Rating Group: Americans for Democratic Action

1998 Positions

Issues: Liberal , Liberal , Social
State Office Name Party Rating
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 95%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 5%
Gary Ackerman 100%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 10%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 85%
Wayne Allard 5%
Thomas Allen 100%
Rob Andrews 95%
Bill Archer 0%
Richard Armey 0%
John Ashcroft 5%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 5%
Richard Hugh Baker 0%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 95%
Cass Ballenger 5%
James Barcia 90%
Bob Barr, Jr. 5%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 95%
Bill Barrett 15%
Roscoe Bartlett 5%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 5%
Charlie Bass 10%
Herbert Bateman 5%
Max Baucus 80%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 90%
Bob Bennett 10%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 95%
Douglas Bereuter 5%
Howard Berman 90%
Marion Berry 70%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 85%
Brian Bilbray 20%
Michael Bilirakis 5%
Jeff Bingaman 85%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 70%
Rod Blagojevich 100%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 0%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 95%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 0%
Sherwood Boehlert 60%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 0%
Kit Bond 15%
Henry Bonilla 10%
David Edward Bonior 95%
Mary Bono Mack 0%
Robert Borski, Jr. 90%
Leonard Boswell 65%
Rick Boucher 95%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 95%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 65%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 0%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 50%
John Breaux 75%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 95%
George Brown, Jr. 100%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 100%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 0%
Richard Bryan 95%
Ed Bryant 0%
Jim Bunning 0%
Conrad Burns 0%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 5%
Dan Burton 5%
Steve Buyer 15%
Robert Byrd 80%
Herbert Callahan 0%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 0%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 10%
Ben Campbell 25%
Thomas Campbell 35%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 5%
Chris Cannon 5%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 85%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 95%
Julia Carson 95%
Mike Castle 30%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 0%
John Chafee 45%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 0%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 20%
William Clay, Sr. 85%
Eva Clayton 100%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 85%
Robert Clement 85%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 95%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 10%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 5%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 0%
Michael Collins 0%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 35%
Larry Combest 0%
Gary Condit 60%
Kent Conrad 90%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 80%
Merrill Cook 15%
John Cooksey 0%
Jerry Costello 90%
Paul Coverdell 0%
Christopher Cox 0%
William Coyne 100%
Larry Craig 5%
Robert Cramer 65%
Philip Crane 0%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 10%
Barbara Cubin 5%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 100%
Randall Cunningham 0%
Patsy Ann Danner 60%
Thomas Daschle 90%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 95%
James Davis 85%
Thomas Davis III 15%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 10%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 95%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 95%
Bill Delahunt 100%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 100%
Thomas DeLay 0%
Peter Deutsch 95%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 10%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 25%
Jay Dickey 5%
Norm Dicks 95%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 85%
Julian Dixon 100%
Chris Dodd 95%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 100%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 5%
Calvin Dooley 85%
John Doolittle 5%
Byron Dorgan 90%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 80%
David Dreier 0%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 15%
Jennifer Dunn 0%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 95%
Chet Edwards 90%
Vern Ehlers 25%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 5%
Jo Ann Emerson 5%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 95%
Philip English 35%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 0%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 90%
Bob Etheridge 80%
Lane Evans 90%
Terry Everett 5%
Thomas Ewing 0%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 100%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 95%
Russ Feingold 90%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 90%
Bob Filner 100%
Mark Foley 20%
Michael Patrick Forbes 65%
Harold Ford, Jr. 80%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 0%
Tillie Fowler 5%
Barney Frank 100%
Robert Franks 25%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 10%
William Frist 5%
Jonas Frost III 95%
Elton Gallegly 15%
John Ganske 5%
Sam Gejdenson 100%
George Gekas 10%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 90%
Jim Gibbons 20%
Wayne Gilchrest 35%
Paul Gillmor 5%
Benjamin Gilman 45%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 30%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 0%
William Goodling 5%
Bart Gordon 90%
Slade Gorton 0%
Porter Goss 5%
Daniel Graham 85%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 15%
William Phillip Gramm 0%
Rodney Grams 0%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 5%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 5%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 95%
James Greenwood 25%
Judd Gregg 5%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 90%
Gilbert Gutknecht 5%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 0%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 15%
Tony Hall 75%
James Hansen 5%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 95%
J. Dennis Hastert 0%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 80%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 0%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 5%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 0%
Joel Hefley 0%
Jesse Helms 0%
Wally Herger, Jr. 0%
Rick Hill 10%
Van Hilleary 5%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 100%
Maurice Hinchey 100%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 95%
David Lee Hobson 5%
Pete Hoekstra 5%
Thomas Holden 70%
Ernest Hollings 55%
Darlene Hooley 95%
Stephen Horn 20%
John Nathan Hostettler 10%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 30%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 95%
Kenny Hulshof 15%
Duncan Hunter 5%
Asa Hutchinson 5%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 5%
Kay Hutchison 0%
Henry Hyde 0%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 5%
Daniel Inouye 80%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 0%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 100%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 95%
William Jefferson 80%
James Merrill Jeffords 55%
William Lewis Jenkins 5%
Christopher John 50%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 90%
Nancy Johnson 55%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 0%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 90%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 5%
Paul Kanjorski 85%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 80%
OH Governor John Kasich R 0%
Sue Kelly 45%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 95%
Patrick Kennedy 95%
Bob Kerrey 95%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 95%
