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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: American Public Health Association

1999 Positions

State Office District Name Party Rating
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie Democratic 100%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 0%
Gary Ackerman 100%
AL U.S. House 4 Robert Aderholt Republican 0%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 100%
Wayne Allard 0%
Thomas Allen 100%
Rob Andrews 100%
Bill Archer 14%
Richard Armey 14%
John Ashcroft 0%
AL U.S. House 6 Spencer Bachus Republican 17%
Brian Baird 100%
Richard Hugh Baker 0%
ME Councilor At-Large John Baldacci Democratic 100%
WI U.S. Senate Jr Tammy Baldwin Democratic 100%
Cass Ballenger 14%
James Barcia 71%
Bob Barr, Jr. 14%
WI Mayor At-Large Tom Barrett Democratic 100%
Bill Barrett 14%
Roscoe Bartlett 0%
TX U.S. House 6 Joe Barton Republican 0%
Charlie Bass 29%
Herbert Bateman 43%
Max Baucus 67%
Evan Bayh 83%
CA U.S. House 34 Xavier Becerra Democratic 100%
Bob Bennett 0%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 100%
Douglas Bereuter 29%
Shelley Berkley 100%
Howard Berman 100%
Marion Berry 57%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. Democratic 83%
Judy Biggert 14%
Brian Bilbray 67%
Michael Bilirakis 29%
Jeff Bingaman 83%
GA U.S. House 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic 86%
Rod Blagojevich 100%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 14%
OR U.S. House 3 Earl Blumenauer Democratic 100%
MO U.S. Senate Jr Roy Blunt Republican 14%
Sherwood Boehlert 86%
OH U.S. House 8 John Boehner Republican 0%
Kit Bond 0%
Henry Bonilla 14%
David Edward Bonior 100%
Mary Bono Mack 43%
Robert Borski, Jr. 86%
Leonard Boswell 86%
Rick Boucher 86%
CA U.S. Senate Jr Barbara Boxer Democratic 100%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 71%
TX U.S. House 8 Kevin Brady Republican 33%
PA U.S. House 1 Bob Brady Democratic 100%
John Breaux 67%
FL U.S. House 5 Corrine Brown Democratic 100%
OH U.S. Senate Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 100%
KS Governor Sam Brownback Republican 0%
Richard Bryan 83%
Ed Bryant 14%
Jim Bunning 0%
Conrad Burns 0%
NC U.S. Senate Sr Richard Burr Republican 0%
Dan Burton 0%
Steve Buyer 14%
Robert Byrd 100%
Herbert Callahan 29%
CA U.S. House 42 Ken Calvert Republican 14%
MI U.S. House 4 Dave Camp Republican 14%
Ben Campbell 0%
Thomas Campbell 71%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 29%
Chris Cannon 14%
CA U.S. House 24 Lois Capps Democratic 100%
MA U.S. House 7 Mike Capuano Democratic 100%
MD U.S. Senate Jr Ben Cardin Democratic 100%
Julia Carson 100%
Mike Castle 71%
OH U.S. House 1 Steve Chabot Republican 0%
GA U.S. Senate Sr Saxby Chambliss Republican 14%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 0%
William Clay, Sr. 100%
Eva Clayton 100%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 100%
Robert Clement 57%
SC U.S. House 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 100%
NC U.S. House 6 Howard Coble Republican 14%
OK U.S. Senate Jr Thomas Coburn Republican 14%
MS U.S. Senate Sr Thad Cochran Republican 0%
Michael Collins 0%
ME U.S. Senate Sr Susan Collins Republican 0%
Larry Combest 0%
Gary Condit 86%
Kent Conrad 67%
MI U.S. House 13 John Conyers, Jr. Democratic 100%
Merrill Cook 14%
John Cooksey 14%
Jerry Costello 71%
Paul Coverdell 0%
Christopher Cox 0%
William Coyne 100%
Larry Craig 0%
Robert Cramer 57%
Philip Crane 0%
ID U.S. Senate Sr Mike Crapo Republican 0%
NY U.S. House 14 Joe Crowley Democratic 86%
Barbara Cubin 0%
MD U.S. House 7 Elijah Cummings Democratic 100%
Randall Cunningham 14%
Patsy Ann Danner 57%
Thomas Daschle 83%
IL U.S. House 7 Danny Davis Democratic 100%
James Davis 100%
Thomas Davis III 67%
GA Governor Nathan Deal Republican 0%
OR U.S. House 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 100%
CO U.S. House 1 Diana DeGette Democratic 100%
Bill Delahunt 100%
CT U.S. House 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 100%
Thomas DeLay 14%
James DeMint 0%
Peter Deutsch 100%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine Republican 50%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 43%
Jay Dickey 14%
Norm Dicks 100%
MI U.S. House 12 John Dingell Democratic 86%
Julian Dixon 100%
Chris Dodd 100%
TX U.S. House 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 100%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 0%
Calvin Dooley 71%
John Doolittle 14%
Byron Dorgan 67%
PA U.S. House 14 Mike Doyle Democratic 86%
David Dreier 14%
TN U.S. House 2 John Duncan, Jr. Republican 14%
Jennifer Dunn 14%
IL U.S. Senate Sr Dick Durbin Democratic 100%
John Edwards 83%
Chet Edwards 100%
Vern Ehlers 14%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 29%
Jo Ann Emerson 14%
NY U.S. House 16 Eliot Engel Democratic 100%
Philip English 29%
WY U.S. Senate Sr Mike Enzi Republican 0%
CA U.S. House 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 100%
Bob Etheridge 100%
Lane Evans 100%
Terry Everett 14%
Thomas Ewing 14%
CA U.S. House 20 Sam Farr Democratic 100%
PA U.S. House 2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. Democratic 100%
Russ Feingold 100%
CA U.S. Senate Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 83%
Bob Filner 100%
Peter Fitzgerald 33%
Ernest Fletcher 0%
Mark Foley 29%
Michael Patrick Forbes 71%
Harold Ford, Jr. 100%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 14%
Tillie Fowler 29%
Barney Frank 100%
Robert Franks 57%
NJ U.S. House 11 Rodney Frelinghuysen Republican 57%
William Frist 0%
Jonas Frost III 100%
Elton Gallegly 29%
John Ganske 71%
Sam Gejdenson 100%
George Gekas 14%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 100%
Jim Gibbons 43%
Wayne Gilchrest 71%
Paul Gillmor 14%
Benjamin Gilman 71%
Charlie Gonzalez 100%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 0%
VA U.S. House 6 Bob Goodlatte Republican 0%
William Goodling 14%
Bart Gordon 57%
Slade Gorton 0%
Porter Goss 0%
Daniel Graham 67%
SC U.S. Senate Sr Lindsey Graham Republican 14%
William Phillip Gramm 0%
Rodney Grams 0%
TX U.S. House 12 Kay Granger Republican 33%
IA U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Grassley Republican 0%
Mark Green 0%
TX U.S. House 29 Gene Green Democratic 83%
James Greenwood 43%
Judd Gregg 0%
IL U.S. House 4 Luis Gutierrez Democratic 100%
Gilbert Gutknecht 14%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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