Rating Group: National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)

2007-2008 Positions on Civil Rights and Social Justice Issues

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. Senate-Sr Lisa Murkowski R 59%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 48%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 38%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 28%
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 50%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 40%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 40%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Pryor D 93%
AR U.S. Senate-Jr John Boozman R 40%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 8%
AZ U.S. House-3 Raúl Grijalva D 100%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 100%
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 8%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 93%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 97%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 93%
CA U.S. House-6 Doris Matsui D 95%
CA U.S. House-9 Jerry McNerney D 90%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 98%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 98%
CA U.S. House-16 Jim Costa D 90%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 100%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 95%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 100%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 98%
CA U.S. House-22 Devin Nunes R 28%
CA U.S. House-23 Kevin McCarthy R 30%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 100%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 23%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 95%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 95%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 20%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 100%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 95%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 100%
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 100%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 13%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 100%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 33%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 98%
CA U.S. House-45 John Campbell III R 18%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 90%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 18%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 33%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 95%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 93%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 98%
CO U.S. House-5 Doug Lamborn R 8%
CO U.S. House-7 Ed Perlmutter D 93%
CO Commissioner of Agriculture John Salazar N/A 90%
CT U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Murphy D 95%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 95%
CT U.S. House-2 Joe Courtney D 98%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 98%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 86%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 100%
FL U.S. House-1 Jeff Miller R 10%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 35%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 95%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 28%
FL U.S. House-12 Gus Bilirakis R 43%
FL U.S. House-14 Kathy Castor D 100%
FL U.S. House-16 Vern Buchanan R 50%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 95%
FL U.S. House-23 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D 98%
FL U.S. House-25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 63%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 60%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services Adam Putnam R 28%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 38%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 38%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 13%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 93%
GA U.S. House-3 Lynn Westmoreland R 10%
GA U.S. House-4 Hank Johnson, Jr. D 100%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 98%
GA U.S. House-6 Tom Price R 18%
GA U.S. House-11 Phil Gingrey R 13%
GA U.S. House-12 John Barrow D 88%
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 98%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 13%
HI U.S. Senate-Jr Mazie Hirono D 100%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 90%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 45%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 90%
IA U.S. House-1 Bruce Braley D 93%
IA U.S. House-2 Dave Loebsack D 95%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 43%
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 13%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 28%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 45%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 100%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 65%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 78%
IL U.S. House-3 Daniel Lipinski D 93%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 90%
IL U.S. House-6 Peter Roskam R 35%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 100%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 100%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 50%
IL Mayor-At-Large Rahm Emanuel D 95%
IN U.S. Senate-Jr Joe Donnelly, Sr. D 80%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 90%
IN Governor Mike Pence R 18%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 38%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 38%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 45%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 50%
KY U.S. House-3 John Yarmuth D 98%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 40%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 93%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 14%
