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Cecil Bothwell's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

Office: Council Member (Asheville, NC) - At-Large
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Cecil Bothwell has demonstrated Political Courage by telling citizens where he stands on the issues he may face if elected.

What is the Political Courage Test?

North Carolina Congressional Election 2012 Political Courage Test


Candidate Answer
Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.
Inferred Answer
Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.
Unknown Answer
Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue.
Project Vote Smart's Research: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as the candidate has submitted it. Project Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

Pro-choiceCandidate AnswerDo you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation?
Other or expanded principles

Abortion should be legal, safe, widely available, and rare. The best way to make it rare is through effective sex education and affordable contraception.

NoCandidate AnswerDo you support United States' combat operations in Afghanistan?
YesDo you support a timetable for withdrawal from Afghanistan?
Other or expanded principles

We should exit Afghanistan, rapidly, starting yesterday. We ought never to have gone to war in either Afghanistan or Iraq. The appropriate response to 911 was a police action, like the one that eventually took down Osama bin Laden.

Indicate which proposals you support (if any) for balancing the federal budget.
In order to balance the budget,
YesCandidate Answerdo you support reducing defense spending?
YesCandidate Answerdo you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket?
Nodo you support reducing Medicaid spending?
Nodo you support reducing Medicare spending?
NoIs balancing the budget a legislative priority?
Other or expanded principles

I support efforts to streamline Medicare and Medicaid, such as the shift from payment for "procedures" to payment for "outcomes." I support curbing pharmaceutical expenditures, via the stipulations in the Affordable Care Act, and through negotiation with manufacturers. So I support thoughtful cost savings, but not the GOP approach which amounts to slash and burn.

YesDo you support the regulation of indirect campaign contributions from corporations and unions?
Other or expanded principles

I am the only candidate in either party in my race who has pledged to accept no corporate or corporate PAC donations. Any politician who claims that campaign finance reform is impossible is lying. We can all reform our own campaigns.

NoDo you support capital punishment for certain crimes?
Other or expanded principles

We are not wise enough to mandate death for any crime. And for the worst of the worst, life without parole is far cheaper.

YesCandidate AnswerDo you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth?
YesCandidate AnswerDo you support providing tax incentives to businesses for the purpose of job creation?
YesDo you support spending on infrastructure projects for the purpose of job creation?
YesDo you support the temporary extension of unemployment benefits?
NoDo you support the 2010 temporary extension of tax relief?
Other or expanded principles

I believe the 2010 extension referred to here is the payroll tax reduction. That only serves to weaken Social Security. I would prefer to have implemented an equal reduction in income tax for lower income people.

If this is meant to refer to the "Bush tax cuts" for the rich. They should have expired at the end of 2010.

NoCandidate AnswerDo you support requiring states to implement education reforms in order to be eligible for competitive federal grants?
Other or expanded principles

Specific education reforms should not be mandated from the federal level. Principals and teachers come up with many creative ways forward, so there should be freedom to experiment.

Some programs, like Race to the Top, are appropriately administered to reward success with improved performance, but should not impose specific "reforms."

NoCandidate AnswerDo you support reducing restrictions on offshore energy production?
Other or expanded principles
YesDo you believe that human activity is contributing to climate change?
YesCandidate AnswerDo you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions?
Other or expanded principles
YesCandidate AnswerDo you support restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns?
Other or expanded principles

Background checks, waiting periods, limits on the number of guns purchased within certain calendar periods, are all completely rational.

NoCandidate AnswerDo you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act?
YesShould individuals be required to purchase health insurance, as mandated in the 2010 Affordable Care Act?
Other or expanded principles

The ACA is leading us toward the ultimate goal of single payer for all. It was the best deal possible given the current power of the insurance, pharmaceutical, and hospital corporations. Eventually we will arrive at "Medicare for all."

NoCandidate AnswerDo you support requiring illegal immigrants to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship?
YesDo you support allowing illegal immigrants, who were brought to the United States as minors, to pursue citizenship without returning to their country of origin?
NoDo you support the enforcement of federal immigration law by state and local police?
Other or expanded principles

Our current immigration laws have created a black market in labor. This only benefits employers who are willing to flaunt the law. We need foreign workers, we need to streamline the path to work permits, green cards and citizenship for those who meet reasonable requirements.

YesCandidate AnswerDo you support same-sex marriage?
Other or expanded principles

Basically, the government's interest in marriage concerns property. Who owns what? Who owes what? Who gets what? Marriage preserves the rights of individuals and protects children. I really don't understand conservative opposition to increasing the number of married persons.

NoCandidate AnswerDo you support targeting suspected terrorists outside of official theaters of conflict?
NoShould the U.S use military force in order to prevent Iran from possessing a nuclear weapon?
Other or expanded principles
NoCandidate AnswerDo you support allowing individuals to divert a portion of their Social Security taxes into personal retirement accounts?
Other or expanded principles

Wall Street banksters must not be permitted to play their games with SS money. It would lead directly back to the impoverishment of most elderly persons that we saw before the beginning of the SS system.

Indicate what federal spending levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category; you can use a number more than once.
Maintain Statusa) Agriculture
Maintain Statusb) Arts
Greatly Decreasec) Defense
Greatly Increased) Education
Slightly Increasee) Environment
Greatly Decreasef) Homeland Security
Maintain Statusg) International aid
Slightly Increaseh) Medical Research
Slightly Increasei) Scientific Research
Maintain Statusj) Space exploration
Maintain Statusk) United Nations
Maintain Statusl) Welfare
m) Other or expanded categories
Indicate what federal tax levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category; you can use a number more than once.
Slightly Increasea) Capital gains taxes
Slightly Increaseb) Corporate taxes
Maintain Statusc) Excise taxes (alcohol)
Maintain Statusd) Excise taxes (cigarettes)
Slightly Increasee) Excise taxes (transportation fuel)
Slightly Decreasef) Income taxes (low-income families)
Maintain Statusg) Income taxes (middle-income families)
Greatly Increaseh) Income taxes (high-income families)
Slightly Increasei) Inheritance taxes
Maintain Statusj) Payroll taxes
Greatly Increasek) Other or expanded categories

Financial Transactions Tax on all sales of stocks, bonds, futures, etc. (Since there is none now, any imposition of such a tax would "greatly increase" - but I advocate a 1/4 percent tax.)

Please explain in a total of 100 words or less, your top two or three priorities if elected. If they require additional funding for implementation, please explain how you would obtain this funding.

Jobs: infrastructure - nationwide broadband, smart grid, teachers, first responders, new CCC to retrofit public buildings.
Education: pre-K through 4 years of college ought to be affordable if not free, if other nations can do this, the richest in the world can afford it too.
Social Safety Net: preserve SS and Medicare, raise the cap, implement outcome vs. procedure billing

Sharply reduce U.S. military, close many foreign bases, raise taxes on rich, impose tariff on Chinese goods if they continue to suppress value of yuan.

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