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Steve Russell's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

Office: U.S. House (OK) - District 5, Republican
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Steve Russell has refused to provide voters with positions on key issues covered by the 2016 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests. Historically, candidates have failed to complete our test due to the advice they receive from their parties and advisors and out of fear of negative attack ads.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These issue positions, from the year 2016, are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Pro-life Inferred Answer Abortion: Do you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "I will fight abortion with all my being." (
  • Rated 100% by National Right to Life Committee (
  • "Russell led efforts to protect the unborn, combat human trafficking, support veterans benefits, and reform the adoption process." (
No Inferred Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Voted in favor of H.R.1105 "Death Tax Repeal Act of 2015" (
  • "I will fight for solutions that don’t involve tax increases because I believe the ever-climbing national debt is a result of excessive spending, not insufficient taxes. Your money should remain in your hands—where your priorities and values can govern your personal spending." (
  • "I will not support a tax increase. We need more taxpayers, not more taxes." (
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Crime: Do you support mandatory minimum sentences for non-violent drug offenders? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Despite exhaustive research, Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.
No Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "But we cannot neglect the billions in wasteful, inefficient, and just plain unnecessary spending throughout the federal government. Finding and fixing those problems will require dedicated effort from Congress, federal agency officials, and watchdog organizations inside and outside the government." (
  • "That being said, I believe our country can still be saved from economic disaster by cutting spending, creating jobs, and removing government barriers to economic growth and prosperity." (
Yes Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support lowering taxes as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Voted in favor of HR 37 "Promoting Job Creation and Reducing Small Business Burdens Act" (
  • "I support proposals which broaden the tax base, simplify the tax code, and lower the current marginal rates." (
No Inferred Answer Education: Do you generally support requiring states to adopt federal education standards? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "We do not need an unwarranted national one-size fits all solution for our schools. I will fight to repeal Common Core standards, and I will work with families across our state to determine our own education standards." (
  • "Ultimately, it is the parents – not federal agencies – that know what their children need to learn and develop academically. It is time to replace the current No Child Left Behind Act with legislation that reduces federal involvement, minimizes testing, and consolidates funding." (
Yes Inferred Answer Energy: Do you support building the Keystone XL pipeline? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Voted in support of S1 "A Bill to Approve the Keystone XL Pipeline" (
  • "By removing federal impediments on LNG exporting, hydraulic fracturing, and building the Keystone XL pipeline, North America would offer an alternative to countries relying on Middle Eastern and Russian energy." (
No Inferred Answer Energy: Do you support government funding for the development of renewable energy (e.g. solar, wind, thermal)? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • EdmondSun "An estimated $7.3 billion in federal tax subsidies will flow to renewable energy efforts this year. Despite all this support, solar, geothermal, hydro, wind and biomass energy combined contribute a piffling 9 percent to American energy production." (
No Inferred Answer Environment: Do you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "I will oppose unnecessary, burdensome regulations that drive up the cost of energy and impede foreign markets." (
  • Voted in favor of S.J.Res 23 "A Joint Resolution Providing for Congressional Disapproval Under Chapter 8 of Title 5, United States Code, of a Rule Submitted by the Environmental Protection Agency Relating to "Standards of Performance for Greenhouse Gas Emissions from New, Modified, and Reconstructed Stationary Sources: Electric Utility Generating Units" (
No Inferred Answer Guns: Do you generally support gun-control legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Rated 93% by the National Rifles Association (
  • "In a move many believe appears to be an effort to restrict the Second Amendment and shooting sports in particular, the BATFE is proposing to ban the sale and manufacture of one of the most commonly sold firearm rounds, the M855 5.56X45mm, which is used in the most popular rifle design in the U.S., the AR-15." (
  • "I will oppose all legislation that unconstitutionally restricts the right to keep and bear arms." (
Yes Inferred Answer Health Care: Do you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act ("Obamacare")? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "Obamacare must be repealed." (
  • "I believe that Oklahomans deserve health care solutions that provide better access to care, lower costs, and patient choice. I will continue to work toward a full repeal of this overreaching government mandate." (
  • Voted in favor of H.R.3762 "Restoring Americans' Healthcare Freedom Reconciliation Act of 2015" (
Yes Inferred Answer Immigration: Do you support requiring immigrants who are unlawfully present to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "Our current policies are encouraging illegal immigration, specifically on the Southern border. False promises of amnesty and the relaxed enforcement posture of the Administration are incentivizing criminal behavior and placing our national security at risk." (
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Marriage: Do you support same-sex marriage? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Despite exhaustive research, Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.
Yes Inferred Answer National Security: Do you support increased American intervention in Iraq and Syria beyond air support? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "Only when we have a clear strategy in Iraq should we focus our attention on providing the necessary congressional approval to implement it. In other words, our strategy should dictate the breadth of our war authorization, not the other way around." (
  • "We have the ability to rebuild those later, but ISIS would be diminished deeply by their loss. The most humane thing we can do to protect civilians is defeat the barbarians, causing their suffering. That is true humanity. If the United States leads, others will stand shoulder to shoulder. Mr. President, we need you to lead." (
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Social Security: Do you support allowing individuals to divert a portion of their Social Security taxes into personal retirement accounts? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Rated 2% by Alliance for Retired Americans (


Candidate Answer

Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue.

Vote Smart's Research: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as the candidate has submitted it. Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

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