Representative Elijah Cummings's Special Interest Group Ratings

Office: U.S. House (MD) - District 7, Democratic
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Abortion

2017 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions (Lifetime) [11/17] 100% 2016 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2016 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions (Lifetime) [12/30] 100% 2015-2016 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 0% 2015-2016 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0% 2015 Democrats for Life of America - Positions 17% 2015 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2015 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0% 2015 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Lifetime Score 100% 2015 Population Connection - Positions 100% 2014 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2014 National Right to Life Committee - Positions (June 4, 2014) 0% 2013-2014 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 0% 2013-2014 Family Policy Alliance - Positions (House Only) 0% 2013-2014 National Right to Life Committee - Positions (113th Congress, full session) 0% 2013 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2013 National Right to Life Committee - Positions (Jan. 14, 2014) 0% 2012 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2011-2012 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 0% 2011-2012 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0% 2011 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2011 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0% 2010 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2009-2010 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 0% 2009-2010 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0% 2009 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 0% 2009 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2007-2008 Campaign for Working Families - Positions on Conservative Issues 0% 2007-2008 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0% 2007 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2006 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2005-2006 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 7% 2005-2006 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 9% 2005 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2004 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2003-2004 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 3% 2003-2004 Democrats for Life of America - Positions 0% 2003-2004 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0% 2003 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 5% 2003 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2001-2002 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 8% 2001-2002 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0% 2001 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2000 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 1999-2000 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 10% 1999-2000 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0% 1999 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 1999 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0% 1997-1998 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 5% 1997 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 1997 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 8% 1996 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 1996 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0%

Abortion and Reproductive

2017 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions (Lifetime) [11/17] 100% 2016 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions (Lifetime) [12/30] 100% 2016 Population Connection - Positions 100% 2015 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Lifetime Score 100% 2014 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions captured January 9, 2014 (reflect past 6 years' voting record) 100% 2014 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions (June 27, 2014) 100% 2014 Population Connection - Positions (Jan. 9, 2014) 100% 2013 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2013 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions captured February, 2013 (reflect voting records of past 6 years) 100% 2013 Population Connection - Positions (Sept. 2013) 67% 2012 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2012 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions captured June, 2012 (reflect voting records of past 6 years) 100% 2011 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2010 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2010 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions 100% 2009-2010 National Family Planning & Reproductive Health Association - House of Representatives Score 100% 2009 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2009 Population Connection - Committee Votes Score 100% 2008 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions 100% 2007-2008 National Family Planning & Reproductive Health Association - Positions 100% 2007-2008 National Organization for Women - Positions 100% 2007-2008 Population Action International - Positions 100% 2007 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2007 Population Connection - Positions on Population Stabilization 100% 2006 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2006 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions 100% 2006 Population Connection - Positions 100% 2005-2006 National Family Planning & Reproductive Health Association - Positions 100% 2005-2006 National Organization for Women - Positions 95% 2005-2006 Population Action International - Positions on Reproductive Health 100% 2005 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2005 National Organization for Women - Positions 100% 2005 Population Connection - Positions 100% 2005 The Population Institute - Positions 100% 2004 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2003-2004 Population Action International - Positions 100% 2003-2004 Population Connection - Positions 100% 2003 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2003 Population Action International - Positions 100% 2003 Population Connection - Positions 100% 2003 The Population Institute - Positions 100% 2002 Population Connection - Positions 100% 2001 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2001 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions 100% 2001 Population Connection - Positions 100% 2000 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2000 Population Connection - Positions 100% 1999-2002 National Family Planning & Reproductive Health Association - Positions 100% 1999 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 1999 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions 100% 1999 Population Connection - Positions 100% 1998 National Organization for Women - Positions 95% 1997-1998 Population Connection - Positions 100% 1997 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 1997 Population Connection - Positions 100% 1996 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 1996 Population Connection - Positions 20% 1995-2004 National Family Planning & Reproductive Health Association - Positions 100% 1995-2003 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions 100% 1995-1998 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions 100%

Agriculture and Food

2017 Food Policy Action - Positions 100% 2015-2016 Food Policy Action - Positions 100% 2015 Food Policy Action - Positions 100% 2014 American Farm Bureau Federation - Positions 50% 2014 Food Policy Action - Positions 95% 2013-2014 Food Policy Action - Positions 95% 2013 Food Policy Action - Positions 92% 2012 National Farmers Union - Positions 89% 2011-2012 Food Policy Action - Positions 86% 2011 American Farm Bureau Federation - Positions 17% 2009-2010 American Farm Bureau Federation - Positions 33% 2009-2010 National Farmers Union - Positions 100% 2008 National Association of Wheat Growers - Positions 96% 2007-2008 American Farm Bureau Federation - Positions 84% 2007-2008 Grassroots Netroots Alliance - Positions 61% 2007-2008 National Farmers Union - Family Farm Advocacy Score 100 2007 National Association of Wheat Growers - Positions 88% 2007 National Council of Agricultural Employers - Positions 0% 2007 United Fresh Produce Association - Positions 100% 2005-2006 American Farm Bureau Federation - Positions 35% 2005-2006 National Farmers Union - Positions 100% 2005 National Association of Wheat Growers - Positions 37% 2005 National Council of Agricultural Employers - Positions 33% 2003-2004 National Farmers Union - Positions 67% 2002 Vote Hemp - Positions on Industrial Hemp Policy Fence Sitter 2001-2002 Minnesota Farm Bureau - Positions 31% 2001-2002 Minnesota Farm Bureau - Positions 29% 2001-2002 National Farmers Union - Positions 90% 2001 American Coalition for Ethanol - Positions 100% 2000 American Farm Bureau Federation - Positions 33% 1999-2000 National Farmers Union - Positions 83% 1998 National Farmers Union - Positions 100% 1997 National Farmers Union - Positions 71% 1996 National Farmers Union - Positions 75% 1995-1996 American Farm Bureau Federation - Positions 62%

Animals and Wildlife

2017 Food Policy Action - Positions 100% 2016 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 100% 2015-2016 Animal Welfare Institute - Positions 94% 2015-2016 Food Policy Action - Positions 100% 2015-2016 Humane Society Legislative Fund - Positions 92% 2015 American Veterinary Medical Association - Positions on Professional Advocacy 100% 2015 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 100% 2015 Food Policy Action - Positions 100% 2015 Humane Society Legislative Fund - Positions 100% 2014 American Veterinary Medical Association - Positions on Professional Advocacy 67% 2014 Food Policy Action - Positions 95% 2014 Sportsmen's and Animal Owners' Voting Alliance - Positions 0% 2013-2014 Animal Welfare Institute - Positions 100% 2013-2014 Food Policy Action - Positions 95% 2013-2014 Humane Society Legislative Fund - Positions 91% 2013 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 83% 2013 Food Policy Action - Positions 92% 2013 Humane Society Legislative Fund - Positions 100% 2012 Sierra Club - Positions on Clean water (House Only) 100% 2012 Sportsmen's and Animal Owners' Voting Alliance - Positions 0% 2011-2012 Animal Welfare Institute - Positions 67% 2011-2012 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 97% 2011-2012 Food Policy Action - Positions 86% 2011-2012 Humane Society Legislative Fund - Positions 90% 2011 American Veterinary Medical Association - Positions on Professional Advocacy 50% 2011 Humane Society Legislative Fund - Positions 75% 2011 Sierra Club - Positions on Clean Water (House Only) 100% 2010-2011 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 100% 2010 Sportsmen's and Animal Owners' Voting Alliance - Positions 0% 2009-2010 Animal Welfare Institute - U.S. House Score 100% 2009-2010 Big Cat Rescue - House of Representatives Score 100% 2009-2010 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 100% 2009-2010 Humane Society Legislative Fund - Positions 93% 2009 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 100% 2009 Humane Society Legislative Fund - Positions 100% 2008 Sportsmen's and Animal Owners' Voting Alliance - Positions 0 2007-2008 Animal Welfare Institute - U.S. House Score 100% 2007-2008 Big Cat Rescue - Positions 66 2007-2008 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 94% 2007-2008 Humane Society Legislative Fund - Positions 100% 2007 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 100% 2007 Humane Society Legislative Fund - Positions on Animal Protection 100% 2006 National Animal Interest Alliance Trust - Positions 0% 2006 Sportsmen's and Animal Owners' Voting Alliance - Positions 0% 2005-2006 American Wilderness Coalition - Positions 100% 2005-2006 Animal Welfare Institute - U.S. House Score 100% 2005-2006 Big Cat Rescue - Positions 75% 2005-2006 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 100% 2005-2006 Humane Society Legislative Fund - Positions 85% 2005 American Wilderness Coalition - Positions 100% 2005 Humane Society Legislative Fund - Positions 100% 2004 American Humane Association - Positions 89% 2004 American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals - Positions 89% 2004 Born Free USA - Positions 89% 2004 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 100% 2004 Humane Society Legislative Fund - Positions 89% 2004 Sportsmen's and Animal Owners' Voting Alliance - Positions 0% 2003-2004 American Wilderness Coalition - Positions 100% 2003 American Humane Association - Positions 89% 2003 American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals - Positions 89% 2003 Animal Welfare Institute - Positions 89% 2003 Born Free USA - Positions 89% 2003 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 100% 2003 Doris Day Animal League - Positions 89% 2003 Humane Society Legislative Fund - Positions 89% 2003 Sierra Club - Positions 100% 2001-2002 American Humane Association - Positions 80% 2001-2002 American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals - Positions 80% 2001-2002 American Wilderness Coalition - Positions 80% 2001-2002 Animal Welfare Institute - Positions 80% 2001-2002 Born Free USA - Positions 80% 2001-2002 Doris Day Animal League - Positions 80% 2001-2002 Humane Society Legislative Fund - Positions 80% 2000 Animal Welfare Institute - Positions 66% 1999-2000 Humane Society Legislative Fund - Positions 75% 1999 Humane Society Legislative Fund - Positions 66% 1997 Humane Society Legislative Fund - Positions on Animal Protection 100% 1995-1996 Humane Society Legislative Fund - Positions 50%

Arts, Entertainment, and History

2016 Americans for the Arts Action Fund - Positions 64% 2015-2016 National Parks Action Fund - Positions 100% 2015 American Library Association - Positions 100% 2014 American Library Association - Positions 50% 2013-2014 Americans for the Arts Action Fund - Positions 100% 2013 American Library Association - Positions 33% 2012 American Library Association - Positions 38% 2012 Americans for the Arts Action Fund - Positions (House Only) 100% 2012 National Journal - House Conservative (Composite Score) 8% 2012 National Journal - House Conservative (Economic) 0% 2012 National Journal - House Conservative (Social) 0% 2012 National Journal - House Conservative (Foreign) 11% 2012 National Journal - House Liberal (Composite Score) 92% 2012 National Journal - House Liberal (Social) 85% 2011 Americans for the Arts Action Fund - Positions (House Only) 100% 2011 National Journal - Conservative Composite Score 15% 2010 American Library Association - Positions 0% 2010 Americans for the Arts Action Fund - Positions 17% 2009 American Library Association - Positions 13% 2008 American Library Association - Positions 22% 2008 Americans for the Arts Action Fund - Positions 90% 2007 American Library Association - Positions 30% 2006 Americans for the Arts Action Fund - Positions 94% 2004 Americans for the Arts Action Fund - Positions 98% 2003 American Library Association - Positions 100% 2003 National Trust for Historic Preservation - Positions 67% 2002 Americans for the Arts Action Fund - Positions 100% 2001 Americans for the Arts Action Fund - Positions 100% 2000 Americans for the Arts Action Fund - Positions 100%

Business and Consumers

2016 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 57% 2016 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions (Cumulative) 34% 2015-2016 American Forest and Paper Association - Positions 6% 2015-2016 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 0% 2015-2016 Associated General Contractors of America - Lifetime Scores 33% 2015-2016 International Warehouse Logistics Association - Positions 33% 2015-2016 National Association of Manufacturers - Positions 22% 2015-2016 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions (114th Congress) 7% 2015-2016 National Federation of Independent Business - Pre-Election Report 7% 2015-2016 National Ready Mixed Concrete Association - Lifetime Scores 31% 2015-2016 National Ready Mixed Concrete Association - Positions 30% 2015-2016 National Retail Federation - Positions 20% 2015-2016 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 29% 2015 American Council of Engineering Companies - Positions 63% 2015 Associated General Contractors of America - Positions (Lifetime) 31% 2015 National Association of Manufacturers - Positions 17% 2015 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions (Cumulative) 33% 2015 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 40% 2014 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 43% 2014 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions (Cumulative) 32% 2013-2014 American Council of Engineering Companies - Positions 82% 2013-2014 American Forest and Paper Association - Positions 0% 2013-2014 Associated General Contractors of America - Lifetime Scores (Labor) 7% 2013-2014 Associated General Contractors of America - Lifetime Scores (Infrastructure) 90% 2013-2014 Associated General Contractors of America - Positions 36% 2013-2014 Associated General Contractors of America - Lifetime Scores (Other) 25% 2013-2014 Associated General Contractors of America - Lifetime Scores (Environment) 0% 2013-2014 Associated General Contractors of America - Lifetime Scores (Taxes) 13% 2013-2014 Associated General Contractors of America - Lifetime Scores 32% 2013-2014 International Warehouse Logistics Association - Positions 100% 2013-2014 Metals Service Center Institute - Positions 16% 2013-2014 National Association of Manufacturers - Positions 12% 2013-2014 National Electrical Contractors Association - Positions (Interim Mid-Year) 70% 2013-2014 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions (113th Congress) 0% 2013-2014 National Retail Federation - Positions: Labor 50% 2013-2014 National Retail Federation - Positions: Healthcare (House Only) 0% 2013-2014 National Retail Federation - Lifetime Score: Legal Reform (House Only) 10% 2013-2014 National Retail Federation - Positions: Budget/Tax 0% 2013-2014 National Retail Federation - Positions: Legal Reform (House Only) 0% 2013-2014 National Small Business Association - Positions 30% 2013-2014 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 10% 2013-2014 The National Lumber and Building Material Dealers Association - Positions (113th Congress, full session) 16% 2013-2014 The National Lumber and Building Material Dealers Association - Positions (113th Congress, first session) 20% 2013 National Electrical Contractors Association - Positions 85% 2013 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 0% 2013 The National Lumber and Building Material Dealers Association - Positions 0% 2013 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 23% 2013 United States Chamber of Commerce - Lifetime Score 32% 2012-2013 Metals Service Center Institute - Positions (113th Congress, full session) 20% 2012 National Association of Manufacturers - Positions of 112th Congress 14% 2012 National Electrical Contractors Association - Positions 50% 2012 United States Chamber of Commerce - Lifetime Score 32% 2012 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 25% 2011-2012 American Council of Engineering Companies - Positions 62 2011-2012 American Forest and Paper Association - Positions 0% 2011-2012 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 4% 2011-2012 Independent Electrical Contractors - Positions (House) 0% 2011-2012 International Warehouse Logistics Association - Positions 0% 2011-2012 National Association of Manufacturers - Positions 12% 2011-2012 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 0% 2011-2012 National Retail Federation - Positions: International Trade 0% 2011-2012 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 28% 2011-2012 Plumbing-Heating-Cooling Contractors Association - Positions 20% 2011-2012 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 20% 2011 National Electrical Contractors Association - Positions (House Only) 100% 2011 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 0% 2011 National Retail Federation - Positions 0% 2011 National Small Business Association - Positions 0% 2011 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 25% 2011 The National Lumber and Building Material Dealers Association - Positions 0% 2011 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 19% 2010 Plug in America - Positions 100% 2010 Plug in America - Positions 100% 2010 The National Lumber and Building Material Dealers Association - Positions 25% 2010 United States Chamber of Commerce - Lifetime Scores 33% 2010 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 13% 2009-2010 American Council of Engineering Companies - Positions 90% 2009-2010 Associated General Contractors of America - Positions 37% 2009-2010 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 20% 2009-2010 Independent Electrical Contractors - Positions 0% 2009-2010 International Warehouse Logistics Association - Positions 20% 2009-2010 National Association for the Self-Employed - U.S. House Score 100% 2009-2010 National Association of Manufacturers - Positions 39% 2009-2010 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 29% 2009-2010 National Retail Federation - Positions 0% 2009-2010 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 55% 2009-2010 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 0% 2009 Heritage Alliance - Positions 5% 2009 The National Lumber and Building Material Dealers Association - Positions 20% 2009 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 40% 2008 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 10% 2008 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 50% 2008 United States Chamber of Commerce - Lifetime Score 35% 2007-2008 American Council of Engineering Companies - Positions 58% 2007-2008 American Forest and Paper Association - Forest Products Advocacy Score 33% 2007-2008 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 0% 2007-2008 Associated General Contractors of America - Positions 71% 2007-2008 International Warehouse Logistics Association - Positions 10% 2007-2008 National Association of Manufacturers - Positions 20% 2007-2008 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 60 2007-2008 National Restaurant Association - Positions on Restaurant Advocacy 40 2007-2008 National Retail Federation - Positions Retail Industry Advocacy 20% 2007-2008 National Small Business Association - Positions 69% 2007-2008 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 70% 2007-2008 Plumbing-Heating-Cooling Contractors Association - Positions 70% 2007 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 0% 2007 CompTIA - Positions 75% 2007 The National Lumber and Building Material Dealers Association - Positions 0% 2007 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 50% 2006 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 0% 2006 Consumer Action - Positions 0% 2006 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 27% 2006 State PIRGs Working Together - Positions 86% 2006 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 33% 2006 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 86% 2005-2006 American Forest and Paper Association - Positions 18% 2005-2006 Associated General Contractors of America - Positions 40% 2005-2006 International Warehouse Logistics Association - Positions 20% 2005-2006 National Association of Manufacturers - Positions 17% 2005-2006 National Electrical Contractors Association - Positions 13% 2005-2006 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 14% 2005-2006 National Restaurant Association - Positions 10% 2005-2006 National Retail Federation - Positions 25% 2005-2006 National Small Business Association - Positions 29% 2005-2006 Plumbing-Heating-Cooling Contractors Association - Positions 27% 2005-2006 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions on Population Stabilization 88% 2005 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 17% 2005 Maryland Business for Responsive Government - Positions 23% 2005 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 10% 2005 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 21% 2005 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 41% 2004 National Association of Government Contractors - Positions 100% 2004 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 19% 2004 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 21% 2004 State PIRGs Working Together - Positions 86% 2004 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 30% 2004 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 86% 2003-2004 American Forest and Paper Association - Positions 8% 2003-2004 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 10% 2003-2004 Associated General Contractors of America - Positions 16% 2003-2004 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 4% 2003-2004 National Association for the Self-Employed - Positions 29% 2003-2004 National Association of Manufacturers - Positions 9% 2003-2004 National Electrical Contractors Association - Positions 31% 2003-2004 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 8% 2003-2004 National Restaurant Association - Positions 8% 2003-2004 National Retail Federation - Positions 15% 2003-2004 National Small Business Association - Positions 36% 2003-2004 Plumbing-Heating-Cooling Contractors Association - Positions 10% 2003-2004 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 85% 2003-2004 United States Business and Industry Council - Positions 87% 2003 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 0% 2003 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 4% 2003 Maryland Business for Responsive Government - Positions 11% 2003 National Association of Government Contractors - Positions 0% 2003 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 0% 2003 National Retail Federation - Positions 15% 2003 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 100% 2003 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 25% 2003 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 95% 2002 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 0% 2002 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 45% 2002 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 100% 2001-2002 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 15% 2001-2002 Associated General Contractors of America - Positions 9% 2001-2002 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 0% 2001-2002 National Association for the Self-Employed - Positions 42% 2001-2002 National Association of Manufacturers - Positions 5% 2001-2002 National Electrical Contractors Association - Positions 18% 2001-2002 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 7% 2001-2002 Plumbing-Heating-Cooling Contractors Association - Positions 0% 2001-2002 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 86% 2001-2002 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 0% 2001 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 11% 2001 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 0% 2001 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 0% 2001 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 27% 2001 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 100% 2000 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 0% 2000 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 0% 2000 Consumer Federation of America - Positions 78% 2000 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 6% 2000 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 47% 1999-2006 National Ready Mixed Concrete Association - Positions 20% 1999-2004 National Ready Mixed Concrete Association - Positions 20% 1999-2000 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 5% 1999-2000 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 93% 1999-2000 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 100% 1999 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 8% 1999 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 0% 1999 Consumer Federation of America - Positions 67% 1999 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 21% 1999 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 89% 1998 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 18% 1998 Consumer Federation of America - Positions 90% 1998 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 5% 1998 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 28% 1997-1998 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 15% 1997-1998 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 63% 1997-1998 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 89% 1997 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 20% 1997 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 4% 1997 Consumer Federation of America - Positions 100% 1997 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 20% 1997 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 55% 1997 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 30% 1996 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 0% 1996 Consumer Federation of America - Positions 100% 1996 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 22% 1995-1996 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 0% 1995-1996 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 20% 1995-1996 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 82%

