KENNEDY ON PRIMARY HEALTH CARE ACCESS REFORM
As Entered into the Record
Our health system is in urgent need of reform. More than 47 million Americans lack health insurance, and this number is likely to grow with the economic downturn. Reforming today's system of "sick care" into a health care system that offers affordable insurance coverage to all our citizens is essential for meeting the nation's health care needs and strengthening our economy for the future.
We know, however, that expanding insurance coverage alone is not enough to address our declining state of health care. We face a severe shortage in the health care workforce, particularly in primary care. Interest in the practice of family medicine by U.S. medical students is at a 10-year low. The combination of a weak economy and growing medical school debt is pushing graduates into other specialties. Last month, less than 3 percent of new residents opted for primary care, and nurses, physician assistants, dentists, and other health care professionals are following suit. Just this week, the doctor shortage was featured in The New York Times. Even after enacting broad health reform, Massachusetts is facing this same challenge.
Primary care providers are the backbone of a strong health care system. Primary care helps prevent illness and death, and leads to healthier patients and lower costs. It also has an important role in reducing health disparities across the nation.
Community health centers and the National Health Service Corps are increasingly important in bringing affordable, high-quality primary care to citizens in medically under-served areas. They act as a safety net, and their massive role is effective in reducing health disparities and saving money. A recent study by the Robert Graham Center in Washington, DC, found that people who use community health centers as their typical source of health care have 41 percent lower expenditures on care than people who receive care elsewhere.
Workforce development must be an essential component in any major health reform. We can train more providers by increasing enrollment at health sciences schools and residency programs, particularly in community-based settings. We can improve payment incentives to make careers in primary care more attractive financially. And we can expand the National Health Service Corps to give greater access to primary care to Americans living in rural and under-served areas.
Our aging population and public health emergencies like the swine flu epidemic emphasize the need to improve all aspects of primary care. I look forward to working closely with my Senate colleagues on the HELP and Finance Committees and President Obama to do so. I commend Senator Sanders for his continued dedication to community health centers and the National Health Service Corps, and his impressive leadership in these areas of health reform. I look forward to learning more from our witnesses today about these important issues.