Rating Group: Americans for Democratic Action

1999 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 10%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 10%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 0%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 5%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 20%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 5%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 10%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 100%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 100%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 100%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 95%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 100%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 95%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 100%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 95%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 95%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 100%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 100%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 5%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 95%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 5%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 90%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 95%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 100%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 5%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 95%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 5%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 100%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 95%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 5%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 100%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 100%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 100%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 100%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 100%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 10%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 80%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 25%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 10%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 10%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 10%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 0%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 65%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 95%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 10%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 100%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 0%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 100%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 5%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 0%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 10%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 100%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 100%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 95%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 100%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 100%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 15%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 95%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 0%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 20%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 5%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 95%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 5%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 100%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 95%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 100%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 100%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 100%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 100%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 100%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 90%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 100%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 25%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 100%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 95%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 95%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 15%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 25%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 95%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 80%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 100%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 40%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 10%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 0%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 0%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 100%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 5%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 95%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 5%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 15%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 95%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 15%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 55%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 5%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 100%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 40%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 40%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 95%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 95%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 40%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 95%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 95%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 90%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 100%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 30%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 90%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 95%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 100%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 100%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 100%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 90%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 95%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 95%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 95%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 100%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 100%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 100%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 5%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 10%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 20%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 85%
OH Governor John Kasich R 10%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 100%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 10%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 0%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 10%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 0%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 100%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 10%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 95%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 100%
PA U.S. Senate-Jr Pat Toomey R 5%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 95%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 95%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 85%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 0%
