Rating Group: Americans for Democratic Action

1998 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
Edmond Spencer Abraham 5%
Gary Ackerman 100%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 85%
Wayne Allard 5%
Thomas Allen 100%
Rob Andrews 95%
Bill Archer 0%
Richard Armey 0%
John Ashcroft 5%
Richard Hugh Baker 0%
Cass Ballenger 5%
James Barcia 90%
Bob Barr, Jr. 5%
Bill Barrett 15%
Roscoe Bartlett 5%
Charlie Bass 10%
Herbert Bateman 5%
Max Baucus 80%
Bob Bennett 10%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 95%
Douglas Bereuter 5%
Howard Berman 90%
Marion Berry 70%
Brian Bilbray 20%
Michael Bilirakis 5%
Jeff Bingaman 85%
Rod Blagojevich 100%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 0%
Sherwood Boehlert 60%
Kit Bond 15%
Henry Bonilla 10%
David Edward Bonior 95%
Mary Bono Mack 0%
Robert Borski, Jr. 90%
Leonard Boswell 65%
Rick Boucher 95%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 65%
John Breaux 75%
George Brown, Jr. 100%
Richard Bryan 95%
Ed Bryant 0%
Jim Bunning 0%
Conrad Burns 0%
Dan Burton 5%
Steve Buyer 15%
Robert Byrd 80%
Herbert Callahan 0%
Ben Campbell 25%
Thomas Campbell 35%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 5%
Chris Cannon 5%
Julia Carson 95%
Mike Castle 30%
John Chafee 45%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 20%
William Clay, Sr. 85%
Eva Clayton 100%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 85%
Robert Clement 85%
Michael Collins 0%
Larry Combest 0%
Gary Condit 60%
Kent Conrad 90%
Merrill Cook 15%
John Cooksey 0%
Jerry Costello 90%
Paul Coverdell 0%
Christopher Cox 0%
William Coyne 100%
Larry Craig 5%
Robert Cramer 65%
Philip Crane 0%
Barbara Cubin 5%
Randall Cunningham 0%
Patsy Ann Danner 60%
Thomas Daschle 90%
James Davis 85%
Thomas Davis III 15%
Bill Delahunt 100%
Thomas DeLay 0%
Peter Deutsch 95%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 25%
Jay Dickey 5%
Norm Dicks 95%
Julian Dixon 100%
Chris Dodd 95%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 5%
Calvin Dooley 85%
John Doolittle 5%
Byron Dorgan 90%
David Dreier 0%
Jennifer Dunn 0%
Chet Edwards 90%
Vern Ehlers 25%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 5%
Jo Ann Emerson 5%
Philip English 35%
Bob Etheridge 80%
Lane Evans 90%
Terry Everett 5%
Thomas Ewing 0%
Russ Feingold 90%
Bob Filner 100%
Mark Foley 20%
Michael Patrick Forbes 65%
Harold Ford, Jr. 80%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 0%
Tillie Fowler 5%
Barney Frank 100%
Robert Franks 25%
William Frist 5%
Jonas Frost III 95%
Elton Gallegly 15%
John Ganske 5%
Sam Gejdenson 100%
George Gekas 10%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 90%
Jim Gibbons 20%
Wayne Gilchrest 35%
Paul Gillmor 5%
Benjamin Gilman 45%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 30%
William Goodling 5%
Bart Gordon 90%
Slade Gorton 0%
Porter Goss 5%
Daniel Graham 85%
William Phillip Gramm 0%
Rodney Grams 0%
James Greenwood 25%
Judd Gregg 5%
Gilbert Gutknecht 5%
Tony Hall 75%
James Hansen 5%
J. Dennis Hastert 0%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 0%
Joel Hefley 0%
Jesse Helms 0%
Wally Herger, Jr. 0%
Rick Hill 10%
Van Hilleary 5%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 100%
Maurice Hinchey 100%
David Lee Hobson 5%
Pete Hoekstra 5%
Thomas Holden 70%
Ernest Hollings 55%
Darlene Hooley 95%
Stephen Horn 20%
John Nathan Hostettler 10%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 30%
Kenny Hulshof 15%
Duncan Hunter 5%
Asa Hutchinson 5%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 5%
Kay Hutchison 0%
Henry Hyde 0%
Daniel Inouye 80%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 0%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 100%
William Jefferson 80%
James Merrill Jeffords 55%
William Lewis Jenkins 5%
Christopher John 50%
Nancy Johnson 55%
Paul Kanjorski 85%
Sue Kelly 45%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 95%
Patrick Kennedy 95%
Bob Kerrey 95%
Dale Kildee 95%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 90%
Gerald Kleczka 90%
Ronald Klink 80%
Joseph Knollenberg 0%
Herb Kohl 85%
James Kolbe 15%
Dennis Kucinich 90%
Jon Kyl 0%
John LaFalce 85%
Ray LaHood 20%
Nicholas Lampson 90%
Tom Lantos 100%
Stephen Largent 10%
Steve LaTourette 40%
Frank Lautenberg 95%
Rick Lazio 40%
James Leach 45%
Jerry Lewis 10%
Ron Lewis 0%
Joe Lieberman 80%
John Linder 0%
William Lipinski 45%
Robert Livingston 0%
Trent Lott, Sr. 0%
Dick Lugar 0%
William Luther 90%
Connie Mack 0%
James Maloney 85%
Don Manzullo 0%
Matthew Martinez 75%
Frank Mascara 85%
Robert Matsui 95%
Karen McCarthy 100%
Bill McCollum 5%
James McCrery III 5%
John McHugh 25%
Scott McInnis 5%
David McIntosh 0%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 100%
Michael McNulty 75%
Martin Meehan 100%
Carrie Meek 95%
Jack Metcalf 20%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 95%
Dan Miller 10%
David Minge 85%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 95%
John Moakley 65%
Alan Mollohan 70%
Constance Morella 65%
Patrick Moynihan 95%
Frank Murkowski 5%
Jack Murtha 75%
Sue Myrick 5%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 0%
Robert William Ney 15%
Don Nickles 0%
Anne Northup 0%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 5%
James Nussle 10%
Jim Oberstar 95%
Dave Obey 95%
John Olver 95%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 70%
Major Owens 100%
Michael Oxley 5%
Ronald Packard 5%
Ron Paul 20%
Donald Payne 90%
Edward Pease 0%
John Peterson 0%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 0%
Owen Pickett 55%
Richard Pombo 10%
Earl Pomeroy 90%
John Edward Porter 15%
Deborah Pryce 5%
Jack Quinn 30%
George Radanovich 0%
James Ramstad 20%
Ralph Regula 20%
Silvestre Reyes 80%
Bob Riley 5%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 100%
Charles Robb 80%
Ciro Rodriguez 100%
Timothy Roemer 65%
James Rogan 0%
William Roth, Jr. 15%
Steve Rothman 100%
Marge Roukema 20%
Jim Ryun 0%
Martin Olav Sabo 90%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 80%
Rick Santorum 0%
Paul Sarbanes 95%
Jim Saxton 25%
Joe Scarborough 10%
Robert Schaffer 5%
John Shadegg 0%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 10%
Christopher Shays 45%
E.G. Shuster 10%
Norman Sisisky 65%
Joseph Skeen 10%
Ike Skelton 65%
Gordon Smith 5%
Nick Smith 20%
Bob Smith 5%
Olympia Snowe 35%
Vic Snyder 85%
Mark Souder 15%
Arlen Specter 45%
Floyd Spence 5%
John Spratt, Jr. 85%
Pete Stark 90%
Cliff Stearns 5%
Charles Stenholm 40%
Ted Stevens 20%
Ted Strickland 85%
Bob Stump 0%
Bart Stupak 90%
John Sununu 0%
James Talent 5%
John Tanner 60%
Ellen Tauscher 75%
William Tauzin 5%
Charles Taylor 5%
Gene Taylor 30%
Craig Thomas 5%
William Thomas 0%
Fred Thompson 10%
Karen Thurman 100%
Strom Thurmond 0%
Todd Tiahrt 0%
Robert Torricelli 85%
Ed Towns 95%
James Traficant, Jr. 45%
James Turner 65%
Bruce Vento 100%
James Walsh 30%
Zach Wamp 15%
John Warner 20%
Wesley Watkins 5%
Mel Watt 100%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 10%
David Weldon 0%
W. Curtis Weldon 25%
Gerald Weller 15%
Paul Wellstone 100%
Robert Wexler 100%
Bob Weygand 90%
Heather Wilson 0%
Bob Wise, Jr. 80%
Lynn Woolsey 100%
Albert Wynn 100%