Dale Kildee 95%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 90%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 85%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 10%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 0%
Gerald Kleczka 90%
Ronald Klink 80%
Joseph Knollenberg 0%
Herb Kohl 85%
James Kolbe 15%
Dennis Kucinich 90%
Jon Kyl 0%
John LaFalce 85%
Ray LaHood 20%
Nicholas Lampson 90%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 90%
Tom Lantos 100%
Stephen Largent 10%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 0%
Steve LaTourette 40%
Frank Lautenberg 95%
Rick Lazio 40%
James Leach 45%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 90%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 75%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 90%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 100%
Jerry Lewis 10%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 90%
Ron Lewis 0%
Joe Lieberman 80%
John Linder 0%
William Lipinski 45%
Robert Livingston 0%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 30%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 95%
Trent Lott, Sr. 0%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 100%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 0%
Dick Lugar 0%
William Luther 90%
Connie Mack 0%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 100%
James Maloney 85%
Don Manzullo 0%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 90%
Matthew Martinez 75%
Frank Mascara 85%
Robert Matsui 95%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 20%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 90%
Karen McCarthy 100%
Bill McCollum 5%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 0%
James McCrery III 5%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 90%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 100%
John McHugh 25%
Scott McInnis 5%
David McIntosh 0%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 60%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 5%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 100%
Michael McNulty 75%
Martin Meehan 100%
Carrie Meek 95%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 85%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 95%
Jack Metcalf 20%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 10%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 90%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 95%
Dan Miller 10%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 100%
David Minge 85%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 95%
John Moakley 65%
Alan Mollohan 70%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 75%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 10%
Constance Morella 65%
Patrick Moynihan 95%
Frank Murkowski 5%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 90%
Jack Murtha 75%
Sue Myrick 5%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 100%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 95%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 0%
Robert William Ney 15%
Don Nickles 0%
Anne Northup 0%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 5%
James Nussle 10%
Jim Oberstar 95%
Dave Obey 95%
John Olver 95%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 70%
Major Owens 100%
Michael Oxley 5%
Ronald Packard 5%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 100%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 95%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 100%
Ron Paul 20%
Donald Payne 90%
Edward Pease 0%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 95%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 60%
John Peterson 0%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 15%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 0%
Owen Pickett 55%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 0%
Richard Pombo 10%
Earl Pomeroy 90%
John Edward Porter 15%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 5%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 95%
Deborah Pryce 5%
Jack Quinn 30%
George Radanovich 0%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 85%
James Ramstad 20%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 90%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 95%
Ralph Regula 20%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 90%
Silvestre Reyes 80%
Bob Riley 5%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 100%
Charles Robb 80%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 0%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 90%
Ciro Rodriguez 100%
Timothy Roemer 65%
James Rogan 0%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 5%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 5%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 15%
William Roth, Jr. 15%
Steve Rothman 100%
Marge Roukema 20%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 100%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 5%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 95%
Jim Ryun 0%
Martin Olav Sabo 90%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 5%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 95%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 100%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 80%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 20%
Rick Santorum 0%
Paul Sarbanes 95%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 95%
Jim Saxton 25%
Joe Scarborough 10%
Robert Schaffer 5%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 85%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 95%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 5%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 90%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 0%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 0%
John Shadegg 0%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 10%
Christopher Shays 45%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 5%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 95%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 10%
E.G. Shuster 10%
Norman Sisisky 65%
Joseph Skeen 10%
Ike Skelton 65%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 100%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 100%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 25%
Gordon Smith 5%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 0%
Nick Smith 20%
Bob Smith 5%
Olympia Snowe 35%
Vic Snyder 85%
Mark Souder 15%
Arlen Specter 45%
Floyd Spence 5%
John Spratt, Jr. 85%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 100%
Pete Stark 90%
Cliff Stearns 5%
Charles Stenholm 40%
Ted Stevens 20%
Ted Strickland 85%
Bob Stump 0%
Bart Stupak 90%
John Sununu 0%
James Talent 5%
John Tanner 60%
Ellen Tauscher 75%
William Tauzin 5%
Charles Taylor 5%
Gene Taylor 30%
Craig Thomas 5%
William Thomas 0%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 95%
Fred Thompson 10%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 5%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 5%
Karen Thurman 100%
Strom Thurmond 0%
Todd Tiahrt 0%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 100%
Robert Torricelli 85%
Ed Towns 95%
James Traficant, Jr. 45%
James Turner 65%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 15%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 95%
Bruce Vento 100%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 80%
James Walsh 30%
Zach Wamp 15%
John Warner 20%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 80%
Wesley Watkins 5%
Mel Watt 100%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 10%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 100%
David Weldon 0%
W. Curtis Weldon 25%
Gerald Weller 15%
Paul Wellstone 100%
Robert Wexler 100%
Bob Weygand 90%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 5%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 0%
Heather Wilson 0%
Bob Wise, Jr. 80%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 10%
Lynn Woolsey 100%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 100%
Albert Wynn 100%
Bill Young 0%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 20%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.