the principles you support (if any) concerning affirmative action. State government agencies should take race and sex into account in the following sectors:
Yesa) College and university admissions
Yesb) Public employment
Yesc) State contracting
d) Other
Indicate which principles you support (if any) to address crime.
a) Increase state funds for construction of state prisons and for hiring of additional prison staff.
b) Support contracting with private sector firms to build and/or manage state prisons.
Xc) End parole for repeat violent felons.
d) Support the use of the death penalty.
e) Oppose the death penalty.
Xf) Implement penalties other than incarceration for certain non-violent offenders.
Xg) Inform communities when a convicted sex offender moves into the community.
Xh) Increase state funds for programs which rehabilitate and educate inmates during and after their prison sentences.
i) Decriminalize the use of marijuana for medicinal purposes.
j) Strengthen penalties and sentences for drug-related crimes.
k) Strengthen penalties and sentences for sex offenders.
l) Lower the blood-alcohol-content limit defining drunk driving.
m) Prosecute juveniles who commit murder or other serious violent crimes as adults.
n) Allow recording devices in execution observation rooms.
Xo) Support chemical castration for convicted sexual offenders.
p) Maintain electrocution as Florida's method of execution.
Xq) Adopt lethal injection as Florida's method of execution.
r) Other
Yess) Should violent sexual offenders eligible for parole, be committed to mental hospitals until they are deemed safe to return to society?
Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning the economy and employment.
Xa) Provide low interest loans and tax credits for starting, expanding, or relocating businesses.
Xb) Reduce state government regulations on the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion.
c) Support limits on cash damages in lawsuits against businesses and professionals for product liability or malpractice.
Xd) Increase funding for state job-training programs that retrain displaced workers or teach skills needed in today's job market.
e) Allow Native American tribes to operate gambling casinos on tribal land in Florida.
f) Other
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education.
Xa) Increase state funds for professional development of public school teachers and administrators.
Xb) Encourage private or corporate investment in public school programs.
c) Provide parents with state-funded vouchers to send their children to any participating school (public, private, religious).
d) Favor charter schools where independent groups receive state authorization and funding to establish new schools.
Xe) Support sex education programs which stress abstinence.
Xf) Support sex education programs which stress safe sexual practices.
Xg) Increase state funds for school construction and facility maintenance.
Xh) Increase state funds for hiring of additional teachers.
i) Endorse teacher-led voluntary prayer in public schools.
j) Grant merit pay raises each year to teachers who excel.
k) Other
Yesl) Should Florida require that all new state school buses be equipped with passenger seat belts?
Nom) Do you support adding the Bible to high school literature or history curriculums in Florida public schools?
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy.
a) Require the use of cleaner burning fuels in order to prevent pollution.
b) Support "self-audit" legislation which creates incentives for industries to audit themselves and clean up pollution.
c) Require a cost/benefit analysis to determine the economic impact of proposed environmental regulations before they are implemented.
d) Require the state to fully compensate citizens when environmental regulations limit uses on privately owned land.
e) Provide funding for recycling programs in Florida.
f) Request added flexibility from the federal government in enforcing and funding federal environmental regulations.
g) Suspend participation in unfunded, federally mandated environmental protection legislation.
h) Restructure the electric utility industry to allow consumers to choose their power company.
i) Other
j) State environmental regulations should not be stricter than federal law.
k) Do you support extending the Preservation 2000 program in Florida?
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding government reform.
a) Do you support limits on the number of terms of the following Florida officials?
No1) State Senators and Representatives
No2) Governor
No3) Members of the Cabinet
b) Do you support limiting the following types of contributions to state legislative candidates?
Yes1) Individual
Yes2) PAC
Yes3) Corporate
Yesc) Do you support requiring full and timely disclosure of campaign finance information?
Yesd) Do you support imposing spending limits on state level political campaigns?
e) Do you support partial funding from state taxes for state level political campaigns?
f) Would you vote to ratify an amendment to the U.S. Constitution requiring an annual balanced federal budget?
g) Do you support providing immunity from civil liability to persons who are participating in the process of government?
h) Should using payroll deductions for political contributions from union members be illegal?
i) Other
Indicate which principles you support (if any) concerning gun issues.
