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Marilyn Singleton's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

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Marilyn Singleton has demonstrated Political Courage by telling citizens where she stands on the issues she may face if elected.

What is the Political Courage Test?

California Congressional Election 2012 Political Courage Test


Candidate Answer
Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.
Inferred Answer
Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.
Unknown Answer
Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue.
Project Vote Smart's Research: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as the candidate has submitted it. Project Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

Pro-lifeCandidate AnswerDo you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation?
Other or expanded principles

If we want strong families and a society with individuals who respect themselves and others, we have to value life while maintaining compassion in difficult circumstances.

NoCandidate AnswerDo you support United States' combat operations in Afghanistan?
YesDo you support a timetable for withdrawal from Afghanistan?
Other or expanded principles

Conflicts must have a definable goal. The mission was to drive out Al Qaida. That was done. The government is corrupt and incompetent, and shows no signs of changing. Pakistan is of no help as they are providing safe havens.

Indicate which proposals you support (if any) for balancing the federal budget.
In order to balance the budget,
NoCandidate Answerdo you support reducing defense spending?
NoCandidate Answerdo you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket?
Yesdo you support reducing Medicaid spending?
Yesdo you support reducing Medicare spending?
YesIs balancing the budget a legislative priority?
Other or expanded principles

I support block grants to the States for Medicaid rather than federal matching which disincentivizes saving. Medicare and Social Security should be decoupled, so retirees can keep private insurance and not lose their Social Security. Allow tax-free saving for retirement health care (like an IRA at about 4% of income), enabling retirees to pay for their own health care with Medicare as a safety net. Allow physicians to accept private payment for Medicare-covered services.

NoDo you support the regulation of indirect campaign contributions from corporations and unions?
Other or expanded principles

Free speech is a core value of our country. Freedom of association and the right of people to join together to magnify their political voices is also at the core of the First Amendment. But now when laws are written, we don?t know if they are coming from the minds of our elected representative or directly from the pens of a special interest group. Even though it hurts a non-incumbent (like me), I fear the government picking winners and losers of whose speech to shut down. Let's redefine that a "person" is an individual for purposes of campaign donations.

NoDo you support capital punishment for certain crimes?
Other or expanded principles

If we want our society to value and respect life, the State should not sanction killing. Additionally, the justice system is fallible and death is irreversible.

NoCandidate AnswerDo you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth?
NoCandidate AnswerDo you support providing tax incentives to businesses for the purpose of job creation?
NoDo you support spending on infrastructure projects for the purpose of job creation?
NoDo you support the temporary extension of unemployment benefits?
NoDo you support the 2010 temporary extension of tax relief?
Other or expanded principles

Tax: Decrease the corporate tax overall and businesses will be more likely to keep money in the U.S. Projects: Infrastructure needs work, but as part of a plan, not temporary make-work for a chosen few.

Benefits: At this point, it has been 2 years and it keeps people from taking a job with lower pay. But even a lesser paying job is a better stepping stone than doing nothing.

Tax Relief: Decreasing the payroll deduction is now serving to decrease the funds available for Social Security.

YesCandidate AnswerDo you support requiring states to implement education reforms in order to be eligible for competitive federal grants?
Other or expanded principles

Clearly innovations are needed, but I don't think the federal government is the best arbiter of what works in each state.

YesCandidate AnswerDo you support reducing restrictions on offshore energy production?
Other or expanded principles
YesDo you believe that human activity is contributing to climate change?
YesCandidate AnswerDo you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions?
Other or expanded principles

There is significant overlap in human and natural greenhouse gas production (methane, CO2, water vapor).

There should be periodic reviews of regulations with a cost/benefit analysis, assessment of the effectiveness and unintended consequences, using specific criteria. The regulations should have no loopholes or liability shields. The regulations must ensure the actual polluter is held responsible for harm done and not impose financial burdens on those who are good stewards.

NoCandidate AnswerDo you support restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns?
Other or expanded principles

I changed my position after studying the facts and let go of the emotional outrage factor about guns. Studies show that gun control laws don't decrease crime. Registration does not solve crime because guns aren't at the crime scene and they aren't registered to the criminal. Police are the biggest factor in reducing crime. The 60,000 man-hours spent on registering guns could go to placing boots on the ground. Crime in DC fell after the gun ban was lifted. It's the most vulnerable (women, elders) who benefit from having protection. The real issue is stopping the flow of illegal guns.

YesCandidate AnswerDo you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act?
NoShould individuals be required to purchase health insurance, as mandated in the 2010 Affordable Care Act?
Other or expanded principles

The Law does not decrease the cost of health care and decreases patient choice, e.g., no catastrophic, high-deductible, low-cost policies for people over 30. A new law should focus on transparent pricing, increasing amounts in Health Savings Accounts, allow everyone the option of catastrophic insurance, higher premiums for those who abuse their bodies, high-risk pools for pre-existing conditions. Half of healthcare is delivered by government programs. Defensive medicine costs between $100 - 210 billion a year. If evidence-based medicine is presumed the standard of practice by the government, then it should be a defense to malpractice in government programs.