Civil Liberties and Civil Rights

2015-2016 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 88% 2015-2016 EarthRights International - Positions 75% 2015-2016 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 100% 2015-2016 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 100% 2015-2016 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 100% 2015-2016 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 100% 2015 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 90% 2015 EarthRights International - Positions 79% 2015 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 100% 2015 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 100% 2015 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 100% 2014 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 100% 2014 Hispanic Federation, LCLAA, LULAC, Mi Familia Vota, NCLR, and Voto Latino - National Immigration Scorecard 100% 2014 Human Rights Campaign - Positions on Marriage 100% 2014 Liberty for All - Positions 45% 2014 Liberty Guard - Positions 25% 2014 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 100% 2014 Stand Against Spying - Positions 100% 2014 UnidosUS (formerly known as National Council of La Raza) - Positions (Preliminary) 100% 2013-2014 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 83% 2013-2014 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 100% 2013-2014 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 100% 2013 EarthRights International - Positions 38% 2013 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 79% 2013 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 100% 2013 Republican Liberty Caucus - Personal Liberties 74% 2013 Venn Institute - Scorecard for International Religious Freedom 0% 2012 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 95% 2012 Drum Major Institute - Positions 86% 2012 EarthRights International - Corporate Accountability Coalition Positions 67% 2012 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 73% 2012 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions on Civil Rights 100% 2012 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Total Score 95% 2011-2012 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 92% 2011-2012 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 90% 2011-2012 US Campaign for Palestinian Rights - Positions on International Middle East Human Rights 50% 2011 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions (House Only) 100% 2011 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 95% 2011 Drum Major Institute - Positions 100% 2011 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 100% 2010 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 95% 2009-2010 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 94% 2009-2010 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 100% 2009-2010 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 100% 2009-2010 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 100% 2009 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 100% 2009 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 100% 2008 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 100% 2008 Drum Major Institute - Positions on Middle Class Advocacy 90 2007-2016 National Religious Campaign Against Torture Action Fund - Positions 100% 2007-2008 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 100% 2007-2008 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 100% 2007-2008 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions on Civil and Human 100 2007-2008 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions on Civil Rights and Social Justice Issues 98% 2007-2008 National Organization for Women - Positions 100% 2007-2008 The Arc - Positions 57% 2007-2008 US Campaign for Palestinian Rights - Positions on International Middle East Human Rights -4 2007 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 100 2007 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 100% 2007 Drum Major Institute - Positions on Middle Class Advocacy 100 2007 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 93% 2007 League of Women Voters - Positions 100% 2007 League of Women Voters - Civil Liberties and Civil Rights Score 100% 2007 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 100% 2007 PFLAG, Parents, Families and Friends of Lesbians and Gays - Positions 100% 2007 UnidosUS (formerly known as National Council of La Raza) - Positions 100 2007 United To End Genocide (formerly known as the Save Darfur Coalition and Genocide Intervention Network) - Positions on Darfur A 2007 US Campaign for Palestinian Rights - Positions on International Middle East Human Rights -2 2006-2012 Global Exchange - Percent Loyalty to Finance, Insurance, Real Estate Lobby 14% 2006 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 100% 2006 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 100% 2006 United To End Genocide (formerly known as the Save Darfur Coalition and Genocide Intervention Network) - Positions on Darfur A 2005-2012 National Religious Campaign Against Torture Action Fund - Positions 100% 2005-2010 National Religious Campaign Against Torture Action Fund - Positions 100% 2005-2006 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 95% 2005-2006 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 88% 2005-2006 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 100% 2005-2006 National Organization for Women - Positions 95% 2005-2006 The Arc - Positions 100% 2005-2006 The Public Affairs Alliance of Iranian Americans - Positions 100% 2005-2006 US Campaign for Palestinian Rights - Positions on International Middle East Human Rights -6 2005 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 100% 2005 Drum Major Institute - Positions 100% 2005 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 100% 2005 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 100% 2005 National Organization for Women - Positions 100% 2005 UnidosUS (formerly known as National Council of La Raza) - Positions 66% 2004 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 100% 2004 Center for International Policy - Positions 100% 2004 Drum Major Institute - Positions 100% 2004 UnidosUS (formerly known as National Council of La Raza) - Positions 100% 2003-2004 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 82% 2003-2004 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 100% 2003-2004 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 100% 2003-2004 League of United Latin American Citizens - Positions 100% 2003-2004 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 97% 2003-2004 US Campaign for Palestinian Rights - Positions on International Middle East Human Rights -3 2003 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 90% 2003 Drum Major Institute - Positions 100% 2003 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 100% 2003 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 95% 2003 US Campaign for Palestinian Rights - Positions on International Middle East Human Rights -2 2001-2002 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 87% 2001-2002 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 100% 2001-2002 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 100% 2001-2002 League of United Latin American Citizens - Positions 89% 2001-2002 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 94% 2001-2002 People for the American Way - Positions 94% 2001 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 88% 2001 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 100% 2001 League of United Latin American Citizens - Positions 91% 2001 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 93% 2000 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 86% 2000 League of United Latin American Citizens - Positions 100% 2000 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 87% 1999-2000 Common Cause - Lifetime Score 0% 1999-2000 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 100% 1999-2000 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 100% 1999 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 85% 1999 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 100% 1999 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 100% 1998 National Organization for Women - Positions 95% 1997-1998 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 88% 1997-1998 Campaign for a Color Blind America - Positions 0% 1997-1998 Home School Legal Defense Association - Positions 0% 1997-1998 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 100% 1997-1998 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 100% 1997-1998 League of United Latin American Citizens - Positions 100% 1997 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 100% 1995-1996 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 67% 1995-1996 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 100% 1995-1996 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 100%

Conservative

2016 American Conservative Union - Positions 0% 2016 American Conservative Union - Lifetime Score (Congressional) 4% 2016 Conservative Review - "Liberty Scorecard" 14% 2016 Maryland Catholic Conference - Positions 40% 2015-2016 Americans for Prosperity - Lifetime Score 4% 2015-2016 Americans for Prosperity - Positions 0% 2015-2016 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 0% 2015-2016 Eagle Forum - Positions 14% 2015-2016 Heritage Action for America - Positions 14% 2015-2016 The John Birch Society - Positions 15% 2015 American Conservative Union - Positions 0% 2015 Americans for Prosperity - Positions 0% 2015 Americans for Prosperity - Lifetime Score 5% 2015 The John Birch Society - Positions 15% 2014 American Conservative Union - Positions 8% 2014 American Conservative Union - Lifetime Scores 4% 2014 Americans for Prosperity - Positions (June 23, 2014) 17% 2014 Americans for Prosperity - Lifetime Score 5% 2014 Americans for Prosperity - Positions (Jan. 7, 2014) 10% 2014 Americans for Prosperity - Lifetime Score (June 23, 2014) 7% 2014 Conservative Review - Positions 10% 2014 Heritage Action for America - Positions (113th Congress) 13% 2014 The John Birch Society - Lifetime Score 22% 2014 The John Birch Society - Positions 35% 2013-2014 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 0% 2013-2014 Eagle Forum - Positions 0% 2013-2014 Faith and Freedom Coalition - Positions 9% 2013-2014 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Conservative Action Score 0 2013-2014 The John Birch Society - Positions (113th Congress, full session) 33% 2013 American Conservative Union - Positions 12% 2013 American Conservative Union - Lifetime Score 4% 2013 Concerned Women for America - Positions 0% 2013 Eagle Forum - Positions 0% 2013 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy 14% 2013 National Journal - Conservative (Composite) 12% 2013 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy 10% 2013 The John Birch Society - Positions 20% 2012 American Conservative Union - Ratings of Congress 0% 2012 American Conservative Union - Lifetime Score 3% 2012 Eagle Forum - Positions 0% 2012 National Journal - House Conservative (Composite Score) 8% 2012 National Journal - House Conservative (Foreign) 11% 2012 The Club for Growth - Positions 18% 2011-2012 Americans for Prosperity - Lifetime score 3% 2011-2012 Americans for Prosperity - Positions 5% 2011-2012 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 0% 2011-2012 Concerned Women for America - Positions 10% 2011-2012 Heritage Action for America - Positions 13% 2011-2012 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Conservative Action Score 11% 2011-2012 The John Birch Society - Positions 21% 2011 American Conservative Union - Lifetime Score 3% 2011 American Conservative Union - Positions 4% 2011 Concerned Women for America - Positions 11% 2011 Eagle Forum - Positions 23% 2011 Heritage Action for America - Positions (House Only) 0% 2011 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 78% 2011 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 18% 2011 National Journal - Conservative Composite Score 15% 2011 The John Birch Society - Positions (Summer-Fall) 15% 2011 The John Birch Society - Positions (Spring-Summer) 10% 2010 American Conservative Union - Positions 0% 2010 American Conservative Union - Lifetime Score 3% 2010 Eagle Forum - Positions 11% 2010 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 11% 2010 National Journal - Conservative Composite Score 9% 2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (May 2010 - September 2010) 10% 2009-2010 Americans for Prosperity - Positions 0% 2009-2010 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 0% 2009-2010 Concerned Women for America - Positions 4% 2009-2010 Faith and Freedom Coalition - Positions 0% 2009-2010 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Regressive Action Score 4 2009-2010 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Net Congressional Score 84% 2009-2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (November 2009 - June 2010) 10% 2009-2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (January 2009 - June 2010 7% 2009-2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (Full Session) 8% 2009 American Conservative Union - Positions 0% 2009 American Conservative Union - Lifetime Score 4% 2009 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 0% 2009 Eagle Forum - Positions 4% 2009 National Journal - Composite Conservative Score 14% 2009 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 24% 2009 The John Birch Society - Positions (January 2009 - June 2009) 10% 2009 The John Birch Society - Positions (Full Year) 5% 2009 The John Birch Society - Positions (June 2009 - November 2009) 0% 2008 American Conservative Union - Positions 5% 2008 Eagle Forum - Positions 30% 2008 GOPUSA - Positions 0% 2008 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 0% 2008 National Journal - Composite Conservative Score 15% 2007-2008 Americans for Prosperity - Positions 0% 2007-2008 Campaign for Working Families - Positions on Conservative Issues 0% 2007-2008 Concerned Women for America - Positions 19% 2007-2008 The John Birch Society - Positions 21% 2007 American Conservative Union - Positions 0% 2007 Americans for Prosperity - Positions 0% 2007 Eagle Forum - Positions 5% 2007 GOPUSA - Positions 0% 2007 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 22% 2007 National Journal - Composite Conservative Score 22.5% 2007 The John Birch Society - Conservative Index Score 30% 2006 American Conservative Union - Positions 8% 2006 Americans for Prosperity - Positions 0% 2006 Eagle Forum - Positions 14% 2006 National Journal - Composite Conservative Score 17.3% 2006 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 18% 2006 The John Birch Society - Positions 30% 2005-2006 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 7% 2005-2006 Concerned Women for America - Positions 36% 2005-2006 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Regressive Conservative Action Score 0% 2005 American Conservative Union - Positions 4% 2005 Eagle Forum - Positions 20% 2005 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 20% 2005 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 13% 2005 National Journal - Composite Conservative Score 19% 2005 The John Birch Society - Positions 13% 2004 American Conservative Union - Positions 0% 2004 Christian Action Network - Lifetime Score 7% 2004 Eagle Forum - Positions 6% 2004 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 9% 2004 The John Birch Society - Positions (Fall) 10% 2004 The John Birch Society - Positions (Spring) 43% 2003-2004 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 3% 2003-2004 Concerned Women for America - Positions 14% 2003 American Conservative Union - Positions 18% 2003 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 5% 2003 Concerned Women for America - Positions 17% 2003 Eagle Forum - Positions 4% 2003 National Journal - Composite Conservative Score 18% 2003 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 13% 2003 The John Birch Society - Positions (Summer) 38% 2002 American Conservative Union - Positions 0% 2002 Eagle Forum - Positions 20% 2002 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 14% 2002 National Journal - Composite Conservative Score 23% 2002 The John Birch Society - Positions 35% 2001-2010 Keep America Safe - Positions 12% 2001-2002 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 8% 2001-2002 Concerned Women for America - Positions 17% 2001 American Conservative Union - Positions 4% 2001 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 12% 2001 The John Birch Society - Positions 10% 2000 American Conservative Union - Positions 4% 2000 Concerned Women for America - Positions 29% 2000 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 15% 2000 The John Birch Society - Positions 21% 1999-2000 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 10% 1999 American Conservative Union - Positions 0% 1999 National Journal - Conservative on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 0% 1999 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 0% 1999 The John Birch Society - Positions 22% 1998 American Conservative Union - Positions 4% 1998 National Journal - Conservative on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 5% 1998 The John Birch Society - Positions 20% 1997-1998 60 Plus Association - Positions 0% 1997-1998 Concerned Women for America - Positions 25% 1997 American Conservative Union - Positions 4% 1997 The John Birch Society - Positions 23% 1996 American Conservative Union - Positions 0% 1996 National Journal - Conservative on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 15%

