Letter to The Honorable Ken Salazar, Secretary of the Interior, United States Department Of The Interior
The Honorable Ken Salazar
U.S. Department of the Interior
1849 C Street, NW
Washington, D.C. 20240
Dear Secretary Salazar:
We are faced with an alarming ecological situation in the Northeast. Over the last two winters over one million hibernating bats have mysteriously died. While scientists have not been able to determine the precise cause of these deaths, with mortality rates in some caves as high as 90 to 100 percent, the bats appear to be infected with a fungus that turns their noses and bodies white. This affliction of unknown origin, dubbed White-Nose Syndrome (WNS), must be stopped. We ask for your full support to respond to this crisis by providing immediate, emergency Fiscal Year 2009 funding for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and U.S. Geological Survey to respond to this crisis.
The first case of WNS was reported in the winter 0[2006 in Howes Cave, near Albany, New York. Scientists working for the New York Department of Environmental Conservation observed hibernating bats with a previously unidentified white fungus on their noses and bodies. Since then, confirmed cases of WNS have shown up in nine states: Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Vermont, Virginia, and West Virginia. In addition, there are unconfirmed WNS reports in Rhode Island. Given what we have seen in the past three years, it is highly likely that WNS will spread from the northeast into some of the largest and most diverse bat colonies in the nation, which are located in the southeast, Mid·Atlantic, and Midwest. If this happens, we risk the possibility of extinction of several bat species.
This issue has profound public health, environmental, and economic implications. Bats are among the most beneficial animals. We are just beginning to fully appreciate the roles that bats play in North American ecosystems, and it is clear that threats like WNS have the potential to
influence ecosystem function in ways that we currently do not understand.
They prey almost exclusively on insects such as mosquitoes, which spread disease, and moths and beetles, which damage crops. A single bat can easily eat more than 3,000 insects a night and an entire colony will consume hundreds of millions of these crop-destroying and disease-carrying pests every year. Bats reduce the need for pesticides, which cost farmers billions of dollars every year and are harmful to human health.
States, in partnership with the Fish and Wildlife Service and the U.S. Geological Survey, have been working diligently to establish a cause for this deadly mystery. With extremely limited resources, scientists have been working to detennine a cause and develop solutions to this crisis, while minimizing its impact on populations of hibernating bats in North America.
Additional research, work, and proper resources are needed to fully address this crisis.
We respectfully request that the Department of the Interior provide adequate funding to the Fish and Wildlife Service, the U.S. Geological Survey, and other agencies to carry out critical research on and develop a cure for WNS. As the bats emerge from their hibernation caves, it is vital that researchers have the resources in place to conduct tests this summer. We must do everything we can to stop the spread of WNS or it will continue to spread across the country decimating our bat populations. We ask for your help in providing immediate, emergency funding for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the U.S. Geological Survey for research, management, coordination, and outreach in order to provide an appropriate coordinated response to this deadly, newly emergent disease.
Thank you for your attention to this urgent matter. We look forward to your prompt response to this inquiry.
1. Senator Patrick Leahy
2. Senator Bernard Sanders
3. Senator Robert C. Byrd
4. Senator Charles E. Schumer
5. Senator Frank R. Lautenberg
6. Senator Robert Menendez
7. Senator John F. Kerry
8. Senator Jim Webb
9. Senator Robert P. Casey, Jr.
10. Senator Mark R. Warner
11. Senator Kirsten Gillibrand
12. Senator John D. Rockefeller IV
13. Senator Joseph I. Lieberman
14. Representative Peter Welch
15. Representative John McHugh
16. Representative Joe Courtney
17. Representative John Olver
18. Representative Peter Visclosky
19. Representative Charlie Gonzalez
20. Representative Rick Boucher
21. Representative Maurice Hinchey
22. Representative Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick
23. Representative Robert Wexler
24. Representative Carol Shea-Porter
25. Representative Lloyd Doggett