The Affordable Care Act Gives
American Families Greater Control Over Their Own Health Care.
Lower Costs for American Families
 Insurance Industry Reforms that Save Families Money
o This year, eliminates all lifetime limits on how much insurance companies cover if beneficiaries get
sick and bans insurance companies from dropping people from coverage when they get sick. The
Act also restricts the use of annual limits in all new plans and existing employer plans this year,
until 2014 when all annual limits for these plans are prohibited.
o Going forward, plans in the new Health Insurance Exchanges and all new plans will have a cap on
what insurance companies can require beneficiaries to pay in out-of-pocket expenses, such as co-
pays and deductibles.
 Financial Relief for Working Families
o Provides tax credits to working families to make sure they can afford quality coverage.
o This year, provides tax credits to small businesses so they can offer competitive, affordable health
care to their employees.
o Supports States starting in plan year 2011 in requiring health insurance companies to submit
justification for requested premium increases, and insurance companies with excessive or
unjustified premium exchanges may not be able to participate in the new Exchanges.
o Cracks down on excessive insurance overhead starting in 2011 by applying standards to how much
insurance companies can spend on non-medical costs, such as bureaucracy, executive salaries, and
marketing, and provides consumers a rebate if non-medical costs are too high.
 Ending the "Hidden" Tax on American Families
o Covers more Americans to reduce cost-shifting that increases premiums for insured Americans. To
pay for the medical costs of the uninsured, medical providers pass these costs on to private insurers,
which pass them on to families, increasing family premiums by, on average, about $1,000 a year.
Greater Choices for American Families
 More Affordable Choices and Competition
o Creates state-based health insurance Exchanges to provide families with the same private insurance
choices that the President and Members of Congress will have, including multi-state plans to foster
competition and increase consumer choice.
 One-Stop Shopping to Put Families in Charge
o Provides standardized, easy-to-understand information through the Exchange on different health
insurance plans offered in a geographic region so families can easily compare prices, benefits, and
performance of health plans to decide which quality affordable option is right for them.
 Extends Dependent Coverage
o This year, allows young adults to stay on their parents' health care plan until age 26. (This applies
to all plans in the individual market, all new employer plans, and existing employer plans if the
young adult is not eligible for employer coverage on his or her own. Beginning in 2014, children
up to age 26 can stay on their parent's employer plan even if they have an offer of coverage through
their employer.) This will help cover the one in three young adults who are uninsured.
 Ends Insurance Company Discrimination
o This year, prohibits insurance companies from denying children coverage based on pre-existing
conditions. Going forward, the Act will prohibit insurance companies from denying coverage to all
individuals. The Act will also end discrimination that charges beneficiaries more if they are sick
and limit the amount an insurance company can increase an individual's premium simply due to
o This year, provides access to affordable insurance for uninsured Americans with pre-existing
conditions through a temporary subsidized high-risk pool, which will help protect them from
medical bankruptcy. This high risk pool is a stop-gap measure that will serve as a bridge to a
reformed health insurance marketplace.
 Insurance Security
o Ensures that families always have guaranteed choices of quality, affordable health insurance
whether they lose their job, switch jobs, move or get sick, through the creation of Exchanges.
 Independent Appeals Process
o This year, ensures consumers in new plans have access to a straightforward and independent
appeals process to appeal decisions by their health insurance plan.
Quality, Affordable Health Care for all Americans
 Preventive Care for Better Health
o This year, requires new plans to cover prevention and wellness benefits at no charge to American
families by exempting these benefits from deductibles and other cost-sharing requirements.
o Invests in prevention and public health to encourage innovations in health care that prevent illness
and disease before they require more costly treatment.
 Increases the Number of Primary Care Practitioners
o Provides new investments to increase the number of primary care practitioners, including doctors,
nurses, nurse practitioners, and physician assistants.