Defense

2015-2016 Center for Security Policy - Positions 0% 2015 Council for a Livable World - Positions 62% 2013-2014 Center for Security Policy - Positions 7% 2013-2014 Council for a Livable World - Positions (House) 100% 2013 Peace Action West - Positions 84% 2011-2012 Center for Security Policy - Positions 5% 2011-2012 Council for a Livable World - Positions (House) 100% 2009-2010 Council for a Livable World - Positions 66% 2007-2008 Center for Security Policy - Positions 4% 2007-2008 Council for a Livable World - Positions 100% 2007 Council for a Livable World - Positions 92% 2007 Voices for Creative Nonviolence - Iraq-Afghanistan Supplemental Spending Score 83% 2006 Women's Action for New Directions (WAND) and WILL - Positions 100% 2005-2006 Center for Security Policy - Positions 16% 2005 Council for a Livable World - Positions 100% 2003-2004 Council for a Livable World - Positions 91% 2003-2004 Women's Action for New Directions (WAND) and WILL - Positions 95% 2002-2006 Voices for Creative Nonviolence - Iraq War Resolution and Funding 60% 2001-2010 Keep America Safe - Positions 12% 2001-2002 Council for a Livable World - Positions 78% 2001-2002 Women's Action for New Directions (WAND) and WILL - Positions 91% 1999-2000 Council for a Livable World - Positions 71% 1999 National Journal - Liberal on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 95% 1999 National Journal - Conservative on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 0% 1998-2002 Center for Security Policy - Positions 24% 1998 National Journal - Conservative on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 5% 1998 National Journal - Liberal on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 90% 1997 Center for Security Policy - Positions 11% 1996 Center for Security Policy - Positions 33% 1996 National Journal - Conservative on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 15% 1996 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign\Defense Policy 84%

Education

2016 Americans for the Arts Action Fund - Positions 64% 2015 American Library Association - Positions 100% 2015 National Education Association - Positions 100% 2014 American Library Association - Positions 50% 2013-2014 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 40% 2013 American Library Association - Positions 33% 2012 American Library Association - Positions 38% 2012 The American Hellenic Educational Progressive Association - Legislation Evaluation (House Only) 25% 2011-2012 American Federation of Teachers - Positions 100% 2011-2012 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 20% 2011-2012 The American Hellenic Educational Progressive Association - Positions 28% 2011 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 30% 2010 American Library Association - Positions 0% 2010 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 20% 2010 Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL) - Positions 100% 2009-2010 The American Hellenic Educational Progressive Association - Positions 29% 2009 American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education - Positions 0% 2009 American Library Association - Positions 13% 2009 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 50% 2009 Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL) - U.S. House Score 100% 2008 American Library Association - Positions 22% 2007-2008 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 20% 2007-2008 The American Hellenic Educational Progressive Association - Greek American Issues Score 39% 2007 American Library Association - Positions 30% 2007 Association For Supervision and Curriculum Development - Positions 100% 2007 Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL) - Positions 100% 2005 Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL) - Positions 100% 2003-2004 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 10% 2003 American Library Association - Positions 100% 2002 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 25% 1999-2000 Home School Legal Defense Association - Positions 20% 1997-1998 Home School Legal Defense Association - Positions 0% 1996 Maryland State Education Association - NEA - Positions 100% 1995 Maryland State Education Association - NEA - Positions 100% 1994 Maryland State Education Association - NEA - Positions 100% 1992 Maryland State Education Association - NEA - Positions 67%

Employment and Affirmative Action

2015-2016 National Active and Retired Federal Employees Association - Lifetime Score 100% 2015-2016 National Active and Retired Federal Employees Association - Positions 100% 2015 Federally Employed Women - Positions 100% 2015 National Active and Retired Federal Employees Association - Positions 100% 2014 Federally Employed Women - Positions 70% 2013-2014 National Active and Retired Federal Employees Association - Positions 100% 2013-2014 National Active and Retired Federal Employees Association - Positions (97th-113th Congresses) 100% 2013 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Workplace Choice (August, 2013) 0% 2013 Federally Employed Women - Positions 100% 2012 Federally Employed Women - Positions 100% 2011 Federally Employed Women - Positions 100% 2010 Federally Employed Women - Positions 90% 2009-2013 NumbersUSA - Positions - Reduce Illegal Jobs and Presence (Feb 11, 2013) 0% 2009-2010 National Association for the Self-Employed - U.S. House Score 100% 2009 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Lifetime Score 99% 2009 Federally Employed Women - Positions 100% 2009 Women Employed - Positions 50% 2008 Center for Worker Freedom (formerly known as Alliance for Worker Freedom) - Positions 0% 2008 Latin America Working Group - Positions 75% 2007-2008 Federally Employed Women - Equality in Government Score 80 2007 Center for Worker Freedom (formerly known as Alliance for Worker Freedom) - Positions 0% 2007 Federally Employed Women - Positions 90% 2007 National Employment Lawyers Association - Positions 66% 2005-2006 Business and Professional Women USA - Positions 100% 2005-2006 Federally Employed Women - Positions 80% 2005-2006 National Active and Retired Federal Employees Association - Positions 100% 2004 Workplace Fairness - Positions 0% 2003-2004 Business and Professional Women USA - Positions 69% 2003-2004 Federally Employed Women - Positions 80% 2003-2004 National Active and Retired Federal Employees Association - Positions 100% 2003-2004 National Association for the Self-Employed - Positions 29% 2003 Business and Professional Women USA - Positions 71% 2003 United Auto Workers - Positions on Workplace Rights 100% 2003 Workplace Fairness - Positions 100% 2002 American Benefits Council - Positions 20% 2002 National Active and Retired Federal Employees Association - Positions 100% 2001-2002 Business and Professional Women USA - Positions 100% 2001-2002 National Association for the Self-Employed - Positions 42% 2001 American Benefits Council - Positions 33% 2000 American Benefits Council - Positions 67% 1999-2000 National Active and Retired Federal Employees Association - Positions 100% 1996 Communications Workers of America - Positions on Workplace Rights 43% 1996 United Auto Workers - Positions on Workplace Rights 100% 1995-1996 International Association of Fire Fighters - Positions on Workplace Rights 100% 1995-1996 National Active and Retired Federal Employees Association - Positions 100%

Entitlements and the Safety Net

2016 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 100% 2016 Alliance for Retired Americans - Lifetime Score 100% 2015 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 100% 2015 Alliance for Retired Americans - Lifetime Score 100% 2014 Alliance for Retired Americans - Lifetime Score 100% 2014 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 100% 2014 Sargent Shriver National Center on Poverty Law - Positions 90% 2013 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 100% 2013 Alliance for Retired Americans - Lifetime Score 100% 2013 Sargent Shriver National Center on Poverty Law - Positions 94% 2012 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 100% 2012 Alliance for Retired Americans - Lifetime Score 100% 2012 Sargent Shriver National Center on Poverty Law - Positions 94% 2012 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 100% 2011 Alliance for Retired Americans - Lifetime Score 100% 2011 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 100% 2011 Sargent Shriver National Center on Poverty Law - Positions 100% 2010 Sargent Shriver National Center on Poverty Law - Positions 94% 2009-2010 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 100% 2009 Alliance for Retired Americans - Lifetime Score 100% 2009 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 100% 2009 Sargent Shriver National Center on Poverty Law - Positions 100 2009 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 100% 2008 Alliance for Retired Americans - Lifetime Score 100% 2008 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 100% 2008 Sargent Shriver National Center on Poverty Law - Positions 100% 2008 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 100% 2007 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 100% 2007 Sargent Shriver National Center on Poverty Law - Positions on Poverty Action A+ 2007 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 100% 2006 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 100% 2006 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 89% 2006 The Retired Enlisted Association - Retired Military Benefits Issues Score 50% 2005 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 100% 2005 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 100% 2004 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 100% 2004 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 100% 2003 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 100% 2003 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 100% 2002 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 100% 2002 American Benefits Council - Positions 20% 2002 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 100% 2001-2002 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 100% 2001 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 100% 2001 American Benefits Council - Positions 33% 2001 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 91% 2000 American Benefits Council - Positions 67% 2000 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 100% 2000 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 85% 1999-2000 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 100% 1999-2000 United Seniors Association - Positions 20% 1999 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 100% 1999 United Seniors Association - Positions 0% 1998 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 100% 1997-1998 60 Plus Association - Positions 0% 1997-1998 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 100% 1997 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 90% 1996 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 100% 1995-1996 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 100%

Environment

2017 Food Policy Action - Positions 100% 2016 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 100% 2015-2016 Clean Water Action - Positions 100% 2015-2016 EarthRights International - Positions 75% 2015-2016 Environment America - Positions 100% 2015-2016 Food Policy Action - Positions 100% 2015 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 100% 2015 EarthRights International - Positions 79% 2015 Environment America - Positions 100% 2015 Food Policy Action - Positions 100% 2014 Environment America - Positions 100% 2014 Food Policy Action - Positions 95% 2014 League of Conservation Voters - Lifetime Score 94% 2013-2014 American Forest and Paper Association - Positions 0% 2013-2014 Clean Water Action - Positions 100% 2013-2014 Food Policy Action - Positions 95% 2013-2014 League of Conservation Voters - Positions (113th Congress, full session) 97% 2013 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 83% 2013 EarthRights International - Positions 38% 2013 Environment America - Positions 100% 2013 Food Policy Action - Positions 92% 2013 League of Conservation Voters - Lifetime Score 94% 2013 League of Conservation Voters - Positions 96% 2012 EarthRights International - Corporate Accountability Coalition Positions 67% 2012 League of Conservation Voters - Lifetime Score 94% 2012 League of Conservation Voters - Positions 89% 2012 Sierra Club - Positions on Clean water (House Only) 100% 2011-2012 American Forest and Paper Association - Positions 0% 2011-2012 Clean Water Action - Positions 100% 2011-2012 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 97% 2011-2012 Environment America - Positions 88% 2011-2012 Food Policy Action - Positions 86% 2011-2012 League of Conservation Voters - Session Score 93% 2011-2012 National Parks Conservation Association - Positions (House Only) 57% 2011 Environment America - Positions 100% 2011 League of Conservation Voters - Lifetime Score 94% 2011 League of Conservation Voters - Positions 97% 2011 Sierra Club - Positions on Clean Water (House Only) 100% 2011 Women's Action for New Directions (WAND) and WILL - Positions (House Only) 83 2010-2011 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 100% 2010 League of Conservation Voters - Lifetime Score 94% 2010 League of Conservation Voters - Positions 100% 2009-2010 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 100% 2009-2010 League of Conservation Voters - Positions 100% 2009-2010 National Parks Conservation Association - Positions 92% 2009 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 100% 2009 Environment America - Positions 100% 2009 League of Conservation Voters - Positions 100% 2008 Environment America - Positions 100% 2007-2008 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 94% 2007-2008 League of Conservation Voters - Positions 94% 2007 American Society of Landscape Architects - Positions 100 2007 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 100% 2007 League of Conservation Voters - First Session Score 95% 2006-2012 Global Exchange - Percent Loyalty to Finance, Insurance, Real Estate Lobby 14% 2006 League of Conservation Voters - Positions 100% 2006 Women's Action for New Directions (WAND) and WILL - Positions 100% 2005-2006 American Forest and Paper Association - Positions 18% 2005-2006 American Lands Alliance - Positions 89% 2005-2006 American Wilderness Coalition - Positions 100% 2005-2006 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 100% 2005-2006 Partnership for America - Positions 0% 2005 American Wilderness Coalition - Positions 100% 2005 League of Conservation Voters - Positions 83% 2004 Center for International Policy - Positions 100% 2004 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 100% 2003-2004 American Lands Alliance - Positions 100% 2003-2004 American Wilderness Coalition - Positions 100% 2003-2004 League of Conservation Voters - Positions 90% 2003-2004 National Parks Conservation Association - Positions 84% 2003-2004 Women's Action for New Directions (WAND) and WILL - Positions 95% 2003 American Lands Alliance - Positions 100% 2003 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 100% 2003 League of Conservation Voters - Positions 90% 2003 Sierra Club - Positions 100% 2002 Californians for Population Stabilization - Positions 33% 2001-2002 American Wilderness Coalition - Positions 80% 2001-2002 League of Conservation Voters - Positions 91% 2001-2002 National Parks Conservation Association - Positions 83% 2001-2002 Women's Action for New Directions (WAND) and WILL - Positions 91% 2001 Californians for Population Stabilization - Positions 50% 1999-2000 American Lands Alliance - Positions 75% 1999-2000 League of Conservation Voters - Positions 93% 1999-2000 National Parks Conservation Association - Positions 87% 1999 League of Conservation Voters - Positions 100% 1998 League of Conservation Voters - Positions 97% 1997 League of Conservation Voters - Positions 94% 1995-1996 League of Conservation Voters - Positions 100%

Fiscally Conservative

2016 American Conservative Union - Positions 0% 2016 American Conservative Union - Lifetime Score (Congressional) 4% 2016 The Club for Growth - Positions (Lifetime) 6% 2016 The Club for Growth - Positions 4% 2015-2016 Americans for Prosperity - Positions 0% 2015-2016 Americans for Prosperity - Lifetime Score 4% 2015-2016 Heritage Action for America - Positions 14% 2015-2016 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 3% 2015 American Conservative Union - Positions 0% 2015 Americans for Prosperity - Positions 0% 2015 Americans for Prosperity - Lifetime Score 5% 2015 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 12% 2015 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 15% 2015 The Club for Growth - Positions (Lifetime) 6% 2015 The Club for Growth - Positions 0% 2014 Americans for Prosperity - Positions (June 23, 2014) 17% 2014 Americans for Prosperity - Lifetime Score 5% 2014 Americans for Prosperity - Positions (Jan. 7, 2014) 10% 2014 Americans for Prosperity - Lifetime Score (June 23, 2014) 7% 2014 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Positions 0% 2014 Heritage Action for America - Positions (113th Congress) 13% 2013-2014 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 0% 2013 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Workplace Choice (August, 2013) 0% 2013 FreedomWorks - Positions 29% 2013 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 18% 2013 Republican Liberty Caucus - Liberty Index 39% 2013 Republican Liberty Caucus - Personal Liberties 74% 2013 Republican Liberty Caucus - Economic Liberties Score 5% 2013 The Club for Growth - Positions 11% 2013 The Club for Growth - Positions (lifetime) 7% 2012 FreedomWorks - Positions 15% 2012 National Journal - House Conservative (Economic) 0% 2012 National Taxpayers Union - Positions on Tax and Spending 14% 2011-2012 Americans for Prosperity - Lifetime score 3% 2011-2012 Americans for Prosperity - Positions 5% 2011-2012 Heritage Action for America - Positions 13% 2011-2012 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 0% 2011 FreedomWorks - Positions 8% 2011 Heritage Action for America - Positions (House Only) 0% 2011 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 8% 2011 National Taxpayers Union - Positions on Tax and Spending 12% 2011 The Club for Growth - Positions 9% 2010 FreedomWorks - Positions 5% 2010 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 0% 2010 National Journal - Liberal on Economic Policy Score 90% 2010 The Club for Growth - Positions 0% 2009-2010 Americans for Prosperity - Positions 0% 2009-2010 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 0% 2009 FreedomWorks - Positions 0% 2009 Heritage Alliance - Positions 5% 2009 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 9% 2009 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 1% 2009 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Personal Liberties 14% 2009 Republican Liberty Caucus - Economic Liberties Score 0% 2009 The Club for Growth - Positions 0% 2008 FreedomWorks - Positions 11% 2008 GOPUSA - Positions 0% 2008 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 0% 2008 National Taxpayers Union - Fiscally Conservative Score F 2008 The Club for Growth - Positions 0% 2007-2008 Americans for Prosperity - Positions 0% 2007-2008 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 0% 2007 Americans for Prosperity - Positions 0% 2007 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 10% 2007 FreedomWorks - Positions 5% 2007 GOPUSA - Positions 0% 2007 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 24% 2007 National Taxpayers Union - Fiscally Conservative Score F 2007 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Personal Liberties 36% 2007 Republican Liberty Caucus - Economic Liberties Score 12% 2007 The Club for Growth - Positions 2% 2006 Americans for Prosperity - Positions 0% 2006 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 9% 2006 FreedomWorks - Positions 8% 2006 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 11% 2006 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 12% 2006 The Club for Growth - Positions 12% 2005-2006 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 3% 2005-2006 Partnership for America - Positions 0% 2005 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 12% 2005 FreedomWorks - Positions 12% 2005 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 13% 2005 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Personal Liberties 50% 2005 Republican Liberty Caucus - Economic Liberties Score 20% 2005 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 35% 2004 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 10% 2004 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 7% 2004 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 7% 2004 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 20% 2003-2004 FreedomWorks - Positions 9% 2003-2004 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 0% 2003-2004 The Cato Institute - Trade Subsidy Votes Score 0% 2003-2004 The Cato Institute - Trade Barrier Votes Score 56% 2003 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 0% 2003 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 23% 2003 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 20% 2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 5 2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 5 2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 5 2002 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 0% 2002 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 20% 2002 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 20% 2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 34 2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 34 2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 34 2001-2002 FreedomWorks - Positions 0% 2001-2002 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 0% 2001-2002 The Cato Institute - Trade Barrier Votes Score 45% 2001-2002 The Cato Institute - Trade Subsidy Votes Score 14% 2001 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 0% 2001 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 6% 2001 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 8% 2001 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 18% 2000 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 5% 2000 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 0% 2000 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 0% 2000 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 16% 1999-2000 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 9% 1999-2000 The Cato Institute - Trade Subsidy Votes Score 0% 1999-2000 The Cato Institute - Trade Barrier Votes Score 56% 1999 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 10% 1999 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 40% 1999 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 17% 1998 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 5% 1998 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 0% 1998 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 14% 1997-1998 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 3% 1997-1998 The Cato Institute - Trade Subsidy Votes Score 33% 1997 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 20% 1997 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 29% 1996 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 18% 1995-1996 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 33%

