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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: American Public Health Association

1999 Positions

State Office District Name Party Rating
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie Democratic 100%
Gary Ackerman 100%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 100%
Thomas Allen 100%
Rob Andrews 100%
Brian Baird 100%
ME Councilor At-Large John Baldacci Democratic 100%
WI U.S. Senate Jr Tammy Baldwin Democratic 100%
WI Mayor At-Large Tom Barrett Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 34 Xavier Becerra Democratic 100%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 100%
Shelley Berkley 100%
Howard Berman 100%
Rod Blagojevich 100%
OR U.S. House 3 Earl Blumenauer Democratic 100%
David Edward Bonior 100%
CA U.S. Senate Jr Barbara Boxer Democratic 100%
PA U.S. House 1 Bob Brady Democratic 100%
FL U.S. House 5 Corrine Brown Democratic 100%
OH U.S. Senate Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 100%
Robert Byrd 100%
CA U.S. House 24 Lois Capps Democratic 100%
MA U.S. House 7 Mike Capuano Democratic 100%
MD U.S. Senate Jr Ben Cardin Democratic 100%
Julia Carson 100%
William Clay, Sr. 100%
Eva Clayton 100%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 100%
SC U.S. House 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 100%
MI U.S. House 13 John Conyers, Jr. Democratic 100%
William Coyne 100%
MD U.S. House 7 Elijah Cummings Democratic 100%
IL U.S. House 7 Danny Davis Democratic 100%
James Davis 100%
OR U.S. House 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 100%
CO U.S. House 1 Diana DeGette Democratic 100%
Bill Delahunt 100%
CT U.S. House 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 100%
Peter Deutsch 100%
Norm Dicks 100%
Julian Dixon 100%
Chris Dodd 100%
TX U.S. House 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 100%
IL U.S. Senate Sr Dick Durbin Democratic 100%
Chet Edwards 100%
NY U.S. House 16 Eliot Engel Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 100%
Bob Etheridge 100%
Lane Evans 100%
CA U.S. House 20 Sam Farr Democratic 100%
PA U.S. House 2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. Democratic 100%
Russ Feingold 100%
Bob Filner 100%
Harold Ford, Jr. 100%
Barney Frank 100%
Jonas Frost III 100%
Sam Gejdenson 100%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 100%
Charlie Gonzalez 100%
IL U.S. House 4 Luis Gutierrez Democratic 100%
IA U.S. Senate Jr Tom Harkin Democratic 100%
FL U.S. House 20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. Democratic 100%
Maurice Hinchey 100%
TX U.S. House 15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. Democratic 100%
PA Commissioner At-Large Joseph Hoeffel 100%
NJ U.S. House 12 Rush Holt, Jr. Democratic 100%
Darlene Hooley 100%
MD U.S. House 5 Steny Hoyer Democratic 100%
WA Governor Jay Inslee Democratic 100%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 100%
TX U.S. House 18 Sheila Jackson Lee Democratic 100%
William Jefferson 100%
TX U.S. House 30 Eddie Johnson Democratic 100%
OH U.S. House 9 Marcy Kaptur Democratic 100%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 100%
Patrick Kennedy 100%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 100%
WI U.S. House 3 Ron Kind Democratic 100%
Gerald Kleczka 100%
Herb Kohl 100%
LA U.S. Senate Sr Mary Landrieu Democratic 100%
Tom Lantos 100%
CT U.S. House 1 John Larson Democratic 100%
Frank Lautenberg 100%
CA U.S. House 13 Barbara Lee Democratic 100%
MI U.S. House 9 Sandy Levin Democratic 100%
GA U.S. House 5 John Lewis Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 19 Zoe Lofgren Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 17 Nita Lowey Democratic 100%
William Luther 100%
NY U.S. House 12 Carolyn Maloney Democratic 100%
MA U.S. Senate Jr Ed Markey Democratic 100%
Robert Matsui 100%