LA U.S. House-3 Charles Boustany, Jr. R 48%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 100%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 100%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 100%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 100%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 95%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 98%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 97%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 100%
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 98%
MD U.S. House-3 John Sarbanes D 100%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 100%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 98%
MD U.S. House-8 Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 98%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 80%
ME U.S. House-2 Mike Michaud D 95%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 100%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 100%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 38%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 63%
MI U.S. House-8 Mike Rogers R 38%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 95%
MI U.S. House-10 Candice Miller R 50%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 95%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 100%
MN U.S. Senate-Sr Amy Klobuchar DFL 97%
MN U.S. House-1 Tim Walz DFL 95%
MN U.S. House-2 John Kline R 28%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 98%
MN U.S. House-5 Keith Ellison DFL 98%
MN U.S. House-6 Michele Bachmann R 18%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 83%
MO U.S. Senate-Sr Claire McCaskill D 97%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 23%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 100%
MO U.S. House-5 Emanuel Cleaver II D 100%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 38%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 38%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 100%
MT U.S. Senate-Sr Jon Tester D 90%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 97%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 28%
NC U.S. House-1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. D 98%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 40%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 100%
NC U.S. House-5 Virginia Foxx R 10%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 28%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 73%
NC U.S. House-10 Patrick McHenry R 13%
NE U.S. House-1 Jeff Fortenberry R 43%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 35%
NE U.S. House-3 Adrian Smith R 23%
NH U.S. House-1 Carol Shea-Porter D 95%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 100%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 60%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 75%
NJ U.S. House-5 Scott Garrett R 15%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 100%
NJ U.S. House-8 Albio Sires D 100%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 100%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 53%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 100%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 93%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 90%
NV U.S. Senate-Jr Dean Heller R 38%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 93%
NY U.S. Senate-Jr Kirsten Gillibrand D 85%
NY U.S. House-1 Tim Bishop D 95%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 60%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 95%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 98%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 100%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 100%
NY U.S. House-9 Yvette Clarke D 100%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 95%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 90%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 100%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 98%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 100%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 90%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 100%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 90%
NY U.S. House-26 Brian Higgins D 95%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 100%
OH U.S. House-4 Jim Jordan R 15%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 18%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 98%
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 60%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 40%
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 98%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 3%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 10%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 33%
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 38%
OK Governor Mary Fallin R 33%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 93%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 50%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 95%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 93%
PA U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Casey, Jr. D 100%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 90%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 85%
PA U.S. House-6 Jim Gerlach R 65%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 30%
PA U.S. House-13 Allyson Schwartz D 98%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 93%
PA U.S. House-15 Charlie Dent R 63%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 23%
PA U.S. House-18 Tim Murphy R 68%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 100%
RI U.S. Senate-Jr Sheldon Whitehouse D 100%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 100%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 34%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 25%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 100%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 66%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 34%
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 41%
TN U.S. Senate-Jr Robert Corker R 41%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 18%
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 80%
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 25%
