Rating Group: National Federation of Independent Business

1995-1996 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 86%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 79%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 97%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 100%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matt Salmon R 97%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 24%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 38%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 24%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 19%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 19%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 29%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 27%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 17%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 97%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 9%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 14%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 95%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 17%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 97%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 9%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 95%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 22%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 19%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 100%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 16%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 89%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 95%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 100%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 100%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 43%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 17%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 89%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 16%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 90%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 34%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 100%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 100%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 15%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 22%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Daniel Coats R 100%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 19%
IN Council Member-At-Large John Myers R 89%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 97%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 92%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 89%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 22%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 25%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 33%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 30%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 27%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 20%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 35%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 25%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 100%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 95%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 19%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 19%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 11%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 70%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 92%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 95%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 16%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 38%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 34%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 100%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 100%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 92%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 24%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 84%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 72%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 35%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 92%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 28%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 27%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 81%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 11%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 11%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 24%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 13%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 16%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 19%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 22%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 24%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 35%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 100%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 97%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 100%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 32%
OH Governor John Kasich R 97%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 24%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 93%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 100%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 100%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 100%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 33%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 0%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 24%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 18%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 49%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 92%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 92%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 27%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 95%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 100%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 97%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 89%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 97%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 22%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 97%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 36%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 22%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 27%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 100%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 24%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 97%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 38%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 89%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 29%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 19%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 36%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 97%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 22%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 95%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 95%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 24%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 39%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 24%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 97%
Gary Ackerman 24%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 29%
Rob Andrews 34%
Bill Archer 95%
Richard Armey 97%
John Ashcroft 100%
Henry Scott Baesler 59%
Richard Hugh Baker 97%
William Baker 100%
Cass Ballenger 100%
James Barcia 67%
Bob Barr, Jr. 97%
Bill Barrett 100%
Roscoe Bartlett 100%
Charlie Bass 100%
Herbert Bateman 83%
Max Baucus 41%
Anthony Beilenson 10%
Bob Bennett 100%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 32%
Douglas Bereuter 84%
Howard Berman 23%
Tom Bevill 40%
Brian Bilbray 92%
Michael Bilirakis 92%
Jeff Bingaman 34%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 97%
Peter Blute 90%
Sherwood Boehlert 62%
Kit Bond 93%
Henry Bonilla 100%
David Edward Bonior 19%
Sonny Bono 94%
Robert Borski, Jr. 19%
Rick Boucher 33%
Bill Bradley 6%
John Breaux 45%
Bill Brewster 67%
George Brown, Jr. 24%
Hank Brown 100%
Richard Bryan 31%
Ed Bryant 100%
John Bryant 20%
Dale Bumpers 34%
Jim Bunning 100%
Conrad Burns 97%
Dan Burton 94%
Steve Buyer 97%
Robert Byrd 24%
Herbert Callahan 97%
Ben Campbell 86%
Thomas Campbell 78%
Mike Castle 86%
John Chafee 86%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 97%
Jon Lynn Christensen 97%
William Clay, Sr. 16%
Eva Clayton 19%
Robert Clement 65%
William Clinger 100%
William Cohen 81%
Ronald Coleman 20%
Barbara-Rose Collins 11%
Cardiss Collins 0%
Michael Collins 97%
Larry Combest 97%
Gary Condit 78%
Kent Conrad 34%
Jerry Costello 39%
Paul Coverdell 100%
Christopher Cox 100%
William Coyne 16%
Larry Craig 100%
Robert Cramer 81%
Philip Crane 100%
Barbara Cubin 100%
Randall Cunningham 97%
Alfonse D'Amato 72%
Patsy Ann Danner 76%
Thomas Daschle 34%
Thomas Davis III 89%
E. Kika de la Garza 44%
Thomas DeLay 94%
Ronald Dellums 11%
Peter Deutsch 34%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 78%
Jay Dickey 100%
Norm Dicks 27%
Julian Dixon 22%
Chris Dodd 34%
Robert Dole 94%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 93%
Calvin Dooley 70%
John Doolittle 97%
Byron Dorgan 45%
Robert Dornan 100%
David Dreier 92%
Jennifer Dunn 100%
Chet Edwards 62%
Vern Ehlers 91%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 89%
Bill Emerson 100%
Philip English 92%
John Ensign 97%
Lane Evans 19%
Terry Everett 100%
Thomas Ewing 100%
Jim Exon 44%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 97%
Harris Fawell 95%
Victor Fazio 41%
Russ Feingold 38%
Cleo Fields 10%
Jack Fields, Jr. 100%
Bob Filner 19%
Floyd Flake 23%
Thomas Foglietta 17%
Mark Foley 89%
Michael Patrick Forbes 83%
Wendell Ford 38%
Tillie Fowler 100%
Jon David Fox 86%
Barney Frank 19%
Gary Franks 100%
Robert Franks 86%
William Frist 97%
Jonas Frost III 40%
Elizabeth Furse 27%
Elton Gallegly 97%
John Ganske 95%
Sam Gejdenson 16%
George Gekas 97%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 26%
Pete Geren 100%
Sam Gibbons 30%
Wayne Gilchrest 86%