Fiscally Liberal

2015 Progressive Punch - Overall Positions 98% 2015 Progressive Punch - Overall Lifetime Positions 93% 2013-2014 Progressive Punch - Crucial Votes 90% 2013-2014 Progressive Punch - Lifetime Score 92% 2013-2014 Progressive Punch - Overall Positions 94% 2013-2014 Progressive Punch - Crucial Votes Lifetime Score 88% 2012 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 83% 2011 National Journal - Liberal on Economic Policy Score 92% 2009-2010 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100% 2009 National Journal - Liberal on Economic Policy Score 88% 2009 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100% 2008 National Journal - Liberal on Economic Policy Score 85% 2008 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100% 2007-2008 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Oath of Office Score 80% 2007-2008 Progressive Democrats of America - Positions 55% 2007 National Journal - Liberal on Economic Policy Score 73% 2007 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions on Social Justice and Peace 68 2006 National Journal - Liberal on Economic Policy Score 86% 2006 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100% 2005-2006 Freedom Democrats - Positions on Economic Issues 13% 2005 National Journal - Liberal on Economic Policy Score 80% 2005 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100% 2004 National Journal - Liberal on Economic Policy Score 93% 2004 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100% 2003 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100% 2002 National Journal - Liberal on Economic Policy Score 77% 2002 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100% 2001-2002 People for the American Way - Positions 94% 2001 National Journal - Liberal on Economic Policy Score 94% 2000 National Journal - Liberal on Economic Policy Score 95% 2000 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 73% 1999 National Journal - Liberal on Economic Policy Score 89% 1999 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 73% 1998 National Journal - Liberal on Economic Policy Score 79% 1998 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 73% 1996 National Journal - Liberal on Economic Policy Score 82% 1996 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 93%

Foreign Affairs

2016 Armenian National Committee of America - Positions 50% 2015-2016 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 100% 2015-2016 Washington Report on Middle East Affairs (WRMEA) - Positions 100% 2015 Council for a Livable World - Positions 62% 2015 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 100% 2015 Peace Action - Positions 77% 2014 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 100% 2013-2014 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 40% 2013-2014 Armenian National Committee of America - Positions 50% 2013-2014 Council for a Livable World - Positions (House) 100% 2013-2014 US Campaign for Palestinian Rights - Positions 100% 2013-2014 Washington Report on Middle East Affairs (WRMEA) - Positions 80% 2013 Arab American Institute - Positions on Arab-American Issues 100% 2013 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 79% 2013 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy 10% 2013 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy 89% 2013 Peace Action West - Positions 84% 2012 Arab American Institute - Positions on Arab-American Issues 9% 2012 Armenian National Committee of America - Positions 54% 2012 Citizens for Global Solutions - Global Issues Score 92% 2012 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 73% 2012 National Journal - House Liberal (Foreign) 88% 2012 Peace Action - Positions 89% 2011-2012 ACT! for America - Positions 8% 2011-2012 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 20% 2011-2012 Council for a Livable World - Positions (House) 100% 2011-2012 USA Engage - Positions 38% 2011-2012 US Campaign for Palestinian Rights - Positions on International Middle East Human Rights 50% 2011-2012 Washington Report on Middle East Affairs (WRMEA) - Positions 50% 2011 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 30% 2011 Arab American Institute - Positions on Arab-American Issues 25% 2011 Citizens for Global Solutions - Global Issues Score 91% 2011 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 83% 2011 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 18% 2011 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 78% 2011 Peace Action West - Positions 78% 2010 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 20% 2010 Citizens for Global Solutions - Global Issues Score A 2010 Latin America Working Group - Positions (House only) 50% 2010 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 11% 2010 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 84% 2010 Peace Action - Positions 75% 2010 Peace Action West - Positions 75% 2009-2010 ACT! for America - Positions 40% 2009-2010 Armenian National Committee of America - Positions 46% 2009-2010 Council for a Livable World - Positions 66% 2009-2010 USA Engage - Positions 40% 2009-2010 US Campaign for Palestinian Rights - Positions 44% 2009-2010 Washington Report on Middle East Affairs (WRMEA) - Positions 30% 2009 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 50% 2009 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 33% 2009 Latin America Working Group - Positions 50% 2009 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 70% 2009 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 24% 2009 NewPolicy.org - Positions on International Middle East Policy Advocacy 15% 2009 Peace Action West - Positions 54% 2009 Resolve Uganda - Lifetime Score 25% 2008 Armenian National Committee of America - Positions on Armenian American Issues D+ 2008 Citizens for Global Solutions - Global Issues Score A 2008 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 100% 2008 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 92% 2008 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 0% 2008 Peace Action West - Positions 100% 2008 Resolve Uganda - Lifetime Score D 2007-2009 Citizens for Global Solutions - Global Issues Score A 2007-2008 ACT! for America - Positions 17% 2007-2008 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 20% 2007-2008 Council for a Livable World - Positions 100% 2007-2008 National Foreign Trade Council - Positions 33% 2007-2008 Nuclear Age Peace Foundation - Positions 77% 2007-2008 USA Engage - Positions on Trade and Engagement C 2007-2008 US Campaign for Palestinian Rights - Positions on International Middle East Human Rights -4 2007-2008 Washington Report on Middle East Affairs (WRMEA) - Positions +2 2007 Citizens for Global Solutions - Global Issues Score A 2007 Council for a Livable World - Positions 92% 2007 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 91% 2007 Latin America Working Group - Positions 70% 2007 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 78% 2007 Peace Action West - Positions 91% 2007 United To End Genocide (formerly known as the Save Darfur Coalition and Genocide Intervention Network) - Positions on Darfur A 2007 US Campaign for Palestinian Rights - Positions on International Middle East Human Rights -2 2007 Voices for Creative Nonviolence - Iraq-Afghanistan Supplemental Spending Score 83% 2006-2012 Global Exchange - Percent Loyalty to Finance, Insurance, Real Estate Lobby 14% 2006 Citizens for Global Solutions - Global Issues Score A+ 2006 Latin America Working Group - Positions 80% 2006 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 18% 2006 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 80% 2006 Peace Action - Positions 86% 2006 Peace Action West - Positions 86% 2006 United To End Genocide (formerly known as the Save Darfur Coalition and Genocide Intervention Network) - Positions on Darfur A 2005-2006 ACT! for America - Positions 6% 2005-2006 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 94% 2005-2006 National Foreign Trade Council - Positions 33% 2005-2006 Nuclear Age Peace Foundation - Positions 91% 2005-2006 US Campaign for Palestinian Rights - Positions on International Middle East Human Rights -6 2005-2006 Washington Report on Middle East Affairs (WRMEA) - Positions 25% 2005 Citizens for Global Solutions - Global Issues Score A 2005 Council on American-Islamic Relations - Positions 100% 2005 Latin America Working Group - Positions 100% 2005 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 13% 2005 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 86% 2005 Peace Action - Positions 75% 2004 Center for International Policy - Positions 100% 2004 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 50% 2004 Latin America Working Group - Positions 71% 2004 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 90% 2004 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 9% 2004 Nuclear Age Peace Foundation - Positions 67% 2004 Peace Action - Positions 100% 2003-2004 ACT! for America - Positions 38% 2003-2004 American Muslims for Jerusalem - Positions on International Middle East Policy Advocacy -6 2003-2004 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 10% 2003-2004 Council for a Livable World - Positions 91% 2003-2004 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 87% 2003-2004 National Foreign Trade Council - Positions 17% 2003-2004 USA Engage - Positions 20% 2003-2004 US Campaign for Palestinian Rights - Positions on International Middle East Human Rights -3 2003-2004 Washington Report on Middle East Affairs (WRMEA) - Positions 75% 2003 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 56% 2003 Latin America Working Group - Positions 43% 2003 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 13% 2003 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 87% 2003 Nuclear Age Peace Foundation - Positions 0% 2003 Peace Action - Positions 89% 2003 US Campaign for Palestinian Rights - Positions on International Middle East Human Rights -2 2002-2006 Voices for Creative Nonviolence - Iraq War Resolution and Funding 60% 2002-2003 Citizens for Global Solutions - Positions 100% 2002 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 25% 2002 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 14% 2002 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 84% 2002 Peace Action - Positions 80% 2001-2002 American Foreign Service Association - Positions 65% 2001-2002 American Muslims for Jerusalem - Positions on International Middle East Policy Advocacy -2 2001-2002 Council for a Livable World - Positions 78% 2001-2002 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 64% 2001-2002 National Foreign Trade Council - Postions 33% 2001-2002 USA Engage - Positions 40% 2001 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 79% 2001 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 86% 2001 Peace Action - Positions 63% 2001 Washington Report on Middle East Affairs (WRMEA) - Positions 100% 2000 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 44% 2000 National Foreign Trade Council - Positions 50% 2000 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 15% 2000 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 84% 2000 Peace Action - Positions 50% 1999-2000 Council for a Livable World - Positions 71% 1999 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 57% 1999 National Journal - Conservative on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 0% 1999 National Journal - Liberal on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 95% 1999 Peace Action - Positions 45% 1998-2002 Center for Security Policy - Positions 24% 1998 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 81% 1998 National Journal - Conservative on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 5% 1998 National Journal - Liberal on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 90% 1998 Peace Action - Positions 75% 1997 Center for Security Policy - Positions 11% 1997 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 86% 1997 Peace Action - Positions 75% 1996 Center for Security Policy - Positions 33% 1996 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign\Defense Policy 84% 1996 National Journal - Conservative on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 15% 1996 Peace Action - Positions 100% 1995-1996 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Peace and Justice Score 90%

Government Budget and Spending

2016 Council for Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 5% 2016 National Treasury Employees Union - Positions 100% 2016 The Club for Growth - Positions 4% 2016 The Club for Growth - Positions (Lifetime) 6% 2015-2016 National Active and Retired Federal Employees Association - Positions 100% 2015-2016 National Parks Action Fund - Positions 100% 2015-2016 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 3% 2015 Council for Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 1% 2015 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 12% 2015 The Club for Growth - Positions (Lifetime) 6% 2015 The Club for Growth - Positions 0% 2014 Council for Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 5% 2014 National Treasury Employees Union - Positions 100% 2014 The Club for Growth - Positions 11% 2014 The Club for Growth - Positions (Lifetime) 7% 2013 Council for Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 9% 2013 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 18% 2012 National Taxpayers Union - Positions on Tax and Spending 14% 2011 Council for Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 6% 2011 National Taxpayers Union - Positions on Tax and Spending 12% 2010 Council for Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 2% 2009 Council for Citizens Against Government Waste - Lifetime Scores 4% 2009 Council for Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 0% 2009 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 1% 2008 Council for Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 0% 2008 Council for Citizens Against Government Waste - Lifetime Score 6% 2008 National Taxpayers Union - Fiscally Conservative Score F 2007 Council for Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 2% 2007 National Taxpayers Union - Fiscally Conservative Score F 2006 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 12% 2005-2006 Council for Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 6% 2005 Council for Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 6% 2005 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 13% 2005 Taxpayers for Common Sense - Positions 88% 2004 Council for Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 0% 2004 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 7% 2004 Taxpayers for Common Sense - Positions 50% 2003 Council for Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 12% 2003 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 20% 2003 Taxpayers for Common Sense - Positions 50% 2002 Council for Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 13% 2002 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 20% 2002 Taxpayers for Common Sense - Positions 33% 2001 Council for Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 7% 2001 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 8% 2001 Taxpayers for Common Sense - Positions 45% 2000 Council for Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 0% 2000 Taxpayers for Common Sense - Positions 33% 1999 Council for Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 0% 1999 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 17% 1999 Taxpayers for Common Sense - Positions 45 1998 Council for Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 0% 1998 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 14% 1998 Taxpayers for Common Sense - Positions 47% 1997 Council for Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 21% 1997 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 29% 1997 Taxpayers for Common Sense - Positions 53% 1996 Council for Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 24%

Government Operations

2016 Council for Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 5% 2016 FreedomWorks - Positions 12% 2015-2016 The Lugar Center - Bipartisan Index 19% 2015 Council for Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 1% 2015 FreedomWorks - Positions 10% 2015 The Lugar Center - Bipartisan Index 19% 2014 Council for Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 5% 2014 FreedomWorks - Positions 14% 2013-2014 Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence - "Brady Gun Violence Lap Dog Rating: Brady Rating" 100% 2013-2014 The Lugar Center - Bipartisan Index 22% 2013 Council for Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 9% 2011 Council for Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 6% 2010 Council for Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 2% 2009 Council for Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 0% 2009 Council for Citizens Against Government Waste - Lifetime Scores 4% 2008 Council for Citizens Against Government Waste - Lifetime Score 6% 2008 Council for Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 0% 2007 Council for Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 2% 2005-2006 Council for Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 6% 2005 Council for Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 6% 2005 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 95% 2004 Council for Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 0% 2003 Council for Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 12% 2003 State PIRGs Working Together - Positions 95% 2002 Council for Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 13% 2001 Council for Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 7% 2000 Council for Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 0% 1999 Council for Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 0% 1998 Council for Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 0% 1997 Council for Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 21% 1996 Council for Citizens Against Government Waste - Positions 24%

Guns

2016 National Rifle Association - Candidate Positions on Gun Rights 7% 2015-2016 Gun Owners of America - Positions 0% 2015 Gun Owners of America - Positions 0% 2014 Gun Owners of America - Positions 0% 2013-2014 Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence - "Brady Gun Violence Lap Dog Rating: Brady Rating" 100% 2013 Gun Owners of America - Positions 0% 2012 Gun Owners of America - Ratings on Gun Rights - Elected to 113th Congress [12/2012] 0% 2012 National Rifle Association - Candidate Positions on Gun Rights 7% 2011 Gun Owners of America - Key Votes Alignment on Gun Rights - Federal Vote Scorecard - 112th Congress, First Session 25% 2010 Gun Owners of America - Congressional Ratings on Gun Rights [09/2010] 7% 2010 Gun Owners of America - Congressional Ratings on Gun Rights [04/2010] 18% 2010 National Rifle Association Political Victory Fund - Positions on Gun Rights 0% 2009 Gun Owners of America - Positions on Gun Rights F 2008 National Rifle Association - Candidate Positions on Gun Rights 7% 2007 Gun Owners of America - Positions on Gun Rights F- 2006 Gun Owners of America - Positions 0% 2006 National Rifle Association - Candidate Positions on Gun Rights 8% 2005 Gun Owners of America - Positions 25% 2004 National Rifle Association - Candidate Positions on Gun Rights 8% 2003-2004 Gun Owners of America - Positions 0% 2003 Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence - Lifetime Score 100% 2003 Coalition to Stop Gun Violence - Positions 100% 2003 Gun Owners of America - Positions 0% 2003 Gun Owners of America - Positions on Gun Rights F- 2002 Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence - Lifetime Score 100% 2002 National Rifle Association - Candidate Positions on Gun Rights 8% 2001-2002 Gun Owners of America - Positions on Gun Rights 0% 2001 Coalition to Stop Gun Violence - Positions 100% 2000 National Rifle Association - Candidate Positions on Gun Rights 8% 1999-2000 Coalition to Stop Gun Violence - Positions 100% 1999-2000 Gun Owners of America - Positions on Gun Rights 0% 1991-2009 Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence - Lifetime Score (U.S. Senate) 100% 1990-2014 Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence - Brady Gun Violence Lap Dog Rating: Gun Lobby Independence 100% 1988-2008 Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence - Lifetime Score (U.S. House) 100% 1987-1999 Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence - Positions 100%

