Letter to The Honorable Tom Harkin, Chairman, Committee on Agriculture and
The Honorable Saxby Chambliss, Ranking Republican Member
June 18, 2007
The Honorable Tom Harkin The Honorable Saxby Chambliss
Chairman Ranking Republican Member
Committee on Agriculture Committee on Agriculture
U.S. Senate U.S. Senate
Washington, D.C. 20510 Washington, D.C. 20510
Dear Chairman Harkin and Senator Chambliss:
As the Senate Agriculture Committee prepares to reauthorize the Farm Bill, we write urging you to strengthen federal anti-hunger and nutrition initiatives, particularly the Food Stamp Program.
We recognize that the current state of the federal budget complicates efforts to improve food assistance and other programs authorized in the Farm Bill. However, we believe that the economic challenges facing low-income Americans, together with pressing unmet needs in the Food Stamp Program, compel the Congress to make much-needed improvements.
By a number of measures, the current economic expansion has been disappointing for low-income families. Overall poverty remains relatively high, with the number of Americans living in poverty increasing by over 5 million people between 2000 and 2005. A total of 37 million individuals, including nearly 13 million children, are currently living in poverty in this country. Real wages for low-wage workers have been largely stagnant, and the expenses that many low-income households face (such as for rent and gasoline) have increased. The number of Americans experiencing food insecurity, as measured by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, increased from 31 million individuals in 1999 to more than 35 million individuals in 2005. As a result of these and other factors, the number of Americans receiving food stamps has gone up.
As the number of households participating in the Food Stamp Program has increased, there are several areas within the Food Stamp Program that we urge you to consider strengthening in the upcoming Farm Bill:
* Benefit Erosion - Food stamp benefits for most participating families are eroding over time. Current food stamp benefits average a mere $1 per person per meal, and the minimum monthly benefit is stuck at the thirty-year-old level of $10. These levels are insufficient for families to obtain an adequate diet.
* Child Care Costs - For purposes of income and benefit calculation, current Food Stamp Program rules allow eligible families to deduct up to $175 of the cost of child care each month. This deduction covers slightly more than one-quarter of the average cost of child care in the United States. This deduction amount has been adjusted only marginally since it was established and is not currently indexed for inflation. The cap on the child care costs that eligible households can deduct from their income calculation should be eliminated entirely, or at least raised.
* Asset Limits - As with child care costs, current asset limits in the Food Stamp Program have not kept pace with inflationary increases. If the 1977 asset limit of $1,750 was adjusted each year to keep pace with inflation, the asset limit in the Food Stamp Program today would be nearly $6,000. Instead, it has been raised by only $250 to a meager $2,000. The asset limit should be raised and tax-preferred retirements and educational savings should be excluded completely.
In addition, far too many people in our communities need food stamps but cannot receive them. Changes to current eligibility restrictions are needed to include legal immigrant adults and unemployed childless adults. Moreover, nearly half of all currently eligible people are missing benefits, often due to a lack of information or red tape barriers. Congress should continue efforts started in the 2002 Farm Bill to reduce unnecessary paperwork, streamline eligibility rules, and invest in outreach and enrollment efforts.
We understand that you must meet a number of priorities in the Farm Bill. However, securing an adequate diet to meet the basic needs of all Americans should be a top priority. We urge the Committee to strengthen the Food Stamp Program and other federal anti-hunger and nutrition initiatives in the Farm Bill, and we look forward to working with you on these important issues.
Richard J. Durbin
Senators Daniel Akaka (D-HI), Joseph Biden (D-DE), Jeff Bingaman (D-NM), Barbara Boxer (D-CA), Sherrod Brown (D-OH), Maria Cantwell (D-WA), Ben Cardin (D-MD), Hillary Clinton (D-NY), Chris Dodd (D-CT), Byron Dorgan (D-ND), Russ Feingold (D-WI), Daniel Inouye (D-HI), Edward Kennedy (D-MA), John Kerry (D-MA), Herb Kohl (D-WI), Mary Landrieu (D-LA), Frank Lautenberg (D-NJ), Carl Levin (D-MI), Joe Lieberman (ID-CT), Claire McCaskill (D-MO), Robert Menendez (D-NJ), Barbara Mikulski (D-MD), Patty Murray (D-WA), Bill Nelson (D-FL), Barack Obama (D-IL), Jack Reed (D-RI), John Rockefeller (D-WV), Bernard Sanders (D-VT), Charles Schumer (D-NY), Debbie Stabenow (D-MI), Jon Tester (D-MT), Sheldon Whitehouse (D-RI) and Ron Wyden (D-OR).