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James Seward's Ratings and Endorsements on Issue: Business and Consumers

Office: State Senate (NY) - District 51, Republican, Conservative, Independence Party Majority Program Development Chair

Business and Consumers

2016 Unshackle Upstate - Positions 88%
2015-2016 Business Council of New York State, Incorporated - Positions 78%
2015-2016 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions(State Legislatures) 67%
2014 Business Council of New York State, Incorporated - Positions 88%
2013-2014 New York National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 91%
2013-2014 Unshackle Upstate - Positions 100%
2013 Business Council of New York State, Incorporated - Positions 100%
2012 Business Council of New York State, Incorporated - Positions 90%
2012 Unshackle Upstate - Positions 94%
2011-2012 Business Council of New York State, Incorporated - Postions 86%
2011-2012 New York National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 100%
2010 Unshackle Upstate - Positions 81%
2009-2010 Business Council of New York State, Incorporated - Positions 100%
2009-2010 New York National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 80%
2007-2008 New York National Federation of Independent Business - Positions on Pro-Small Business Policy 100
2006 Business Council of New York State, Incorporated - Positions B
2006 New York National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 82%
2003-2004 New York National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 67%
2001-2002 New York National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 75%
1999-2000 New York National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 92%
1997-1998 New York National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 100%
1996 New York National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 92%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Project Vote Smart displays all known interest group ratings for each candidate and official, regardless of issue or bias.

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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