FIGHT FOR EAST TIMOR'S RIGHT TO RESOURCES IN TIMOR SEA: LETTER
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March 8, 2004
The Honorable John Howard
Office of the Australian Prime Minister
3-5 National Circuit
Barton, ACT 2600
Dear Prime Minister Howard:
As members of the U.S. House of Representatives who are strong supporters of East Timor, we write to urge your country to move seriously and expeditiously in negotiations with East Timor to establish a fair, permanent maritime boundary and an equitable sharing of oil and gas resources in the Timor Sea.
We recognize the critical role your country played in East Timor's fight for independence, and we know your diplomatic efforts were instrumental in prompting the dialogue between Indonesian officials and East Timorese nationalists that led to the vote for independence.
Australia's commitment to regional security, and its concern for East Timor in particular, was also evident when you indicated last June that Australian troops might remain in East Timor for years to prevent the country from "coming under unacceptable strain and perhaps collapse."
As the poorest country in Southeast Asia, East Timor's dependence on foreign aid is one factor that keeps it from consolidating its stability and economic development, which of course adds greatly to the strain the country continues to face. This is why we support the statement our colleagues on the Senate Appropriations Committee included in its report that accompanied this year's foreign aid bill underscoring how important the negotiations over the maritime boundary and the petroleum reserves are to the future economic development and security of East Timor.
We also join our Senate colleagues in urging both governments to engage in good faith negotiations to resolve their maritime boundary in accordance with international legal principles, and we hope both governments will agree to a legal process for an impartial resolution if the boundary dispute cannot be settled by negotiation.
We also urge you to heed Prime Minister Mari Alkatiri's call to conclude negotiations within three to five years. We were pleased that a preliminary meeting between your two governments was held in November, but we were disappointed by your government's insistence that bilateral meetings on the boundary be semi-annual and encourage you to hold them monthly, as requested by East Timor.
Finally, given the overlapping claims of the two countries, we would strongly hope that any revenue from disputed areas on East Timor's side of the median line but outside the Joint Petroleum Development Area defined in the Timor Sea Treaty be held in escrow until a permanent boundary is established.
We trust your country's commitment to the freedom and security of East Timor will include recognition of East Timor's territorial integrity and its right to a swift, permanent resolution of the maritime boundary dispute.
REP. BARNEY FRANK REP. NANCY PELOSI
REP. CHRISTOPHER H. SMITH REP. TOM LANTOS
REP. HOWARD L. BERMAN REP. PHIL ENGLISH
REP. GARY L. ACKERMAN REP. JANICE D. SCHAKOWSKY
REP. DONALD M. PAYNE REP. CAROLYN B. MALONEY
REP. SHERROD BROWN REP. WILLIAM D. DELAHUNT
REP. ROBERT WEXLER REP. MAURICE D. HINCHEY
REP. RAUL M. GRIJALVA REP. LANE EVANS
REP. TAMMY BALDWIN REP. JAMES P. McGOVERN
REP. DALE E. KILDEE REP. JOHN W. OLVER
REP. EDOLPHUS TOWNS REP. CHARLES B. RANGEL
REP. DENNIS J. KUCINICH REP. PATRICK J. KENNEDY
REP. JAMES R. LANGEVIN REP. JIM McDERMOTT
REP. RAHM EMANUEL REP. HENRY A. WAXMAN
REP. NITA M. LOWEY REP. JULIA CARSON
REP. ANTHONY D. WEINER REP. ELLEN O. TAUSCHER
REP. MAJOR R. OWENS REP. MICHAEL M. HONDA
REP. DENNIS A. CARDOZA REP. MADELEINE Z. BORDALLO
REP. NEIL ABERCROMBIE REP. JOHN LEWIS
REP. FORTNEY PETE STARK REP. WILLIAM O. LIPINSKI
REP. BARBARA LEE REP. DANNY K. DAVIS
REP. ED PASTOR REP. PETER A. DeFAZIO
REP. ROBERT E. ANDREWS REP. BOBBY L. RUSH
REP. JOHN F. TIERNEY REP. SHEILA JACKSON-LEE
REP. JERROLD NADLER REP. NYDIA M. VELAZQUEZ
REP. ELEANOR HOLMES NORTON REP. MICHAEL R. McNULTY
REP. EARL BLUMENAUER