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Dan Kildee's Ratings and Endorsements

Animals and Wildlife

2018 Center For Biological Diversity Action Fund - Positions on Protecting the Public from Pollution 92%
2018 Center For Biological Diversity Action Fund - Positions on Endangered Species Act 84%
2018 Center For Biological Diversity Action Fund - Positions on Public Lands and Citizen Participation 79%
2018 Humane Society Legislative Fund - Positions 71%
2017-2018 Animal Welfare Institute - "Compassion Index" 53%
2017 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 100%
2017 Food Policy Action - Positions 100%
2017 Humane Society Legislative Fund - "Humane Scorecard: Midterm Report" 66%
2016 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 100%
2015-2016 Animal Welfare Institute - Positions 63%
2015-2016 Food Policy Action - Positions 100%
2015-2016 Humane Society Legislative Fund - Positions 77%
2015 American Veterinary Medical Association - Positions on Professional Advocacy 100%
2015 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 100%
2015 Food Policy Action - Positions 100%
2015 Humane Society Legislative Fund - Positions 56%
2014 American Veterinary Medical Association - Positions on Professional Advocacy 100%
2014 Food Policy Action - Positions 83%
2013-2014 Animal Welfare Institute - Positions 44%
2013-2014 Food Policy Action - Positions 83%
2013-2014 Humane Society Legislative Fund - Positions 75%
2013 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 83%
2013 Humane Society Legislative Fund - Positions 87%
2011-2012 Humane Society Legislative Fund - Positions 81%

Business and Consumers

2018 Coalition of Franchisee Associations - Positions 0%
2017-2018 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 0%
2017-2018 Associated General Contractors of America - Positions 0%
2017-2018 National Association of Manufacturers - Positions 12%
2017-2018 National Electrical Contractors Association - Positions 75%
2017-2018 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions (115th Congress) [2/23] 0%
2017-2018 National Retail Federation - Positions 13%
2017 United States Chamber of Commerce - "How They Voted: Annual Score" 25%
2017 United States Chamber of Commerce - "How They Voted: Cumulative Score" 29%
2016 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 62%
2016 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions (Cumulative) 29%
2015-2016 American Forest and Paper Association - Positions 7%
2015-2016 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 0%
2015-2016 Associated General Contractors of America - Lifetime Scores 35%
2015-2016 International Warehouse Logistics Association - Positions 28%
2015-2016 National Association of Manufacturers - Positions 21%
2015-2016 National Federation of Independent Business - Pre-Election Report 8%
2015-2016 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions (114th Congress) 7%
2015-2016 National Ready Mixed Concrete Association - Positions 21%
2015-2016 National Ready Mixed Concrete Association - Lifetime Scores 22%
2015-2016 National Retail Federation - Positions 14%
2015-2016 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 33%
2015 American Council of Engineering Companies - Positions 67%
2015 Associated General Contractors of America - Positions (Lifetime) 28%
2015 National Association of Manufacturers - Positions 16%
2015 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 41%
2015 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions (Cumulative) 28%
2014 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions (Cumulative) 28%
2014 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 43%
2013-2014 American Council of Engineering Companies - Positions 80%
2013-2014 American Forest and Paper Association - Positions 16%
2013-2014 Associated General Contractors of America - Positions 36%
2013-2014 Associated General Contractors of America - Lifetime Scores (Environment) 0%
2013-2014 Associated General Contractors of America - Lifetime Scores (Labor) 0%
2013-2014 Associated General Contractors of America - Lifetime Scores (Other) 100%
2013-2014 Associated General Contractors of America - Lifetime Scores (Infrastructure) 75%
2013-2014 Associated General Contractors of America - Lifetime Scores 36%
2013-2014 International Warehouse Logistics Association - Positions 100%
2013-2014 Metals Service Center Institute - Positions 16%
2013-2014 National Association of Manufacturers - Positions 12%
2013-2014 National Electrical Contractors Association - Positions (Interim Mid-Year) 66%
2013-2014 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions (113th Congress) 0%
2013-2014 National Retail Federation - Lifetime Score: Legal Reform (House Only) 28%
2013-2014 National Retail Federation - Positions: Legal Reform (House Only) 100%
2013-2014 National Retail Federation - Positions: Labor 50%
2013-2014 National Retail Federation - Positions: Budget/Tax 0%
2013-2014 National Retail Federation - Positions: Healthcare (House Only) 0%
2013-2014 National Small Business Association - Positions 30%
2013-2014 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 10%
2013-2014 The National Lumber and Building Material Dealers Association - Positions (113th Congress, first session) 20%
2013-2014 The National Lumber and Building Material Dealers Association - Positions (113th Congress, full session) 16%
2013 National Electrical Contractors Association - Positions 68%
2013 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 0%
2013 The National Lumber and Building Material Dealers Association - Positions 0%
2013 United States Chamber of Commerce - Lifetime Score 27%
2013 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 31%
2012-2013 Metals Service Center Institute - Positions (113th Congress, full session) 20%
2012 National Association of Manufacturers - Positions of 112th Congress 14%
2012 United States Chamber of Commerce - Lifetime Score 27%
2012 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 17%

