Governor Andrew M. Cuomo today announced the opening of an exhibit in the State Capitol that honors prominent New York women and their contributions to society.
The new exhibit is part of the Governor's ongoing efforts to highlight New York's history at the Capitol, which began earlier this year with the restoration of the Hall of Governors and the Black History Month Exhibit on display in the War Room.
"As the father of three daughters, I believe it's important for our young people to learn about the incredible accomplishments of these New York women," said Governor Cuomo. "The women profiled in the exhibit should serve as examples for the next generation, and I hope it will inspire New Yorkers to learn more about the state's progressive history and the women who led the way."
The title of the exhibit, "From Seneca Falls to the Supreme Court: New York's Women Leading the Way," is meant to evoke how New York women have played a central role in expanding civil rights and leading progressive movements in the United States, from the very beginning of the women's movement in 1848 to present day.
A total of 36 women will be featured in the display. They represent a variety of fields of accomplishments such as government, suffrage, education, labor, health care, social movements, and arts and literature. Two women's studies scholars and staff from the State Museum were consulted on site location and while curating the exhibit.
Dr. Elizabeth Kennedy, Professor Emeritus at the University of Arizona at Tucson and founder of New York's first women's studies program at SUNY Buffalo, said, "At a time when many attacks on women's gains are common place it is important to honor some of the women who struggled to secure those rights for the current generation. From Elizabeth Cady Stanton to Audre Lorde we have had brilliant and visionary leaders. From the twenty thousand women who went on strike against the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory for better working conditions, to the students and faculty who fought for and built women's studies throughout the state university system, we have had courageous movement activists. Let them inspire us to continue these struggles, speaking up for the full humanity of women, while we also challenge the rising tide of racism, and the attacks on workers' rights. We welcome Governor Cuomo's support."
Professor Florence Howe, founding publisher of The Feminist Press at the City University of New York and Professor Emeritus of English at CUNY, said, "I am honored to be included among New York State women who have helped to change the course of history for women not only in the U.S., but internationally, as they joined with other women around the world. In particular, women's activism through the past 50 years has taught all of us that issues of race, class, and gender are inextricably intertwined. Fortunately, also, the Governor's wall provides a testament to the women's movement's pursuit of history through this period and beyond. I for one am grateful for his vision."
Mark Schaming, Director of the New York State Museum, said, "Governor Cuomo's vision is transforming the Capitol into a remarkable exhibit space where important history is shared with all New Yorkers. Today, artifacts, images and stories from extraordinary women who have shaped the State and nation enjoy a new place of respect in our Capitol. The Board of Regents believes that the State Museum collections are an asset all New Yorkers share. These new exhibitions bring our shared history to light in innovative ways."
In addition to the biographical panels, the exhibit also highlights important events in the history of New York State spanning from 1848 to the present, including: the Seneca Falls Convention in 1848, the amendment to the New York State Constitution in 1917 and the ratification of the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution in 1920, the election of Ida Sammis and Mary Lilly to the New York State Assembly in 1918 and the election Rhoda Fox Graves to the New York State Senate in 1934, the election of the first woman to a statewide office, Lieutenant Governor Mary Anne Krupsak, in 1974, the appointment of Judge Judith Kaye to the Court of Appeals in 1983 and her subsequent appointment as Chief Judge in 1993, and finally, the appointments of Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg in 1993, Justice Sonia Sotomayor in 2009 and Justice Elena Kagen in 2010 to the United States Supreme Court.
The individuals featured in the exhibit include:
Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court
Justice Sonia Sotomayor, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court
Justice Elena Kagan, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court
Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, First woman to be elected to U.S. Senator for New York
Judge Judith Kaye, First woman to serve as Chief Judge on the Court of Appeals
Representative Geraldine Ferraro, First woman on a major party's national ticket
Lieutenant Governor Mary Anne Krupsak, First woman elected to statewide office in New York
Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Famous suffragist
Susan B. Anthony, Famous suffragist
Alice Paul, 2nd generation of suffragists, instrumental in getting 19th amendment ratified
Lucy Burns, 2nd generation of suffragists, instrumental in getting 19th amendment ratified
Catherine Beecher, Advocate on behalf of the Common School movement
Eleanor Baum, First woman to serve as dean of an engineering school at the Polytechnic Institute
Florence Howe, Women's Studies pioneer and founder of Feminist Press at CUNY
Frances Perkins, Labor activist and first woman to serve as a cabinet secretary
Kate Mullaney, First woman appointed to an office of a national labor organization, National Labor Congress
Pauline Newman, International Ladies Garments Workers Union first general organizer
Helen Keller, Author and advocate for safer working conditions for factory workers
Clara Barton, Founder of the American Red Cross
Elizabeth Blackwell, First woman to receive an M.D. and a license to practice medicine in the United States
Alma Woolley, Pioneer in nursing education
Patricia Bath, Medical doctor and researcher who pioneered the use of lasers to treat cataracts
Gloria Steinem, Pioneer in the contemporary feminist movement
Audre Lorde, Poet and author, started the first publishing house exclusively for women of color
Constance Cook, Author of the New York's 1970 Reproductive Rights Act and instrumental in the creation of the SUNY system
Billie Jean King, Famous athlete and advocate for women's equality
Belva Ann Lockwood, First woman to argue a case before the Supreme Court
Julia A.J. Foote, First African-American woman preacher in the A.M.E. Church and abolitionist
Molly Brant, Native American leader and diplomat from 1754-1780
Eleanor Roosevelt, Transformational First Lady and civil rights activist
Arts and Literature:
Olivia Ward Bush, Poet and instrumental figure in the Harlem Renaissance
Lucille Ball, Famous actress, comedian, and television producer
Ruby Dee, Film actress and civil rights activist
Midori Goto, Musician and community activist
Pearl Primus, Famous dancer
Kitty Carlisle Hart, Actress and television personality, Commissioner of the New York State Council on the Arts for 20 years
Objects on display include:
Suffragist wagon and parade banner
Chapter law of 1861 Chartering Vassar College
Chapter law of 1844 establishing the New York's first teacher training school
Book published by Kitchen Table Press, written by Audre Lorde
Rosie the Riveter poster from 1942, featuring Rose Hicker of Tarryton, NY, who was the real life "Rosie"
A Women's Suffrage ballot
A Women's Suffrage Party advertisement
Copy of the Lily, signed by Amelia Bloomer
For more information on the individuals and objects featured in the exhibit, visit www.hallofgovernors.ny.gov.