Rating Group: National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)

2007-2008 Positions on Civil Rights and Social Justice Issues

State Office Name Party Rating
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 100%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 100%
Jeff Bingaman 100%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 100%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 100%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 100%
PA U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Casey, Jr. D 100%
FL U.S. House-14 Kathy Castor D 100%
NY U.S. House-9 Yvette Clarke D 100%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 100%
MO U.S. House-5 Emanuel Cleaver II D 100%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 100%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 100%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 100%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 100%
Russ Feingold 100%
Barney Frank 100%
TX U.S. House-9 Al Green D 100%
AZ U.S. House-3 Raúl Grijalva D 100%
HI U.S. Senate-Jr Mazie Hirono D 100%
Rush Holt, Jr. 100%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 100%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 100%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 100%
GA U.S. House-4 Hank Johnson, Jr. D 100%
Patrick Kennedy 100%
Dale Kildee 100%
Herb Kohl 100%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 100%
Frank Lautenberg 100%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 100%
Carl Levin 100%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 100%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 100%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 100%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 100%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 100%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 100%
Brad Miller 100%
WI U.S. House-4 Gwen Moore D 100%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 100%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 100%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 100%
John Olver 100%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 100%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 100%
Ed Pastor 100%
Donald Payne 100%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 100%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 100%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 100%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 100%
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 100%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 100%
MD U.S. House-3 John Sarbanes D 100%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 100%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 100%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano Other 100%
NJ U.S. House-8 Albio Sires D 100%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Debbie Stabenow D 100%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 100%
John Tierney 100%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 100%
RI U.S. Senate-Jr Sheldon Whitehouse D 100%
Lynn Woolsey 100%
Gary Ackerman 98%
Howard Berman 98%
NC U.S. House-1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. D 98%
Russ Carnahan 98%
CT U.S. House-2 Joe Courtney D 98%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 98%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 98%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 98%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 98%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 98%
MN U.S. House-5 Keith Ellison DFL 98%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 98%
Charlie Gonzalez 98%
Maurice Hinchey 98%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 98%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 98%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 98%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 98%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 98%
Carolyn McCarthy 98%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 98%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 98%
George Miller 98%
Steve Rothman 98%
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 98%
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 98%
Allyson Schwartz 98%
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 98%
Bart Stupak 98%
Ed Towns 98%
MD U.S. House-8 Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 98%
FL U.S. House-23 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D 98%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 98%
Diane Watson 98%
Mel Watt 98%
Anthony Weiner 98%
Robert Wexler 98%
David Wu 98%
KY U.S. House-3 John Yarmuth D 98%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 97%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 97%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 97%
Byron Dorgan 97%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 97%
MN U.S. Senate-Sr Amy Klobuchar DFL 97%
MO U.S. Senate-Sr Claire McCaskill D 97%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 97%
Jay Rockefeller IV 97%
Ken Salazar 97%
Jim Webb, Jr. 97%
Rob Andrews 95%
Michael Arcuri 95%
Tim Bishop 95%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 95%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 95%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 95%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 95%
Norm Dicks 95%
John Dingell 95%
Chet Edwards 95%
IL Mayor-At-Large Rahm Emanuel D 95%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 95%
Bob Filner 95%
John Hall 95%
Phil Hare 95%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 95%
