In a letter to Senate leaders Harry Reid and Mitch McConnell, U.S. Senators Jeanne Shaheen (D-NH) and Susan Collins (R-ME) have called for a balanced, bipartisan deficit reduction solution that protects jobs and national security interests. The letter and call for action comes in the wake of the United States Navy announcing extraordinary budget-cutting measures in preparation for further cuts under sequestration.
The New England senators lambasted Congress' inaction in the present lead up to budget sequestration which could enact nearly $1.2 trillion in defense and non-defense spending within the federal budget. The measures the Navy announced include a civilian hiring freeze, cutting temporary workers at shipyards and base operating support facilities, reduced funding for critical repairs, and a possible22-day furlough of civilian Naval employees. As Shaheen and Collins say in their letter, these cuts "would have severe ramifications for many critical defense facilities, including our own Portsmouth Naval Shipyard."
"The Navy's announcement underscores just how unacceptable automatic sequestration cuts are not only to our national security but to our economy as well. We need a comprehensive plan to rein in our debt and deficits but not in a way that puts our vital national security and economic interests at risk. I'm disappointed that we missed an opportunity to work in this manner last year during the fiscal cliff negotiations but am hopeful that moving forward we can take steps to avoid the kinds of actions that the Navy announced," Senator Shaheen said.
"While I am deeply concerned about our nation's rising debt and believe Congress must look for balanced and responsible ways to reduce federal spending, I oppose the indiscriminate, automatic, across-the-board cuts to defense and non-defense spending that would be required under sequestration," Senator Collins said. "Such meat-axe cuts would negatively affect jobs around the country, including as many as 5,900 in Maine where so many workers build and repair Navy submarines and ships, advanced jet engines, and other technologies that our nation's Soldiers, Sailors, Airmen, and Marines rely upon to protect our country."
The full text of the letter is below:
February 1, 2013
Dear Leaders Reid and McConnell:
It has been nearly a year and a half since the United States Congress passed the Budget Control Act, which was designed to force comprehensive action on our debt and deficits. Unfortunately, Congress has missed several opportunities to enact a long-term plan to stabilize our debt and avoid self-inflicted crises that put our economy and national security in jeopardy. Instead, we again face the threat of automatic sequestration cuts of nearly $1.2 trillion from defense and non-defense programs in the federal budget. We write today to again express our commitment to a balanced, bipartisan deficit reduction solution that will avoid the impacts of these cuts, which are already threatening jobs in New Hampshire and Maine.
This month, we are starting to see the very real and negative consequences of our inaction to our national security and to the economic and financial health of our country. Each of the military services has begun to take money-saving actions to address both the lack of appropriations bill for FY13 and the possibility of sequestration cuts taking effect. For example, the United States Navy is taking drastic measures in the weeks ahead to prepare for sequestration, including a civilian hiring freeze, cutting temporary workers at shipyards and base operating support facilities, reduced funding for deployments, maintenance, and overhauls, deferment of critical repairs, including the USS Miami, and a possible furlough of civilians for up to 22 work days. This would have severe ramifications for many critical defense facilities, including our own Portsmouth Naval Shipyard.
But the negative consequences would not just be felt in our military. In terms of non-defense spending, the administration reports that sequestration would "undermine investments vital to economic growth, threaten the safety and security of the American people, and cause severe harm to programs that benefit the middle-class, seniors and children." The National Institutes of Health would face a $2.5 billion cut and "would have to halt or curtail scientific research, including needed research into cancer and childhood diseases." The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention would see a $464 million cut, and states and local communities would lose billions in federal education funding for Title I, special education State grants, and other programs.
Automatic cuts to defense and non-defense spending alike will have drastic effects on our economy. A recent forecast from Macroeconomic Advisers suggests that sequestration would reduce our Gross Domestic Product by 0.7 percentage points this year. A previous report by the Aerospace Industries Association found that a full year of sequestration would result in the loss of approximately 1 million jobs because of defense budget cuts and 1 million jobs because of domestic cuts in 2013. While the first two months of sequestration have been addressed, it is reasonable to conclude that millions of jobs are in jeopardy should sequestration take effect.
In addition, the threat of sequestration has resulted in real costs for taxpayers. Federal agencies have been forced to divert attention and resources away from important programs to prepare for automatic spending cuts while maintaining vital services. Enacting a long-term solution to sequestration will result in more efficient and effective government programs.
Automatic cuts are the least responsible way to address our debt. The whole point of employing the threat of this tool was to force those difficult decisions in order to find a comprehensive solution to our problems. As a result, the best way to avoid sequestration is to stop avoiding the choices we have to make and get our long-term debt and deficits under control. This will require reforms to all areas of spending, including domestic, mandatory, and defense, as well as comprehensive tax reform.
The announcements this month by the Department of Defense underscore the fact that we need to act now to avoid sequestration's impacts in New Hampshire, Maine and across the country. We believe that there is still time and bipartisan support for a better approach to addressing our debt and deficits.
Thank you for your dedication and service to our nation.