Civil Liberties and Civil Rights

2018 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 100%
2017-2018 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 86%
2017-2018 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 100%
2017-2018 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 94%
2017 21Wilberforce - "International Religious Freedom Congressional Scorecard" 10%
2017 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - "Voting Record" 100%
2017 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - "Civil Rights Federal Legislative Report Card" 100%
2015-2016 21Wilberforce - Positions 40%
2015-2016 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 100%
2015-2016 EarthRights International - Positions 75%
2015-2016 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 100%
2015-2016 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 100%
2015-2016 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 100%
2015-2016 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - "Civil Rights Federal Legislative Report Card" 94%
2015 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 100%
2015 EarthRights International - Positions 64%
2015 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 100%
2015 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 88%
2015 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - "Civil Rights Federal Legislative Report Card" 88%
2014 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 67%
2014 Hispanic Federation, LCLAA, LULAC, Mi Familia Vota, NCLR, and Voto Latino - National Immigration Scorecard 100%
2014 Human Rights Campaign - Positions on Marriage 100%
2014 Liberty for All - Positions 45%
2014 Liberty Guard - Positions 25%
2014 Stand Against Spying - Positions 100%
2014 UnidosUS (formerly known as National Council of La Raza) - Positions (Preliminary) 100%
2013-2014 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 83%
2013-2014 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 100%
2013-2014 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 100%
2013 EarthRights International - Positions 25%
2013 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 64%
2013 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 100%
2013 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - "Civil Rights Federal Legislative Report Card" 93%
2013 Republican Liberty Caucus - Personal Liberties 47%
2013 Venn Institute - Scorecard for International Religious Freedom 0%
2012 EarthRights International - Corporate Accountability Coalition Positions 33%
2011-2018 National Religious Campaign Against Torture Action Fund - Positions 100%
2011 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 90%
2011 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - "Civil Rights Federal Legislative Report Card" 100%
2007-2016 National Religious Campaign Against Torture Action Fund - Positions 100%
2005-2012 National Religious Campaign Against Torture Action Fund - Positions 89%

