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Markwayne Mullin's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

Office: U.S. House (OK) - District 2, Republican
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Markwayne Mullin has refused to provide voters with positions on key issues covered by the 2016 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests. Historically, candidates have failed to complete our test due to the advice they receive from their parties and advisors and out of fear of negative attack ads.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These issue positions, from the year 2016, are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Pro-life Inferred Answer Abortion: Do you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Rated 100% by National Right to Life Committee (
  • "I will always defend religious freedom, traditional marriage between one man and one woman and the sanctity of life." (
  • "This past week, our nation and our state saw people of all walks of life peacefully come together to be the voice for those who cannot yet speak -- the unborn. On the anniversary of the tragic Roe v. Wade Supreme Court decision, many people stepped out of their comfort zones -- some traveling hundreds of miles -- to stand together as one." (
No Inferred Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Signed a pledge stating "[…] I will: ONE, oppose any and all efforts to increase the marginal income tax rates for individuals and/or businesses; and TWO, oppose any net reduction or elimination of deductions and credits, unless matched dollar for dollar by further reducing tax rates." (
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Crime: Do you support mandatory minimum sentences for non-violent drug offenders? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Despite exhaustive research, Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.
No Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "If we do not cut spending, put this country on a path to balancing the budget and adopt policies that encourage entrepreneurs to create jobs and grow the economy, then we will leave a legacy of debt and fiscal instability to future generations." (
  • Signed a letter stating "While some spending cuts have already been made, we must look for additional savings moving forward to further reduce spending, while seeking to protect the programs that are crucial to our future health as a nation." (
  • "The federal government must reign in spending, reform the tax code and end the heavy-handed regulations that are making it harder and harder for the private sector to create the real jobs this country desperately needs." (
Yes Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support lowering taxes as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Signed a letter stating "Of criticial importance is a fair and broad tax plan including eliminating excessive corporate subsidies, tax loopholes, and other subsidies to provide lower rates, that will encourage a pro-growth economy, providing added revenue for the federal budget." (
  • Voted in favor of HR 37 "Promoting Job Creation and Reducing Small Business Burdens Act" (
No Inferred Answer Education: Do you generally support requiring states to adopt federal education standards? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Pryor Daily Times "On public education, Mullin said the answer is local control." (
  • "I firmly believe in more local control for public schools. The federal government has no business creating education standards, and I strongly oppose Common Core." (
Yes Inferred Answer Energy: Do you support building the Keystone XL pipeline? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Voted in support of S1 "A Bill to Approve the Keystone XL Pipeline" (
  • "I have repeatedly called on the President to finally permit the northern leg of the Keystone XL Pipeline. For over five years, this Administration and its liberal supporters have stood in the way of the good jobs and economic boost that this northern leg will have." (
Yes Inferred Answer Energy: Do you support government funding for the development of renewable energy (e.g. solar, wind, thermal)? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "The bill seeks to jumpstart hydropower development on Reclamation conduits (canals and water pipelines) allowing a non-federal entity to generate hydropower and pay a rental fee to the federal government. [. . .] I was proud to vote for this important piece of legislation,. Supporting this legislation means supporting a true "all-of-the-above energy strategy that will help all sectors of our economy." (
  • "At a time when our nation is looking to increase production of alternative energy sources, this bill makes practical sense. In Oklahoma we are ready and willing to lead the nation in the 'all of the above' energy production plan, but we need government to help, not hinder the process.'" (
No Inferred Answer Environment: Do you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Signed a letter stating "In short, Madame Administrator, we believe this carbon dioxide regulation - whose implementation is legally questionable at best - would do untold harm to the American people and our economy for decades to come." (
  • "'Electricity generation has always been the responsibility of states; but now, the president is threatening communities, businesses, and families by attempting to put the federal government in charge,' said Mullin, a second-term lawmaker on the House Energy and Commerce Committee. 'The EPA has clearly acted outside of the authority it was granted by Congress in the Clean Air Act.'" (
  • Rated 0% by Environment America (
No Inferred Answer Guns: Do you generally support gun-control legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "In Oklahoma there are many law abiding citizens who hunt, fish and keep guns for self-protection. The last thing we need to do infringe upon the rights of those citizens. Criminals who chose to break the law will not be deterred by any number of executive actions." (
  • Rated 93% by the National Rifles Association (
  • "Our Constitutional right to own and carry a gun must always be protected." (
Yes Inferred Answer Health Care: Do you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act ("Obamacare")? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "I went to Congress because I was fed up with the federal government’s involvement in our lives. I made a promise that I would fight for Oklahoma’s values. And Obamacare is the biggest invasion into the lives of Americans in recent history. As promised, I continue to fight this ill-conceived law." (
  • "I have voted numerous times to delay, defund or repeal the budget-busting government-run health care known as Obamacare." (
  • Voted in favor of H.R.3762 "Restoring Americans' Healthcare Freedom Reconciliation Act of 2015" (
Yes Inferred Answer Immigration: Do you support requiring immigrants who are unlawfully present to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "Let me be clear: I am a firm believer that immigration must be dealt with in a careful and sensitive way. As Americans, we celebrate that we are a nation of immigrants made stronger by the contributions of each individual. But we are also a nation of laws. Our laws must be followed. Our laws must be enforced." (
  • Voted in favor for H.R. 5759 "Preventing Executive Overreach on Immigration Act of 2014 " (
  • "Any solution to our broken immigration system must contain strong border protection provisions , and must not allow amnesty. We cannot reward those who break our laws by giving them amnesty." (
No Inferred Answer Marriage: Do you support same-sex marriage? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "I will always defend religious freedom, traditional marriage between one man and one woman and the sanctity of life." (
  • "This week, the Supreme Court has undermined our nation’s democratic process by choosing to ignore current law, and instead, has decided what the law should be. Oklahomans voted in 2004 to affirm that marriage is between one man and one woman. With its decision, the Supreme Court has trampled states’ rights and set a dangerous precedent for future rulings." (
Unknown Position Unknown Answer National Security: Do you support increased American intervention in Iraq and Syria beyond air support? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Tulsa World "Asked afterward whether he advocates a ground war in Iraq, Mullin said he was 'open' to such a possibility but that Obama 'would have to come to us and make the case.'" (
  • "Further, we cannot rush to commit support, equipment or troops to any conflict without clear strategic objectives. Any decision to supply groups with military arms must be carefully evaluated for threat of U.S. weapons ending up in the wrong hands." (
Yes Inferred Answer Social Security: Do you support allowing individuals to divert a portion of their Social Security taxes into personal retirement accounts? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Rated 3% by Alliance for Retired Americans (
  • McAlester News-Capital "On Social Security, Mullin said 'It’s our money. We need to get government out of it.'" (
  • Signed a letter stating: "While protecting current recipients and seniors, we must reform the Medicare and Social Security's long-term financial obligations by addressing rising health care costs and and changing demographics. The goal is to make sure these essential programs meet our obligations to our seniors and ensure that these bedrocks are available to future generations, while reducing our long-term deficit and debt issues." (


Candidate Answer

Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue.

Vote Smart's Research: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as the candidate has submitted it. Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

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