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Adriano Espaillat's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

Office: U.S. House (NY) - District 13, Democratic
Vote Smart does not permit the use of its name or programs in any campaign activity, including advertising, debates, and speeches.
Adriano Espaillat has refused to provide voters with positions on key issues covered by the 2016 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests. Historically, candidates have failed to complete our test due to the advice they receive from their parties and advisors and out of fear of negative attack ads.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These issue positions, from the year 2016, are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Unknown Position Unknown Answer Abortion: Do you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Despite exhaustive research, Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Despite exhaustive research, Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.
No Inferred Answer Crime: Do you support mandatory minimum sentences for non-violent drug offenders? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • " He will also be a strong voice for ending the tragic, wasteful mass incarceration of non-violent drug users and reallocating those resources to efforts that can truly reduce crime like shutting down the illegal gun pipeline." http://www.espaillat2016.com/#!issues/c1flq (www.espaillat2016.com)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Economy: Do you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Despite exhaustive research, Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Economy: Do you support lowering taxes as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Despite exhaustive research, Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Education: Do you generally support requiring states to adopt federal education standards? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "[...] increasing education resources for our children" http://adrianoespaillat.net/?page_id=63 (adrianoespaillat.net)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Energy: Do you support building the Keystone XL pipeline? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Despite exhaustive research, Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Energy: Do you support government funding for the development of renewable energy (e.g. solar, wind, thermal)? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "[...] protecting our environment and permanently banning hydrofracking" http://adrianoespaillat.net/?page_id=63 (adrianoespaillat.net)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Environment: Do you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Despite exhaustive research, Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.
Yes Inferred Answer Guns: Do you generally support gun-control legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "Adriano helped pass the toughest anti-gun legislation in the nation but we must put an end to our current patchwork of protections by passing strong gun laws on the National level." http://www.espaillat2016.com/#!issues/c1flq (www.espaillat2016.com)
Yes Inferred Answer Health Care: Do you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act ("Obamacare")? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "[...] strengthening gun violence laws" http://adrianoespaillat.net/?page_id=63 (adrianoespaillat.net)
No Inferred Answer Immigration: Do you support requiring immigrants who are unlawfully present to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "[...] I am truly optimistic that we will be able to pass state-level immigration reforms, including the DREAM Act, and finally give voice to hardworking immigrants who have been unfairly punished by our broken immigration system." http://adrianoespaillat.net/?page_id=63 (adrianoespaillat.net)
  • "Adriano will fight for true immigration reform, that offers a path to citizenship, so undocumented immigrants can emerge from the shadows and access the ‘American Dream’." http://www.espaillat2016.com/#!issues/c1flq (www.espaillat2016.com)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Marriage: Do you support same-sex marriage? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Despite exhaustive research, Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.
Unknown Position Unknown Answer National Security: Do you support increased American intervention in Iraq and Syria beyond air support? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Despite exhaustive research, Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Social Security: Do you support allowing individuals to divert a portion of their Social Security taxes into personal retirement accounts? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Despite exhaustive research, Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.

Key

Candidate Answer

Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue.

Vote Smart's Research: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as the candidate has submitted it. Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

New York State Legislative Election 2004 National Political Awareness Test

This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.