Conservative

2018 Conservative Review - Positions 20%
2017-2018 Americans for Prosperity - Positions 0%
2017-2018 Americans for Prosperity - Lifetime Positions 1%
2017-2018 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 0%
2017-2018 Heritage Action for America - Positions 7%
2017-2018 The John Birch Society - "Freedom Index Votes 1-30" 17%
2017 American Conservative Union - Congressional Positions 7%
2017 American Conservative Union - Lifetime Congressional Positions 4%
2016 American Conservative Union - Lifetime Score (Congressional) 3%
2016 American Conservative Union - Positions 0%
2016 Conservative Review - "Liberty Scorecard" 20%
2015-2016 Americans for Prosperity - Positions 0%
2015-2016 Americans for Prosperity - Lifetime Score 3%
2015-2016 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 0%
2015-2016 Eagle Forum - Positions 14%
2015-2016 Heritage Action for America - Positions 14%
2015-2016 The John Birch Society - Positions 15%
2015 American Conservative Union - Positions 0%
2015 Americans for Prosperity - Positions 0%
2015 Americans for Prosperity - Lifetime Score 4%
2015 The John Birch Society - Positions 16%
2014 American Conservative Union - Lifetime Scores 6%
2014 American Conservative Union - Positions 4%
2014 Americans for Prosperity - Positions (June 23, 2014) 8%
2014 Americans for Prosperity - Lifetime Score (June 23, 2014) 8%
2014 Americans for Prosperity - Positions (Jan. 7, 2014) 10%
2014 Americans for Prosperity - Lifetime Score 10%
2014 Conservative Review - Positions 11%
2014 Heritage Action for America - Positions (113th Congress) 6%
2014 The John Birch Society - Lifetime Score 40%
2014 The John Birch Society - Positions 40%
2013-2014 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 0%
2013-2014 Eagle Forum - Positions 0%
2013-2014 Faith and Freedom Coalition - Positions 9%
2013-2014 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Conservative Action Score 11
2013-2014 The John Birch Society - Positions (113th Congress, full session) 33%
2013 American Conservative Union - Lifetime Score 8%
2013 American Conservative Union - Positions 8%
2013 Concerned Women for America - Positions 0%
2013 Eagle Forum - Positions 0%
2013 National Journal - Conservative (Composite) 19%
2013 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy 22%
2013 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy 23%
2012 Eagle Forum - Positions 25%
2011-2012 Americans for Prosperity - Positions 5%
2011-2012 Americans for Prosperity - Lifetime score 2%

Environment

2018 Center For Biological Diversity Action Fund - Positions on Public Lands and Citizen Participation 79%
2018 Center For Biological Diversity Action Fund - Positions on Protecting the Public from Pollution 92%
2018 Center For Biological Diversity Action Fund - Positions on Endangered Species Act 84%
2018 League of Conservation Voters - "National Environmental Scorecard Lifetime" 96%
2018 League of Conservation Voters - "National Environmental Scorecard" 94%
2017-2018 Clean Water Action - Positions 100%
2017-2018 League of Conservation Voters - Positions (115th Congress, full session) 94%
2017-2018 Outdoor Industry Association Political Action Committee - Positions 100%
2017 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 100%
2017 Environment America - Positions 96%
2017 Food Policy Action - Positions 100%
2017 League of Conservation Voters - "National Environmental Scorecard" 94%
2017 League of Conservation Voters - "National Environmental Scorecard Lifetime" 96%
2016 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 100%
2016 League of Conservation Voters - "National Environmental Scorecard Lifetime" 97%
2016 League of Conservation Voters - "National Environmental Scorecard" 100%
2015-2016 Clean Water Action - Positions 100%
2015-2016 EarthRights International - Positions 75%
2015-2016 Environment America - Positions 100%
2015-2016 Food Policy Action - Positions 100%
2015-2016 League of Conservation Voters - "National Environmental Scorecard" 97%
2015 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 100%
2015 EarthRights International - Positions 64%
2015 Environment America - Positions 100%
2015 Food Policy Action - Positions 100%
2014 Environment America - Positions 100%
2014 Food Policy Action - Positions 83%
2014 League of Conservation Voters - Lifetime Score 97%
2014 National Parks Conservation Association - Positions 100%
2013-2014 American Forest and Paper Association - Positions 16%
2013-2014 Clean Water Action - Positions 100%
2013-2014 Food Policy Action - Positions 83%
2013-2014 League of Conservation Voters - Positions (113th Congress, full session) 97%
2013 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 83%
2013 EarthRights International - Positions 25%
2013 Environment America - Positions 100%
2013 League of Conservation Voters - Lifetime Score 96%
2013 League of Conservation Voters - Positions 96%
2012 EarthRights International - Corporate Accountability Coalition Positions 33%

