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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: Americans for Democratic Action

1998 Positions

Issues: Liberal , Liberal , Social
State Office District Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House At-Large Don Young Republican 20%
AL U.S. Senate Sr Richard Shelby Republican 5%
AL U.S. Senate Jr Jeff Sessions III Republican 0%
AL U.S. House 4 Robert Aderholt Republican 10%
AL U.S. House 6 Spencer Bachus Republican 5%
AZ U.S. Senate Sr John McCain III Republican 20%
AZ U.S. House 5 Matthew Salmon Republican 5%
AZ U.S. House 7 Ed Pastor Democratic 100%
CA U.S. Senate Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 90%
CA U.S. Senate Jr Barbara Boxer Democratic 95%
CA U.S. House 11 George Miller Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 12 Nancy Pelosi Democratic 95%
CA U.S. House 13 Barbara Lee Democratic 75%
CA U.S. House 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 90%
CA U.S. House 19 Zoe Lofgren Democratic 95%
CA U.S. House 20 Sam Farr Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 24 Lois Capps Democratic 85%
CA U.S. House 25 Buck McKeon Republican 5%
CA U.S. House 30 Brad Sherman Democratic 95%
CA U.S. House 33 Henry Waxman Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 34 Xavier Becerra Democratic 90%
CA U.S. House 39 Ed Royce Republican 5%
CA U.S. House 40 Lucille Roybal-Allard Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 42 Ken Calvert Republican 0%
CA U.S. House 43 Maxine Waters Democratic 80%
CA U.S. House 46 Loretta Sanchez Democratic 95%
CA U.S. House 48 Dana Rohrabacher Republican 5%
CO U.S. House 1 Diana DeGette Democratic 95%
CT U.S. House 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 100%
FL U.S. House 5 Corrine Brown Democratic 95%
FL U.S. House 7 John Mica Republican 10%
FL U.S. House 20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. Democratic 80%
FL U.S. House 27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Republican 15%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 5%
GA U.S. Senate Sr Saxby Chambliss Republican 0%
GA U.S. House 1 Jack Kingston Republican 0%
GA U.S. House 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic 70%
GA U.S. House 5 John Lewis Democratic 90%
GA Governor Nathan Deal Republican 10%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie Democratic 95%
IA U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Grassley Republican 5%
IA U.S. Senate Jr Tom Harkin Democratic 95%
IA U.S. House 3 Tom Latham Republican 0%
ID U.S. Senate Sr Mike Crapo Republican 10%
IL U.S. Senate Sr Dick Durbin Democratic 95%
IL U.S. House 1 Bobby Rush Democratic 95%
IL U.S. House 4 Luis Gutierrez Democratic 90%
IL U.S. House 7 Danny Davis Democratic 95%
IL U.S. House 15 John Shimkus Republican 10%
IN U.S. House 1 Pete Visclosky Democratic 80%
KS U.S. Senate Sr Pat Roberts Republican 0%
KS U.S. Senate Jr Jerry Moran Republican 10%
KS Governor Sam Brownback Republican 0%
KY U.S. Senate Sr Mitch McConnell Republican 0%
KY U.S. House 1 Ed Whitfield Republican 5%
KY U.S. House 5 Hal Rogers Republican 5%
LA U.S. Senate Sr Mary Landrieu Democratic 90%
MA U.S. Senate Jr Ed Markey Democratic 90%
MA U.S. House 1 Richard Neal Democratic 95%
MA U.S. House 2 Jim McGovern Democratic 100%
MA U.S. House 6 John Tierney Democratic 100%
MD U.S. Senate Sr Barbara Mikulski Democratic 90%
MD U.S. Senate Jr Ben Cardin Democratic 95%
MD U.S. House 5 Steny Hoyer Democratic 95%
MD U.S. House 7 Elijah Cummings Democratic 100%
ME U.S. Senate Sr Susan Collins Republican 35%
ME Councilor At-Large John Baldacci Democratic 95%
MI U.S. Senate Sr Carl Levin Democratic 90%
MI U.S. Senate Jr Debbie Stabenow Democratic 100%
MI U.S. House 4 Dave Camp Republican 10%
MI U.S. House 6 Fred Upton Republican 15%
MI U.S. House 9 Sandy Levin Democratic 100%
MI U.S. House 12 John Dingell Democratic 85%
MI U.S. House 13 John Conyers, Jr. Democratic 80%
MN U.S. House 7 Collin Peterson Democratic/Farmer/Labor 60%
MO U.S. Senate Jr Roy Blunt Republican 0%
MS U.S. Senate Sr Thad Cochran Republican 0%
MS U.S. Senate Jr Roger Wicker Republican 0%
MS U.S. House 2 Bennie Thompson Democratic 95%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. Democratic 85%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel Republican 0%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry Democratic 95%
NC U.S. Senate Sr Richard Burr Republican 5%
NC U.S. House 3 Walter Jones, Jr. Republican 5%
NC U.S. House 4 David Price Democratic 95%
NC U.S. House 6 Howard Coble Republican 10%
NC U.S. House 7 Mike McIntyre Democratic 60%
NJ U.S. Senate Sr Bob Menendez Democratic 95%
NJ U.S. House 2 Frank LoBiondo Republican 30%
