Rating Group: American Public Health Association

1999 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 14%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 0%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 0%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 0%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 17%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 33%
AZ U.S. House-5 Matthew Salmon R 0%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 100%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 83%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 100%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 100%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 100%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 100%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 100%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 100%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 100%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 100%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 100%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 14%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 100%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 14%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 100%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 100%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 0%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 100%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 14%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 100%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 100%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 0%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 100%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 100%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 100%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 100%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 100%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 0%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 100%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 43%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 29%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 14%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 17%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 0%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 86%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 100%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 0%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 100%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 0%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 100%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 14%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 0%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 14%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 100%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 100%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 100%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 100%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 100%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 14%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 100%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 0%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 14%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 0%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 0%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 14%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 14%
KY Commissioner of the Department of Veterans' Affairs Ken Lucas D 43%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 100%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 20%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 100%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 100%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 100%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 100%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 100%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 100%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 100%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 100%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 100%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 0%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 100%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 83%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 100%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 14%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 43%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 100%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 86%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 100%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 71%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 14%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 0%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 14%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 100%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 83%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 0%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 83%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 0%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 17%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 100%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 14%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 29%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 0%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 100%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 43%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 71%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 100%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 100%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 57%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 100%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 100%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 100%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 83%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 57%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 100%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 100%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 100%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 100%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 100%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 100%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 86%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 100%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 100%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 100%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 100%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 100%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 0%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 0%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 0%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 100%
OH Governor John Kasich R 0%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 100%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 50%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 0%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 14%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 14%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 100%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 0%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 100%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 100%
PA U.S. Senate-Jr Pat Toomey R 14%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 100%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 100%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 86%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 0%
PA Commissioner-At-Large Joseph Hoeffel 100%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 100%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 14%