Health and Health Care

2017 Food Policy Action - Positions 100% 2017 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions (Lifetime) [11/17] 100% 2016 American Public Health Association - Positions 100% 2016 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions (Lifetime) [12/30] 100% 2015-2016 Food Policy Action - Positions 100% 2015 American Public Health Association - Positions 100% 2015 American Veterinary Medical Association - Positions on Professional Advocacy 100% 2015 Food Policy Action - Positions 100% 2015 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Lifetime Score 100% 2014 Alzheimer's Impact Movement - Positions 50% 2014 American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists - Positions (House Only) 0% 2014 American Veterinary Medical Association - Positions on Professional Advocacy 67% 2014 Food Policy Action - Positions 95% 2014 National Right to Life Committee - Positions (June 4, 2014) 0% 2014 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions captured January 9, 2014 (reflect past 6 years' voting record) 100% 2014 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions (June 27, 2014) 100% 2013-2014 Food Policy Action - Positions 95% 2013-2014 National Breast Cancer Coalition - Positions 67% 2013 American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists - Positions (House Only) 0% 2013 American Public Health Association - Positions 100% 2013 Food Policy Action - Positions 92% 2013 National Right to Life Committee - Positions (Jan. 14, 2014) 0% 2013 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions captured February, 2013 (reflect voting records of past 6 years) 100% 2012 AIDS Drug Assistance Program (ADAP) Advocacy Association - Positions 50% 2012 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions captured June, 2012 (reflect voting records of past 6 years) 100% 2011-2012 Food Policy Action - Positions 86% 2011-2012 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0% 2011 AIDS Drug Assistance Program (ADAP) Advocacy Association - Positions 67% 2011 American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists - Positions (House Only) 100% 2011 American Nurses Association - Positions 100% 2011 American Veterinary Medical Association - Positions on Professional Advocacy 50% 2011 Association of University Centers on Disabilities - Positions 75% 2011 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0% 2011 The Children's Health Fund - Positions (House Only) 100% 2010 American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists - Positions (House Only) 50% 2010 American Public Health Association - Positions 100% 2010 American Society for Radiation Oncology - U.S. House Score 0% 2010 National Association of Social Workers - House of Representatives Score 100% 2010 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions 100% 2009-2010 Alzheimer's Impact Movement - Positions 67% 2009-2010 American Hospital Association - Positions 75% 2009-2010 National Breast Cancer Coalition - Positions 100% 2009-2010 National Family Planning & Reproductive Health Association - House of Representatives Score 100% 2009-2010 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0% 2009-2010 St. Joseph Health System - Positions 100% 2009 AIDS Drug Assistance Program (ADAP) Advocacy Association - Positions 100% 2009 American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists - Positions 66% 2009 American Nurses Association - Positions 100% 2009 American Public Health Association - Positions 100% 2009 American Society for Radiation Oncology - Positions 100% 2009 Association of University Centers on Disabilities - Positions 88% 2009 National Association of Social Workers - Positions 100% 2009 The Children's Health Fund - Positions 66% 2008 Academy of General Dentistry - Positions 100% 2008 American Public Health Association - Positions 100% 2008 American Society for Radiation Oncology - Positions 100% 2008 National Association of Social Workers - Positions 40% 2008 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions 100% 2008 The American Counseling Association - Positions 100% 2008 The Leukemia & Lymphoma Society - U.S. House Score 100% 2007-2008 American Hospital Association - Positions 71% 2007-2008 National Association for Addiction Professionals (formerly National Association of Alcohol and Drug Abuse Counselors) - Positions 100% 2007-2008 National Breast Cancer Coalition - Positions 100% 2007-2008 National Family Planning & Reproductive Health Association - Positions 100% 2007-2008 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0% 2007-2008 St. Joseph Health System - Positions 100 2007-2008 The American Geriatrics Society - Elderly Health Advocacy Score B+ 2007 Academy of General Dentistry - Positions (House Only) 100% 2007 Alliance For Headache Disorders Advocacy - Positions 0% 2007 American Academy of Family Physicians - Positions 100% 2007 American Public Health Association - Positions 100% 2007 American Society for Radiation Oncology - Positions 100% 2007 Association of University Centers on Disabilities - Positions 60% 2007 Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance - Positions 50 2007 League of Women Voters - Children's Health Issues Score 100% 2007 League of Women Voters - Positions 100% 2007 National Association of Social Workers - Positions 100% 2007 The American Counseling Association - Positions 100% 2007 The Children's Health Fund - Positions 100% 2006 American Public Health Association - Positions 100% 2006 National Association of Social Workers - Positions on Professional Advocacy 80 2006 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions 100% 2005-2006 AIDS United - Positions 100% 2005-2006 American Academy of Emergency Medicine - Positions 50% 2005-2006 American Hospital Association - Positions 29% 2005-2006 American Nurses Association - Positions 100% 2005-2006 National Association for Addiction Professionals (formerly National Association of Alcohol and Drug Abuse Counselors) - Positions 88% 2005-2006 National Breast Cancer Coalition - Positions 100% 2005-2006 National Family Planning & Reproductive Health Association - Positions 100% 2005-2006 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 9% 2005-2006 National Rural Health Association - Positions 50% 2005-2006 St. Joseph Health System - Positions 83% 2005 American Public Health Association - Positions 100% 2005 Parkinsons Action Network - Positions 100% 2005 The American College of Physicians - Positions 0% 2004 American College of Emergency Physicians - Positions 50% 2004 American Public Health Association - Positions 100% 2004 Citizens for Health - Whole Person Health Rating - Whole Person Health Score 50% 2003-2004 American Academy of Emergency Medicine - Positions 25% 2003-2004 National Breast Cancer Coalition - Positions 100% 2003-2004 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0% 2003-2004 National Rural Health Association - Positions 0% 2003 American College of Emergency Physicians - Positions 50% 2003 American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists - Positions 0% 2003 American Public Health Association - Positions 100% 2003 American Society of Anesthesiologists - Positions 25% 2003 Global AIDS Alliance - Positions 100% 2002 American College of Emergency Physicians - Positions 50% 2002 American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists - Positions 0% 2002 American Public Health Association - Positions 83% 2002 Pennsylvania State Nurses Association - Positions 33% 2001-2002 National Association of Social Workers - Positions 100% 2001-2002 National Breast Cancer Coalition - Positions 100% 2001-2002 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0% 2001 AIDS United - Positions 100% 2001 American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists - Positions 100% 2001 American Medical Association PAC - Positions 100% 2001 American Public Health Association - Positions 100% 2001 National Breast Cancer Coalition - Positions 80% 2001 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions 100% 2001 The Leukemia & Lymphoma Society - Positions 0% 2000 American Medical Association PAC - Positions 100% 2000 American Public Health Association - Positions 100% 1999-2002 National Family Planning & Reproductive Health Association - Positions 100% 1999-2000 National Association of Social Workers - Positions 100% 1999 American Medical Association PAC - Positions 66% 1999 American Public Health Association - Positions 100% 1999 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0% 1999 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions 100% 1998 American Public Health Association - Positions 100% 1997-1998 AIDS United - Positions 100% 1997-1998 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 5% 1997 American Public Health Association - Positions 100% 1997 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 8% 1996 National Association of Social Workers - Positions 100% 1996 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0% 1995-2004 National Family Planning & Reproductive Health Association - Positions 100% 1995-2003 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions 100% 1995-1998 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions 100% 1995-1996 AIDS United - Positions 100% 1995-1996 Smokefree Action - Positions 100%

Health Insurance

2012 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 100% 2009-2010 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 100% 2009 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Lifetime Score 99% 2008 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 100% 2007 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 100% 2006 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 89% 2005-2006 Partnership for America - Positions 0% 2005 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 100% 2004 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 100% 2003 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 100% 2002 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 100% 2001-2002 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 100% 2001 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 91% 2000 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 100% 2000 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 85% 1999-2000 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 100% 1999 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 100% 1998 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 100% 1997-1998 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 100% 1997 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 90% 1996 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 100% 1995-1996 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 100%

Higher Education

2015-2016 American Association of University Women - Positions 100% 2015 American Association of University Women - Positions 100% 2015 National Education Association - Positions 100% 2013-2014 American Association of University Women - Positions 89% 2013-2014 National Association for College Admission Counseling - Positions 33% 2013-2014 National Education Association - Positions 100% 2013 National Education Association - Positions 100% 2012 National Education Association - Positions 100% 2011-2012 American Association of University Women - Positions 80 2011-2012 National Association for College Admission Counseling - Positions 83% 2011 National Association for College Admission Counseling - Positions 100% 2011 National Education Association - Positions 100% 2009-2010 American Association of University Women - Positions 91% 2009-2010 National Association for College Admission Counseling - Positions 100% 2009 American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education - Positions 0% 2009 American Association of University Women - Positions 89% 2009 National Education Association - Positions on Public Education Teaching Profession Issues 100% 2007-2008 American Association of University Women - Positions 100% 2007-2008 National Association for College Admission Counseling - Positions 76% 2007-2008 National Education Association - Positions on Public Education Teaching Profession Issues A 2007 American Association of University Women - Positions 100 2007 National Association for College Admission Counseling - Positions 62% 2007 National Education Association - Positions on Public Education Teaching Profession Issues A 2006 National Association for College Admission Counseling - Positions 100% 2005-2006 American Association of University Women - Positions 100% 2005-2006 National Education Association - Positions 100% 2005 American Association of University Women - Positions 100% 2005 National Association for College Admission Counseling - Positions 88% 2003-2004 American Association of University Women - Positions 100% 2003-2004 National Education Association - Positions 100% 2003 American Association of University Women - Positions 100% 2003 National Education Association - Positions 100% 2002 National Education Association - Positions 100% 2001-2002 American Association of University Women - Positions 100% 2001 American Association of University Women - Positions 100% 2001 National Education Association - Positions 100% 2000 National Education Association - Positions 100% 1999-2000 American Association of University Women - Positions 100% 1999 American Association of University Women - Positions 100% 1999 National Education Association - Positions 80% 1997-1998 American Association of University Women - Positions 100% 1997-1998 National Education Association - Positions 86% 1997 American Association of University Women - Positions 100% 1997 National Education Association - Positions 71% 1996 National Education Association - Positions 100% 1995-1996 United States Student Association - Positions 80%

Immigration

2017 National Iranian American Council - Positions 100% 2017 NumbersUSA - Positions [11/17] 0% 2015-2016 Federation for American Immigration Reform - Positions 0% 2015-2016 National Iranian American Council - Positions 75% 2015-2016 NumbersUSA - Positions 10% 2015 Federation for American Immigration Reform - Positions 0% 2015 National Iranian American Council - Positions 100% 2015 NumbersUSA - Positions 1% 2014 Federation for American Immigration Reform - Positions 0% 2014 Hispanic Federation, LCLAA, LULAC, Mi Familia Vota, NCLR, and Voto Latino - National Immigration Scorecard 100% 2014 NumbersUSA - Overall Score (Jan. 7, 2014) 21% 2014 UnidosUS (formerly known as National Council of La Raza) - Positions (Preliminary) 100% 2013-2014 American Immigration Lawyers Association - Positions 100% 2013-2014 Armenian National Committee of America - Positions 50% 2013-2014 Federation for American Immigration Reform - Positions 0% 2013-2014 National Hispanic Leadership Agenda - Positions on Economic Empowerment 100% 2013-2014 National Hispanic Leadership Agenda - Positions 100% 2013-2014 National Hispanic Leadership Agenda - Positions on Immigration Reform 100% 2013-2014 National Iranian American Council - Positions 50% 2013-2014 The Public Affairs Alliance of Iranian Americans - Positions 100% 2013 Arab American Institute - Positions on Arab-American Issues 100% 2013 NumbersUSA - Positions 0% 2012 Arab American Institute - Positions on Arab-American Issues 9% 2012 The American Hellenic Educational Progressive Association - Legislation Evaluation (House Only) 25% 2011-2012 NumbersUSA - Positions 21% 2011-2012 The American Hellenic Educational Progressive Association - Positions 28% 2011-2012 The Public Affairs Alliance of Iranian Americans - Positions 67% 2011 Arab American Institute - Positions on Arab-American Issues 25% 2009-2013 NumbersUSA - Positions - Reduce Illegal Immigration Rewards (Feb 11, 2013) 0% 2009-2013 NumbersUSA - Positions - Reduce Amnesty Enticements (Feb 11, 2013) 0% 2009-2013 NumbersUSA - Positions - Reduce Illegal Immigration at the Border (Feb 11, 2013) 25% 2009-2013 NumbersUSA - Positions - Reduce Illegal Jobs and Presence (Feb 11, 2013) 0% 2009-2013 NumbersUSA - Positions - Reduce Unnecessary Foreign Workers (Feb 11, 2013) 0% 2009-2013 NumbersUSA - Positions - Overall (Feb 11, 2013) 4% 2009-2010 American Immigration Lawyers Association - U.S. House Score 100% 2009-2010 Federation for American Immigration Reform - Positions 0% 2009-2010 NumbersUSA - Positions 0% 2009-2010 The American Hellenic Educational Progressive Association - Positions 29% 2009-2010 The Public Affairs Alliance of Iranian Americans - Positions 88% 2009-2010 United States English - U.S. House Score 17% 2007-2010 National Latino Congreso/William C. Velásquez Institute - Positions 100% 2007-2008 English First - Positions on English as the Official Language D- 2007-2008 Federation for American Immigration Reform - Positions 8% 2007-2008 The American Hellenic Educational Progressive Association - Greek American Issues Score 39% 2007-2008 United States English - Positions on English as the Official Language D 2007 English First - Positions 50% 2007 Federation for American Immigration Reform - Positions 8% 2007 National Council of Agricultural Employers - Positions 0% 2007 UnidosUS (formerly known as National Council of La Raza) - Positions 100 2006 American Immigration Lawyers Association - Positions 100% 2006 English First - Positions 0% 2005-2008 NumbersUSA - Lifetime Score 7% 2005-2006 NumbersUSA - Positions 14% 2005-2006 The Public Affairs Alliance of Iranian Americans - Positions 100% 2005-2006 United States Border Control - Positions 0% 2005 American Immigration Lawyers Association - Positions 100% 2005 Americans for Immigration Control - Positions 0% 2005 Federation for American Immigration Reform - Positions 57% 2005 National Council of Agricultural Employers - Positions 33% 2005 UnidosUS (formerly known as National Council of La Raza) - Positions 66% 2004 Federation for American Immigration Reform - Positions 0% 2004 UnidosUS (formerly known as National Council of La Raza) - Positions 100% 2003-2006 NumbersUSA - Positions 18% 2003-2005 NumbersUSA - Positions 23% 2003-2004 National Hispanic Leadership Agenda - Positions 100% 2003-2004 United States Border Control - Positions 0% 2003 Federation for American Immigration Reform - Positions 0% 2002 American Immigration Lawyers Association - Positions 50% 2002 Californians for Population Stabilization - Positions 33% 2001-2002 Federation for American Immigration Reform - Positions 0% 2001-2002 National Hispanic Leadership Agenda - Positions 89% 2001 American Immigration Lawyers Association - Positions 50% 2001 Californians for Population Stabilization - Positions 50% 2001 English First - Positions 0% 2000 National Hispanic Leadership Agenda - Positions 100% 1999 National Hispanic Leadership Agenda - Positions 91% 1997-1998 National Hispanic Leadership Agenda - Positions 100% 1997-1998 United States Border Control - Positions 29% 1997 Americans for Immigration Control - Positions 33% 1995-2004 American Immigration Lawyers Association - Positions 86% 1995-1996 National Hispanic Leadership Agenda - Positions 10% 1989-2017 NumbersUSA - Lifetime Scores [11/17] 4% 1989-2016 NumbersUSA - Lifetime Score 5% 1989-2015 NumbersUSA - Lifetime Score 5% 1989-2013 NumbersUSA - Overall - Career (Feb 11, 2013) 8% 1989-2003 NumbersUSA - Lifetime Scores 24% 1989-2002 NumbersUSA - Lifetime Scores 21% 1989-2001 NumbersUSA - Lifetime Scores 17%

