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Billy Long's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

Office: U.S. House (MO) - District 7, Republican
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Billy Long has refused to provide voters with positions on key issues covered by the 2016 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests. Historically, candidates have failed to complete our test due to the advice they receive from their parties and advisors and out of fear of negative attack ads.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These issue positions, from the year 2016, are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Pro-life Inferred Answer Abortion: Do you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Rated 0% by Planned Parenthood (
  • Cosponsored and voted in favor of H.R.36 "Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act" (
  • "Today is a victory for the pro-life cause and our ongoing battle against abortion. As Americans, it is our duty to provide ample opportunity for life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. Abortion is an ugly approach to rob the prospect of life from the innocent and block liberty before the chance is even given. I am proud to cast my vote in favor of protecting the unborn." (
No Inferred Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "During the ongoing debate about the budget many have suggested, including the President, that tax increases need to be a part of any eventual solution to our deficit problem. I firmly reject this notion." (
  • "This bill prevents a significant immediate tax increase on millions of Americans and makes dozens of temporary tax cuts permanent, including the research and development tax credit to incentivize innovation and provisions to provide small business tax relief." (
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Crime: Do you support mandatory minimum sentences for non-violent drug offenders? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Despite exhaustive research, Project Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Economy: Do you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "The failed stimulus only stimulated our debt and the unemployment rate." (
  • "Missouri has the seventh largest highway system of all states, so to foster robust economic activity we must invest to keep our infrastructure well-maintained while building new roads and bridges as needed. Tourism plays a vital role in Missouri's 7th District, and it is important that we have safe and secure highways not only for residents of our district but for visitors as well." (
  • "Our nation’s deficits are not because we are taxed too little, but because Washington spend too much." (
  • Cosponsored and voted in favor for H.R.22 "Fixing America's Surface Transportation (FAST) Act" (
Yes Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support lowering taxes as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Voted in favor of H.R.636 "America's Small Business Tax Relief Act of 2015" (
  • "During the ongoing debate about the budget many have suggested, including the President, that tax increases need to be a part of any eventual solution to our deficit problem. I firmly reject this notion." (
  • Cosponsored and voted in favor of H.R.1105 "Death Tax Repeal Act of 2015" (
No Inferred Answer Education: Do you generally support requiring states to adopt federal education standards? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "I have always believed that local school officials and parents are much better suited to know what is best for their students, not the federal government. Consequently, my top priority for improving education is to remove burdens and let the state and local authorities decide what is best for our children." (
  • "Washington bureaucrats who have never set foot in Missouri are placing costly and ineffective burdens on our school systems and not solving any of the problems. That is why I support working to ensure student success by restoring local control to educators. The challenges our educators face in Southwest Missouri are different from those faced in Massachusetts or California." (
Yes Inferred Answer Energy: Do you support building the Keystone XL pipeline? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Voted in favor of S.1 "A Bill to Approve the Keystone XL Pipeline" (
  • Voted in favor of HR 3 "Keystone XL Pipeline Act" (
  • "The Keystone XL pipeline project represents what should have at least partially relieved these workers from this recession's hardships. But, this commonsense solution continues to be ignored for seemingly-political reasons. Keystone XL must be completed. I refuse to play politics with the American worker's livelihood and won't stop pushing for this project that allows us to buy oil from friends that like us, rather than enemies that don't." (
No Inferred Answer Energy: Do you support government funding for the development of renewable energy (e.g. solar, wind, thermal)? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "We need an all-of-the-above approach to solve this problem. We haven't built an oil refinery in this country in over 35 years. We need more oil, gas, coal and nuclear energy production combined with more wind, solar, hydropower, and geothermal energies. This will lower prices, create jobs, reduce our dependence on foreign oil, and strengthen our national security." (
  • "The government should not be in the business of choosing winners and losers. When the government tries to interfere in the market place, such as with bailouts, it rewards bad behavior by transferring wealth from those who made smart investments to those who made bad investments." (
No Inferred Answer Environment: Do you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "Rather it is a one year of relief for farmers, ranchers, and rural businesses from potentially crippling regulations from the EPA. This bill is the kind of common-sense idea that the EPA hates and that alone means it is probably a good idea." (
  • "Today, U.S. Congressman Billy Long fought against job killing Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulation in the House of Representatives by voting in favor of the EPA Regulatory Relief Act, or H.R. 2250, a bill that would ease restrictions on boiler and process heater use throughout the country." (
  • Voted in favor of S.J.Res.23 "A Joint Resolution Providing for Congressional Disapproval Under Chapter 8 of Title 5, United States Code, of a Rule Submitted by the Environmental Protection Agency Relating to "Standards of Performance for Greenhouse Gas Emissions from New, Modified, and Reconstructed Stationary Sources: Electric Utility Generating Units" (
No Inferred Answer Guns: Do you generally support gun-control legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Voted in favor of H.Amdt.1098 "Prohibits District of Columbia from Implementing Certain Firearm Laws" (
  • Rated 93% by National Rifle Association (
  • "He will vigorously fight any attempts to reinstate the assault weapons ban or any other legislation that would limit the right of law-abiding citizens to own guns." (
Yes Inferred Answer Health Care: Do you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act ("Obamacare")? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Voted in favor of H.R.596 "Repeal of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and Health Care-Related Provisions. in the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010" (
  • "A significant way to help our small businesses is to repeal the job-killing health care law passed in 2010. " (
  • "I will continue the fight in Washington to replace the ACA with sound health policy that puts patients first, doesn't threaten businesses, and won't deter Americans from seeking care altogether." (
Yes Inferred Answer Immigration: Do you support requiring immigrants who are unlawfully present to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "I also support vigorous enforcement of our immigration laws by police whenever they encounter an illegal alien, especially if it occurs during the investigation of other criminal conduct." (
  • "We must enforce our laws and encourage people to become Americans the legal way." (
  • Cosponsored and voted in favor of H.R.5759 "Preventing Executive Overreach on Immigration Act of 2014" (
No Inferred Answer Marriage: Do you support same-sex marriage? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "I am disappointed the Supreme Court has ruled to uphold same-sex marriage. This decision is troubling as it will overturn voter-imposed state bans on the practice, such as in Missouri. I believe this decision directly removes and marginalizes the will of the people. It undermines the very democratic principle America is founded upon and deprives states of their Tenth Amendment rights. I join many southwest Missourians in expressing frustration with the Court’s judgment, as it violates the traditional meaning of marriage." (
  • Rated 0% by the Human Rights Campaign (
  • "He believes marriage should be defined as between a man and a woman and will fight any attempts to define it otherwise." (
Yes Inferred Answer National Security: Do you support increased American intervention in Iraq and Syria beyond air support? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • " The Department of Defense would receive an increase for housing and training troops and ensuring our brave men and women on the frontlines have the equipment they need to succeed. […] and support anti-terror operations such as operations against the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria." (
  • " American and coalition military efforts have met the militants on the front lines in cities and towns throughout Iraq and Syria with some success in depressing ISIL's advances […] We must give our military the tools needed to defeat Islamic extremists and not tie the military's hands and limit its options to defeating this threat." (
  • " ISIS has repeatedly shown itself to be a threat to American interests and American allies. We need to take this threat seriously and we need the president to step-up and provide the leadership to defeat this threat." (
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Social Security: Do you support allowing individuals to divert a portion of their Social Security taxes into personal retirement accounts? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "Our next move should be concerning reforms must focus on Medicare, Social Security and entitlement programs." (
  • Rated 2% by Alliance for Retired Americans (


Candidate Answer

Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue.

Project Vote Smart's Research: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as the candidate has submitted it. Project Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

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