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Ken Cross' Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

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Ken Cross has provided voters with clear stances on key issues by responding to the 2016 Political Courage Test.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Presidential Election 2016 Political Courage Test

Key

Candidate Answer
Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.
Inferred Answer
Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.
Unknown Answer
Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue.
Vote Smart's Research: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as the candidate has submitted it. Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

Pro-lifeCandidate AnswerDo you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation?
Other or expanded principles

I am opposed to abortion except in cases of rape, incest, or when the life of the mother is at risk.

NoIn order to balance the budget, do you support reducing defense spending?
YesCandidate AnswerIn order to balance the budget, do you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket?
Other or expanded principles

The current U.S. debt to GDP ratio is over 100%, which is dangerously high. The national debt will be over 20 trillion dollars by 2020! I support freezing the defense budget until there is a budget surplus. I also support small reductions in Social Security and Medicare. Only by serious shared sacrifice can the United States hope to avert a future crisis such as the one Greece is struggling with now. Visit www.kencross.com
I have developed a fair and simple graduated flat tax that elininates loopholes and eliminates the need to file income taxes for almost everyone. Visit www.kencross.com.

YesDo you support the regulation of indirect campaign contributions from corporations and unions?
Other or expanded principles

I do support the regulation of indirect campaign contributions from corporations and unions, but not the elimination of them.

YesDo you support capital punishment for certain crimes?
YesDo you support alternatives to incarceration for certain non-violent offenders such as mandatory counseling or substance abuse treatment?
NoCandidate AnswerDo you support mandatory minimum sentences for non-violent drug offenders?
Other or expanded principles

I have faith in the United States Judicial System. Judges and jurors should have the flexibility to determine the appropriate sentences, punishments, and/or treatments that are most appropriate and suitable for any given situation.

YesCandidate AnswerDo you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth?
YesCandidate AnswerDo you support lowering taxes as a means of promoting economic growth?
YesDo you support providing tax incentives to businesses for the purpose of job creation?
Other or expanded principles

Federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth should be reserved for periods of serious recession or when there is a budget surplus.
Lowering taxes to promote economic growth is acceptable during times of budget surplus but should be avoided during times of budget deficit. If taxes were lowered to one dollar per citizen, growth would be promoted, but the United States could not support our military for one day. See www.kencross.com.
Studies should be conducted that demonstrate, with a high probability, that future job creation revenues will significantly exceed the present costs of the incentives. See www.kencross.com.

Do you generally support requiring states to adopt federal education standards?
Other or expanded principles

My "Quality Education Initiaitive Program" would be far superior to the "No Child Left Behind Program". See www.kencross.com.

YesCandidate AnswerDo you support building the Keystone XL pipeline?
YesCandidate AnswerDo you support government funding for the development of renewable energy (e.g. solar, wind, thermal)?
NoDo you support increased regulations on the hydraulic fracturing ("fracking") industry?
Other or expanded principles

We need to promote renewable energy in order to reduce global warming and reserve some precious limited natural resources for future generations. However, the transition can and should be a gradual process to minimize disruption to our society and the world. See www.kencross.com.
Hydraulic fracturing should ,and is, being regulated because of the potential impact to human health and wellbeing. I do not know at this time if increased regulation is necessary without further studies being conducted.

YesDo you believe that human activity is contributing to climate change?
YesCandidate AnswerDo you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions?
Other or expanded principles

We have only one planet on which to survive. We need to take care of it.

NoCandidate AnswerDo you generally support gun-control legislation?
Other or expanded principles

I am a strong advocate of our 2nd Amendment right to bear arms as citizens. However, I do support restrictions for convicted felons.

NoCandidate AnswerDo you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act ("Obamacare")?
Other or expanded principles

I believe that the benefits outweigh the shortcommings of the 2010 Affordable Care Act.
I also believe that improvements can and should be made to it.

Do you support requiring immigrants who are unlawfully present to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship?
Other or expanded principles

Such a requirement would be logistically and legally burdensome if not prohibitive by nature. Our emphasis currently is, and should continue to be, on protecting our borders. See www.kencross.com.

YesCandidate AnswerDo you support same-sex marriage?
Other or expanded principles

The United States Supreme Court has decided the question, and I support our Constitutional form of government. Jesus said "Let he who is without sin cast the first stone". I don't qualify.

Do you support increased American intervention in Iraq and Syria beyond air support?
NoShould the U.S use military force in order to prevent governments hostile to the United States from possessing a nuclear weapon?
Other or expanded principles
NoCandidate AnswerDo you support allowing individuals to divert a portion of their Social Security taxes into personal retirement accounts?
Other or expanded principles

See www.kencross.com

Spending
Indicate what federal spending levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category; you can use a number more than once.
Maintain Statusa) Agriculture
Maintain Statusb) Arts
Maintain Statusc) Defense
Maintain Statusd) Education
e) Environment
Maintain Statusf) Homeland Security
Slightly Decreaseg) International aid
Maintain Statush) Medical Research
Maintain Statusi) Scientific Research
Slightly Decreasej) Space exploration
Maintain Statusk) United Nations
Slightly Decreasel) Welfare
m) Other or expanded categories
Taxes
Indicate what federal tax levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category; you can use a number more than once.
Maintain Statusa) Capital gains taxes
Maintain Statusb) Corporate taxes
Slightly Decreasec) Small business taxes
Maintain Statusd) Excise taxes (alcohol)
Maintain Statuse) Excise taxes (cigarettes)
Maintain Statusf) Excise taxes (transportation fuel)
Slightly Decreaseg) Income taxes (low-income families)
Maintain Statush) Income taxes (middle-income families)
Slightly Increasei) Income taxes (high-income families)
Maintain Statusj) Inheritance taxes
Slightly Increasek) Payroll taxes
l) Other or expanded categories
Please explain in a total of 100 words or less, how you would use executive orders if elected.

I would use them as necessary.

Please explain in a total of 100 words or less, your top two or three priorities if elected. If they require additional funding for implementation, please explain how you would obtain this funding.

See www.kencross.com

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