Rating Group: National Federation of Independent Business

1997-1998 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 83%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 86%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 100%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 100%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 92%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 100%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 92%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 31%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 43%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 43%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 8%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 8%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 15%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 23%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 31%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 13%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 100%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 38%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 0%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 8%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 100%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 8%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 100%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 0%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 38%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 92%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 8%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 15%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 10%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 100%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 0%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 92%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 92%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 100%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 100%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 54%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 8%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 100%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 15%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 86%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 67%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 100%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 92%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 43%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 8%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 0%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 0%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 85%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 23%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 83%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 100%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 100%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 100%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 100%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 100%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 57%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 0%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 23%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 8%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 8%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 43%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 20%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 15%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 15%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 100%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 23%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 43%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 38%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 100%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 92%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 15%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 15%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 0%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 77%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 100%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 86%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 100%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 23%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 57%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 86%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 29%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 100%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 100%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 38%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 85%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 85%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 15%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 85%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 77%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 38%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 23%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 85%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 57%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 18%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 77%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 38%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 0%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 0%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 8%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 15%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 10%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 0%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 8%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 17%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 8%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 8%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 100%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 100%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 100%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 8%
OH Governor John Kasich R 100%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 31%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 100%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 86%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 92%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 100%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 43%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 15%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 0%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 0%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 18%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 38%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 100%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 29%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 100%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 92%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 23%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 43%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 100%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 100%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 100%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 92%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 92%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 100%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 100%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 100%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 42%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 10%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 100%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 46%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 10%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 100%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 15%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 100%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 15%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 92%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 38%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 92%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 43%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 0%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 43%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 100%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 0%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 38%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 38%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 100%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 100%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 31%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 43%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 8%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 86%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 100%