Xa) Ban the sale or transfer of all forms of semi-automatic weapons.
Xb) Increase state restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms.
Xc) Maintain state restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms.
d) Ease state restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms.
e) Repeal state restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms by law-abiding citizens.
f) Favor allowing citizens to carry concealed firearms.
Xg) Require manufacturers to provide child-safety locks with firearms.
Xh) Require a waiting period and criminal records check for weapons bought at gun shows.
i) Other
j) Should Florida visitors be permitted to carry concealed weapons if they have permits from other states?
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health issues.
Xa) Provide tax incentives to small businesses that provide health care to their employees.
Xb) Ensure that citizens have access to basic health care, through managed care, insurance reforms, or state funded care where necessary.
Xc) Provide health care to uninsured children by designing a children's health insurance program.
d) Transfer more existing Medicaid recipients into managed care programs.
Xe) Use state funds to continue some Medicaid coverage for legal immigrants.
f) Limit the amount of damages that can be awarded in medical malpractice lawsuits.
g) Guaranteeing medical care to all citizens is not a responsibility of state government.
Xh) Require HMOs to provide access to mental health care.
i) Other
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding social issues.
Xa) Increase state funding for programs to prevent teen pregnancy.
Xb) Provide tax credits for businesses that provide child care for their employees.
Xc) Increase state funds to provide child care to children in low-income working families.
Xd) Deny or suspend state-issued permits and licenses to parents who are delinquent in paying court-ordered child support.
Xe) Favor banning smoking in public places.
Xf) Allow local municipalities in Florida to ban smoking in public places.
Xg) Increase state funding for Head Start in order to serve additional children and/or increase services from a half to a full day.
Xh) Increase state funding for community centers and other social agencies in areas with at-risk youth.
Xi) Support state funding of programs for at-risk youth such as guaranteed college loans and job training and placement.
Xj) Require a waiting period between the time a mother consents to adoption and the time the adoption is finalized.
k) Other
Yesl) Do you believe that the Florida government should include sexual orientation in Florida's anti-discrimination laws?
Undecidedm) Do you believe that the Florida government should recognize same-sex marriages?
Undecidedn) Should physician-assisted suicide for the terminally ill be legal in Florida?
Indicate the funding levels you will support for the following general categories. Select one level only.
Slightly Increasea) Agriculture
Greatly Increaseb) Economic Development
Greatly Increasec) Education (K-12)
Greatly Increased) Education (Higher)
e) Environment
Greatly Increasef) Health care
Greatly Increaseg) Law enforcement
Maintain Statush) Tourism
Maintain Statusi) Transportation infrastructure (highways, roads, bridges)
Maintain Statusj) Welfare
k) Other
Undecidedl) Do you support using state money to fund a proposed bullet train between Miami, Orlando and Tampa?
Indicate the tax levels you will support. Select one level only.
a) Alcohol taxes
b) Capital gains taxes
c) Cigarette taxes
d) Corporate taxes
e) Gas taxes
f) Property taxes
g) Sales taxes
h) Other
Undecidedi) Do you support implementing a state income tax?
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding welfare.
a) Maintain the four-year limit on welfare benefits.
Xb) Require that able-bodied recipients participate in work-related activities in order to receive benefits.
Xc) Increase employment and job training programs for welfare recipients.
Xd) Provide tax incentives to businesses that hire welfare recipients.
Xe) Provide child care for welfare recipients who work.
Xf) Increase access to public transportation for welfare recipients who work.
Xg) Allow welfare recipients to remain eligible for benefits while saving money for education, starting a business, or buying a home.
h) Limit benefits given to recipients if they have additional children while on welfare.
i) Eliminate government-funded welfare programs.
j) Other
Undecidedk) Do you support establishing a relocation assistance program for WAGES participants that relocate within the state as long as the relocation contributes to them attaining self-sufficiency?
Please explain what your two main legislative priorities will be if elected. Please explain how you would obtain any additional government funding needed to implement these priorities.
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