NY U.S. House-26 Brian Higgins D 95%
Paul Hodes 95%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 95%
Ron Klein 95%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 95%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 95%
IA U.S. House-2 Dave Loebsack D 95%
CA U.S. House-6 Doris Matsui D 95%
Kendrick Meek, Sr. 95%
Mike Michaud 95%
CT U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Murphy D 95%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 95%
Dave Obey 95%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 95%
Joe Sestak, Jr. 95%
Carol Shea-Porter 95%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 95%
CA Supervisor-1 Hilda Solis 95%
Pete Stark 95%
Betty Sutton 95%
Ellen Tauscher 95%
MN U.S. House-1 Tim Walz DFL 95%
Henry Waxman 95%
VT U.S. House-At-Large Peter Welch D 95%
Joe Baca, Sr. 93%
Brian Baird 93%
Evan Bayh 93%
Shelley Berkley 93%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 93%
Bruce Braley 93%
Ben Chandler III 93%
Jerry Costello 93%
TX U.S. House-28 Henry Cuellar D 93%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 93%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 93%
Bob Etheridge 93%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 93%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 93%
Jane Harman 93%
Daniel Inouye 93%
Steve Kagen 93%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 93%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 93%
Mary Landrieu 93%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 93%
IL U.S. House-3 Daniel Lipinski D 93%
Alan Mollohan 93%
Dennis Moore 93%
Jim Moran, Jr. 93%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 93%
Jack Murtha 93%
CO U.S. House-7 Ed Perlmutter D 93%
Earl Pomeroy 93%
Mark Pryor 93%
Ciro Rodriguez 93%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 93%
Ike Skelton 93%
Vic Snyder 93%
Zack Space 93%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 93%
Mark Udall 93%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 93%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 93%
Neil Abercrombie 90%
Melissa Bean 90%
Marion Berry 90%
Rick Boucher 90%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 90%
TN U.S. House-9 Steve Cohen D 90%
Kent Conrad 90%
CA U.S. House-16 Jim Costa D 90%
Bill Delahunt 90%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 90%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutiérrez D 90%
Tom Harkin 90%
Thomas Holden 90%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 90%
Joe Lieberman 90%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 90%
Jim Matheson 90%
CA U.S. House-9 Jerry McNerney D 90%
Patrick Murphy 90%
Jim Oberstar 90%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 90%
Silvestre Reyes 90%
John Salazar 90%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 90%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 90%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 90%
John Spratt, Jr. 90%
MT U.S. Senate-Sr Jon Tester D 90%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 90%
John Barrow 88%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 88%
Dennis Cardoza 88%
Artur Davis 88%
Gabrielle Giffords 88%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 88%
Paul Kanjorski 88%
Harry Mitchell 88%
Nick Rahall II 88%
Mike Ross 88%
John Tanner 88%
Charlie Wilson, Jr. 88%
Max Baucus 86%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 86%
Jason Altmire 85%
Lincoln Davis 85%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 85%
NY U.S. Senate-Jr Kirsten Gillibrand D 85%
Stephanie Herseth Sandlin 85%
Charlie Melancon, Sr. 85%
Leonard Boswell 83%
Bart Gordon 83%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 83%
Blanche Lincoln 83%
Ben Nelson 83%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 83%
Robert Byrd 80%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 80%
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 80%
IN U.S. Senate-Jr Joe Donnelly, Sr. D 80%
Olympia Snowe 80%
Christopher Carney 78%
Brad Ellsworth 78%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 78%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 78%
Arlen Specter 76%
Dan Boren 75%
Steve LaTourette 75%
Jim Marshall 75%
Heath Shuler 75%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 75%
Mike Castle 73%
Mike McIntyre 73%
Gene Taylor 73%
Norm Coleman 69%
WV U.S. Senate-Jr Shelley Capito R 68%
John McHugh 68%
PA U.S. House-18 Tim Murphy R 68%
Timothy Johnson 66%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 66%
Jim Gerlach 65%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 65%
PA U.S. House-15 Charlie Dent R 63%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 63%
FL U.S. House-25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 63%
Jo Ann Emerson 63%
WA U.S. House-8 Dave Reichert R 63%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 63%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 60%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 60%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 60%
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 60%
Dick Lugar 59%
AK U.S. Senate-Sr Lisa Murkowski R 59%
George Voinovich 59%
Ray LaHood 55%
Todd Platts 55%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 53%
Frank Wolf 53%
Judy Biggert 50%
FL U.S. House-16 Vern Buchanan R 50%
Vern Ehlers 50%
Thaddeus McCotter 50%
MI U.S. House-10 Candice Miller R 50%
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 50%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 50%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 50%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 50%
Mary Bono Mack 48%
LA U.S. House-3 Charles Boustany, Jr. R 48%