PA Commissioner-At-Large Joseph Hoeffel 100%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 100%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 20%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 15%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 85%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 95%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 10%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 25%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 0%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 20%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 5%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 15%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 5%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 5%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 100%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 100%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 0%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 70%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 90%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 5%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 100%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 0%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 90%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 5%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 90%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 20%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 95%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 100%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 100%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 0%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 55%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 85%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 100%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 90%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 10%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 90%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 10%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 20%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 100%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 100%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 65%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 0%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 5%
Gary Ackerman 100%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 100%
Wayne Allard 0%
Thomas Allen 95%
Rob Andrews 95%
Bill Archer 0%
Richard Armey 0%
John Ashcroft 0%
Brian Baird 95%
Richard Hugh Baker 0%
Cass Ballenger 5%
James Barcia 55%
Bob Barr, Jr. 15%
Bill Barrett 10%
Roscoe Bartlett 10%
Charlie Bass 20%
Herbert Bateman 20%
Max Baucus 95%
Evan Bayh 90%
Bob Bennett 0%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 95%
Douglas Bereuter 35%
Shelley Berkley 100%
Howard Berman 95%
Marion Berry 60%
Judy Biggert 30%
Brian Bilbray 50%
Michael Bilirakis 20%
Jeff Bingaman 100%
Rod Blagojevich 100%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 0%
Sherwood Boehlert 65%
Kit Bond 0%
Henry Bonilla 0%
David Edward Bonior 90%
Mary Bono Mack 15%
Robert Borski, Jr. 85%
Leonard Boswell 70%
Rick Boucher 70%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 70%
John Breaux 80%
Richard Bryan 100%
Ed Bryant 5%
Conrad Burns 0%
Dan Burton 5%
Steve Buyer 10%
Robert Byrd 80%
Herbert Callahan 10%
Ben Campbell 15%
Thomas Campbell 50%
Chris Cannon 10%
Julia Carson 95%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 15%
William Clay, Sr. 100%
Eva Clayton 100%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 100%
Robert Clement 85%
Michael Collins 15%
Larry Combest 5%
Gary Condit 70%
Kent Conrad 90%
Merrill Cook 25%
John Cooksey 15%
Jerry Costello 65%
Paul Coverdell 0%
Christopher Cox 0%
William Coyne 95%
Larry Craig 0%
Robert Cramer 55%
Philip Crane 5%
Barbara Cubin 5%
Randall Cunningham 10%
Patsy Ann Danner 60%
Thomas Daschle 90%
James Davis 80%
Thomas Davis III 35%
Bill Delahunt 100%
Thomas DeLay 0%
James DeMint 0%
Peter Deutsch 95%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 25%
Jay Dickey 10%
Norm Dicks 90%
Julian Dixon 100%
Chris Dodd 95%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 5%
Calvin Dooley 80%
John Doolittle 5%
Byron Dorgan 95%
David Dreier 10%
Jennifer Dunn 10%
John Edwards 90%
Chet Edwards 85%
Vern Ehlers 20%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 20%
Jo Ann Emerson 10%
Philip English 25%
Bob Etheridge 85%
Lane Evans 100%
Terry Everett 5%
Thomas Ewing 15%
Russ Feingold 100%
Bob Filner 100%
Peter Fitzgerald 15%
Mark Foley 35%
Michael Patrick Forbes 75%
Harold Ford, Jr. 100%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 15%
Tillie Fowler 15%
Barney Frank 100%
Robert Franks 45%
William Frist 0%
Jonas Frost III 85%
Elton Gallegly 25%
John Ganske 35%
Sam Gejdenson 100%
George Gekas 5%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 100%
Jim Gibbons 15%
Wayne Gilchrest 50%
Paul Gillmor 15%
Benjamin Gilman 50%
Charlie Gonzalez 100%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 25%
William Goodling 15%
Bart Gordon 70%
Slade Gorton 5%
Porter Goss 10%
Daniel Graham 100%
William Phillip Gramm 0%
Rodney Grams 0%
Mark Green 5%
James Greenwood 70%
Judd Gregg 0%
Gilbert Gutknecht 15%
Tony Hall 80%
James Hansen 10%
J. Dennis Hastert 0%
Robert Hayes 5%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 10%
Joel Hefley 20%
Jesse Helms 0%
Wally Herger, Jr. 5%
Baron Hill 75%
Rick Hill 10%
Van Hilleary 15%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 80%
Maurice Hinchey 95%
David Lee Hobson 20%
Pete Hoekstra 5%
Thomas Holden 65%
Ernest Hollings 85%
Darlene Hooley 100%
Stephen Horn 55%
John Nathan Hostettler 15%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 45%
Kenny Hulshof 25%
Duncan Hunter 15%
Asa Hutchinson 10%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 5%
Kay Hutchison 0%
Henry Hyde 15%
Daniel Inouye 95%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 0%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 100%
William Jefferson 75%
James Merrill Jeffords 45%
William Lewis Jenkins 15%
Nancy Johnson 55%
Paul Kanjorski 75%
Sue Kelly 50%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 95%
Patrick Kennedy 90%
Bob Kerrey 100%
Dale Kildee 90%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 100%
Gerald Kleczka 95%
Ronald Klink 85%
Joseph Knollenberg 5%
Herb Kohl 100%
James Kolbe 20%
Dennis Kucinich 90%
Steven Kuykendall 35%
Jon Kyl 0%
John LaFalce 85%
Ray LaHood 15%
Nicholas Lampson 90%
Tom Lantos 85%
Stephen Largent 15%
Steve LaTourette 35%
Frank Lautenberg 100%
Rick Lazio 40%
James Leach 55%
Jerry Lewis 20%
Joe Lieberman 95%
Blanche Lincoln 95%
John Linder 10%
William Lipinski 55%
Trent Lott, Sr. 0%
Dick Lugar 5%
William Luther 100%
Connie Mack 0%
James Maloney 85%
Don Manzullo 15%
Matthew Martinez 85%
Frank Mascara 70%
Robert Matsui 100%
Karen McCarthy 95%
Bill McCollum 10%
James McCrery III 0%
John McHugh 35%
Scott McInnis 20%
David McIntosh 5%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 95%
Michael McNulty 90%
Martin Meehan 100%
Carrie Meek 90%
Jack Metcalf 25%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 100%
Dan Miller 15%
David Minge 95%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 95%
John Moakley 90%
Alan Mollohan 60%
Dennis Moore 100%
Constance Morella 80%
Patrick Moynihan 90%
Frank Murkowski 5%
Jack Murtha 60%
Sue Myrick 5%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 10%
Robert William Ney 10%
Don Nickles 0%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 10%
James Nussle 20%
Jim Oberstar 75%
Dave Obey 90%
John Olver 95%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 60%
Doug Ose 30%
Major Owens 100%
Michael Oxley 5%
Ronald Packard 5%
Ron Paul 10%
Donald Payne 100%
Edward Pease 20%
John Peterson 5%
David Phelps 60%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 0%
Owen Pickett 60%
Richard Pombo 5%
Earl Pomeroy 85%
John Edward Porter 60%
Deborah Pryce 20%
Jack Quinn 50%
George Radanovich 5%
James Ramstad 40%
Ralph Regula 25%
Silvestre Reyes 85%
Thomas Reynolds 15%
Bob Riley 5%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 85%
Charles Robb 100%
Ciro Rodriguez 100%
Timothy Roemer 80%
James Rogan 30%
Steve Rothman 100%
Marge Roukema 45%
Jim Ryun 0%
Martin Olav Sabo 95%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 70%
Rick Santorum 5%
Paul Sarbanes 100%
Jim Saxton 25%
Joe Scarborough 15%
Robert Schaffer 15%
John Shadegg 0%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 20%
Christopher Shays 55%
Donald Sherwood 10%
Ronnie Shows 55%
E.G. Shuster 5%
Norman Sisisky 75%
Joseph Skeen 10%
Ike Skelton 55%
Gordon Smith 15%
Nick Smith 10%
Bob Smith 5%
Olympia Snowe 45%
Vic Snyder 85%
Mark Souder 5%
Arlen Specter 40%
Floyd Spence 10%
John Spratt, Jr. 80%
Pete Stark 95%
Cliff Stearns 10%
Charles Stenholm 55%
Ted Stevens 10%
Ted Strickland 85%
Bob Stump 0%
Bart Stupak 85%
John Sununu 0%
John Sweeney 25%
James Talent 15%
Tom Tancredo 10%
John Tanner 70%
Ellen Tauscher 100%
William Tauzin 5%
Charles Taylor 5%
Gene Taylor 50%
Craig Thomas 0%
William Thomas 10%
Fred Thompson 5%
Karen Thurman 85%
Strom Thurmond 0%
Todd Tiahrt 5%
Robert Torricelli 95%
Ed Towns 95%
James Traficant, Jr. 60%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 90%
James Turner 75%
Bruce Vento 95%
George Voinovich 20%
James Walsh 35%
Zach Wamp 20%
John Warner 10%
Wesley Watkins 0%
Mel Watt 100%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 0%
Anthony Weiner 100%
David Weldon 10%
W. Curtis Weldon 20%
Gerald Weller 15%
Paul Wellstone 90%
Robert Wexler 100%
Bob Weygand 90%
Heather Wilson 15%
Bob Wise, Jr. 80%
Lynn Woolsey 95%
David Wu 100%
Albert Wynn 100%
Bill Young 20%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.