The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion.
a) Abortions should always be illegal.
Xb) Abortions should always be legal.
c) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester of pregnancy.
Xd) Abortions should be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape.
Xe) Abortions should be legal when the life of the woman is endangered.
f) Prohibit public funding of abortions and of organizations that advocate or perform abortions.
Xg) Authorize pharmacists and nurses to dispense emergency contraception (“morning-after” pill).
h) Other or expanded principles
State Budget: Indicate the funding levels (#1-6) you will support for the following general categories. Select one level per category.
Greatly Increasea) Education (Higher)
Greatly Increaseb) Education (K-12)
Slightly Increasec) Environment
Slightly Increased) Health care
Greatly Increasee) Law enforcement
Maintain Statusf) Transportation and highway infrastructure
Maintain Statusg) Welfare
h) Other or expanded categories
Yesi) Should the Assembly adopt a contingency budget when a budget is not approved for the new fiscal year?
j) Other or expanded principles
State Taxes: Indicate the tax levels (#1-6) you will support. Select one level per tax.
Greatly Increasea) Alcohol taxes
Maintain Statusb) Capital gains taxes
Greatly Increasec) Cigarette taxes
Maintain Statusd) Corporate taxes
Slightly Increasee) Estate taxes
Greatly Decreasef) Gasoline taxes
Slightly Decreaseg) Income taxes (incomes below $75,000)
Greatly Increaseh) Income taxes (incomes above $75,000)
Maintain Statusi) Property taxes
Eliminatej) Sales taxes
Greatly Decreasek) Vehicle taxes
l) Other or expanded categories
Yesm) Should Internet sales be taxed?
n) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform.
Noa) Do you support limiting the number of terms for New York governors?
Nob) Do you support limiting the number of terms for New York state senators and representatives?
c) Do you support limiting the following types of contributions to state legislative and gubernatorial candidates?
Yes1) Individual
Yes2) PAC
Yes3) Corporate
Yes4) Political Parties
Yesd) Do you support requiring full and timely disclosure of campaign finance information?
Yese) Do you support imposing spending limits on state level political campaigns?
Yesf) Do you support adopting statewide standards for counting, verifying, and ensuring accuracy of votes?
Yesg) Do you support prohibiting the reporting of media exit polling results until all polling locations in New York are closed?
Yesh) Should New York recognize civil unions between same-sex couples?
Undecidedi) Should New York restrict marriage to a union only between a man and a woman?
j) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding crime.
a) Increase state funds for construction of state prisons and for hiring of additional prison staff.
b) Support the death penalty in New York.
Xc) Support programs to provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
d) End parole for repeat violent offenders.
e) Minors accused of a violent crime should be prosecuted as adults.
Xf) Increase state funding for community centers and other social agencies in areas with at-risk youth.
Xg) Increase funding for state and local emergency agencies to prevent and to respond to terrorist attacks.
h) Allow prosecutors to try an accused terrorist based solely on the testimony of an accomplice.
i) Let prosecutors get a single warrant to tap every telephone used by a suspected terrorist.
j) Prevent judges from tossing terror evidence out of court if the authorities seized it in good faith under a warrant that later proved defective.
Xk) Give prosecutors the right to obtain state tax information about suspected terrorists.
l) Other or expanded principles
Drug Law Issues: Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding drug laws in New York.
a) Strengthen penalties and sentences for drug-related crimes.
Xb) Strengthen penalties for those convicted of distributing drugs while armed.
Xc) Strengthen penalties for those convicted of distributing drugs to, or with the aid of, minors.
Xd) Send first time non-violent drug offenders to rehabilitation treatment centers, not correctional facilities.
e) Decriminalize the possession of small amounts of marijuana.
Xf) Expand the degree of judicial discretion in drug law sentencing.
g) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education.
a) Support national standards and testing of public school students.
b) Provide parents with state-funded vouchers to send their children to any public school.
c) Provide parents with state-funded vouchers to send their children to any private or religious school.
Xd) Increase state funds for school capital improvements (e.g. buildings and infrastructure).
Xe) Increase state funds for hiring additional teachers.
Xf) Support teacher testing and reward with merit pay.
g) Endorse voluntary prayer in public schools.
h) Require public schools to administer high school exit exams.
Xi) Provide state funding to increase teacher salaries.
Xj) Increase funding for Head Start programs.
Xk) Provide state funding for tax incentives and financial aid to help make college more affordable.
Xl) Support sexual education programs that include information on abstinence, contraceptives, and HIV/STD prevention methods.
m) Support abstinence-only sexual education programs.
n) Other or expanded principles
Education Funding Issues: Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education funding.
Xa) Schools should be funded equally by state funds and local property taxes.
b) Schools should be funded primarily by local property taxes.
c) Schools should be funded primarily by state funds.
d) Funds from affluent school districts should be redirected to meet the needs of poorer districts.
e) New York should increase the number of video lottery machines to help pay for education.
f) Other or expanded principles
Employment: Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding employment.
Xa) Increase funding for state job-training programs that re-train displaced workers and teach skills needed in today’s job market.
b) Reduce state government regulations on the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion.
Xc) Provide low interest loans and tax credits for starting, expanding, or relocating businesses.
Xd) Provide tax credits for businesses that provide child care for children in low-income working families.
Xe) Increase state funds to provide child care for children in low-income working families.
Xf) Increase the state minimum wage.
g) Other or expanded principles
Affirmative Action: Should race, ethnicity, or gender be taken into account in state agencies’ decisions on:
Yesa) Public employment
Yesb) State college and university admissions
Yesc) State contracting
d) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy.
Xa) Promote increased use of alternative fuel technology.
b) Support increased production of traditional domestic energy sources (e.g. coal, natural gas, and oil).
Xc) Use state funds to clean up former industrial and commercial sites that are contaminated, unused, or abandoned.
Xd) Support funding for open space preservation.
Xe) Enact environmental regulations even if they are stricter than federal law.
f) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns.
Xa) Maintain and strengthen the enforcement of existing state restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
b) Ease state restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
c) Repeal state restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
d) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns.
Xe) Require manufacturers to provide child-safety locks on guns.
Xf) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows.
Xg) Support current licensing requirements for gun possession.
Xh) Ban .50-caliber rifles.
i) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health.
Xa) Ensure that citizens have access to basic health care through managed care, insurance reforms, or state-funded care where necessary.
Xb) Require insurance companies to provide mental health services at parity with physical health services.
c) Limit the amount of punitive damages that can be awarded in medical malpractice lawsuits.
Xd) Support patients' right to sue their HMOs.
Xe) Support patients' right to appeal to an administrative board of specialists when services are denied.
f) Guaranteed medical care to all citizens is not a responsibility of state government.
g) Legalize physician assisted suicide in New York.
h) Allow doctors to prescribe marijuana to their patients for medicinal purposes.
i) Other or expanded principles
Medicaid Funding Issues: Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Medicaid funding.
Xa) Funding for Medicaid should come primarily from the state government.
b) Funding for Medicaid should come exclusively from the state government.
Xc) Funding for Medicaid should come from both the state and county governments.
d) Shift long-term care Medicaid payments currently made by individual counties to the state.
e) Cap every county’s portion of Medicaid payments at present levels.
f) Create a preferred drug list to reduce Medicaid costs.
g) Transfer more existing Medicaid recipients into managed care programs.
h) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding welfare and poverty.
a) Support increased work requirements for able-bodied welfare recipients.
b) Increase funding for employment and job training programs for welfare recipients.
c) Increase access to public transportation for welfare recipients who work.
d) Limit benefits given to recipients if they have additional children while on welfare.
e) Redirect welfare funding to faith-based and community-based private organizations.
f) Use federal TANF (Temporary Assistance to Needy Families) funds to extend health and child care subsidies to the working poor.
g) Support marriage promotion programs for welfare recipients.
h) Eliminate government-funded welfare programs.
i) Other or expanded principles
Please explain in a total of 75 words or less, your top two or three priorities if elected. If they require additional funding for implementation, please explain how you would obtain this funding.
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