Bill Young 0%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 95%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 95%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 95%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 90%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 85%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 70%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 95%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 95%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 50%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 95%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 100%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 85%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 95%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 95%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 80%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 100%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 95%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 95%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 95%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 100%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 85%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 100%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 80%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 95%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 95%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 90%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 100%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 95%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 90%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 95%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 90%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 95%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 80%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 95%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 95%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 95%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 90%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 90%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 80%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 95%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 85%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 90%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 90%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 75%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 90%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 100%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 90%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 95%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 100%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 100%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 90%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 90%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 90%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 100%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 60%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 85%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 95%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 90%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 100%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 75%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 90%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 100%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 95%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 100%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 95%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 100%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 95%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 95%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 85%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 90%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 95%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 90%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 90%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 100%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 95%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 95%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 95%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 85%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 95%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 90%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 95%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 100%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 100%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 100%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 95%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 100%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 95%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 80%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 80%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 100%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 100%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 60%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 100%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 10%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 5%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 5%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 0%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 0%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 0%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 0%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 5%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 0%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 10%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 0%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 0%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 10%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 5%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 0%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 35%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 10%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 10%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 10%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 15%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 0%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 10%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 0%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 15%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 5%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 5%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 0%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 15%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 0%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 5%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 5%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 0%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 5%
OH Governor John Kasich R 0%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 10%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 0%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 0%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 30%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 0%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 20%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 0%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 5%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 10%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 10%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 15%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 0%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 5%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 0%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 5%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 5%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 15%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 5%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 5%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 20%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 5%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 0%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 0%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 5%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 10%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 25%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 0%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 5%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 5%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 15%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 5%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 0%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 10%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 20%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.