NY U.S. House 4 Carolyn McCarthy Democratic 100%
Karen McCarthy 100%
WA U.S. House 7 Jim McDermott Democratic 100%
MA U.S. House 2 Jim McGovern Democratic 100%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 100%
Martin Meehan 100%
Carrie Meek 100%
NY U.S. House 5 Gregory Meeks Democratic 100%
NJ U.S. Senate Sr Bob Menendez Democratic 100%
MD U.S. Senate Sr Barbara Mikulski Democratic 100%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 100%
CA U.S. House 11 George Miller Democratic 100%
David Minge 100%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 100%
John Moakley 100%
Dennis Moore 100%
WA U.S. Senate Sr Patty Murray Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 10 Jerry Nadler Democratic 100%
MA U.S. House 1 Richard Neal Democratic 100%
John Olver 100%
Major Owens 100%
NJ U.S. House 6 Frank Pallone, Jr. Democratic 100%
NJ U.S. House 9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. Democratic 100%
AZ U.S. House 7 Ed Pastor Democratic 100%
Donald Payne 100%
CA U.S. House 12 Nancy Pelosi Democratic 100%
Earl Pomeroy 100%
NC U.S. House 4 David Price Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 13 Charlie Rangel Democratic 100%
RI U.S. Senate Sr Jack Reed Democratic 100%
NV U.S. Senate Sr Harry Reid Democratic 100%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 100%
Steve Rothman 100%
CA U.S. House 40 Lucille Roybal-Allard Democratic 100%
IL U.S. House 1 Bobby Rush Democratic 100%
Martin Olav Sabo 100%
CA U.S. House 46 Loretta Sanchez Democratic 100%
VT U.S. Senate Jr Bernie Sanders Independent 100%
Paul Sarbanes 100%
OH State Senate 28 Thomas Sawyer Democratic 100%
IL U.S. House 9 Jan Schakowsky Democratic 100%
VA U.S. House 3 Bobby Scott Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 15 José Serrano Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 30 Brad Sherman Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 25 Louise Slaughter Democratic 100%
Vic Snyder 100%
John Spratt, Jr. 100%
MI U.S. Senate Jr Debbie Stabenow Democratic 100%
Pete Stark 100%
Ellen Tauscher 100%
MS U.S. House 2 Bennie Thompson Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 5 Mike Thompson Democratic 100%
Karen Thurman 100%
MA U.S. House 6 John Tierney Democratic 100%
Ed Towns 100%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 100%
CO U.S. Senate Sr Mark Udall Democratic 100%
NM U.S. Senate Sr Tom Udall Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 7 Nydia Velázquez Democratic 100%
Bruce Vento 100%
IN U.S. House 1 Pete Visclosky Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 43 Maxine Waters Democratic 100%
Mel Watt 100%
CA U.S. House 33 Henry Waxman Democratic 100%
Anthony Weiner 100%
Paul Wellstone 100%
Robert Wexler 100%
Lynn Woolsey 100%
David Wu 100%
OR U.S. Senate Sr Ron Wyden Democratic 100%
Albert Wynn 100%
GA U.S. House 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic 86%
Sherwood Boehlert 86%
Robert Borski, Jr. 86%
Leonard Boswell 86%
Rick Boucher 86%
Gary Condit 86%
NY U.S. House 14 Joe Crowley Democratic 86%
MI U.S. House 12 John Dingell Democratic 86%
PA U.S. House 14 Mike Doyle, Jr. Democratic 86%
Tony Hall 86%
Baron Hill 86%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 86%
Stephen Horn 86%
Dale Kildee 86%
Dennis Kucinich 86%
John LaFalce 86%
Nicholas Lampson 86%
James Maloney 86%
Matthew Martinez 86%
VA U.S. House 8 Jim Moran, Jr. Democratic 86%
Constance Morella 86%
Dave Obey 86%
Silvestre Reyes 86%
Ciro Rodriguez 86%
Timothy Roemer 86%
WA U.S. House 9 Adam Smith Democratic 86%
Ted Strickland 86%
Bart Stupak 86%
Bob Weygand 86%
Bob Wise, Jr. 86%
Evan Bayh 83%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. Democratic 83%
Jeff Bingaman 83%
Richard Bryan 83%
Thomas Daschle 83%
John Edwards 83%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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