Tim Johnson 48%
Denny Rehberg 48%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 48%
Rodney Alexander 45%
Bob Bennett 45%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 45%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 45%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 45%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 45%
FL U.S. House-12 Gus Bilirakis R 43%
NE U.S. House-1 Jeff Fortenberry R 43%
Tom Latham 43%
Tom Petri 43%
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 41%
TN U.S. Senate-Jr Robert Corker R 41%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 40%
Spencer Bachus 40%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr John Boozman R 40%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 40%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 40%
Jerry Lewis 40%
TX U.S. House-10 Michael McCaul R 40%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 40%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 40%
Dave Camp 38%
Saxby Chambliss 38%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 38%
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 38%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 38%
NV U.S. Senate-Jr Dean Heller R 38%
Kay Hutchison 38%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Johnny Isakson R 38%
Melquiades Martinez 38%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 38%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 38%
Mike Rogers 38%
Jean Schmidt 38%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 38%
Bill Young 38%
Henry Brown, Jr. 35%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 35%
David Dreier 35%
IL U.S. House-6 Peter Roskam R 35%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 35%
Lee Terry 35%
Todd Tiahrt 35%
Kit Bond 34%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 34%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr John Thune R 34%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 33%
Jo Bonner, Jr. 33%
Ginny Brown-Waite 33%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 33%
Geoff Davis 33%
OK Governor Mary Fallin R 33%
Ralph Hall 33%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 33%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 33%
WA U.S. House-5 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R 33%
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 30%
Steve Buyer 30%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 30%
CA U.S. House-23 Kevin McCarthy R 30%
Sue Myrick 30%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 30%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 30%
Mark Souder 30%
Cliff Stearns 30%
Zach Wamp 30%
Brian Bilbray 28%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 28%
Howard Coble 28%
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 28%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 28%
Elton Gallegly 28%
TX U.S. House-1 Louie Gohmert R 28%
Doc Hastings 28%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 28%
MN U.S. House-2 John Kline R 28%
Dan Lungren 28%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 28%
CA U.S. House-22 Devin Nunes R 28%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture Adam Putnam R 28%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 28%
Roscoe Bartlett 25%
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 25%
Pete Hoekstra 25%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 25%
John Sullivan 25%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 25%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 24%
Judd Gregg 24%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 23%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 23%
Dan Burton 23%
Don Manzullo 23%
Buck McKeon 23%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 23%
TX U.S. House-2 Ted Poe R 23%
NE U.S. House-3 Adrian Smith R 23%
Todd Akin 20%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 20%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 20%
Wally Herger, Jr. 20%
Gary Miller 20%
George Radanovich 20%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 20%
Michele Bachmann 18%
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 18%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 18%
John Campbell III 18%
Eric Cantor 18%
TX U.S. House-11 Mike Conaway R 18%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 18%
TX U.S. House-24 Kenny Marchant R 18%
IN Governor Mike Pence R 18%
GA U.S. House-6 Tom Price R 18%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 18%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 18%
Jim Bunning 17%
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 15%
NJ U.S. House-5 Scott Garrett R 15%
OH U.S. House-4 Jim Jordan R 15%
Connie Mack IV 15%
TX U.S. House-19 Randy Neugebauer R 15%
John Ensign 14%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr David Vitter R 14%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 13%
Phil Gingrey 13%
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 13%
Jack Kingston 13%
NC U.S. House-10 Patrick McHenry R 13%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 13%
Thomas Coburn 10%
NC U.S. House-5 Virginia Foxx R 10%
TX U.S. House-5 Jeb Hensarling R 10%
John Linder 10%
FL U.S. House-1 Jeff Miller R 10%
John Shadegg 10%
GA U.S. House-3 Lynn Westmoreland R 10%
J. Gresham Barrett 8%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 8%
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 8%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 8%
CO U.S. House-5 Doug Lamborn R 8%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 3%
Jon Kyl 3%
James DeMint 0%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.