Rating Group: Americans for Democratic Action

1997 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 5%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 5%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 0%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 0%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 0%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 5%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 10%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 95%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 85%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 100%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 95%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 100%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 100%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 95%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 95%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 0%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 75%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 95%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 90%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 10%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 100%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 0%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 95%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 65%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 10%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 100%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 95%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 90%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 0%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 80%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 20%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 10%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 5%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 5%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 75%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 95%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 0%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 95%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 5%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 85%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 10%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 0%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 100%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 100%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 95%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 100%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 10%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Daniel Coats R 10%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 65%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 15%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 10%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 0%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 5%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 0%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 5%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 70%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 100%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 90%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 100%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 100%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 95%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 85%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 85%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 100%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 50%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 95%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 95%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 95%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 20%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 25%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 100%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 80%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 95%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 65%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 10%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 15%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 0%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 80%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 70%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 5%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 95%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 10%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 5%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 95%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 5%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 40%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 90%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 35%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 30%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 95%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 70%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 40%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 85%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 85%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 25%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 80%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 95%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 100%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 95%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 95%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 95%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 100%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 95%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 85%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 100%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 20%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 20%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 0%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 75%
OH Governor John Kasich R 20%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 95%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 15%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 5%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 5%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 0%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 80%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 95%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 85%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 100%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 65%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 5%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 100%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 5%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 20%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 90%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 80%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 5%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 10%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 10%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 10%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 10%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 5%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 0%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 5%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 75%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 80%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 0%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 75%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 85%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 0%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 95%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 15%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 90%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 10%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 65%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 15%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 80%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 100%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 90%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 0%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 90%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 80%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 85%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 20%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 25%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 90%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 70%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 80%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 10%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 15%
Gary Ackerman 80%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 95%
Wayne Allard 0%
Thomas Allen 95%
Rob Andrews 85%
Bill Archer 5%
Richard Armey 0%
John Ashcroft 0%
Henry Scott Baesler 50%
Richard Hugh Baker 0%
Cass Ballenger 10%
James Barcia 50%
Bob Barr, Jr. 5%
Bill Barrett 5%
Roscoe Bartlett 5%
Charlie Bass 15%
Herbert Bateman 15%
Max Baucus 65%
Bob Bennett 10%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 75%
Douglas Bereuter 20%
Howard Berman 80%
Marion Berry 75%
Brian Bilbray 15%
Michael Bilirakis 10%
Jeff Bingaman 90%
Rod Blagojevich 90%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 5%
Sherwood Boehlert 55%
Kit Bond 15%
Henry Bonilla 5%
David Edward Bonior 85%
Sonny Bono 5%
Robert Borski, Jr. 75%
Leonard Boswell 65%
Rick Boucher 85%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 55%
John Breaux 55%
George Brown, Jr. 100%
Richard Bryan 70%
Ed Bryant 5%
Dale Bumpers 95%
Jim Bunning 0%
Conrad Burns 15%
Dan Burton 5%
Steve Buyer 0%
Robert Byrd 70%
Herbert Callahan 5%
Ben Campbell 25%
Thomas Campbell 50%
Chris Cannon 10%
Walter Holden Capps 80%
Julia Carson 90%
Mike Castle 50%
John Chafee 55%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 0%
Jon Lynn Christensen 5%
William Clay, Sr. 95%
Eva Clayton 100%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 75%
Robert Clement 55%
Michael Collins 5%
Larry Combest 10%
Gary Condit 60%
Kent Conrad 65%
Merrill Cook 5%
John Cooksey 10%
Jerry Costello 85%
Paul Coverdell 10%
Christopher Cox 10%
William Coyne 100%
Larry Craig 5%
Robert Cramer 45%
Philip Crane 5%
Barbara Cubin 0%
Randall Cunningham 0%
Alfonse D'Amato 35%
Patsy Ann Danner 50%
Thomas Daschle 80%
James Davis 75%
Thomas Davis III 25%
Bill Delahunt 95%
Thomas DeLay 0%
Ronald Dellums 80%
Peter Deutsch 80%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 20%
Jay Dickey 5%
Norm Dicks 70%
Julian Dixon 90%
Chris Dodd 90%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 25%
Calvin Dooley 65%
John Doolittle 0%
Byron Dorgan 80%
David Dreier 0%
Jennifer Dunn 0%
Chet Edwards 60%
Vern Ehlers 35%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 0%
Jo Ann Emerson 5%
Philip English 20%
John Ensign 5%
Bob Etheridge 65%
Lane Evans 100%
Terry Everett 0%