K-12 Education

2015 National Education Association - Positions 100% 2014 Population Connection - Positions (Jan. 9, 2014) 100% 2013-2014 National Education Association - Positions 100% 2013 National Education Association - Positions 100% 2013 Population Connection - Positions (Sept. 2013) 67% 2012 National Education Association - Positions 100% 2011 National Education Association - Positions 100% 2009-2010 School Nutrition Association - Positions (House Only) 100% 2009 National Education Association - Positions on Public Education Teaching Profession Issues 100% 2009 Population Connection - Committee Votes Score 100% 2007-2008 National Education Association - Positions on Public Education Teaching Profession Issues A 2007 National Association of Elementary School Principals - Positions 100% 2007 National Education Association - Positions on Public Education Teaching Profession Issues A 2007 Population Connection - Positions on Population Stabilization 100% 2006 Population Connection - Positions 100% 2005-2006 National Education Association - Positions 100% 2005 National Association of Elementary School Principals - Positions 100% 2005 Population Connection - Positions 100% 2003-2004 National Education Association - Positions 100% 2003-2004 National Parent Teacher Association - Positions 85% 2003-2004 National School Boards Association - Positions 40% 2003-2004 Population Connection - Positions 100% 2003-2004 School Nutrition Association - Positions 67% 2003 National Education Association - Positions 100% 2003 National School Boards Association - Positions 60% 2003 Population Connection - Positions 100% 2002 National Education Association - Positions 100% 2002 Population Connection - Positions 100% 2001-2002 National Parent Teacher Association - Positions 75% 2001 National Education Association - Positions 100% 2001 Population Connection - Positions 100% 2000 National Education Association - Positions 100% 2000 Population Connection - Positions 100% 1999-2000 National Parent Teacher Association - Positions 86% 1999 National Education Association - Positions 80% 1999 Population Connection - Positions 100% 1997-1998 National Education Association - Positions 86% 1997-1998 Population Connection - Positions 100% 1997 National Education Association - Positions 71% 1997 Population Connection - Positions 100% 1996 National Education Association - Positions 100% 1996 Population Connection - Positions 20%

Labor Unions

2016 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 85% 2016 National Treasury Employees Union - Positions 100% 2015-2016 International Brotherhood of Teamsters - Positions 92% 2015 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 100% 2015 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Lifetime Scores 99% 2015 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 100% 2015 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 100% 2015 National Treasury Employees Union - Positions 100% 2015 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 100% 2014 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 100% 2014 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Lifetime Score 99% 2014 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 100% 2014 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 100% 2014 National Treasury Employees Union - Positions 100% 2014 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 100% 2013-2014 International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers - Positions (House) 100% 2013-2014 International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers - Lifetime Scores (House) 98% 2013-2014 International Brotherhood of Teamsters - Positions 100% 2013-2014 Workplace Choice - Positions (113th Congress, full session) 7% 2013-2014 Workplace Choice - Positions 0% 2013 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 89% 2013 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Lifetime Scores 98% 2013 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 100% 2013 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Lifetime Score 99% 2013 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 100% 2013 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 92% 2013 International Foodservice Distributors Association - Positions 0% 2013 National Treasury Employees Union - Positions 100% 2012 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 100 2012 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 95% 2012 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Lifetime Score 98% 2012 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Lifetime Score 99% 2012 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 100% 2012 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 88% 2012 National Farmers Union - Positions 89% 2012 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 100% 2011-2012 American Federation of Teachers - Positions 100% 2011-2012 International Brotherhood of Teamsters - Positions 100% 2011-2012 International Foodservice Distributors Association - Positions (House) 12% 2011-2012 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 100% 2011 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 100% 2011 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 100% 2011 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Lifetime Score 99% 2011 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 100% 2011 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 71% 2010 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 100% 2010 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Lifetime Scores 98% 2010 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 100% 2010 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 100% 2010 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 100% 2010 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - House of Representatives Score 100% 2009-2010 Communications Workers of America - Positions 89% 2009-2010 International Brotherhood of Teamsters - Positions 100% 2009-2010 International Foodservice Distributors Association - Positions 0% 2009-2010 National Farmers Union - Positions 100% 2009-2010 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 100% 2009 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 100% 2009 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 100% 2009 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Lifetime Score 98% 2009 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Lifetime Score 99% 2009 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 100% 2009 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 100% 2009 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 100% 2009 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 100% 2009 United Auto Workers - Positions 100% 2009 Women Employed - Positions 50% 2008 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Lifetime Score 98% 2008 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 100% 2008 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Lifetime Score 99% 2008 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 100% 2008 Center for Worker Freedom (formerly known as Alliance for Worker Freedom) - Positions 0% 2008 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 100% 2008 Latin America Working Group - Positions 75% 2008 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 100% 2008 United Electrical Radio and Machine Workers - Positions 80 2008 Utility Workers Union of America - Positions 100% 2007-2008 International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers - Positions 96% 2007-2008 International Foodservice Distributors Association - Positions 0% 2007-2008 National Farmers Union - Family Farm Advocacy Score 100 2007-2008 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 100% 2007 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 93% 2007 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 96% 2007 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 100% 2007 Bakery, Confectionery, Tobacco Workers and Grain Millers - Positions 100% 2007 Center for Worker Freedom (formerly known as Alliance for Worker Freedom) - Positions 0% 2007 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 83% 2007 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 100 2007 National Treasury Employees Union - Positions 100% 2007 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 100% 2007 United Auto Workers - Positions 100% 2007 United Electrical Radio and Machine Workers - Positions 100 2007 Utility Workers Union of America - Positions 100 2006 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 100% 2006 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 100% 2006 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 100% 2006 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 83% 2006 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 89% 2006 Transportation Communications Union - Positions 100% 2006 United Auto Workers - Positions 100% 2005-2006 American Road & Transportation Builders Association - Positions 100% 2005-2006 International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers - Positions 83% 2005-2006 National Farmers Union - Positions 100% 2005 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 100% 2005 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 93% 2005 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 100% 2005 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 100% 2005 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 75% 2005 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 100% 2005 Transportation Communications Union - Positions 100% 2005 United Auto Workers - Positions 100% 2005 United Electrical Radio and Machine Workers - Positions 100% 2004 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 100% 2004 American Postal Workers Union - Positions 100% 2004 Communications Workers of America - Positions 100% 2004 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 100% 2004 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 88% 2004 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 100% 2004 Transportation Communications Union - Positions 100% 2004 United Auto Workers - Positions 100% 2004 United Electrical Radio and Machine Workers - Positions 67% 2003-2004 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 54% 2003-2004 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 75% 2003-2004 American Road & Transportation Builders Association - Positions 50% 2003-2004 Bakery, Confectionery, Tobacco Workers and Grain Millers - Positions 86% 2003-2004 International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers - Positions 100% 2003-2004 National Farmers Union - Positions 67% 2003 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 100% 2003 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 75% 2003 Communications Workers of America - Positions 100% 2003 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 83% 2003 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 100% 2003 International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers - Positions 100% 2003 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 100% 2003 Transportation Communications Union - Positions 100% 2003 United Auto Workers - Positions on Workplace Rights 100% 2003 United Electrical Radio and Machine Workers - Positions 100% 2002 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 100% 2002 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 100% 2002 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 100% 2002 Communications Workers of America - Positions 100% 2002 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 100% 2002 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 100% 2002 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 100% 2002 Transportation Communications Union - Positions 91% 2002 United Auto Workers - Positions 100% 2002 United Electrical Radio and Machine Workers - Positions 100% 2001-2002 American Postal Workers Union - Positions 100% 2001-2002 International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers - Positions 100% 2001-2002 National Farmers Union - Positions 90% 2001 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 100% 2001 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 100% 2001 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 100% 2001 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 100% 2001 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 100% 2001 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 91% 2001 Transportation Communications Union - Positions 100% 2001 United Auto Workers - Positions 92% 2001 United Electrical Radio and Machine Workers - Positions 100% 2001 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 100% 2000 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 100% 2000 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 65% 2000 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 100% 2000 Communications Workers of America - Positions 100% 2000 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 100% 2000 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 85% 2000 United Auto Workers - Positions 100% 2000 United Electrical Radio and Machine Workers - Positions 72% 1999-2000 National Farmers Union - Positions 83% 1999 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 100% 1999 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 100% 1999 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 100% 1999 Communications Workers of America - Positions 100% 1999 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 100% 1999 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 100% 1999 Transportation Communications Union - Positions 100% 1999 United Auto Workers - Positions 100% 1999 United Electrical Radio and Machine Workers - Positions 50% 1998 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 93% 1998 Communications Workers of America - Positions 100% 1998 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 100% 1998 National Farmers Union - Positions 100% 1998 Transportation Communications Union - Positions 100% 1998 United Auto Workers - Positions 100% 1997-2008 United Electrical Radio and Machine Workers - Lifetime Score 81% 1997-1998 International Brotherhood of Teamsters - Positions 100% 1997 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 79% 1997 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 100% 1997 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 88% 1997 Communications Workers of America - Positions 100% 1997 National Farmers Union - Positions 71% 1997 United Auto Workers - Positions 100% 1997 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 92% 1996 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 100% 1996 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 100% 1996 Communications Workers of America - Positions on Workplace Rights 43% 1996 National Farmers Union - Positions 75% 1996 United Auto Workers - Positions on Workplace Rights 100% 1996 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 100%

Liberal

2015 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 100% 2013-2014 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Liberal Action Score 69% 2013 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 90% 2013 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy 87% 2013 National Journal - Liberal on Economic Policy 86% 2013 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy 89% 2013 National Journal - Liberal (Composite) 89% 2012 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 95% 2012 Campaign for America's Future - Positions 100% 2012 National Journal - House Liberal (Economic) 89% 2012 National Journal - House Liberal (Composite Score) 92% 2012 National Journal - House Liberal (Social) 85% 2012 National Journal - House Liberal (Foreign) 88% 2011-2012 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Liberal Action Score 65% 2011 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 95% 2011 National Journal - Liberal Composite Score 85% 2010 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 95% 2010 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 84% 2010 National Journal - Liberal Composite Score 91% 2009-2010 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Progressive Action Score 71% 2009-2010 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Net Congressional Score 84% 2009 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 100% 2009 National Journal - Composite Liberal Score 86% 2009 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 70% 2008 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 100% 2008 National Journal - Composite Liberal Score 85% 2008 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 92% 2007-2008 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Progressive Action Score 67% 2007 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 100% 2007 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 78% 2007 National Journal - Composite Liberal Score 77.5% 2006 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 100% 2006 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 80% 2006 National Journal - Composite Liberal Score 82.7% 2005-2006 Campaign for America's Future - Energy Score 100% 2005 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 100% 2005 Hope for Peace and Justice - Positions 100 2005 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 95% 2005 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 86% 2005 National Journal - Composite Liberal Score 81% 2004 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 100% 2004 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 90% 2003-2004 Democrats for Life of America - Positions 0% 2003-2004 Radical Middle - Positions 35% 2003 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 90% 2003 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 95% 2003 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 87% 2003 National Journal - Liberal on Economic Policy Score 77% 2003 National Journal - Composite Liberal Score 82% 2002 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 95% 2002 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 84% 2002 National Journal - Composite Liberal Score 78% 2001-2002 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 90% 2001-2002 Radical Middle - Positions 40% 2001 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 95% 2001 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 94% 2001 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 86% 2000 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 85% 2000 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 84% 1999 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 100% 1999 National Journal - Liberal on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 95% 1998 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 100% 1998 National Journal - Liberal on Defense/Foreign Policy Score 90% 1997-1998 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 95% 1997 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 100% 1996 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 92% 1996 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign\Defense Policy 84% 1995-1996 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 95%

Marriage, Family, and Children

2016 Population Connection - Positions 100% 2015-2016 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 0% 2015-2016 Eagle Forum - Positions 14% 2015 Population Connection - Positions 100% 2014 American Family Association - Positions 0% 2014 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 0% 2014 FRC Action - Positions 0% 2014 Population Connection - Positions (Jan. 9, 2014) 100% 2013-2014 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 0% 2013-2014 Eagle Forum - Positions 0% 2013-2014 Family Policy Alliance - Positions (House Only) 0% 2013-2014 FRC Action - "Vote Scorecard of the 113th Congress" 0% 2013 Eagle Forum - Positions 0% 2013 Family Research Council - Positions (113th Congress, first session) 0% 2013 Population Connection - Positions (Sept. 2013) 67% 2012 Eagle Forum - Positions 0% 2012 FRC Action - "Vote Scorecard of the 112th Congress: Second Session" 16% 2011-2012 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 0% 2011 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 0% 2011 Eagle Forum - Positions 23% 2011 FRC Action - "Vote Scorecard of the 112th Congress: First Session" 10% 2010 Eagle Forum - Positions 11% 2009-2010 American Family Association - Positions 5% 2009-2010 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 0% 2009-2010 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 0% 2009-2010 FRC Action - "Vote Scorecard of the 111th Congress" 0% 2009 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 0% 2009 Eagle Forum - Positions 4% 2009 Population Connection - Committee Votes Score 100% 2008 Eagle Forum - Positions 30% 2007-2008 American Family Association - Positions 0% 2007-2008 Campaign for Working Families - Positions on Conservative Issues 0% 2007-2008 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 10% 2007-2008 FRC Action - "Vote Scorecard of the 110th Congress" 5% 2007-2008 Population Action International - Positions 100% 2007 American Academy of Family Physicians - Positions 100% 2007 Eagle Forum - Positions 5% 2007 League of Women Voters - Children's Health Issues Score 100% 2007 League of Women Voters - Positions 100% 2007 PFLAG, Parents, Families and Friends of Lesbians and Gays - Positions 100% 2007 Population Connection - Positions on Population Stabilization 100% 2006 Eagle Forum - Positions 14% 2006 FRC Action - "Vote Scorecard of the 109th Congress: Second Session" 0% 2006 Population Connection - Positions 100% 2005-2006 American Family Association - Positions 11% 2005-2006 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 7% 2005-2006 Population Action International - Positions on Reproductive Health 100% 2005 Eagle Forum - Positions 20% 2005 Family Research Council - Positions 8% 2005 Population Connection - Positions 100% 2004 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 16% 2004 Eagle Forum - Positions 6% 2004 Family Research Council - Positions 8% 2003-2004 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 3% 2003-2004 National Parent Teacher Association - Positions 85% 2003-2004 Population Action International - Positions 100% 2003-2004 Population Connection - Positions 100% 2003 American Family Association - Positions 0% 2003 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 5% 2003 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 16% 2003 Eagle Forum - Positions 4% 2003 Family Research Council - Positions 0% 2003 Population Action International - Positions 100% 2003 Population Connection - Positions 100% 2002 American Family Voices - Positions 100% 2002 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 0% 2002 Eagle Forum - Positions 20% 2002 Population Connection - Positions 100% 2001-2002 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 8% 2001-2002 Family Research Council - Positions 10% 2001-2002 National Parent Teacher Association - Positions 75% 2001 Family Research Council - Positions on Conservative Issues 0% 2001 Population Connection - Positions 100% 2000 Family Research Council - Positions 66% 2000 Population Connection - Positions 100% 1999-2000 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 10% 1999-2000 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 0% 1999-2000 Home School Legal Defense Association - Positions 20% 1999-2000 National Parent Teacher Association - Positions 86% 1999 Population Connection - Positions 100% 1997-1998 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 7% 1997-1998 Home School Legal Defense Association - Positions 0% 1997-1998 Population Connection - Positions 100% 1997 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 11% 1997 Population Connection - Positions 100% 1996 Population Connection - Positions 20%

National Security

2017 National Iranian American Council - Positions 100% 2015-2016 Center for Security Policy - Positions 0% 2015-2016 National Association of Police Organizations - Positions 70% 2015-2016 National Iranian American Council - Positions 75% 2015 Council for a Livable World - Positions 62% 2015 National Association of Police Organizations - Positions 67% 2015 National Iranian American Council - Positions 100% 2013-2014 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 40% 2013-2014 Center for Security Policy - Positions 7% 2013-2014 Council for a Livable World - Positions (House) 100% 2013-2014 National Association of Police Organizations - Positions 77% 2013-2014 National Iranian American Council - Positions 50% 2013 Peace Action West - Positions 84% 2011-2012 ACT! for America - Positions 8% 2011-2012 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 20% 2011-2012 Center for Security Policy - Positions 5% 2011-2012 Council for a Livable World - Positions (House) 100% 2011 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 30% 2010 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 20% 2009-2010 ACT! for America - Positions 40% 2009-2010 Council for a Livable World - Positions 66% 2009 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 50% 2007-2008 ACT! for America - Positions 17% 2007-2008 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 20% 2007-2008 Center for Security Policy - Positions 4% 2007-2008 Council for a Livable World - Positions 100% 2007 Council for a Livable World - Positions 92% 2005-2006 ACT! for America - Positions 6% 2005-2006 Center for Security Policy - Positions 16% 2005 Council for a Livable World - Positions 100% 2003-2004 ACT! for America - Positions 38% 2003-2004 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 10% 2003-2004 Council for a Livable World - Positions 91% 2002 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 25% 2001-2010 Keep America Safe - Positions 12% 2001-2002 Council for a Livable World - Positions 78% 1999-2000 Council for a Livable World - Positions 71% 1998-2002 Center for Security Policy - Positions 24% 1997 Center for Security Policy - Positions 11% 1996 Center for Security Policy - Positions 33%