Fiscally Conservative

2018 The Club for Growth - "Congressional Scorecard: Lifetime" 7%
2018 The Club for Growth - "Congressional Scorecard" 12%
2017-2018 Americans for Prosperity - Positions 0%
2017-2018 Americans for Prosperity - Lifetime Positions 1%
2017-2018 Heritage Action for America - Positions 7%
2017 American Conservative Union - Congressional Positions 7%
2017 American Conservative Union - Lifetime Congressional Positions 4%
2017 The Club for Growth - "Congressional Scorecard" 5%
2017 The Club for Growth - "Congressional Scorecard: Lifetime" 6%
2016 American Conservative Union - Positions 0%
2016 American Conservative Union - Lifetime Score (Congressional) 3%
2016 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 17%
2016 The Club for Growth - Positions (Lifetime) 6%
2016 The Club for Growth - Positions 11%
2015-2016 Americans for Prosperity - Lifetime Score 3%
2015-2016 Americans for Prosperity - Positions 0%
2015-2016 Heritage Action for America - Positions 14%
2015-2016 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 3%
2015 American Conservative Union - Positions 0%
2015 Americans for Prosperity - Lifetime Score 4%
2015 Americans for Prosperity - Positions 0%
2015 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 16%
2015 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 18%
2015 The Club for Growth - Positions 0%
2015 The Club for Growth - Positions (Lifetime) 5%
2014 Americans for Prosperity - Positions (Jan. 7, 2014) 10%
2014 Americans for Prosperity - Lifetime Score (June 23, 2014) 8%
2014 Americans for Prosperity - Positions (June 23, 2014) 8%
2014 Americans for Prosperity - Lifetime Score 10%
2014 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Positions 0%
2014 Heritage Action for America - Positions (113th Congress) 6%
2013-2014 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 0%
2013 Competitive Enterprise Institute - Workplace Choice (August, 2013) 0%
2013 FreedomWorks - Positions 29%
2013 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 16%
2013 Republican Liberty Caucus - Economic Liberties Score 5%
2013 Republican Liberty Caucus - Personal Liberties 47%
2013 Republican Liberty Caucus - Liberty Index 26%
2013 The Club for Growth - Positions (lifetime) 10%
2013 The Club for Growth - Positions 10%
2011-2012 Americans for Prosperity - Positions 5%
2011-2012 Americans for Prosperity - Lifetime score 2%

Health and Health Care

2018 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Lifetime Positions [10/26] 100%
2017 American Public Health Association - Positions 100%
2017 Food Policy Action - Positions 100%
2017 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Lifetime Positions [12/29/2017] 100%
2016 American Public Health Association - Positions 86%
2016 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Lifetime Positions [12/30/2016] 100%
2015-2016 Food Policy Action - Positions 100%
2015 American Public Health Association - Positions 100%
2015 American Veterinary Medical Association - Positions on Professional Advocacy 100%
2015 Food Policy Action - Positions 100%
2015 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Lifetime Score 100%
2014 Alzheimer's Impact Movement - Positions 50%
2014 American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists - Positions (House Only) 0%
2014 American Veterinary Medical Association - Positions on Professional Advocacy 100%
2014 Food Policy Action - Positions 83%
2014 National Right to Life Committee - Positions (June 4, 2014) 0%
2014 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions (June 27, 2014) 100%
2013-2014 Food Policy Action - Positions 83%
2013-2014 National Breast Cancer Coalition - Positions 67%
2013 American Public Health Association - Positions 100%
2013 National Right to Life Committee - Positions (Jan. 14, 2014) 0%
2010 American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists - Positions (House Only) 50%
2009 American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists - Positions 66%
2008 American Society for Radiation Oncology - Positions 100%

