Rating Group: National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)

2007-2008 Positions on Civil Rights and Social Justice Issues

State Office Name Party Rating
Gary Ackerman 98%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 97%
Todd Akin 20%
Rodney Alexander 45%
Jason Altmire 85%
Rob Andrews 95%
Michael Arcuri 95%
Joe Baca, Sr. 93%
Brian Baird 93%
J. Gresham Barrett 8%
Roscoe Bartlett 25%
Max Baucus 86%
Evan Bayh 93%
Melissa Bean 90%
Bob Bennett 45%
Shelley Berkley 93%
Howard Berman 98%
Marion Berry 90%
Judy Biggert 50%
Brian Bilbray 28%
Jeff Bingaman 100%
Kit Bond 34%
Jo Bonner, Jr. 33%
Mary Bono Mack 48%
Dan Boren 75%
Leonard Boswell 83%
Rick Boucher 90%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 88%
Henry Brown, Jr. 35%
Ginny Brown-Waite 33%
Jim Bunning 17%
Dan Burton 23%
Steve Buyer 30%
Robert Byrd 80%
Dennis Cardoza 88%
Russ Carnahan 98%
Christopher Carney 78%
Mike Castle 73%
Ben Chandler III 93%
Norm Coleman 69%
Kent Conrad 90%
Jerry Costello 93%
Artur Davis 88%
Geoff Davis 33%
Lincoln Davis 85%
Bill Delahunt 90%
James DeMint 0%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 63%
Norm Dicks 95%
Byron Dorgan 97%
David Dreier 35%
Chet Edwards 95%
Vern Ehlers 50%
Brad Ellsworth 78%
Jo Ann Emerson 63%
John Ensign 14%
Bob Etheridge 93%
Russ Feingold 100%
Bob Filner 95%
Barney Frank 100%
Elton Gallegly 28%
Gabrielle Giffords 88%
Charlie Gonzalez 98%
Bart Gordon 83%
Judd Gregg 24%
John Hall 95%
Phil Hare 95%
Jane Harman 93%
Wally Herger, Jr. 20%
Stephanie Herseth Sandlin 85%
Maurice Hinchey 98%
Paul Hodes 95%
Pete Hoekstra 25%
Thomas Holden 90%
Kay Hutchison 38%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 28%
Daniel Inouye 93%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 100%
Tim Johnson 48%
Steve Kagen 93%
Paul Kanjorski 88%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 66%
Patrick Kennedy 100%
Dale Kildee 100%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 93%
Ron Klein 95%
Herb Kohl 100%
Jon Kyl 3%
Ray LaHood 55%
Steve LaTourette 75%
Frank Lautenberg 100%
Jerry Lewis 40%
Joe Lieberman 90%
Blanche Lincoln 83%
John Linder 10%
Dick Lugar 59%
Dan Lungren 28%
Connie Mack IV 15%
Don Manzullo 23%
Jim Marshall 75%
Melquiades Martinez 38%
Thaddeus McCotter 50%
John McHugh 68%
Kendrick Meek, Sr. 95%
Charlie Melancon, Sr. 85%
Brad Miller 100%
Harry Mitchell 88%
Alan Mollohan 93%
Dennis Moore 93%
Patrick Murphy 90%
Jack Murtha 93%
Sue Myrick 30%
Ben Nelson 83%
Jim Oberstar 90%
Dave Obey 95%
John Olver 100%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 78%
Donald Payne 100%
Todd Platts 55%
Earl Pomeroy 93%
George Radanovich 20%
Denny Rehberg 48%
Silvestre Reyes 90%
Ciro Rodriguez 93%
Mike Ross 88%
Steve Rothman 98%
Ken Salazar 97%
Jean Schmidt 38%
Joe Sestak, Jr. 95%
John Shadegg 10%
Heath Shuler 75%
Ike Skelton 93%
Olympia Snowe 80%
Vic Snyder 93%
Hilda Solis 95%
Mark Souder 30%
Zack Space 93%
Arlen Specter 76%
John Spratt, Jr. 90%
Pete Stark 95%
Cliff Stearns 30%
Bart Stupak 98%
John Sullivan 25%
Betty Sutton 95%
John Tanner 88%
Ellen Tauscher 95%
Gene Taylor 73%
Todd Tiahrt 35%
Ed Towns 98%
George Voinovich 59%
Zach Wamp 30%
Diane Watson 98%
Mel Watt 98%
Jim Webb, Jr. 97%
Anthony Weiner 98%
Robert Wexler 98%
Charlie Wilson, Jr. 88%
Lynn Woolsey 100%
David Wu 98%
Bill Young 38%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 90%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 100%
GA U.S. House-12 John Barrow D 88%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 100%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 93%
NY U.S. House-1 Tim Bishop D 95%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 95%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 97%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 90%
IA U.S. House-1 Bruce Braley D 93%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 95%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 100%
NC U.S. House-1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. D 98%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 97%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 100%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 95%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 100%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 86%
PA U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Casey, Jr. D 100%
FL U.S. House-14 Kathy Castor D 100%
NY U.S. House-9 Yvette Clarke D 100%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 100%
MO U.S. House-5 Emanuel Cleaver II D 100%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 100%
TN U.S. House-9 Steve Cohen D 90%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 100%
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 80%
CA U.S. House-16 Jim Costa D 90%
CT U.S. House-2 Joe Courtney D 98%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 98%
TX U.S. House-28 Henry Cuellar D 93%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 98%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 100%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 95%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 93%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 98%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 98%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 95%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 98%
IN U.S. Senate-Jr Joe Donnelly, Sr. D 80%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 93%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 100%
IL Mayor-At-Large Rahm Emanuel D 95%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 90%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 95%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 98%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 85%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 93%
NY U.S. Senate-Jr Kirsten Gillibrand D 85%
TX U.S. House-9 Al Green D 100%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 93%
AZ U.S. House-3 Raúl Grijalva D 100%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 90%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 90%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 95%