Religion

2016 Maryland Catholic Conference - Positions 40% 2015-2016 21st Century Wilberforce Initiative - Positions 40% 2015-2016 Bill Stamp - Positions 58% 2015-2016 Bread for the World - Positions 100% 2015-2016 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 100% 2015-2016 The John Birch Society - Positions 15% 2015 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 100% 2015 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 91% 2015 The John Birch Society - Positions 15% 2014 American Family Association - Positions 0% 2014 Americans United for the Separation of Church and State - Positions (House Only) 0% 2014 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 0% 2014 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 100% 2014 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100% 2014 Secular Coalition for America - Positions 75% 2014 The John Birch Society - Lifetime Score 22% 2014 The John Birch Society - Positions 35% 2013-2014 Bread for the World - Positions 92% 2013-2014 Family Policy Alliance - Positions (House Only) 0% 2013-2014 Muslim Public Affairs Council - Positions 40% 2013-2014 The John Birch Society - Positions (113th Congress, full session) 33% 2013 Americans United for the Separation of Church and State - Positions 100% 2013 Bread for the World - Positions 90% 2013 Concerned Women for America - Positions 0% 2013 Family Research Council - Positions (113th Congress, first session) 0% 2013 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 79% 2013 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100% 2013 Secular Coalition for America - Congressional Positions 70% 2013 The John Birch Society - Positions 20% 2013 Venn Institute - Scorecard for International Religious Freedom 0% 2013 Young Women's Christian Association (YWCA) - Positions 66% 2012 Bread for the World - Positions 100% 2012 Catholic Advocate - Positions 0% 2012 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 73% 2012 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 83% 2012 Open Doors USA - Positions 75% 2011-2012 ACT! for America - Positions 8% 2011-2012 Concerned Women for America - Positions 10% 2011-2012 The John Birch Society - Positions 21% 2011 Americans United for the Separation of Church and State - Positions (House Only) 100% 2011 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 0% 2011 Concerned Women for America - Positions 11% 2011 Secular Coalition for America - Congressional Positions 67% 2011 The John Birch Society - Positions (Summer-Fall) 15% 2011 The John Birch Society - Positions (Spring-Summer) 10% 2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (May 2010 - September 2010) 10% 2009-2010 ACT! for America - Positions 40% 2009-2010 American Family Association - Positions 5% 2009-2010 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 0% 2009-2010 Concerned Women for America - Positions 4% 2009-2010 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100% 2009-2010 Open Doors USA - Positions 25% 2009-2010 St. Joseph Health System - Positions 100% 2009-2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (November 2009 - June 2010) 10% 2009-2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (Full Session) 8% 2009-2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (January 2009 - June 2010 7% 2009 Heritage Alliance - Positions 5% 2009 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100% 2009 The John Birch Society - Positions (January 2009 - June 2009) 10% 2009 The John Birch Society - Positions (Full Year) 5% 2009 The John Birch Society - Positions (June 2009 - November 2009) 0% 2008 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100% 2007-2016 National Religious Campaign Against Torture Action Fund - Positions 100% 2007-2008 ACT! for America - Positions 17% 2007-2008 American Family Association - Positions 0% 2007-2008 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 10% 2007-2008 Concerned Women for America - Positions 19% 2007-2008 Secular Coalition for America - Positions on Secular Issues 79% 2007-2008 St. Joseph Health System - Positions 100 2007-2008 The John Birch Society - Positions 21% 2007 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions on Social Justice and Peace 68 2007 The John Birch Society - Conservative Index Score 30% 2007 Traditional Values Coalition - Positions 0 2006 Americans United for the Separation of Church and State - Positions 83% 2006 Church World Service - Positions 33 2006 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100% 2006 Secular Coalition for America - Positions 80% 2006 The John Birch Society - Positions 30% 2006 Traditional Values Coalition - Positions 14% 2005-2012 National Religious Campaign Against Torture Action Fund - Positions 100% 2005-2010 National Religious Campaign Against Torture Action Fund - Positions 100% 2005-2006 ACT! for America - Positions 6% 2005-2006 American Family Association - Positions 11% 2005-2006 Concerned Women for America - Positions 36% 2005-2006 St. Joseph Health System - Positions 83% 2005 Church World Service - Positions 100 2005 Council on American-Islamic Relations - Positions 100% 2005 Family Research Council - Positions 8% 2005 Hope for Peace and Justice - Positions 100 2005 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100% 2005 The John Birch Society - Positions 13% 2004 Americans United for the Separation of Church and State - Positions 67% 2004 Christian Action Network - Lifetime Score 7% 2004 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 16% 2004 Family Research Council - Positions 8% 2004 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100% 2004 The John Birch Society - Positions (Fall) 10% 2004 The John Birch Society - Positions (Spring) 43% 2003-2004 ACT! for America - Positions 38% 2003-2004 American Muslims for Jerusalem - Positions on International Middle East Policy Advocacy -6 2003-2004 Bread for the World - Positions 100% 2003-2004 Concerned Women for America - Positions 14% 2003 American Family Association - Positions 0% 2003 Americans United for the Separation of Church and State - Positions 100% 2003 Bread for the World - Positions 100% 2003 Center for Reclaiming America - Positions 50% 2003 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 16% 2003 Concerned Women for America - Positions 17% 2003 Family Research Council - Positions 0% 2003 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100% 2003 The John Birch Society - Positions (Summer) 38% 2002 Americans United for the Separation of Church and State - Positions 100% 2002 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100% 2002 The John Birch Society - Positions 35% 2001-2002 American Muslims for Jerusalem - Positions on International Middle East Policy Advocacy -2 2001-2002 Bread for the World - Positions 100% 2001-2002 Concerned Women for America - Positions 17% 2001-2002 Family Research Council - Positions 10% 2001 Americans United for the Separation of Church and State - Positions 75% 2001 Family Research Council - Positions on Conservative Issues 0% 2001 The John Birch Society - Positions 10% 2000 Bread for the World - Positions 100% 2000 Concerned Women for America - Positions 29% 2000 Family Research Council - Positions 66% 2000 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 73% 2000 The John Birch Society - Positions 21% 1999-2000 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 0% 1999 Bread for the World - Positions 100% 1999 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 73% 1999 The John Birch Society - Positions 22% 1998 Bread for the World - Positions 100% 1998 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 73% 1998 The John Birch Society - Positions 20% 1997-1998 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 7% 1997-1998 Concerned Women for America - Positions 25% 1997 Bread for the World - Positions 100% 1997 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 11% 1997 The John Birch Society - Positions 23% 1996 Bread for the World - Positions on Addressing World Hunger 83% 1996 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 93%

Senior Citizens

2016 Alliance for Retired Americans - Lifetime Score 100% 2016 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 100% 2015 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 100% 2015 Alliance for Retired Americans - Lifetime Score 100% 2015 National Active and Retired Federal Employees Association - Positions 100% 2014 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 100% 2014 Alliance for Retired Americans - Lifetime Score 100% 2014 Alzheimer's Impact Movement - Positions 50% 2013-2014 National Active and Retired Federal Employees Association - Positions (97th-113th Congresses) 100% 2013 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 100% 2013 Alliance for Retired Americans - Lifetime Score 100% 2012 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 100% 2012 Alliance for Retired Americans - Lifetime Score 100% 2012 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 100% 2011 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 100% 2011 Alliance for Retired Americans - Lifetime Score 100% 2009-2010 Alzheimer's Impact Movement - Positions 67% 2009-2010 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 100% 2009 Alliance for Retired Americans - Lifetime Score 100% 2009 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 100% 2009 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 100% 2008 Alliance for Retired Americans - Lifetime Score 100% 2008 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 100% 2008 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 100% 2007-2008 The American Geriatrics Society - Elderly Health Advocacy Score B+ 2007 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 100% 2007 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 100% 2006 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 100% 2006 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 89% 2006 The Retired Enlisted Association - Retired Military Benefits Issues Score 50% 2005-2006 National Active and Retired Federal Employees Association - Positions 100% 2005 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 100% 2005 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 100% 2004 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 100% 2004 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 100% 2003-2004 National Active and Retired Federal Employees Association - Positions 100% 2003-2004 Retire Safe - Positions 7% 2003 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 100% 2003 Leading Age - Positions 50% 2003 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 100% 2002 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 100% 2002 National Active and Retired Federal Employees Association - Positions 100% 2002 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 100% 2001-2002 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 100% 2001 Alliance for Retired Americans - Positions 100% 2001 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 91% 2000 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 100% 2000 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 85% 1999-2000 National Active and Retired Federal Employees Association - Positions 100% 1999-2000 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 100% 1999-2000 United Seniors Association - Positions 20% 1999 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 100% 1999 United Seniors Association - Positions 0% 1998 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 100% 1997-1998 60 Plus Association - Positions 0% 1997-1998 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 100% 1997 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 90% 1996 National Council of Senior Citizens - Positions 100% 1995-1996 National Active and Retired Federal Employees Association - Positions 100% 1995-1996 National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare - Positions 100%

Socially Conservative

2016 American Conservative Union - Positions 0% 2016 American Conservative Union - Lifetime Score (Congressional) 4% 2016 American Conservative Union - Positions 0% 2016 American Conservative Union - Lifetime Score (Congressional) 4% 2015-2016 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 0% 2015-2016 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 0% 2015-2016 Heritage Action for America - Positions 14% 2015-2016 Heritage Action for America - Positions 14% 2015-2016 The John Birch Society - Positions 15% 2015-2016 The John Birch Society - Positions 15% 2015 American Conservative Union - Positions 0% 2015 American Conservative Union - Positions 0% 2015 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 15% 2015 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 15% 2015 The John Birch Society - Positions 15% 2015 The John Birch Society - Positions 15% 2014 American Family Association - Positions 0% 2014 American Family Association - Positions 0% 2014 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 0% 2014 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 0% 2014 Heritage Action for America - Positions (113th Congress) 13% 2014 Heritage Action for America - Positions (113th Congress) 13% 2014 The John Birch Society - Lifetime Score 22% 2014 The John Birch Society - Positions 35% 2014 The John Birch Society - Positions 35% 2014 The John Birch Society - Lifetime Score 22% 2013-2014 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 0% 2013-2014 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 0% 2013-2014 Eagle Forum - Positions 0% 2013-2014 Eagle Forum - Positions 0% 2013-2014 The John Birch Society - Positions (113th Congress, full session) 33% 2013-2014 The John Birch Society - Positions (113th Congress, full session) 33% 2013 Concerned Women for America - Positions 0% 2013 Concerned Women for America - Positions 0% 2013 Eagle Forum - Positions 0% 2013 Eagle Forum - Positions 0% 2013 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy 7% 2013 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy 7% 2013 Republican Liberty Caucus - Personal Liberties 74% 2013 Republican Liberty Caucus - Personal Liberties 74% 2013 Republican Liberty Caucus - Economic Liberties Score 5% 2013 Republican Liberty Caucus - Economic Liberties Score 5% 2013 Republican Liberty Caucus - Liberty Index 39% 2013 Republican Liberty Caucus - Liberty Index 39% 2013 The John Birch Society - Positions 20% 2013 The John Birch Society - Positions 20% 2012 Catholic Advocate - Positions 0% 2012 Catholic Advocate - Positions 0% 2012 Eagle Forum - Positions 0% 2012 Eagle Forum - Positions 0% 2012 National Journal - House Conservative (Social) 0% 2012 National Journal - House Conservative (Social) 0% 2011-2012 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 0% 2011-2012 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 0% 2011-2012 Concerned Women for America - Positions 10% 2011-2012 Concerned Women for America - Positions 10% 2011-2012 Heritage Action for America - Positions 13% 2011-2012 Heritage Action for America - Positions 13% 2011-2012 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0% 2011-2012 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0% 2011-2012 The John Birch Society - Positions 21% 2011-2012 The John Birch Society - Positions 21% 2011 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 0% 2011 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 0% 2011 Concerned Women for America - Positions 11% 2011 Concerned Women for America - Positions 11% 2011 Eagle Forum - Positions 23% 2011 Eagle Forum - Positions 23% 2011 Heritage Action for America - Positions (House Only) 0% 2011 Heritage Action for America - Positions (House Only) 0% 2011 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 21% 2011 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 21% 2011 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0% 2011 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0% 2011 The John Birch Society - Positions (Spring-Summer) 10% 2011 The John Birch Society - Positions (Summer-Fall) 15% 2011 The John Birch Society - Positions (Spring-Summer) 10% 2011 The John Birch Society - Positions (Summer-Fall) 15% 2010 Eagle Forum - Positions 11% 2010 Eagle Forum - Positions 11% 2010 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 7% 2010 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 7% 2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (May 2010 - September 2010) 10% 2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (May 2010 - September 2010) 10% 2009-2010 American Family Association - Positions 5% 2009-2010 American Family Association - Positions 5% 2009-2010 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 0% 2009-2010 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 0% 2009-2010 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 0% 2009-2010 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 0% 2009-2010 Concerned Women for America - Positions 4% 2009-2010 Concerned Women for America - Positions 4% 2009-2010 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0% 2009-2010 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0% 2009-2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (January 2009 - June 2010 7% 2009-2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (January 2009 - June 2010 7% 2009-2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (November 2009 - June 2010) 10% 2009-2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (November 2009 - June 2010) 10% 2009-2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (Full Session) 8% 2009-2010 The John Birch Society - Positions (Full Session) 8% 2009 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 0% 2009 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 0% 2009 Eagle Forum - Positions 4% 2009 Eagle Forum - Positions 4% 2009 Heritage Alliance - Positions 5% 2009 Heritage Alliance - Positions 5% 2009 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 0% 2009 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 0% 2009 Republican Liberty Caucus - Economic Liberties Score 0% 2009 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Personal Liberties 14% 2009 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Personal Liberties 14% 2009 Republican Liberty Caucus - Economic Liberties Score 0% 2009 The John Birch Society - Positions (June 2009 - November 2009) 0% 2009 The John Birch Society - Positions (January 2009 - June 2009) 10% 2009 The John Birch Society - Positions (June 2009 - November 2009) 0% 2009 The John Birch Society - Positions (January 2009 - June 2009) 10% 2009 The John Birch Society - Positions (Full Year) 5% 2009 The John Birch Society - Positions (Full Year) 5% 2008 Eagle Forum - Positions 30% 2008 Eagle Forum - Positions 30% 2008 GOPUSA - Positions 0% 2008 GOPUSA - Positions 0% 2008 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 33% 2008 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 33% 2007-2008 American Family Association - Positions 0% 2007-2008 American Family Association - Positions 0% 2007-2008 Campaign for Working Families - Positions on Conservative Issues 0% 2007-2008 Campaign for Working Families - Positions on Conservative Issues 0% 2007-2008 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 10% 2007-2008 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 10% 2007-2008 Concerned Women for America - Positions 19% 2007-2008 Concerned Women for America - Positions 19% 2007-2008 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0% 2007-2008 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0% 2007-2008 The John Birch Society - Positions 21% 2007-2008 The John Birch Society - Positions 21% 2007 Eagle Forum - Positions 5% 2007 Eagle Forum - Positions 5% 2007 GOPUSA - Positions 0% 2007 GOPUSA - Positions 0% 2007 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 17% 2007 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 17% 2007 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Personal Liberties 36% 2007 Republican Liberty Caucus - Economic Liberties Score 12% 2007 Republican Liberty Caucus - Economic Liberties Score 12% 2007 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Personal Liberties 36% 2007 The John Birch Society - Conservative Index Score 30% 2007 The John Birch Society - Conservative Index Score 30% 2007 Traditional Values Coalition - Positions 0 2007 Traditional Values Coalition - Positions 0 2006 Eagle Forum - Positions 14% 2006 Eagle Forum - Positions 14% 2006 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 20% 2006 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 20% 2006 The John Birch Society - Positions 30% 2006 The John Birch Society - Positions 30% 2006 Traditional Values Coalition - Positions 14% 2006 Traditional Values Coalition - Positions 14% 2005-2006 American Family Association - Positions 11% 2005-2006 American Family Association - Positions 11% 2005-2006 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 7% 2005-2006 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 7% 2005-2006 Concerned Women for America - Positions 36% 2005-2006 Concerned Women for America - Positions 36% 2005-2006 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 9% 2005-2006 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 9% 2005-2006 Partnership for America - Positions 0% 2005-2006 Partnership for America - Positions 0% 2005 Eagle Forum - Positions 20% 2005 Eagle Forum - Positions 20% 2005 Family Research Council - Positions 8% 2005 Family Research Council - Positions 8% 2005 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 23% 2005 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 23% 2005 Republican Liberty Caucus - Economic Liberties Score 20% 2005 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 35% 2005 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 35% 2005 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Personal Liberties 50% 2005 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Personal Liberties 50% 2005 Republican Liberty Caucus - Economic Liberties Score 20% 2005 The John Birch Society - Positions 13% 2005 The John Birch Society - Positions 13% 2004 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 16% 2004 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 16% 2004 Eagle Forum - Positions 6% 2004 Eagle Forum - Positions 6% 2004 Family Research Council - Positions 8% 2004 Family Research Council - Positions 8% 2004 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 19% 2004 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 19% 2004 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 20% 2004 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 20% 2004 The John Birch Society - Positions (Spring) 43% 2004 The John Birch Society - Positions (Fall) 10% 2004 The John Birch Society - Positions (Fall) 10% 2004 The John Birch Society - Positions (Spring) 43% 2003-2004 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 3% 2003-2004 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 3% 2003-2004 Concerned Women for America - Positions 14% 2003-2004 Concerned Women for America - Positions 14% 2003-2004 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0% 2003-2004 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0% 2003 American Family Association - Positions 0% 2003 American Family Association - Positions 0% 2003 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 5% 2003 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 5% 2003 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 16% 2003 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 16% 2003 Concerned Women for America - Positions 17% 2003 Concerned Women for America - Positions 17% 2003 Eagle Forum - Positions 4% 2003 Eagle Forum - Positions 4% 2003 Family Research Council - Positions 0% 2003 Family Research Council - Positions 0% 2003 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 19% 2003 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 19% 2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 5 2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 5 2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 5 2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 5 2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 5 2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 5 2003 The John Birch Society - Positions (Summer) 38% 2003 The John Birch Society - Positions (Summer) 38% 2002 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 0% 2002 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 0% 2002 Eagle Forum - Positions 20% 2002 Eagle Forum - Positions 20% 2002 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 29% 2002 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 29% 2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 34 2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 34 2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 34 2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 34 2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 34 2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 34 2002 The John Birch Society - Positions 35% 2002 The John Birch Society - Positions 35% 2001-2002 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 8% 2001-2002 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 8% 2001-2002 Concerned Women for America - Positions 17% 2001-2002 Concerned Women for America - Positions 17% 2001-2002 Family Research Council - Positions 10% 2001-2002 Family Research Council - Positions 10% 2001-2002 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0% 2001-2002 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0% 2001 Family Research Council - Positions on Conservative Issues 0% 2001 Family Research Council - Positions on Conservative Issues 0% 2001 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 11% 2001 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 11% 2001 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 18% 2001 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 18% 2001 The John Birch Society - Positions 10% 2001 The John Birch Society - Positions 10% 2000 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 85% 2000 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 85% 2000 Concerned Women for America - Positions 29% 2000 Concerned Women for America - Positions 29% 2000 Family Research Council - Positions 66% 2000 Family Research Council - Positions 66% 2000 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 0% 2000 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 0% 2000 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 0% 2000 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 0% 2000 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 16% 2000 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 16% 2000 The John Birch Society - Positions 21% 2000 The John Birch Society - Positions 21% 1999-2000 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 10% 1999-2000 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 10% 1999-2000 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 0% 1999-2000 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 0% 1999-2000 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0% 1999-2000 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0% 1999 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 40% 1999 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 40% 1999 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 0% 1999 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 0% 1999 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0% 1999 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0% 1999 The John Birch Society - Positions 22% 1999 The John Birch Society - Positions 22% 1998 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 25% 1998 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 25% 1998 The John Birch Society - Positions 20% 1998 The John Birch Society - Positions 20% 1997-1998 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 7% 1997-1998 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 7% 1997-1998 Concerned Women for America - Positions 25% 1997-1998 Concerned Women for America - Positions 25% 1997-1998 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 5% 1997-1998 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 5% 1997 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 11% 1997 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 11% 1997 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 20% 1997 Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc. (formerly Liberty Lobby) - Positions 20% 1997 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 8% 1997 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 8% 1997 The John Birch Society - Positions 23% 1997 The John Birch Society - Positions 23% 1996 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0% 1996 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 0%