NJ U.S. House 4 Chris Smith Republican 25%
NJ U.S. House 6 Frank Pallone, Jr. Democratic 100%
NJ U.S. House 9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. Democratic 95%
NJ U.S. House 11 Rodney Frelinghuysen Republican 10%
NV U.S. Senate Sr Harry Reid Democratic 90%
NY U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Schumer Democratic 85%
NY U.S. House 2 Pete King Republican 10%
NY U.S. House 4 Carolyn McCarthy Democratic 90%
NY U.S. House 5 Gregory Meeks Democratic 85%
NY U.S. House 7 Nydia Velázquez Democratic 95%
NY U.S. House 10 Jerry Nadler Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 12 Carolyn Maloney Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 13 Charlie Rangel Democratic 90%
NY U.S. House 15 José Serrano Democratic 90%
NY U.S. House 16 Eliot Engel Democratic 95%
NY U.S. House 17 Nita Lowey Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 25 Louise Slaughter Democratic 100%
OH U.S. Senate Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 100%
OH U.S. Senate Jr Rob Portman Republican 5%
OH U.S. House 1 Steve Chabot Republican 0%
OH U.S. House 8 John Boehner Republican 0%
OH U.S. House 9 Marcy Kaptur Democratic 80%
OH Governor John Kasich Republican 0%
OH State Senate 28 Thomas Sawyer Democratic 95%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine Republican 10%
OK U.S. Senate Sr Jim Inhofe Republican 5%
OK U.S. Senate Jr Thomas Coburn Republican 5%
OK U.S. House 3 Frank Lucas Republican 0%
OR U.S. Senate Sr Ron Wyden Democratic 100%
OR U.S. House 3 Earl Blumenauer Democratic 95%
OR U.S. House 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 95%
PA U.S. House 1 Bob Brady Democratic 50%
PA U.S. House 2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. Democratic 95%
PA U.S. House 14 Mike Doyle, Jr. Democratic 80%
PA U.S. House 16 Joe Pitts Republican 0%
RI U.S. Senate Sr Jack Reed Democratic 95%
SC U.S. Senate Sr Lindsey Graham Republican 15%
SC U.S. House 1 Mark Sanford, Jr. Republican 20%
SC U.S. House 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 95%
SD U.S. Senate Sr Timothy Johnson Democratic 90%
SD U.S. Senate Jr John Thune Republican 5%
TN U.S. House 2 John Duncan, Jr. Republican 15%
TX U.S. House 3 Sam Johnson Republican 0%
TX U.S. House 4 Ralph Hall Republican 15%
TX U.S. House 6 Joe Barton Republican 5%
TX U.S. House 8 Kevin Brady Republican 0%
TX U.S. House 12 Kay Granger Republican 5%
TX U.S. House 13 Mac Thornberry Republican 5%
TX U.S. House 15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. Democratic 95%
TX U.S. House 18 Sheila Jackson Lee Democratic 95%
TX U.S. House 21 Lamar Smith Republican 0%
TX U.S. House 29 Gene Green Democratic 95%
TX U.S. House 30 Eddie Johnson Democratic 90%
TX U.S. House 32 Pete Sessions Republican 0%
TX U.S. House 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 100%
UT U.S. Senate Sr Orrin Hatch Republican 5%
VA U.S. House 3 Bobby Scott Democratic 95%
VA U.S. House 6 Bob Goodlatte Republican 0%
VA U.S. House 8 Jim Moran, Jr. Democratic 75%
VA U.S. House 10 Frank Wolf Republican 10%
VT U.S. Senate Sr Patrick Leahy Democratic 90%
VT U.S. Senate Jr Bernie Sanders Independent 100%
WA U.S. Senate Sr Patty Murray Democratic 90%
WA U.S. House 4 Doc Hastings Republican 0%
WA U.S. House 7 Jim McDermott Democratic 90%
WA U.S. House 9 Adam Smith Democratic 100%
WI U.S. House 3 Ron Kind Democratic 85%
WI U.S. House 5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. Republican 5%
WI U.S. House 6 Tom Petri Republican 15%
WI Mayor At-Large Tom Barrett Democratic 95%
WV U.S. Senate Sr Jay Rockefeller IV Democratic 90%
WV U.S. House 3 Nick Rahall II Democratic 85%
WY U.S. Senate Sr Mike Enzi Republican 0%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 5%
Gary Ackerman 100%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 85%
Wayne Allard 5%
Thomas Allen 100%
Rob Andrews 95%
Bill Archer 0%
Richard Armey 0%
John Ashcroft 5%
Richard Hugh Baker 0%
Cass Ballenger 5%
James Barcia 90%
Robert Barr, Jr. 5%
Bill Barrett 15%
Roscoe Bartlett 5%
Charlie Bass 10%
Herbert Bateman 5%
Max Baucus 80%
Bob Bennett 10%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 95%
Douglas Bereuter 5%
Howard Berman 90%
Marion Berry 70%
Brian Bilbray 20%
Michael Bilirakis 5%
Jeff Bingaman 85%
Rod Blagojevich 100%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 0%
Sherwood Boehlert 60%
Kit Bond 15%
Henry Bonilla 10%
David Edward Bonior 95%
Mary Bono Mack 0%
Robert Borski, Jr. 90%
Leonard Boswell 65%
Rick Boucher 95%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 65%
John Breaux 75%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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