NY U.S. House-26 Brian Higgins D 95%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 88%
HI U.S. Senate-Jr Mazie Hirono D 100%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 100%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 100%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 100%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 90%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 95%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 98%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 83%
GA U.S. House-4 Hank Johnson, Jr. D 100%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 66%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 98%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 97%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 93%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 93%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 100%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 93%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 95%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 100%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 98%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 100%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 95%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 98%
IL U.S. House-3 Daniel Lipinski D 93%
IA U.S. House-2 Dave Loebsack D 95%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 100%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 100%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 98%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 90%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 100%
UT U.S. House-4 Jim Matheson D 90%
CA U.S. House-6 Doris Matsui D 95%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 98%
MO U.S. Senate-Sr Claire McCaskill D 97%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 98%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 100%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 73%
CA U.S. House-9 Jerry McNerney D 90%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 100%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 100%
ME U.S. House-2 Mike Michaud D 95%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 97%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 98%
WI U.S. House-4 Gwen Moore D 100%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 93%
CT U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Murphy D 95%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 93%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 95%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 100%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 100%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 100%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 100%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 100%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 100%
CO U.S. House-7 Ed Perlmutter D 93%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 100%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Pryor D 93%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 88%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 100%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 100%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 90%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 97%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 100%
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 98%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 78%
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 98%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 90%
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 100%
MD U.S. House-3 John Sarbanes D 100%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 100%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 95%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 93%
PA U.S. House-13 Allyson Schwartz D 98%
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 98%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 100%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 100%
NH U.S. House-1 Carol Shea-Porter D 95%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 95%
NJ U.S. House-8 Albio Sires D 100%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 90%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 90%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 100%
MT U.S. Senate-Sr Jon Tester D 90%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 100%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 93%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 100%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 93%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 93%
MD U.S. House-8 Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 98%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 100%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 90%
FL U.S. House-23 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D 98%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 98%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 95%
VT U.S. House-At-Large Peter Welch D 95%
RI U.S. Senate-Jr Sheldon Whitehouse D 100%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 93%
KY U.S. House-3 John Yarmuth D 98%
MN U.S. House-5 Keith Ellison DFL 98%
MN U.S. Senate-Sr Amy Klobuchar DFL 97%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 98%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 83%
MN U.S. House-1 Tim Walz DFL 95%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 100%
CO Commissioner of Agriculture John Salazar N/A 90%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 40%
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 41%
MN U.S. House-6 Michele Bachmann R 18%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 40%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 33%
FL U.S. House-12 Gus Bilirakis R 43%
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 18%
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 25%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 23%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 18%
