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Dan Cramer's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

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Dan Cramer has refused to provide voters with positions on key issues covered by the 2014 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These issue positions, from the year 2014, are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Pro-choice Inferred Answer Abortion: Do you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "I am encouraged by the steadily dropping rates of abortion in the country. Educated women who understand how their bodies work and empowered with the ability to control their reproductive choices are the key to bringing that rate lower. A woman and her doctor should be making the medical decisions about her pregnancy, free from intrusion by politicians up until viability." (
Yes Inferred Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "While I support both tax increases and cost cutting to balance the budget, the best thing to do first is to rebuild a strong middle class" (
Yes Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "While I believe that it is impossible to borrow ourselves out of debt, borrowing to grow or preserve economic infrastructure can be a wise investment" (
Yes Inferred Answer Education: Do you support requiring states to implement education reforms in order to be eligible for competitive federal grants? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "Education is normally a State issue but all Americans have an interest in every child receiving some minimum level of education. Because uneducated populations contribute to trends toward lower incomes, higher crime, and more dependence on government services the Federal government has a role in helping the States with education. And, if tax payers at a national level are contributing to education then there should be some way to ensure the effectiveness of that investment. Currently a set of core competencies and testing are used to evaluate the effectiveness of education programs. I am not convinced that the current systems of evaluations and standards are doing their jobs as well as they should. And although it is an issue more for States than one for Congress, I do not support vouchers or any other privatization of public education." (
  • "if tax payers at a national level are contributing to education then there should be some way to ensure the effectiveness of that investment" (
No Inferred Answer Energy: Do you support building the Keystone XL pipeline? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "The Keystone pipeline is a project with minimal job creation benefits that risks massive spills of particularly nasty oil products from Canada to be pumped to American refineries that are already operating at capacity so that oil can be shipped to China. I don't see the risks being worth the benefits but I am willing to listen to detailed arguments for or against as they are provided." (
Yes Inferred Answer Environment: Do you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "With 97% of climate scientists providing evidence that global climate change is being caused by man-made influences, climate change is something that needs to be addressed in energy and environmental policy and legislation." (
Yes Inferred Answer Guns: Do you support restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "The Second Amendment affirms the right for Americans to own firearms. That right comes with responsibilities and there are circumstances where that right is forfeited by a person's misdeeds. I support background checks for all firearm purchases. How else can guns be kept out of the hands of people that should not have them, like convicted violent felons? Requiring a background check before any gun purchase also protects responsible gun owners because they have proof that they have not broken the law by providing a gun to someone who was not legally allowed to posses it. A background check can also protect the buyer and allow them to know that the gun they are purchasing is not stolen or being sold by a criminal." (
No Inferred Answer Health Care: Do you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "The Affordable Care Act is probably one of the most transformative pieces of legislation since the Civil Rights Act. In spite of the implementation problems, the ACA will eventually transform the American health care system into one where a serious injury or illness does not completely destroy a family financially. There are improvements that need to be made. Like any large government program there are always going to be adjustments needed. The major fixes that are needed now are a fix for the Medicare gap left by states that have opted not to expand Medicaid and changes so that employers are incentivized to provide full time jobs with the ACA's benefits." (
No Inferred Answer Immigration: Do you support requiring illegal immigrants to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "I support a means for people who have come to this country but are without documentation to work and stay indefinitely to be given some legal status to continue to stay and work legally" (
Yes Inferred Answer Marriage: Do you support same-sex marriage? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "Marriage should be allowed and protected as a civil right for any two consenting adults. " (
Unknown Position Unknown Answer National Security: Do you support targeting suspected terrorists outside of official theaters of conflict? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Despite exhaustive research, Project Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.
No Inferred Answer Social Security: Do you support allowing individuals to divert a portion of their Social Security taxes into personal retirement accounts? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "Changes to benefits for anyone who has already paid into the system for those benefits should not be changed...This basic tenant applies to Social Security, Veteran's benefits, or Medicare." (


Candidate Answer

Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue.

Project Vote Smart's Research: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as the candidate has submitted it. Project Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

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