PRESCRIPTION DRUG AND MEDICARE IMPROVEMENT ACT OF 2003
ADEQUACY OF MEDICARE PAYMENTS TO PHYSICIANS
Mr. SPECTER. Mr. President, I have sought recognition today to engage the distinguished chairman of the Finance Committee in a colloquy regarding concerns about the adequacy of Medicare payments to physicians.
Each year, Medicare payments to physicians are adjusted through use of a "payment update formula" that is based on the Medicare Economic Index, MEI, and the sustainable growth rate, SGR. This formula has a number of flaws that create inaccurate and inappropriate payment updates that do not reflect the actual costs of providing medical services to the growing number of Medicare patients.
As discussed above, the formula has resulted in numerous payment cuts to Medicare physicians. Earlier this year, Congress passed legislation as part of the fiscal year 2003 omnibus appropriations bill, H.J. Res. 2, that avoided an impending 4.4-percent cut in the Medicare conversion factor. This was accomplished by adding 1 million previously missed Medicare beneficiaries to the mix and recalculating the appropriate formulas. Although this change resulted in a welcomed 1.6-percent increase in the Medicare conversion factor for 2003, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services', CMS, preliminary Medicare conversion factor figure predicts a 4.2-percent reduction for 2004. The reason for this latest reduction stems from the fact that the current formula that originally resulted in the need to fix the 2003 conversion factor cut, is flawed. The latest scheduled round of payment cuts will make Pennsylvania's Medicare practice climate untenable.
In its March 2003 report, the Medicare Payment Advisory Commission, MedPac, stated that if "Congress does not change current law, then payments may not be adequate in 2003 and a compensating adjustment in payments would be necessary in 2004." We owe it to America's physicians to fix the system so that they can continue to provide Medicare beneficiaries with the vital care they need.
With 17 percent of its population eligible for Medicare, the Pennsylvania Medical Society has calculated that Pennsylvania's physicians have already suffered a $128.6 million hit, or $4,074 per physician, as a result of the 2002 Medicare payment reduction. If not corrected, the flawed formula will cost Pennsylvania physicians another $553 million or $17,396 per physician for the period 2003-2005. They simply cannot afford these payment cuts. I know you have worked very hard in preparing a bipartisan Medicare bill that represents a good solid beginning to improving our Nation's health care system. However, I firmly believe this is an issue that Congress must address.
Mr. GRASSLEY. Mr. President, I thank my colleague from Pennsylvania for raising this important issue. He is correct that I have been working with the physician community, as well as the U.S. House of Representatives, to obtain a fuller understanding regarding the adequacy of the current physician formula under Medicare. We have learned that Medicare's current payment formula for physicians is problematic, and I agree that this issue should be addressed. We will continue our discussion, and objectively evaluate proposals that will update the payment formula for physicians.
Mr. SPECTER. I thank the chairman for his willingness to work with me on this issue as the Prescription Drug and Medicare Improvement Act moves forward.