AR U.S. Senate-Jr John Boozman R 40%
LA U.S. House-3 Charles Boustany, Jr. R 48%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 23%
FL U.S. House-16 Vern Buchanan R 50%
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 30%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 28%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 33%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 38%
CA U.S. House-45 John Campbell III R 18%
VA U.S. House-7 Eric Cantor R 18%
WV U.S. House-2 Shelley Capito R 68%
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 15%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 38%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 28%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 10%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 38%
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 38%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 80%
TX U.S. House-11 Mike Conaway R 18%
TN U.S. Senate-Jr Robert Corker R 41%
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 28%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 28%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 35%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 20%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 13%
PA U.S. House-15 Charlie Dent R 63%
FL U.S. House-25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 63%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 18%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 24%
OK Governor Mary Fallin R 33%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 8%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 40%
NE U.S. House-1 Jeff Fortenberry R 43%
NC U.S. House-5 Virginia Foxx R 10%
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 8%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 53%
NJ U.S. House-5 Scott Garrett R 15%
PA U.S. House-6 Jim Gerlach R 65%
GA U.S. House-11 Phil Gingrey R 13%
TX U.S. House-1 Louie Gohmert R 28%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 30%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 34%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 20%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 45%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 38%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 33%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 28%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 45%
NV U.S. Senate-Jr Dean Heller R 38%
TX U.S. House-5 Jeb Hensarling R 10%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 3%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 38%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 33%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 8%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 40%
OH U.S. House-4 Jim Jordan R 15%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 60%
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 13%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 13%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 65%
MN U.S. House-2 John Kline R 28%
CO U.S. House-5 Doug Lamborn R 8%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 43%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 60%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 33%
TX U.S. House-24 Kenny Marchant R 18%
CA U.S. House-23 Kevin McCarthy R 30%
TX U.S. House-10 Michael McCaul R 40%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 45%
NC U.S. House-10 Patrick McHenry R 13%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 23%
WA U.S. House-5 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R 33%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 28%
MI U.S. House-10 Candice Miller R 50%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 20%
FL U.S. House-1 Jefferson Miller R 10%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 38%
AK U.S. Senate-Sr Lisa Murkowski R 59%
PA U.S. House-18 Tim Murphy R 68%
TX U.S. House-19 Randy Neugebauer R 15%
CA U.S. House-22 Devin Nunes R 28%
IN Governor Mike Pence R 18%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 43%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 23%
TX U.S. House-2 Ted Poe R 23%
GA U.S. House-6 Tom Price R 18%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services Adam Putnam R 28%
WA U.S. House-8 Dave Reichert R 63%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 38%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 40%
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 50%
MI U.S. House-8 Mike Rogers R 38%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 18%
IL U.S. House-6 Peter Roskam R 35%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 60%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 13%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 30%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 18%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 28%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 25%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 38%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 50%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 30%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 45%
NE U.S. House-3 Adrian Smith R 23%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 75%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 35%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 35%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 20%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 34%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 40%
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 60%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 63%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 14%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 50%
GA U.S. House-3 Lynn Westmoreland R 10%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 50%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 25%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 53%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 48%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.