Socially Liberal

2015 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 100% 2015 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 100% 2015 Progressive Punch - Overall Lifetime Positions 93% 2015 Progressive Punch - Overall Positions 98% 2015 Progressive Punch - Overall Positions 98% 2015 Progressive Punch - Overall Lifetime Positions 93% 2013-2014 Progressive Punch - Crucial Votes Lifetime Score 88% 2013-2014 Progressive Punch - Crucial Votes 90% 2013-2014 Progressive Punch - Overall Positions 94% 2013-2014 Progressive Punch - Overall Positions 94% 2013-2014 Progressive Punch - Lifetime Score 92% 2013-2014 Progressive Punch - Lifetime Score 92% 2013-2014 Progressive Punch - Crucial Votes 90% 2013-2014 Progressive Punch - Crucial Votes Lifetime Score 88% 2013 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 90% 2013 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 90% 2012 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 95% 2012 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 95% 2012 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2012 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2012 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 83% 2012 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 83% 2011 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 95% 2011 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 95% 2011 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2011 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2011 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy 79% 2011 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy 79% 2010 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 95% 2010 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 95% 2010 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2010 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2010 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy 89% 2010 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy 89% 2009-2010 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100% 2009-2010 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100% 2009 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 100% 2009 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 100% 2009 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2009 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2009 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 89% 2009 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 89% 2009 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100% 2009 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100% 2008 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 100% 2008 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 100% 2008 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 66% 2008 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 66% 2008 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100% 2008 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100% 2007-2008 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Oath of Office Score 80% 2007-2008 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Oath of Office Score 80% 2007-2008 Progressive Democrats of America - Positions 55% 2007-2008 Progressive Democrats of America - Positions 55% 2007 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 100% 2007 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 100% 2007 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2007 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2007 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 77% 2007 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 77% 2007 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions on Social Justice and Peace 68 2007 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions on Social Justice and Peace 68 2006 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 100% 2006 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 100% 2006 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2006 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2006 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 79% 2006 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 79% 2006 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100% 2006 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100% 2005-2006 Campaign for America's Future - Energy Score 100% 2005-2006 Campaign for America's Future - Energy Score 100% 2005-2006 Freedom Democrats - Positions on Social Issues 77% 2005-2006 Freedom Democrats - Positions on Social Issues 77% 2005 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 100% 2005 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 100% 2005 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2005 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2005 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 95% 2005 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 95% 2005 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 77% 2005 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 77% 2005 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100% 2005 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100% 2004 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 100% 2004 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 100% 2004 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2004 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2004 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 78% 2004 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 78% 2004 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100% 2004 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100% 2003 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 90% 2003 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 90% 2003 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2003 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2003 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 95% 2003 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 95% 2003 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 81% 2003 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 81% 2003 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100% 2003 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100% 2002 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 95% 2002 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 95% 2002 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 67% 2002 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 67% 2002 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100% 2002 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100% 2001-2002 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 90% 2001-2002 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 90% 2001-2002 People for the American Way - Positions 94% 2001-2002 People for the American Way - Positions 94% 2001 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 95% 2001 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 95% 2001 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2001 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2001 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 94% 2001 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 94% 2001 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 83% 2001 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 83% 2000 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2000 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2000 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 94% 2000 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 94% 2000 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 73% 2000 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 73% 1999 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 100% 1999 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 100% 1999 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 1999 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 1999 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 87% 1999 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 87% 1999 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 73% 1999 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 73% 1998 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 100% 1998 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 100% 1998 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 73% 1998 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 73% 1998 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 73% 1998 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 73% 1997-1998 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 95% 1997-1998 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 95% 1997 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 100% 1997 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 100% 1997 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 1997 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 1996 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 92% 1996 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 92% 1996 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 1996 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 1996 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 93% 1996 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 93% 1995-1996 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 95% 1995-1996 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 95%

Taxes

2016 FreedomWorks - Positions 12% 2016 The Club for Growth - Positions (Lifetime) 6% 2016 The Club for Growth - Positions 4% 2015-2016 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 3% 2015 FreedomWorks - Positions 10% 2015 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 12% 2015 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 15% 2015 The Club for Growth - Positions (Lifetime) 6% 2015 The Club for Growth - Positions 0% 2014 FreedomWorks - Positions 14% 2014 The Club for Growth - Positions 11% 2014 The Club for Growth - Positions (Lifetime) 7% 2013-2014 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 0% 2013 FreedomWorks - Positions 29% 2013 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 18% 2013 Republican Liberty Caucus - Liberty Index 39% 2013 Republican Liberty Caucus - Economic Liberties Score 5% 2013 Republican Liberty Caucus - Personal Liberties 74% 2013 The Club for Growth - Positions (lifetime) 7% 2013 The Club for Growth - Positions 11% 2012 FreedomWorks - Positions 15% 2012 National Taxpayers Union - Positions on Tax and Spending 14% 2011-2012 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 0% 2011 FreedomWorks - Positions 8% 2011 National Taxpayers Union - Positions on Tax and Spending 12% 2011 The Club for Growth - Positions 9% 2010 FreedomWorks - Positions 5% 2010 The Club for Growth - Positions 0% 2009-2010 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 0% 2009 Americans for Fair Taxation - Positions on the Fair Tax 0% 2009 FreedomWorks - Positions 0% 2009 Heritage Alliance - Positions 5% 2009 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 1% 2009 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Personal Liberties 14% 2009 Republican Liberty Caucus - Economic Liberties Score 0% 2009 The Club for Growth - Positions 0% 2008 FreedomWorks - Positions 11% 2008 National Taxpayers Union - Fiscally Conservative Score F 2008 The Club for Growth - Positions 0% 2007-2008 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 0% 2007 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 10% 2007 FreedomWorks - Positions 5% 2007 National Taxpayers Union - Fiscally Conservative Score F 2007 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Personal Liberties 36% 2007 Republican Liberty Caucus - Economic Liberties Score 12% 2007 The Club for Growth - Positions 2% 2006 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 9% 2006 FreedomWorks - Positions 8% 2006 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 12% 2006 The Club for Growth - Positions 12% 2005-2006 Citizens for Tax Justice - Positions 100% 2005-2006 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 3% 2005 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 12% 2005 FreedomWorks - Positions 12% 2005 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 13% 2005 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Personal Liberties 50% 2005 Republican Liberty Caucus - Economic Liberties Score 20% 2005 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 35% 2004 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 10% 2004 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 7% 2004 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 20% 2003-2004 FreedomWorks - Positions 9% 2003-2004 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 0% 2003 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 0% 2003 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 20% 2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 5 2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 5 2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 5 2002 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 0% 2002 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 20% 2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 34 2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 34 2002 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 34 2001-2002 FreedomWorks - Positions 0% 2001-2002 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 0% 2001 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 0% 2001 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 8% 2001 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 18% 2000 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 5% 2000 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 16% 1999-2000 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 9% 1999 American Farm Bureau Federation - Positions 18% 1999 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 10% 1999 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 17% 1998 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 5% 1998 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 14% 1997-1998 60 Plus Association - Positions 0% 1997-1998 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 3% 1997 National Taxpayers Union - Spending Score 29% 1995-1996 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 33%

Technology and Communication

2015-2016 Information Technology Industry Council - Positions 67% 2013-2014 Information Technology Industry Council - Positions 40% 2013-2014 National Electrical Contractors Association - Positions (Interim Mid-Year) 70% 2013 National Electrical Contractors Association - Positions 85% 2012 National Electrical Contractors Association - Positions 50% 2012 TechCrunch/CrunchGov - Positions on Technology Industry 75% 2011-2012 Information Technology Industry Council - Positions 40% 2011 National Electrical Contractors Association - Positions (House Only) 100% 2010 Plug in America - Positions 100% 2009-2010 Communications Workers of America - Positions 89% 2009 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 100% 2008 CNET News - Positions 67% 2007-2008 Information Technology Industry Council - Positions 86% 2007 CompTIA - Positions 75% 2007 Computer & Communications Industry Association - Positions 93% 2007 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 83% 2006 CNET News - Positions 40% 2005-2006 Computer & Communications Industry Association - Positions 57% 2005-2006 Information Technology Industry Council - Positions 43% 2005-2006 National Electrical Contractors Association - Positions 13% 2005 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 100% 2004 Communications Workers of America - Positions 100% 2004 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 100% 2003-2004 Information Technology Industry Council - Positions 20% 2003-2004 National Electrical Contractors Association - Positions 31% 2003 Communications Workers of America - Positions 100% 2003 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 83% 2002 Communications Workers of America - Positions 100% 2002 Information Technology Industry Council - Positions 33% 2002 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 100% 2001-2002 Information Technology Industry Council - Lifetime Score 43% 2001-2002 National Electrical Contractors Association - Positions 18% 2001 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 100% 2000 Communications Workers of America - Positions 100% 2000 Information Technology Industry Council - Positions 56% 1999 Communications Workers of America - Positions 100% 1999 Information Technology Industry Council - Positions 62% 1999 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 100% 1998 Communications Workers of America - Positions 100% 1998 Information Technology Industry Council - Positions 30% 1997 Communications Workers of America - Positions 100% 1996 Communications Workers of America - Positions on Workplace Rights 43%

Unemployed and Low-Income

2015-2016 Bread for the World - Positions 100% 2015-2016 RESULTS - Positions 75% 2014 RESULTS - Positions 100% 2014 Sargent Shriver National Center on Poverty Law - Positions 90% 2013-2014 Bread for the World - Positions 92% 2013-2014 National Hispanic Leadership Agenda - Positions on Economic Empowerment 100% 2013-2014 RESULTS - Positions 100% 2013 Bread for the World - Positions 90% 2013 Sargent Shriver National Center on Poverty Law - Positions 94% 2012 Bread for the World - Positions 100% 2012 RESULTS - Positions 16% 2012 Sargent Shriver National Center on Poverty Law - Positions 94% 2011 Sargent Shriver National Center on Poverty Law - Positions 100% 2010 Sargent Shriver National Center on Poverty Law - Positions 94% 2009 Sargent Shriver National Center on Poverty Law - Positions 100 2008 Sargent Shriver National Center on Poverty Law - Positions 100% 2007-2008 RESULTS - Positions 80% 2007 Sargent Shriver National Center on Poverty Law - Positions on Poverty Action A+ 2006 Association of Community Organization for Reform Now (ACORN) - Positions 100% 2005-2006 RESULTS - Positions 94% 2003-2004 Bread for the World - Positions 100% 2003-2004 The Partnership for the Homeless - Positions 100% 2003 Bread for the World - Positions 100% 2002 American Family Voices - Positions 100% 2001-2002 Bread for the World - Positions 100% 2000 Bread for the World - Positions 100% 1999 Bread for the World - Positions 100% 1998 Bread for the World - Positions 100% 1997 Bread for the World - Positions 100% 1996 Bread for the World - Positions on Addressing World Hunger 83%

Women

2015-2016 American Association of University Women - Positions 100% 2015 American Association of University Women - Positions 100% 2015 Federally Employed Women - Positions 100% 2014 American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists - Positions (House Only) 0% 2014 Federally Employed Women - Positions 70% 2013-2014 American Association of University Women - Positions 89% 2013 American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists - Positions (House Only) 0% 2013 Concerned Women for America - Positions 0% 2013 Federally Employed Women - Positions 100% 2013 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2013 Young Women's Christian Association (YWCA) - Positions 66% 2012 Federally Employed Women - Positions 100% 2012 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2011-2012 American Association of University Women - Positions 80 2011-2012 Concerned Women for America - Positions 10% 2011 American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists - Positions (House Only) 100% 2011 Concerned Women for America - Positions 11% 2011 Federally Employed Women - Positions 100% 2011 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2011 Women's Action for New Directions (WAND) and WILL - Positions (House Only) 83 2010 American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists - Positions (House Only) 50% 2010 Federally Employed Women - Positions 90% 2010 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2009-2010 American Association of University Women - Positions 91% 2009-2010 Concerned Women for America - Positions 4% 2009 American Association of University Women - Positions 89% 2009 American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists - Positions 66% 2009 Federally Employed Women - Positions 100% 2009 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2009 Women Employed - Positions 50% 2007-2008 American Association of University Women - Positions 100% 2007-2008 Concerned Women for America - Positions 19% 2007-2008 Federally Employed Women - Equality in Government Score 80 2007-2008 National Organization for Women - Positions 100% 2007 American Association of University Women - Positions 100 2007 Federally Employed Women - Positions 90% 2007 League of Women Voters - Positions 100% 2007 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2006 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2006 United States Women's Chamber of Commerce - Positions 100% 2006 Women's Action for New Directions (WAND) and WILL - Positions 100% 2005-2006 American Association of University Women - Positions 100% 2005-2006 Business and Professional Women USA - Positions 100% 2005-2006 Concerned Women for America - Positions 36% 2005-2006 Federally Employed Women - Positions 80% 2005-2006 National Organization for Women - Positions 95% 2005 American Association of University Women - Positions 100% 2005 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2005 National Organization for Women - Positions 100% 2004 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 100% 2004 United States Women's Chamber of Commerce - Positions 50% 2003-2004 American Association of University Women - Positions 100% 2003-2004 Business and Professional Women USA - Positions 69% 2003-2004 Concerned Women for America - Positions 14% 2003-2004 Federally Employed Women - Positions 80% 2003-2004 Women's Action for New Directions (WAND) and WILL - Positions 95% 2003 American Association of University Women - Positions 100% 2003 American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists - Positions 0% 2003 Business and Professional Women USA - Positions