Immigration

2017-2018 NumbersUSA - Positions [12/21] 0%
2017 National Iranian American Council - Positions 100%
2015-2016 Federation for American Immigration Reform - Positions 0%
2015-2016 National Iranian American Council - Positions 100%
2015-2016 NumbersUSA - Positions 37%
2015 Federation for American Immigration Reform - Positions 0%
2015 National Iranian American Council - Positions 100%
2015 NumbersUSA - Positions 37%
2014 Federation for American Immigration Reform - Positions 0%
2014 Hispanic Federation, LCLAA, LULAC, Mi Familia Vota, NCLR, and Voto Latino - National Immigration Scorecard 100%
2014 NumbersUSA - Overall Score (Jan. 7, 2014) 21%
2014 UnidosUS (formerly known as National Council of La Raza) - Positions (Preliminary) 100%
2013-2014 American Immigration Lawyers Association - Positions 100%
2013-2014 Armenian National Committee of America - Positions 50%
2013-2014 Federation for American Immigration Reform - Positions 0%
2013-2014 National Hispanic Leadership Agenda - Positions on Immigration Reform 100%
2013-2014 National Hispanic Leadership Agenda - Positions 100%
2013-2014 National Hispanic Leadership Agenda - Positions on Economic Empowerment 100%
2013-2014 National Iranian American Council - Positions 50%
2013-2014 The Public Affairs Alliance of Iranian Americans - Positions 100%
2013 Arab American Institute - Positions on Arab-American Issues 100%
2013 NumbersUSA - Positions 0%
1989-2018 NumbersUSA - Lifetime Scores [12/21] 20%
1989-2017 NumbersUSA - Lifetime Score [12/29/2017] 20%
1989-2016 NumbersUSA - Lifetime Score 20%
1989-2015 NumbersUSA - Lifetime Score 20%

Labor Unions

2018 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 86%
2017-2018 Communications Workers of America - Positions 90%
2017-2018 International Brotherhood of Teamsters - Positions 90%
2017 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 81%
2017 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 95%
2017 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Lifetime Score 97%
2017 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Lifetime Score 98%
2017 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 100%
2017 National Treasury Employees Union - Positions 92%
2016 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 85%
2016 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 100%
2016 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Lifetime Score 98%
2016 National Farmers Union - "Congressional Scorecard" 100%
2016 National Treasury Employees Union - Positions 100%
2015-2016 International Brotherhood of Teamsters - Positions 91%
2015 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 88%
2015 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Lifetime Scores 98%
2015 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 96%
2015 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 90%
2015 National Treasury Employees Union - Positions 100%
2015 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 86%
2014 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 100%
2014 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 100%
2014 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Lifetime Score 100%
2014 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 100%
2014 National Treasury Employees Union - Positions 100%
2014 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 100%
2013-2014 International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers - Positions (House) 100%
2013-2014 International Brotherhood of Teamsters - Positions 100%
2013-2014 Workplace Choice - Positions 0%
2013-2014 Workplace Choice - Positions (113th Congress, full session) 0%
2013 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 95%
2013 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Lifetime Scores 100%
2013 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 100%
2013 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 100%
2013 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Lifetime Score 100%
2013 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 92%
2013 International Foodservice Distributors Association - Positions 0%
2013 National Treasury Employees Union - Positions 100%
2012 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 95
2012 National Farmers Union - Positions 89%
2011-2012 International Brotherhood of Teamsters - Positions 100%
2011 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 100%
2009 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Lifetime Score 87%
2007 National Treasury Employees Union - Positions 100%