Gary Ackerman 15%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 43%
Wayne Allard 86%
Thomas Allen 15%
Rob Andrews 38%
Bill Archer 100%
Richard Armey 100%
John Ashcroft 86%
Richard Hugh Baker 100%
Cass Ballenger 100%
James Barcia 46%
Bob Barr, Jr. 100%
Bill Barrett 100%
Roscoe Bartlett 100%
Charlie Bass 100%
Herbert Bateman 82%
Max Baucus 57%
Bob Bennett 100%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 38%
Douglas Bereuter 77%
Howard Berman 15%
Marion Berry 54%
Brian Bilbray 77%
Michael Bilirakis 100%
Jeff Bingaman 43%
Rod Blagojevich 31%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 92%
Sherwood Boehlert 46%
Kit Bond 100%
Henry Bonilla 100%
David Edward Bonior 15%
Mary Bono Mack 100%
Robert Borski, Jr. 8%
Leonard Boswell 46%
Rick Boucher 15%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 62%
John Breaux 57%
George Brown, Jr. 8%
Richard Bryan 57%
Ed Bryant 92%
Jim Bunning 100%
Conrad Burns 100%
Dan Burton 100%
Steve Buyer 100%
Robert Byrd 29%
Herbert Callahan 92%
Ben Campbell 100%
Thomas Campbell 70%
Chris Cannon 100%
Julia Carson 23%
Mike Castle 85%
John Chafee 86%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 92%
William Clay, Sr. 0%
Eva Clayton 31%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 57%
Robert Clement 31%
Michael Collins 100%
Larry Combest 100%
Gary Condit 70%
Kent Conrad 43%
Merrill Cook 100%
John Cooksey 100%
Jerry Costello 33%
Paul Coverdell 100%
Christopher Cox 92%
William Coyne 23%
Larry Craig 100%
Robert Cramer 77%
Philip Crane 91%
Barbara Cubin 92%
Randall Cunningham 100%
Patsy Ann Danner 70%
Thomas Daschle 43%
James Davis 46%
Thomas Davis III 85%
Bill Delahunt 0%
Thomas DeLay 100%
Peter Deutsch 15%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 77%
Jay Dickey 100%
Norm Dicks 38%
Julian Dixon 8%
Chris Dodd 43%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 100%
Calvin Dooley 46%
John Doolittle 100%
Byron Dorgan 43%
David Dreier 83%
Jennifer Dunn 100%
Chet Edwards 46%
Vern Ehlers 100%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 92%
Jo Ann Emerson 100%
Philip English 92%
Bob Etheridge 46%
Lane Evans 15%
Terry Everett 100%
Thomas Ewing 100%
Russ Feingold 29%
Bob Filner 0%
Mark Foley 92%
Michael Patrick Forbes 46%
Harold Ford, Jr. 33%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 100%
Tillie Fowler 100%
Barney Frank 0%
Robert Franks 85%
William Frist 100%
Jonas Frost III 31%
Elton Gallegly 100%
John Ganske 64%
Sam Gejdenson 15%
George Gekas 100%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 0%
Jim Gibbons 100%
Wayne Gilchrest 75%
Paul Gillmor 92%
Benjamin Gilman 67%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 92%
William Goodling 100%
Bart Gordon 46%
Slade Gorton 100%
Porter Goss 100%
Daniel Graham 57%
William Phillip Gramm 86%
Rodney Grams 86%
James Greenwood 100%
Judd Gregg 100%
Gilbert Gutknecht 100%
Tony Hall 31%
James Hansen 92%
J. Dennis Hastert 100%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 100%
Joel Hefley 100%
Jesse Helms 83%
Wally Herger, Jr. 100%
Rick Hill 85%
Van Hilleary 92%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 8%
Maurice Hinchey 8%
David Lee Hobson 100%
Pete Hoekstra 100%
Thomas Holden 38%
Ernest Hollings 14%
Darlene Hooley 38%
Stephen Horn 77%
John Nathan Hostettler 92%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 80%
Kenny Hulshof 100%
Duncan Hunter 85%
Asa Hutchinson 92%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 100%
Kay Hutchison 100%
Henry Hyde 77%
Daniel Inouye 43%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 92%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 0%
William Jefferson 11%
James Merrill Jeffords 86%
William Lewis Jenkins 92%
Christopher John 77%
Nancy Johnson 70%
Paul Kanjorski 23%
Sue Kelly 70%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 29%
Patrick Kennedy 0%
Bob Kerrey 43%
Dale Kildee 23%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 0%
Gerald Kleczka 27%
Ronald Klink 31%
Joseph Knollenberg 100%
Herb Kohl 57%
James Kolbe 100%
Dennis Kucinich 8%
Jon Kyl 83%
John LaFalce 23%
Ray LaHood 70%
Nicholas Lampson 15%
Tom Lantos 15%
Stephen Largent 92%
Steve LaTourette 85%
Frank Lautenberg 43%
Rick Lazio 77%
James Leach 70%
Jerry Lewis 100%
Ron Lewis 100%
Joe Lieberman 43%
John Linder 100%
William Lipinski 31%
Robert Livingston 91%
Trent Lott, Sr. 100%
Dick Lugar 100%
William Luther 23%
Connie Mack 100%
James Maloney 62%
Don Manzullo 100%
Matthew Martinez 15%
Frank Mascara 31%
Robert Matsui 8%
Karen McCarthy 23%
Bill McCollum 77%
James McCrery III 100%
John McHugh 85%
Scott McInnis 100%
David McIntosh 92%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 15%
Michael McNulty 25%
Martin Meehan 17%
Carrie Meek 8%
Jack Metcalf 85%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 10%
Dan Miller 100%
David Minge 54%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 8%
John Moakley 8%
Alan Mollohan 15%
Constance Morella 38%
Patrick Moynihan 29%
Frank Murkowski 100%
Jack Murtha 38%
Sue Myrick 100%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 100%
Robert William Ney 100%
Don Nickles 100%
Anne Northup 100%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 100%
James Nussle 100%
Jim Oberstar 0%
Dave Obey 8%
John Olver 8%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 23%
Major Owens 8%
Michael Oxley 100%
Ronald Packard 100%
Ron Paul 77%
Donald Payne 0%
Edward Pease 85%
John Peterson 100%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 100%
Owen Pickett 62%
Richard Pombo 85%
Earl Pomeroy 46%
John Edward Porter 85%
Deborah Pryce 100%
Jack Quinn 85%
George Radanovich 85%
James Ramstad 92%
Ralph Regula 100%
Silvestre Reyes 38%
Bob Riley 100%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 23%
Charles Robb 43%
Ciro Rodriguez 45%
Timothy Roemer 62%
James Rogan 83%
William Roth, Jr. 71%
Steve Rothman 18%
Marge Roukema 70%
Jim Ryun 100%
Martin Olav Sabo 15%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 77%
Rick Santorum 100%
Paul Sarbanes 14%
Jim Saxton 85%
Joe Scarborough 77%
Robert Schaffer 100%
John Shadegg 92%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 85%
Christopher Shays 54%
E.G. Shuster 91%
Norman Sisisky 54%
Joseph Skeen 100%
Ike Skelton 62%
Gordon Smith 100%
Nick Smith 100%
Bob Smith 86%
Olympia Snowe 86%
Vic Snyder 46%
Mark Souder 100%
Arlen Specter 71%
Floyd Spence 100%
John Spratt, Jr. 38%
Pete Stark 0%
Cliff Stearns 100%
Charles Stenholm 62%
Ted Stevens 86%
Ted Strickland 46%
Bob Stump 100%
Bart Stupak 15%
John Sununu 100%
James Talent 100%
John Tanner 46%
Ellen Tauscher 23%
William Tauzin 100%
Charles Taylor 100%
Gene Taylor 85%
Craig Thomas 86%
William Thomas 92%
Fred Thompson 86%
Karen Thurman 31%
Strom Thurmond 100%
Todd Tiahrt 100%
Robert Torricelli 43%
Ed Towns 0%
James Traficant, Jr. 70%
James Turner 62%
Bruce Vento 15%
James Walsh 77%
Zach Wamp 92%
John Warner 100%
Wesley Watkins 100%
Mel Watt 0%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 100%
David Weldon 92%
W. Curtis Weldon 92%
Gerald Weller 85%
Paul Wellstone 14%
Robert Wexler 15%
Bob Weygand 31%
Heather Wilson 100%
Bob Wise, Jr. 25%
Lynn Woolsey 23%
Albert Wynn 31%
Bill Young 92%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.