SC U.S. House-1 Mark Sanford, Jr. R 0%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 100%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 83%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 14%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 14%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 0%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 43%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 0%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 33%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 33%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 14%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 100%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 100%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 14%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 83%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 100%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 14%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 100%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 0%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 100%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 0%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 86%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 43%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 83%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 100%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 100%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 0%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 100%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 86%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 100%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 100%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 14%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 100%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 0%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 14%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 100%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 83%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 71%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 0%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 0%
Gary Ackerman 100%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 100%
Wayne Allard 0%
Thomas Allen 100%
Rob Andrews 100%
Bill Archer 14%
Richard Armey 14%
John Ashcroft 0%
Brian Baird 100%
Richard Hugh Baker 0%
Cass Ballenger 14%
James Barcia 71%
Robert Barr, Jr. 14%
Bill Barrett 14%
Roscoe Bartlett 0%
Charlie Bass 29%
Herbert Bateman 43%
Max Baucus 67%
Evan Bayh 83%
Bob Bennett 0%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 100%
Douglas Bereuter 29%
Shelley Berkley 100%
Howard Berman 100%
Marion Berry 57%
Judy Biggert 14%
Brian Bilbray 67%
Michael Bilirakis 29%
Jeff Bingaman 83%
Rod Blagojevich 100%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 14%
Sherwood Boehlert 86%
Kit Bond 0%
Henry Bonilla 14%
David Edward Bonior 100%
Mary Bono Mack 43%
Robert Borski, Jr. 86%
Leonard Boswell 86%
Rick Boucher 86%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 71%
John Breaux 67%
Richard Bryan 83%
Ed Bryant 14%
Jim Bunning 0%
Conrad Burns 0%
Dan Burton 0%
Steve Buyer 14%
Robert Byrd 100%
Herbert Callahan 29%
Ben Campbell 0%
Thomas Campbell 71%
Chris Cannon 14%
Julia Carson 100%
Mike Castle 71%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 0%
William Clay, Sr. 100%
Eva Clayton 100%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 100%
Robert Clement 57%
Michael Collins 0%
Larry Combest 0%
Gary Condit 86%
Kent Conrad 67%
Merrill Cook 14%
John Cooksey 14%
Jerry Costello 71%
Paul Coverdell 0%
Christopher Cox 0%
William Coyne 100%
Larry Craig 0%
Robert Cramer 57%
Philip Crane 0%
Barbara Cubin 0%
Randall Cunningham 14%
Patsy Ann Danner 57%
Thomas Daschle 83%
James Davis 100%
Thomas Davis III 67%
Bill Delahunt 100%
Thomas DeLay 14%
James DeMint 0%
Peter Deutsch 100%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 43%
Jay Dickey 14%
Norm Dicks 100%
Julian Dixon 100%
Chris Dodd 100%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 0%
Calvin Dooley 71%
John Doolittle 14%
Byron Dorgan 67%
David Dreier 14%
Jennifer Dunn 14%
John Edwards 83%
Chet Edwards 100%
Vern Ehlers 14%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 29%
Jo Ann Emerson 14%
Philip English 29%
Bob Etheridge 100%
Lane Evans 100%
Terry Everett 14%
Thomas Ewing 14%
Russ Feingold 100%
Bob Filner 100%
Peter Fitzgerald 33%
Ernest Fletcher 0%
Mark Foley 29%
Michael Patrick Forbes 71%
Harold Ford, Jr. 100%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 14%
Tillie Fowler 29%
Barney Frank 100%
Robert Franks 57%
William Frist 0%
Jonas Frost III 100%
Elton Gallegly 29%
John Ganske 71%
Sam Gejdenson 100%
George Gekas 14%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 100%
Jim Gibbons 43%
Wayne Gilchrest 71%
Paul Gillmor 14%
Benjamin Gilman 71%
Charlie Gonzalez 100%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 0%
William Goodling 14%
Bart Gordon 57%
Slade Gorton 0%
Porter Goss 0%
Daniel Graham 67%
William Phillip Gramm 0%
Rodney Grams 0%
Mark Green 0%
James Greenwood 43%
Judd Gregg 0%
Gilbert Gutknecht 14%
Tony Hall 86%
James Hansen 14%
J. Dennis Hastert 0%
Robert Hayes 0%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 0%
Joel Hefley 14%
Jesse Helms 17%
Wally Herger, Jr. 0%
Baron Hill 86%
Rick Hill 0%
Van Hilleary 0%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 86%
Maurice Hinchey 100%
David Lee Hobson 14%
Pete Hoekstra 0%
Thomas Holden 71%
Ernest Hollings 83%
Darlene Hooley 100%
Stephen Horn 86%
John Nathan Hostettler 0%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 33%
Kenny Hulshof 17%
Duncan Hunter 29%
Asa Hutchinson 0%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 0%
Kay Hutchison 17%
Henry Hyde 43%
Daniel Inouye 80%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 0%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 100%
William Jefferson 100%
James Merrill Jeffords 17%
William Lewis Jenkins 29%
Christopher John 43%
Nancy Johnson 57%
Paul Kanjorski 71%
Sue Kelly 71%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 100%
Patrick Kennedy 100%
Bob Kerrey 67%
Dale Kildee 86%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 100%
Gerald Kleczka 100%
Ronald Klink 83%
Joseph Knollenberg 14%
Herb Kohl 100%
James Kolbe 29%
Dennis Kucinich 86%
Steven Kuykendall 33%
Jon Kyl 0%
John LaFalce 86%
Ray LaHood 14%
Nicholas Lampson 86%
Tom Lantos 100%
Stephen Largent 0%
Steve LaTourette 29%
Frank Lautenberg 100%
Rick Lazio 71%
James Leach 71%
Jerry Lewis 14%
Ron Lewis 14%
Joe Lieberman 83%
Blanche Lincoln 67%
John Linder 0%
William Lipinski 71%
Trent Lott, Sr. 0%
Dick Lugar 17%
William Luther 100%
Connie Mack 0%
James Maloney 86%
Don Manzullo 0%
Matthew Martinez 86%
Frank Mascara 71%
Robert Matsui 100%
Karen McCarthy 100%
Bill McCollum 50%
James McCrery III 14%
John McHugh 43%
Scott McInnis 14%
David McIntosh 0%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 100%
Michael McNulty 83%
Martin Meehan 100%
Carrie Meek 100%
Jack Metcalf 0%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 100%
Dan Miller 43%
David Minge 100%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 100%
John Moakley 100%
Alan Mollohan 50%
Dennis Moore 100%
Constance Morella 86%
Patrick Moynihan 83%
Frank Murkowski 17%
Jack Murtha 57%
Sue Myrick 0%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 14%
Robert William Ney 14%
Don Nickles 0%
Anne Northup 29%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 29%
James Nussle 14%
Jim Oberstar 71%
Dave Obey 86%
John Olver 100%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 71%
Doug Ose 43%
Major Owens 100%
Michael Oxley 14%
Ronald Packard 14%
Ron Paul 0%
Donald Payne 100%
Edward Pease 0%
John Peterson 17%
David Phelps 71%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 0%
Owen Pickett 57%
Richard Pombo 14%
Earl Pomeroy 100%
John Edward Porter 57%
Deborah Pryce 43%
Jack Quinn 57%
George Radanovich 0%
James Ramstad 43%
Ralph Regula 29%
Silvestre Reyes 86%
Thomas Reynolds 29%
Bob Riley 0%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 100%
Charles Robb 67%
Ciro Rodriguez 86%
Timothy Roemer 86%
James Rogan 29%
William Roth, Jr. 17%
Steve Rothman 100%
Marge Roukema 71%
Jim Ryun 0%
Martin Olav Sabo 100%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 71%
Rick Santorum 0%
Paul Sarbanes 100%
Jim Saxton 43%
Joe Scarborough 40%
Robert Schaffer 0%
John Shadegg 0%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 43%
Christopher Shays 57%
Donald Sherwood 14%
Ronnie Shows 57%
E.G. Shuster 17%
Norman Sisisky 57%
Joseph Skeen 14%
Ike Skelton 71%
Gordon Smith 0%
Nick Smith 0%
Bob Smith 0%
Olympia Snowe 0%
Vic Snyder 100%
Mark Souder 0%
Arlen Specter 50%
Floyd Spence 29%
John Spratt, Jr. 100%
Pete Stark 100%
Cliff Stearns 14%
Charles Stenholm 29%
Ted Stevens 33%
Ted Strickland 86%
Bob Stump 14%
Bart Stupak 86%
John Sununu 0%
John Sweeney 43%
James Talent 14%
Tom Tancredo 0%
John Tanner 57%
Ellen Tauscher 100%
William Tauzin 14%
Charles Taylor 14%
Gene Taylor 43%
Craig Thomas 0%
William Thomas 17%
Fred Thompson 0%
Karen Thurman 100%
Strom Thurmond 0%
Todd Tiahrt 0%
Robert Torricelli 67%
Ed Towns 100%
James Traficant, Jr. 57%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 100%
James Turner 57%
Bruce Vento 100%
George Voinovich 17%
James Walsh 29%
Zach Wamp 29%
John Warner 17%
Wesley Watkins 14%
Mel Watt 100%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 0%
Anthony Weiner 100%
David Weldon 14%
W. Curtis Weldon 57%
Gerald Weller 29%
Paul Wellstone 100%
Robert Wexler 100%
Bob Weygand 86%
Heather Wilson 43%
Bob Wise, Jr. 86%
Lynn Woolsey 100%
David Wu 100%
Albert Wynn 100%
Bill Young 43%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.