TN U.S. House-9 Steve Cohen D 90%
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 28%
TX U.S. House-1 Louie Gohmert R 28%
TX U.S. House-2 Ted Poe R 23%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 8%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 33%
TX U.S. House-5 Jeb Hensarling R 10%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 33%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 20%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 23%
TX U.S. House-9 Al Green D 100%
TX U.S. House-10 Michael McCaul R 40%
TX U.S. House-11 Mike Conaway R 18%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 20%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 20%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 88%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 98%
TX U.S. House-19 Randy Neugebauer R 15%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 35%
TX U.S. House-24 Kenny Marchant R 18%
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 30%
TX U.S. House-28 Henry Cuellar D 93%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 93%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 83%
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 15%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 25%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 98%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 45%
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 18%
UT U.S. House-4 Jim Matheson D 90%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 100%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 40%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 30%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 93%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 53%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 100%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 100%
VT U.S. House-At-Large Peter Welch D 95%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 93%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 97%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 93%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 28%
WA U.S. House-5 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R 33%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 98%
WA U.S. House-8 Dave Reichert R 63%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 90%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 90%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 100%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 30%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 93%
WI U.S. House-4 Gwen Moore D 100%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 18%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 43%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 97%
WV U.S. House-2 Shelley Capito R 68%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 88%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 24%
Gary Ackerman 98%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 97%
Todd Akin 20%
Rodney Alexander 45%
Jason Altmire 85%
Rob Andrews 95%
Michael Arcuri 95%
Joe Baca, Sr. 93%
Brian Baird 93%
J. Gresham Barrett 8%
Roscoe Bartlett 25%
Max Baucus 86%
Evan Bayh 93%
Melissa Bean 90%
Bob Bennett 45%
Shelley Berkley 93%
Howard Berman 98%
Marion Berry 90%
Judy Biggert 50%
Brian Bilbray 28%
Jeff Bingaman 100%
Kit Bond 34%
Jo Bonner, Jr. 33%
Mary Bono Mack 48%
Dan Boren 75%
Leonard Boswell 83%
Rick Boucher 90%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 88%
Henry Brown, Jr. 35%
Ginny Brown-Waite 33%
Jim Bunning 17%
Dan Burton 23%
Steve Buyer 30%
Robert Byrd 80%
Eric Cantor 18%
Dennis Cardoza 88%
Russ Carnahan 98%
Christopher Carney 78%
Mike Castle 73%
Ben Chandler III 93%
Norm Coleman 69%
Kent Conrad 90%
Jerry Costello 93%
Artur Davis 88%
Geoff Davis 33%
Lincoln Davis 85%
Bill Delahunt 90%
James DeMint 0%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 63%
Norm Dicks 95%
Byron Dorgan 97%
David Dreier 35%
Chet Edwards 95%
Vern Ehlers 50%
Brad Ellsworth 78%
Jo Ann Emerson 63%
John Ensign 14%
Bob Etheridge 93%
Russ Feingold 100%
Bob Filner 95%
Barney Frank 100%
Elton Gallegly 28%
Gabrielle Giffords 88%
Charlie Gonzalez 98%
Bart Gordon 83%
Judd Gregg 24%
John Hall 95%
Phil Hare 95%
Jane Harman 93%
Wally Herger, Jr. 20%
Stephanie Herseth Sandlin 85%
Maurice Hinchey 98%
Paul Hodes 95%
Pete Hoekstra 25%
Thomas Holden 90%
Kay Hutchison 38%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 28%
Daniel Inouye 93%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 100%
Tim Johnson 48%
Steve Kagen 93%
Paul Kanjorski 88%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 66%
Patrick Kennedy 100%
Dale Kildee 100%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 93%
Ron Klein 95%
Herb Kohl 100%
Jon Kyl 3%
Ray LaHood 55%
Steve LaTourette 75%
Frank Lautenberg 100%
Jerry Lewis 40%
Joe Lieberman 90%
Blanche Lincoln 83%
John Linder 10%
Dick Lugar 59%
Dan Lungren 28%
Connie Mack IV 15%
Don Manzullo 23%
Jim Marshall 75%
Melquiades Martinez 38%
Thaddeus McCotter 50%
John McHugh 68%
Kendrick Meek, Sr. 95%
Charlie Melancon, Sr. 85%
Brad Miller 100%
Harry Mitchell 88%
Alan Mollohan 93%
Dennis Moore 93%
Patrick Murphy 90%
Jack Murtha 93%
Sue Myrick 30%
Ben Nelson 83%
Jim Oberstar 90%
Dave Obey 95%
John Olver 100%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 78%
Donald Payne 100%
Todd Platts 55%
Earl Pomeroy 93%
George Radanovich 20%
Denny Rehberg 48%
Silvestre Reyes 90%
Ciro Rodriguez 93%
Mike Ross 88%
Steve Rothman 98%
Ken Salazar 97%
Jean Schmidt 38%
Joe Sestak, Jr. 95%
John Shadegg 10%
Heath Shuler 75%
Ike Skelton 93%
Olympia Snowe 80%
Vic Snyder 93%
Hilda Solis 95%
Mark Souder 30%
Zack Space 93%
Arlen Specter 76%
John Spratt, Jr. 90%
Pete Stark 95%
Cliff Stearns 30%
Bart Stupak 98%
John Sullivan 25%
Betty Sutton 95%
John Tanner 88%
Ellen Tauscher 95%
Gene Taylor 73%
Todd Tiahrt 35%
Ed Towns 98%
George Voinovich 59%
Zach Wamp 30%
Diane Watson 98%
Mel Watt 98%
Jim Webb, Jr. 97%
Anthony Weiner 98%
Robert Wexler 98%
Charlie Wilson, Jr. 88%
Lynn Woolsey 100%
David Wu 98%
Bill Young 38%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.