Today, U.S. Senator Maria Cantwell (D-WA) applauded the Senate passage of a comprehensive trade package that includes Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) with South Korea, Panama and Colombia. The American Farm Bureau estimates that the increased market opportunities for Washington state under these trade agreements could increase direct exports by $52.8 million per year and add hundreds of jobs to the state economy.
Cantwell has consistently championed the passage of the FTAs through her role on the Senate Finance Committee. The package now goes to President Obama for his signature, after passing the House by three separate votes. According to the International Trade Commission, these agreements will create 250,000 U.S. jobs and increase U.S. exports by $13 billion.
"This bill is a winner for Washington state's agricultural and trade economy," Cantwell said. "The Senate passage of these trade agreements has been years in the making. These trade agreements will open up markets to Washington state goods and make sure our products stay competitive in a global economy. They will support jobs in Washington and across the nation -- from the apple orchard, to the trucks that carry the apples to the port, to the shipping jobs that send the product overseas."
The House also passed a renewal of a job training program for trade-affected workers, sending it to the President for his signature. The Senate passed the Trade Adjustment Assistance (TAA) program extension on September 22, 2011, which partially expired in February 2011 and would have completely expired in February 2012. Cantwell joined 41 of her colleagues in May in sending a letter to the President expressing the need for the Trade Adjustment Assistance program to move with the three Free Trade Agreements.
Passage of the TAA program extension through 2013 was a key component in securing approval of the three Free Trade Agreements tonight. The extension includes important bipartisan reforms made to TAA in May 2009, as well as retroactively extends coverage to TAA petitions filed after February 12, 2011, when the program's reforms expired. Cantwell has consistently advocated including TAA as part of a broader trade and competitiveness strategy.
The three trade agreements passed today eliminate tariffs on various agricultural products important to Washington's economy, including potatoes, wine, beef, wheat, apples, cherries, and pears. The Korea FTA would immediately eliminate a 15 percent tariff on wine. During fiscal year 2010, 24 percent of the wine exported from Washington went to South Korea. Also under the agreement, South Korea would eliminate a 40 percent tariff on beef over 15 years. The American Farm Bureau estimates Washington state is expected to increase beef exports by $7 million per year. Beef production is the state's 5th largest commodity and the market for American beef in South Korea has the potential to reach $1 billion.
"We are excited about the passage of the KORUS- FTA and the immediate benefits it will bring to Washington state's economy through its major production industries," said Yun S. Hong, Chairman of the Korean American Chamber of Commerce in Washington State. "Trade and investment between Washington state and Korea's $1 trillion dollar economy will enable local businesses across all sectors to grow, create jobs, and boost our state's economy. We're grateful to all who've worked diligently for the passage of this KORUS- FTA, particularly to our state senators and representatives, and are eager to strengthen our economic and cultural partnerships with South Korea."
Washington's ports and waterways -- the closest to Asia and Alaska of all U.S. ports -- also stand to significantly benefit from the U.S.-Korea FTA. Washington state is the 3rd largest exporting state in the country and together, the Ports of Seattle and Tacoma comprise the second largest container load center in the country. Last year, $704 million in state revenue was generated from port activities and 8,480 companies exported their goods from operations in Washington.
With South Korea representing Washington's fourth largest export market, Washington state agriculture will see significant benefits under the United States-Korea FTA. Upon implementation, the FTA with South Korea would immediately eliminate an 18 percent tariff on frozen potato products and over time a 30 percent tariff on fresh potato products. The Korea FTA would immediately eliminate a 24 percent tariff on sweet cherries, which was equivalent to $7.5 million this year. The reduction in tariffs would reduce the price of cherries by 75 to 90 cents per pound in South Korea, which the Northwest Cherry Growers anticipate could boost sales by $18 to $20 million per year over the next few years.
Washington state is the nation's second largest grower and exporter of fruit, with exports of fresh and processed fruits and vegetables valued at more than $1.8 billion in 2009, according to the American Farm Bureau Federation. The Free Trade Agreement with Colombia would immediately eliminate a 15 percent tariff on apples, which the Washington Apple Commission estimates could lead to increases in shipments of 50 to 100 percent this season. This year, Washington state's apple crop going to Colombia was valued at $4.5 million.
"Due to the high tariffs charged on U.S. imports, our agricultural products have been at a competitive disadvantage for far too long," said Steve Appel, Washington Farm Bureau President and third-generation wheat farmer from Dusty, Washington. "With an estimated one in three jobs in our state dependent on international trade, passage of these agreements is a critical step in the right direction."
During the first two months following the implementation of the European Union-Korea Free Trade Agreement on July 1, 2011, the European Union's exports to South Korea have grown by nearly 28 percent compared to the same period in 2010. Finalization of the United States-South Korea FTA today will help secure America's place in an important export market.