NoInferred Answer Do you support requiring illegal immigrants to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship? View Citations
  • Marilyn Singleton. Issue Position: Immigration. 1 January 2012. "The second category of people who are here illegally want the long-term opportunities America has to offer and would like to become citizens. Many of these persons are fully integrated into, and are valuable members of our society. However, we must be fair to those who have waited in line for legal status. Therefore this group must apply for citizenship. One option is to send them to their home country during the application process. But as along as they are contributing to society, it is in their and our interest to have them stay in the US while the application is pending and pay a fee. If these persons do nothing, then they have made their choice to be considered 'illegal.'" (
  • Marilyn Singleton. Project Vote Smart: 2012 California Congressional Political Courage Test. Selected No Answer for: "Do you support requiring illegal immigrants to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship?" Other or expanded principles: "It would be counterproductive to make people who have jobs and are contributing to the economy leave. Have them pay a fee and get legal status."
YesDo you support allowing illegal immigrants, who were brought to the United States as minors, to pursue citizenship without returning to their country of origin?
YesDo you support the enforcement of federal immigration law by state and local police?
Other or expanded principles

It would be counterproductive to make people who have jobs and are contributing to the economy leave. Have them pay a fee and get legal status.

NoCandidate AnswerDo you support same-sex marriage?
Other or expanded principles

I support civil unions and making a civil union a valid premise for Social Security survivor's benefits. The bonus is no marriage income tax penalty. I think marriage is a religious sacrament, not something for the federal government to grant.

YesCandidate AnswerDo you support targeting suspected terrorists outside of official theaters of conflict?
YesShould the U.S use military force in order to prevent Iran from possessing a nuclear weapon?
Other or expanded principles

If targeting mean killing on sight, No. But suspects should be tracked. The Shoe, Underwear, and Times Square bombers weren't in war zones, but nonetheless could have killed hundreds.

Only if absolutely necessary. War is a prudential matter and must be for a just cause, i.e., all peaceful means have failed, have an endpoint, and save more lives than are lost. Clearly, I don't have all information available to the State Department, but it appears other peaceful means are still available. If a time for force comes, Congress must reclaim its Constitutional duty and be the entity to declare war.

YesCandidate AnswerDo you support allowing individuals to divert a portion of their Social Security taxes into personal retirement accounts?
Other or expanded principles

This has been successful and had higher yields in local plans and in other countries.

Indicate what federal spending levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category; you can use a number more than once.
Greatly Decreasea) Agriculture
Greatly Decreaseb) Arts
Maintain Statusc) Defense
Greatly Decreased) Education
Slightly Decreasee) Environment
Maintain Statusf) Homeland Security
Greatly Decreaseg) International aid
Maintain Statush) Medical Research
Slightly Decreasei) Scientific Research
Slightly Increasej) Space exploration
Greatly Decreasek) United Nations
Maintain Statusl) Welfare
Eliminatem) Other or expanded categories

We need to consolidate agencies and programs and eliminate waste.
Maintain Welfare as it is only 13% of budget. We have to work on Medicare and Medicaid first.

Indicate what federal tax levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category; you can use a number more than once.
Slightly Decreasea) Capital gains taxes
Greatly Decreaseb) Corporate taxes
Maintain Statusc) Excise taxes (alcohol)
Maintain Statusd) Excise taxes (cigarettes)
Maintain Statuse) Excise taxes (transportation fuel)
Maintain Statusf) Income taxes (low-income families)
Maintain Statusg) Income taxes (middle-income families)
Maintain Statush) Income taxes (high-income families)
Eliminatei) Inheritance taxes
Maintain Statusj) Payroll taxes
Greatly Increasek) Other or expanded categories

a) There should be a means-tested increase
h) It is hard to comment with a nebulous term like "high income". Family with greater than 500,000 income. People will start to hide money out of the stream of the economy if taxes are too high.
j) The payroll tax limit should be raised to greater than $106,000.

Please explain in a total of 100 words or less, your top two or three priorities if elected. If they require additional funding for implementation, please explain how you would obtain this funding.

1. Eliminate ineffective regulations and overlapping agencies. Examine all regulations for less restrictive alternatives and unintended consequences.
2. Sponsor a new health care bill emphasizing personal engagement in the process, no government commissions involved in patient care decisions, broaden insurance choices, personal (not employer) ownership of policies, high deductible plans and Health Savings Accounts.
3. Take educational policies out of Washington and let locally-based innovations get the schools back on track. A good education will lead to good jobs, social responsibility, and safer secure communities.

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