Religion

2018 Family Research Council - Positions 0%
2018 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - "Voting Record" 100%
2017-2018 American Family Association Action (AFA Action) - Positions 0%
2017-2018 Center for Freethought Equality - U.S. House Positions 100%
2017-2018 Council on American-Islamic Relations - Positions 100%
2017 21Wilberforce - "International Religious Freedom Congressional Scorecard" 10%
2017 Family Research Council - Positions 0%
2017 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - "Voting Record" 100%
2015-2016 21Wilberforce - Positions 40%
2015-2016 Bread for the World - Positions 100%
2015-2016 Center for Freethought Equality - U.S. House Positions 100%
2015-2016 Council on American-Islamic Relations - Positions 100%
2015-2016 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 100%
2015-2016 The John Birch Society - Positions 15%
2015 Family Research Council - Positions 0%
2015 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 100%
2015 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100%
2015 The John Birch Society - Positions 16%
2014 American Family Association - Positions 0%
2014 Americans United for the Separation of Church and State - Positions (House Only) 0%
2014 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 0%
2014 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 67%
2014 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100%
2014 Secular Coalition for America - Positions 75%
2014 The John Birch Society - Positions 40%
2014 The John Birch Society - Lifetime Score 40%
2013-2014 Bread for the World - Positions 85%
2013-2014 Family Policy Alliance - Positions (House Only) 0%
2013-2014 Muslim Public Affairs Council - Positions 21%
2013-2014 The John Birch Society - Positions (113th Congress, full session) 33%
2013 Americans United for the Separation of Church and State - Positions 100%
2013 Bread for the World - Positions 90%
2013 Concerned Women for America - Positions 0%
2013 Family Research Council - Positions (113th Congress, first session) 0%
2013 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 64%
2013 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 100%
2013 Secular Coalition for America - Congressional Positions 70%
2013 Venn Institute - Scorecard for International Religious Freedom 0%
2013 Young Women's Christian Association (YWCA) - Positions 66%
2007-2016 National Religious Campaign Against Torture Action Fund - Positions 100%
2005-2012 National Religious Campaign Against Torture Action Fund - Positions 89%

Socially Conservative

2017-2018 American Family Association Action (AFA Action) - Positions 0%
2017-2018 American Family Association Action (AFA Action) - Positions 0%
2017-2018 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 0%
2017-2018 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 0%
2017-2018 Heritage Action for America - Positions 7%
2017-2018 Heritage Action for America - Positions 7%
2017 American Conservative Union - Lifetime Congressional Positions 4%
2017 American Conservative Union - Lifetime Congressional Positions 4%
2017 American Conservative Union - Congressional Positions 7%
2017 American Conservative Union - Congressional Positions 7%
2016 American Conservative Union - Positions 0%
2016 American Conservative Union - Lifetime Score (Congressional) 3%
2016 American Conservative Union - Positions 0%
2016 American Conservative Union - Lifetime Score (Congressional) 3%
2015-2016 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 0%
2015-2016 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 0%
2015-2016 Heritage Action for America - Positions 14%
2015-2016 Heritage Action for America - Positions 14%
2015-2016 The John Birch Society - Positions 15%
2015-2016 The John Birch Society - Positions 15%
2015 American Conservative Union - Positions 0%
2015 American Conservative Union - Positions 0%
2015 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 18%
2015 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 18%
2015 The John Birch Society - Positions 16%
2015 The John Birch Society - Positions 16%
2014 American Family Association - Positions 0%
2014 American Family Association - Positions 0%
2014 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 0%
2014 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 0%
2014 Heritage Action for America - Positions (113th Congress) 6%
2014 Heritage Action for America - Positions (113th Congress) 6%
2014 The John Birch Society - Positions 40%
2014 The John Birch Society - Lifetime Score 40%
2014 The John Birch Society - Lifetime Score 40%
2014 The John Birch Society - Positions 40%
2013-2014 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 0%
2013-2014 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 0%
2013-2014 Eagle Forum - Positions 0%
2013-2014 Eagle Forum - Positions 0%
2013-2014 The John Birch Society - Positions (113th Congress, full session) 33%
2013-2014 The John Birch Society - Positions (113th Congress, full session) 33%
2013 Concerned Women for America - Positions 0%
2013 Concerned Women for America - Positions 0%
2013 Eagle Forum - Positions 0%
2013 Eagle Forum - Positions 0%
2013 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy 7%
2013 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy 7%
2013 Republican Liberty Caucus - Personal Liberties 47%
2013 Republican Liberty Caucus - Liberty Index 26%
2013 Republican Liberty Caucus - Liberty Index 26%
2013 Republican Liberty Caucus - Personal Liberties 47%
2013 Republican Liberty Caucus - Economic Liberties Score 5%
2013 Republican Liberty Caucus - Economic Liberties Score 5%
2012 Eagle Forum - Positions 25%
2012 Eagle Forum - Positions 25%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Vote Smart displays all known interest group ratings for each candidate and official, regardless of issue or bias.

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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