According to academic institutions, there will be a shortage of about 63,000 doctors by 2015, with greater shortages on the horizon--91,500 and 130,600 for 2020 and 2025, respectively. With these alarming statistics, educating more doctors for the health care system will reduce the cost of--and improve patient access to-- care. Unfortunately, it is becoming prohibitively expensive to attend medical school. Students are often forced to choose more lucrative specialties within medicine to pay down their loans, abandoning primary care practices and leaving a shortage. Matheson has successfully sponsored and passed legislation, titled the Physician Workforce Enhancement Act, to help establish a hospital residency loan program that provides loans to eligible public or nonprofit hospitals to establish a residency training program, giving preference to rural hospitals.