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Duncan Hunter's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

Office: U.S. House (CA) - District 50, Republican
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Duncan Hunter has refused to provide voters with positions on key issues covered by the 2016 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests. Historically, candidates have failed to complete our test due to the advice they receive from their parties and advisors and out of fear of negative attack ads.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These issue positions, from the year 2016, are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Pro-life Inferred Answer Abortion: Do you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "I am an original cosponsor of the Life at Conception Act to prohibit abortions by declaring that life begins at conception." (
  • Rated 100% by the National Right to Life Committee (
  • "I am pro-life and believe life begins at conception." (
No Inferred Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "We can start by reducing the tax burden on small business by at least 10 percent. We can also reduce marginal income tax rates while dispensing with the taxes on unemployment benefits." (
  • Signed a pledge stating "[…] oppose any and all efforts to increase the marginal income tax rates for individuals and/or businesses […]" (
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Crime: Do you support mandatory minimum sentences for non-violent drug offenders? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Despite exhaustive research, Project Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Economy: Do you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Cosponsored and voted in favor of H.R.22 "Fixing America's Surface Transportation (FAST) Act" (
  • "For all that was promised, the stimulus plan enacted last year failed to make job growth a reality. Instead, it created more bureaucracy and authorized new federal spending that is doing a far better job stimulating government expansion and the deficit than it is improving the economy." (
  • "The Democratic stimulus package is the wrong approach at a time when tax relief and job creation must be our primary focus." (
Yes Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support lowering taxes as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "To allow our economy to reach its full potential, we must streamline federal rulemaking procedures, reduce the tax and regulatory burden on businesses and provide certainty, which will allow businesses to thrive, expand and hire once again." (
  • "We can start by reducing the tax burden on small business by at least 10 percent. We can also reduce marginal income tax rates while dispensing with the taxes on unemployment benefits." (
  • Voted in favor of H.R.1105 "Death Tax Repeal Act of 2015" (
No Inferred Answer Education: Do you generally support requiring states to adopt federal education standards? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Education Week "I think Race to the Top injects the federal government too much, [that] having the states fight over money [is a mistake]." (
  • "In doing so, it is imperative that the federal government works to provide flexibility, expand local control, allocate funding for what works, and increase options for students and parents." (
Yes Inferred Answer Energy: Do you support building the Keystone XL pipeline? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Signed a letter stating "It is time to act in our nation's best interest and approve the Keystone XL pipeline." (
  • "Construction of the Keystone Pipeline not only represents a major step toward achieving greater energy independence, but it also stands to create thousands of jobs in the energy and manufacturing sectors […]" (
Yes Inferred Answer Energy: Do you support government funding for the development of renewable energy (e.g. solar, wind, thermal)? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "The only way to free ourselves from terrorist despots who negotiate international policy using oil prices is to keep working on alternative energy while at the same time following an 'all of the above' approach." (
  • "We must achieve energy independence but I believe it can be accomplished without putting a greater tax burden on the American people. I am supporting the American Energy Act which solves this problem by producing both traditional and renewable energy behind the strength of American workers, encouraging greater efficiency and conservation, and advancing the technology of the future." (
No Inferred Answer Environment: Do you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "[…] California's environmental regulatory framework continues to push businesses and jobs elsewhere, especially in the evaporating manufacturing sector." (
  • Voted in favor of S.J.Res.23 "A Joint Resolution Providing for Congressional Disapproval Under Chapter 8 of Title 5, United States Code, of a Rule Submitted by the Environmental Protection Agency Relating to "Standards of Performance for Greenhouse Gas Emissions from New, Modified, and Reconstructed Stationary Sources: Electric Utility Generating Units" (
  • "In the process, California is moving ahead with its high-speed rail project, a green-car mandate, and other costly initiatives that are illogical and counterproductive. Soon the state will require businesses to purchase carbon credits to offset emissions, costing nearly 1 million jobs according to estimates. Running parallel is the cap and trade proposal that the President almost successfully rammed through Congress in 2009." (
No Inferred Answer Guns: Do you generally support gun-control legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "The ability to purchase and possess firearms is a right protected by the Constitution--and is part of our country's history and tradition. The U.S. House of Representatives has considered and passed several important initiatives to preserve and strengthen Second Amendment rights." (
  • "The Second Amendment is deeply roote din our nation's history and tradition. Ensuring it's protected for future generations, whether for purposes of protection or outdoor recreation, is among my top priorities." (
  • Voted in favor of H.Amdt 1098 "Prohibits District of Columbia from Implementing Certain Firearm Laws" (
Yes Inferred Answer Health Care: Do you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act ("Obamacare")? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Voted in favor for H.R.3762 "Restoring Americans' Healthcare Freedom Reconciliation Act of 2015" (
  • "[…] I supported numerous measures to defund the law--over $52 billion in excessive federal spending, including the Repeal of Obamacare Act, a bipartisan bill that passed in the House on July 11, 2012." (
Yes Inferred Answer Immigration: Do you support requiring immigrants who are unlawfully present to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "Reject amnesty or any legal status that rewards those living in the U.S. illegally." (
  • "Real immigration reform will take time and a unified Congress and a president who understands and amnesty is not the answer." (
  • Voted in favor of H.R. 5759 "Preventing Executive Overreach on Immigration Act of 2014" (
No Inferred Answer Marriage: Do you support same-sex marriage? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "I believe marriage is a vitally important and sacred institution. I oppose the legalization of same-sex marriages." (
  • Rated 0% by Human Rights Campaign (
  • "I support the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA), which defines marriage as the legal union between one man and one woman." (
Yes Inferred Answer National Security: Do you support increased American intervention in Iraq and Syria beyond air support? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "The reasons to support Jordan with drone technology could not be more apparent.[…] Damage has been done to U.S. relations with Jordan, but the simple act of approving drone exports would prevent further harm." (
  • "Our success against ISIL will come from the air and the ground--with American and coalition assets working in unison. And I have no doubt our military men and women will get the job done." (
  • "The biggest mistake the U.S. can make in the fight against ISIL is to arm the Syrian opposition […] We must not only stop the advance of radical fighters in Iraq. We must crush ISIL outright. There are ways to do exactly that, but arming Islamic radicals to fight other radicals is not an effective strategy to decimate ISIL." (
Yes Inferred Answer Social Security: Do you support allowing individuals to divert a portion of their Social Security taxes into personal retirement accounts? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Rated 7% by Alliance for Retired Americans (
  • "In order to make sure Social Security is preserved and protected, we need to give younger workers just entering the system more options for investing their own retirement funds, while maintaining current benefits for seniors." (


Candidate Answer

Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue.

Project Vote Smart's Research: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as the candidate has submitted it. Project Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

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