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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: American Public Health Association

1999 Positions

State Office District Name Party Rating
Edmond Spencer Abraham 0%
Gary Ackerman 100%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 100%
Wayne Allard 0%
Thomas Allen 100%
Rob Andrews 100%
Bill Archer 14%
Richard Armey 14%
John Ashcroft 0%
Brian Baird 100%
Richard Hugh Baker 0%
Cass Ballenger 14%
James Barcia 71%
Bob Barr, Jr. 14%
Bill Barrett 14%
Roscoe Bartlett 0%
Charlie Bass 29%
Herbert Bateman 43%
Max Baucus 67%
Evan Bayh 83%
Bob Bennett 0%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 100%
Douglas Bereuter 29%
Shelley Berkley 100%
Howard Berman 100%
Marion Berry 57%
Judy Biggert 14%
Brian Bilbray 67%
Michael Bilirakis 29%
Jeff Bingaman 83%
Rod Blagojevich 100%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 14%
Sherwood Boehlert 86%
Kit Bond 0%
Henry Bonilla 14%
David Edward Bonior 100%
Mary Bono Mack 43%
Robert Borski, Jr. 86%
Leonard Boswell 86%
Rick Boucher 86%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 71%
John Breaux 67%
Richard Bryan 83%
Ed Bryant 14%
Jim Bunning 0%
Conrad Burns 0%
Dan Burton 0%
Steve Buyer 14%
Robert Byrd 100%
Herbert Callahan 29%
Ben Campbell 0%
Thomas Campbell 71%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 29%
Chris Cannon 14%
Julia Carson 100%
Mike Castle 71%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 0%
William Clay, Sr. 100%
Eva Clayton 100%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 100%
Robert Clement 57%
Michael Collins 0%
Larry Combest 0%
Gary Condit 86%
Kent Conrad 67%
Merrill Cook 14%
John Cooksey 14%
Jerry Costello 71%
Paul Coverdell 0%
Christopher Cox 0%
William Coyne 100%
Larry Craig 0%
Robert Cramer 57%
Philip Crane 0%
Barbara Cubin 0%
Randall Cunningham 14%
Patsy Ann Danner 57%
Thomas Daschle 83%
James Davis 100%
Thomas Davis III 67%
Bill Delahunt 100%
Thomas DeLay 14%
James DeMint 0%
Peter Deutsch 100%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 43%
Jay Dickey 14%
Norm Dicks 100%
Julian Dixon 100%
Chris Dodd 100%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 0%
Calvin Dooley 71%
John Doolittle 14%
Byron Dorgan 67%
David Dreier 14%
Jennifer Dunn 14%
John Edwards 83%
Chet Edwards 100%
Vern Ehlers 14%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 29%
Jo Ann Emerson 14%
Philip English 29%
Bob Etheridge 100%
Lane Evans 100%
Terry Everett 14%
Thomas Ewing 14%
Russ Feingold 100%
Bob Filner 100%
Peter Fitzgerald 33%
Ernest Fletcher 0%
Mark Foley 29%
Michael Patrick Forbes 71%
Harold Ford, Jr. 100%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 14%
Tillie Fowler 29%
Barney Frank 100%
Robert Franks 57%
William Frist 0%
Jonas Frost III 100%
Elton Gallegly 29%
John Ganske 71%
Sam Gejdenson 100%
George Gekas 14%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 100%
Jim Gibbons 43%
Wayne Gilchrest 71%
Paul Gillmor 14%
Benjamin Gilman 71%
Charlie Gonzalez 100%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 0%
William Goodling 14%
Bart Gordon 57%
Slade Gorton 0%
Porter Goss 0%
Daniel Graham 67%
William Phillip Gramm 0%
Rodney Grams 0%
Mark Green 0%
James Greenwood 43%
Judd Gregg 0%
Gilbert Gutknecht 14%
Tony Hall 86%
James Hansen 14%
J. Dennis Hastert 0%
Robert Hayes 0%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 0%
Joel Hefley 14%
Jesse Helms 17%
Wally Herger, Jr. 0%
Baron Hill 86%
Rick Hill 0%
Van Hilleary 0%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 86%
Maurice Hinchey 100%
David Lee Hobson 14%
PA Commissioner At-Large Joseph Hoeffel 100%
Pete Hoekstra 0%
Thomas Holden 71%
Ernest Hollings 83%
Darlene Hooley 100%
Stephen Horn 86%
John Nathan Hostettler 0%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 33%
Kenny Hulshof 17%
Duncan Hunter 29%
Asa Hutchinson 0%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 0%
Kay Hutchison 17%
Henry Hyde 43%
Daniel Inouye 80%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 0%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 100%
William Jefferson 100%
James Merrill Jeffords 17%
William Lewis Jenkins 29%
Christopher John 43%
Nancy Johnson 57%
Paul Kanjorski 71%
Sue Kelly 71%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 100%
Patrick Kennedy 100%
Bob Kerrey 67%
Dale Kildee 86%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 100%
Gerald Kleczka 100%
Ronald Klink 83%
Joseph Knollenberg 14%
Herb Kohl 100%
James Kolbe 29%
Dennis Kucinich 86%
Steven Kuykendall 33%
Jon Kyl 0%
John LaFalce 86%
Ray LaHood 14%
Nicholas Lampson 86%
Tom Lantos 100%
Stephen Largent 0%
Steve LaTourette 29%
Frank Lautenberg 100%
Rick Lazio 71%
James Leach 71%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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