Since anti-missile efforts were first launched in the 1950s, the United States has spent approximately $200 billion on them, more than $125 billion since the mid-1980s. While some interceptors have been deployed in Alaska and California, an effective anti-missile defense system to counter long-range intercontinental ballistic missiles has not been successfully demonstrated. Highly-scripted tests have been conducted, but not against realistic countermeasures like decoys. It makes little sense to spend billions of taxpayer dollars on defenses that don't work, don't deal with the more likely threats from terrorists, and could be easily overcome by decoys and other countermeasures. I oppose deployment of a national missile defense at this time but would continue a research program designed to develop an effective missile defense technology and other highly mobile, quick-reacting defense tools, including drone technology.