Thomas Ewing 20%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 5%
Harris Fawell 35%
Victor Fazio 85%
Russ Feingold 95%
Bob Filner 95%
Thomas Foglietta 80%
Mark Foley 30%
Michael Patrick Forbes 30%
Harold Ford, Jr. 85%
Wendell Ford 75%
Tillie Fowler 5%
Jon David Fox 35%
Barney Frank 100%
Robert Franks 40%
William Frist 10%
Jonas Frost III 80%
Elizabeth Furse 95%
Elton Gallegly 5%
John Ganske 30%
Sam Gejdenson 95%
George Gekas 15%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 80%
Jim Gibbons 0%
Wayne Gilchrest 20%
Paul Gillmor 10%
Benjamin Gilman 50%
Newt Gingrich 0%
John Glenn 80%
Henry Gonzalez 45%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 25%
William Goodling 10%
Bart Gordon 60%
Slade Gorton 20%
Porter Goss 10%
Daniel Graham 60%
William Phillip Gramm 0%
Rodney Grams 0%
James Greenwood 55%
Judd Gregg 10%
Gilbert Gutknecht 15%
Tony Hall 70%
Lee Hamilton 65%
James Hansen 0%
Jane Harman 60%
J. Dennis Hastert 0%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 5%
Joel Hefley 5%
W.G. Hefner 65%
Jesse Helms 0%
Wally Herger, Jr. 5%
Rick Hill 0%
Van Hilleary 5%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 80%
Maurice Hinchey 95%
David Lee Hobson 5%
Pete Hoekstra 15%
Thomas Holden 50%
Ernest Hollings 75%
Darlene Hooley 90%
Stephen Horn 50%
John Nathan Hostettler 5%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 45%
Kenny Hulshof 15%
Duncan Hunter 0%
Asa Hutchinson 10%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 0%
Kay Hutchison 5%
Henry Hyde 20%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 5%
Daniel Inouye 75%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 5%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 100%
William Jefferson 75%
James Merrill Jeffords 45%
William Lewis Jenkins 5%
Christopher John 40%
Jay Johnson 75%
Nancy Johnson 55%
Paul Kanjorski 90%
Sue Kelly 40%
Dirk Kempthorne 5%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 100%
Joseph Kennedy II 100%
Patrick Kennedy 80%
Barbara Bailey Kennelly 90%
Bob Kerrey 75%
Dale Kildee 80%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 100%
Jay Kim 10%
Gerald Kleczka 70%
Ronald Klink 65%
Scott Klug 30%
Joseph Knollenberg 10%
Herb Kohl 70%
James Kolbe 25%
Dennis Kucinich 90%
Jon Kyl 0%
John LaFalce 85%
Ray LaHood 20%
Nicholas Lampson 75%
Tom Lantos 95%
Stephen Largent 5%
Steve LaTourette 30%
Frank Lautenberg 95%
Rick Lazio 30%
James Leach 45%
Jerry Lewis 20%
Ron Lewis 0%
Joe Lieberman 75%
John Linder 0%
William Lipinski 40%
Robert Livingston 20%
Trent Lott, Sr. 5%
Dick Lugar 30%
William Luther 85%
Connie Mack 0%
James Maloney 75%
Thomas Manton 75%
Don Manzullo 5%
Matthew Martinez 70%
Frank Mascara 65%
Robert Matsui 90%
Karen McCarthy 80%
Bill McCollum 5%
James McCrery III 20%
Joseph McDade 15%
Paul McHale 75%
John McHugh 15%
Scott McInnis 0%
David McIntosh 15%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 100%
Michael McNulty 80%
Martin Meehan 90%
Carrie Meek 80%
Jack Metcalf 15%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 90%
Dan Miller 20%
David Minge 70%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 100%
John Moakley 85%
Alan Mollohan 70%
Constance Morella 65%
Carol Moseley Braun 80%
Patrick Moynihan 60%
Frank Murkowski 10%
Jack Murtha 50%
Sue Myrick 5%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 5%
Mark Neumann 10%
Robert William Ney 20%
Don Nickles 0%
Anne Northup 5%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 0%
James Nussle 10%
Jim Oberstar 80%
Dave Obey 80%
John Olver 100%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 60%
Major Owens 95%
Michael Oxley 10%
Ronald Packard 5%
Michael Pappas 10%
Mike Parker 5%
Ron Paul 30%
William Paxon 0%
Donald Payne 85%
Edward Pease 15%
John Peterson 5%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 0%
Owen Pickett 65%
Richard Pombo 0%
Earl Pomeroy 70%
John Edward Porter 40%
Glenn Poshard 85%
Deborah Pryce 15%
Jack Quinn 30%
George Radanovich 0%
James Ramstad 40%
Bill Redmond 0%
Ralph Regula 30%
Silvestre Reyes 65%
Frank Riggs 15%
Bob Riley 0%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 100%
Charles Robb 60%
Ciro Rodriguez 75%
Timothy Roemer 55%
James Rogan 5%
William Roth, Jr. 10%
Steve Rothman 90%
Marge Roukema 50%
Jim Ryun 5%
Martin Olav Sabo 100%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 60%
Rick Santorum 15%
Paul Sarbanes 100%
Jim Saxton 30%
Joe Scarborough 10%
Daniel Schaefer 0%
Robert Schaffer 5%
Steven Schiff 0%
John Shadegg 5%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 10%
Christopher Shays 55%
E.G. Shuster 15%
Norman Sisisky 55%
David Skaggs 100%
Joseph Skeen 0%
Ike Skelton 40%
Gordon Smith 25%
Linda Smith 15%
Nick Smith 15%
Robert Smith 0%
Bob Smith 5%
Vincent Snowbarger 0%
Olympia Snowe 55%
Vic Snyder 80%
Gerald B.H. Solomon 0%
Mark Souder 5%
Arlen Specter 70%
Floyd Spence 0%
John Spratt, Jr. 70%
Pete Stark 100%
Cliff Stearns 10%
Charles Stenholm 40%
Ted Stevens 30%
Louis Stokes 100%
Ted Strickland 75%
Bob Stump 5%
Bart Stupak 80%
John Sununu 5%
James Talent 5%
John Tanner 40%
Ellen Tauscher 85%
William Tauzin 15%
Charles Taylor 0%
Gene Taylor 20%
Craig Thomas 10%
William Thomas 10%
Fred Thompson 0%
Karen Thurman 75%
Strom Thurmond 5%
Todd Tiahrt 5%
Esteban Edward Torres 90%
Robert Torricelli 80%
Ed Towns 85%
James Traficant, Jr. 25%
James Turner 50%
Bruce Vento 100%
James Walsh 35%
Zach Wamp 5%
John Warner 10%
Wesley Watkins 0%
Mel Watt 100%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 0%
David Weldon 0%
W. Curtis Weldon 30%
Gerald Weller 5%
Paul Wellstone 100%
Robert Wexler 90%
Bob Weygand 70%
Rick White 15%
Bob Wise, Jr. 80%
Lynn Woolsey 100%
Albert Wynn 90%
Sidney Yates 65%
Bill Young 10%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.