Paul Gillmor 95%
Benjamin Gilman 81%
Newt Gingrich 100%
John Glenn 41%
Henry Gonzalez 19%
William Goodling 100%
Bart Gordon 70%
Slade Gorton 86%
Porter Goss 89%
Daniel Graham 43%
William Phillip Gramm 100%
Rodney Grams 97%
James Greenwood 84%
Judd Gregg 90%
Steven Gunderson 90%
Gilbert Gutknecht 97%
Tony Hall 35%
Lee Hamilton 62%
Melton Hancock 100%
James Hansen 97%
Jane Harman 70%
J. Dennis Hastert 100%
Mark Hatfield 69%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 100%
Joel Hefley 95%
W.G. Hefner 51%
Jesse Helms 100%
Wally Herger, Jr. 100%
Van Hilleary 97%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 29%
Maurice Hinchey 16%
David Lee Hobson 97%
Pete Hoekstra 100%
Martin Hoke 80%
Thomas Holden 57%
Ernest Hollings 38%
Stephen Horn 89%
John Nathan Hostettler 89%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 81%
Duncan Hunter 88%
Kay Hutchison 100%
Henry Hyde 97%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 97%
Daniel Inouye 30%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 92%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 22%
Andrew Jacobs, Jr. 30%
William Jefferson 21%
James Merrill Jeffords 77%
Nancy Johnson 74%
Harry Johnston 10%
J. Bennett Johnston 31%
Paul Kanjorski 22%
Nancy Landon Kassebaum 94%
Sue Kelly 92%
Dirk Kempthorne 100%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 31%
Joseph Kennedy II 24%
Patrick Kennedy 22%
Barbara Bailey Kennelly 35%
Bob Kerrey 41%
Dale Kildee 24%
Jay Kim 97%
Gerald Kleczka 31%
Ronald Klink 27%
Scott Klug 92%
Joseph Knollenberg 100%
Herb Kohl 52%
James Kolbe 95%
Jon Kyl 96%
John LaFalce 19%
Ray LaHood 86%
Tom Lantos 30%
Stephen Largent 100%
Steve LaTourette 92%
Greg Laughlin 70%
Frank Lautenberg 28%
Rick Lazio 89%
James Leach 86%
Jerry Lewis 92%
Ron Lewis 100%
Joe Lieberman 46%
Jim Lightfoot 90%
Blanche Lincoln 60%
John Linder 100%
William Lipinski 37%
Robert Livingston 95%
Trent Lott, Sr. 100%
Dick Lugar 100%
William Luther 32%
Connie Mack 100%
Thomas Manton 27%
Don Manzullo 100%
Matthew Martinez 28%
Frank Mascara 41%
Robert Matsui 22%
Karen McCarthy 40%
Bill McCollum 95%
James McCrery III 100%
Joseph McDade 91%
Paul McHale 32%
John McHugh 84%
Scott McInnis 100%
David McIntosh 100%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 8%
Michael McNulty 58%
Martin Meehan 30%
Carrie Meek 16%
Jack Metcalf 89%
Jan Meyers 100%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 20%
Dan Miller 92%
David Minge 54%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 16%
John Moakley 17%
Susan Molinari 91%
Alan Mollohan 35%
G.V. Montgomery 80%
Carlos Moorhead 100%
Constance Morella 67%
Carol Moseley Braun 45%
Patrick Moynihan 28%
Frank Murkowski 90%
Jack Murtha 28%
Sue Myrick 100%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 100%
Mark Neumann 92%
Robert William Ney 92%
Don Nickles 100%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 100%
Sam Nunn 69%
James Nussle 100%
Jim Oberstar 22%
Dave Obey 27%
John Olver 22%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 50%
Bill Orton 80%
Major Owens 15%
Michael Oxley 95%
Ronald Packard 97%
Mike Parker 97%
William Paxon 97%
Donald Payne 16%
Lewis Payne, Jr. 70%
Clay Pell 25%
Pete Peterson 30%
Owen Pickett 59%
Richard Pombo 97%
Earl Pomeroy 46%
John Edward Porter 78%
Glenn Poshard 57%
Larry Pressler 94%
Deborah Pryce 100%
David Pryor 33%
James Quillen 89%
Jack Quinn 86%
George Radanovich 100%
James Ramstad 89%
Ralph Regula 92%
Bill Richardson 33%
Frank Riggs 95%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 27%
Charles Robb 48%
Timothy Roemer 57%
Charles Rose III 30%
Toby Roth 90%
William Roth, Jr. 79%
Marge Roukema 59%
Martin Olav Sabo 16%
Rick Santorum 97%
Paul Sarbanes 28%
Jim Saxton 92%
Joe Scarborough 92%
Daniel Schaefer 100%
Steven Schiff 84%
Pat Schroeder 20%
John Shadegg 97%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 95%
Christopher Shays 70%
E.G. Shuster 97%
Paul Simon 25%
Alan Simpson 86%
Norman Sisisky 69%
David Skaggs 22%
Joseph Skeen 97%
Ike Skelton 67%
Linda Smith 97%
Nick Smith 97%
Bob Smith 100%
Olympia Snowe 93%
Gerald B.H. Solomon 92%
Mark Souder 97%
Arlen Specter 76%
Floyd Spence 100%
John Spratt, Jr. 43%
Pete Stark 14%
Cliff Stearns 100%
Charles Stenholm 67%
Ted Stevens 82%
Louis Stokes 15%
Gerry Studds 20%
Bob Stump 100%
Bart Stupak 35%
James Talent 100%
John Tanner 73%
William Tauzin 92%
Charles Taylor 97%
Gene Taylor 76%
Frank Tejeda 46%
Craig Thomas 97%
William Thomas 95%
Fred Thompson 90%
Ray Thornton 40%
Karen Thurman 43%
Strom Thurmond 97%
Todd Tiahrt 100%
Peter Torkildsen 100%
Esteban Edward Torres 22%
Ed Towns 18%
James Traficant, Jr. 62%
Bruce Vento 16%
Harold Volkmer 30%
Barbara Vucanovich 100%
Robert Walker 100%
James Walsh 89%
Zach Wamp 100%
John Warner 93%
Mel Watt 8%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 100%
David Weldon 100%
W. Curtis Weldon 88%
Gerald Weller 94%
Paul Wellstone 34%
Rick White 100%
Pat Williams 30%
Charles Wilson 40%
Bob Wise, Jr. 24%
Lynn Woolsey 22%
Albert Wynn 22%
Sidney Yates 21%
Bill Young 92%
Bill Zeliff 100%
Richard Zimmer 90%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.