I wrote the US-Israel Energy Cooperation Act, which became law inlate 2007. The Act provides for cooperative research between American and Israeli scientific institutions in various fields of energy. The Israeli government matches the US contribution, so that for every dollar Congress appropriates, two dollars of research is performed. In 2011, we were able to secure funding for US-Israeli cooperative research programs for the third year in a row. Currently, six cooperative programs are underway in various fields: energy grid management, biodiesel, photovoltaic technology, solar panels, micro-turbines, and other fields in which the unique talents of American and Israeli researchers offer the opportunity of genuine breakthroughs. This energy cooperation program is a significant part of our efforts to cooperate with our ally Israel, which has a proven record of innovation in the field of energy research. Our national security depends on the development of alternative energy.