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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: American Public Health Association

1998 Positions

State Office District Name Party Rating
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie Democratic 100%
Gary Ackerman 100%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 100%
Thomas Allen 100%
Rob Andrews 100%
ME Councilor At-Large John Baldacci Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 34 Xavier Becerra Democratic 100%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 100%
Howard Berman 100%
Jeff Bingaman 100%
OR U.S. House 3 Earl Blumenauer Democratic 100%
Sherwood Boehlert 100%
CA U.S. Senate Jr Barbara Boxer Democratic 100%
PA U.S. House 1 Bob Brady Democratic 100%
FL U.S. House 5 Corrine Brown Democratic 100%
George Brown, Jr. 100%
OH U.S. Senate Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 24 Lois Capps Democratic 100%
MD U.S. Senate Jr Ben Cardin Democratic 100%
Julia Carson 100%
William Clay, Sr. 100%
Eva Clayton 100%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 100%
SC U.S. House 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 100%
MI U.S. House 13 John Conyers, Jr. Democratic 100%
William Coyne 100%
MD U.S. House 7 Elijah Cummings Democratic 100%
IL U.S. House 7 Danny Davis Democratic 100%
OR U.S. House 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 100%
CO U.S. House 1 Diana DeGette Democratic 100%
Bill Delahunt 100%
CT U.S. House 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 100%
Peter Deutsch 100%
Norm Dicks 100%
Julian Dixon 100%
Chris Dodd 100%
TX U.S. House 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 100%
IL U.S. Senate Sr Dick Durbin Democratic 100%
Chet Edwards 100%
NY U.S. House 16 Eliot Engel Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 100%
Lane Evans 100%
CA U.S. House 20 Sam Farr Democratic 100%
PA U.S. House 2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. Democratic 100%
Russ Feingold 100%
CA U.S. Senate Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 100%
Bob Filner 100%
Harold Ford, Jr. 100%
Barney Frank 100%
Jonas Frost III 100%
Sam Gejdenson 100%
Daniel Graham 100%
IA U.S. Senate Jr Tom Harkin Democratic 100%
FL U.S. House 20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. Democratic 100%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 100%
Maurice Hinchey 100%
Darlene Hooley 100%
MD U.S. House 5 Steny Hoyer Democratic 100%
Daniel Inouye 100%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 100%
TX U.S. House 18 Sheila Jackson Lee Democratic 100%
TX U.S. House 30 Eddie Johnson Democratic 100%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 100%
Bob Kerrey 100%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry Democratic 100%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 100%
Herb Kohl 100%
Tom Lantos 100%
Frank Lautenberg 100%
CA U.S. House 13 Barbara Lee Democratic 100%
MI U.S. Senate Sr Carl Levin Democratic 100%
MI U.S. House 9 Sandy Levin Democratic 100%
GA U.S. House 5 John Lewis Democratic 100%
Joe Lieberman 100%
CA U.S. House 19 Zoe Lofgren Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 17 Nita Lowey Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 12 Carolyn Maloney Democratic 100%
MA U.S. Senate Jr Ed Markey Democratic 100%
Robert Matsui 100%
NY U.S. House 4 Carolyn McCarthy Democratic 100%
Karen McCarthy 100%
WA U.S. House 7 Jim McDermott Democratic 100%
MA U.S. House 2 Jim McGovern Democratic 100%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 100%
Martin Meehan 100%
Carrie Meek 100%
NY U.S. House 5 Gregory Meeks Democratic 100%
NJ U.S. Senate Sr Bob Menendez Democratic 100%
MD U.S. Senate Sr Barbara Mikulski Democratic 100%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 100%
CA U.S. House 11 George Miller Democratic 100%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 100%
Constance Morella 100%
WA U.S. Senate Sr Patty Murray Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 10 Jerry Nadler Democratic 100%
John Olver 100%
Major Owens 100%
NJ U.S. House 6 Frank Pallone, Jr. Democratic 100%
AZ U.S. House 7 Ed Pastor Democratic 100%
Donald Payne 100%
CA U.S. House 12 Nancy Pelosi Democratic 100%
NC U.S. House 4 David Price Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 13 Charlie Rangel Democratic 100%
RI U.S. Senate Sr Jack Reed Democratic 100%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 100%
WV U.S. Senate Sr Jay Rockefeller IV Democratic 100%
Steve Rothman 100%
CA U.S. House 40 Lucille Roybal-Allard Democratic 100%
IL U.S. House 1 Bobby Rush Democratic 100%
Martin Olav Sabo 100%
CA U.S. House 46 Loretta Sanchez Democratic 100%
VT U.S. Senate Jr Bernie Sanders Independent 100%
Paul Sarbanes 100%
OH State Senate 28 Thomas Sawyer Democratic 100%
NY U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Schumer Democratic 100%
VA U.S. House 3 Bobby Scott Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 15 José Serrano Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 30 Brad Sherman Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 25 Louise Slaughter Democratic 100%
WA U.S. House 9 Adam Smith Democratic 100%
Vic Snyder 100%
MI U.S. Senate Jr Debbie Stabenow Democratic 100%
Pete Stark 100%
Ellen Tauscher 100%
MS U.S. House 2 Bennie Thompson Democratic 100%
Karen Thurman 100%
MA U.S. House 6 John Tierney Democratic 100%
Robert Torricelli 100%
Ed Towns 100%
NY U.S. House 7 Nydia Velázquez Democratic 100%
Bruce Vento 100%
CA U.S. House 43 Maxine Waters Democratic 100%
Mel Watt 100%
CA U.S. House 33 Henry Waxman Democratic 100%
Paul Wellstone 100%
Robert Wexler 100%
Lynn Woolsey 100%
OR U.S. Senate Sr Ron Wyden Democratic 100%
Albert Wynn 100%
WI Mayor At-Large Tom Barrett Democratic 88%
Rod Blagojevich 88%
David Edward Bonior 88%
Robert Borski, Jr. 88%
Rick Boucher 88%
Thomas Campbell 88%
James Davis 88%
Calvin Dooley 88%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 88%
IL U.S. House 4 Luis Gutierrez Democratic 88%
Stephen Horn 88%
William Jefferson 88%
Nancy Johnson 88%
OH U.S. House 9 Marcy Kaptur Democratic 88%
Patrick Kennedy 88%
WI U.S. House 3 Ron Kind Democratic 88%
Gerald Kleczka 88%
Nicholas Lampson 88%
William Luther 88%
James Maloney 88%
VA U.S. House 8 Jim Moran, Jr. Democratic 88%
MA U.S. House 1 Richard Neal Democratic 88%
Jim Oberstar 88%
Dave Obey 88%
Ciro Rodriguez 88%
Bob Weygand 88%
TX U.S. House 29 Gene Green Democratic 86%
TX U.S. House 15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. Democratic 86%
Max Baucus 83%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. Democratic 83%
Richard Bryan 83%
Thomas Daschle 83%
SD U.S. Senate Sr Timothy Johnson Democratic 83%
LA U.S. Senate Sr Mary Landrieu Democratic 83%
Patrick Moynihan 83%
John Moakley 80%
Brian Bilbray 75%
Mike Castle 75%
MI U.S. House 12 John Dingell Democratic 75%
John Ganske 75%
Benjamin Gilman 75%
James Greenwood 75%
Dennis Kucinich 75%
James Leach 75%
David Minge 75%
NJ U.S. House 9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. Democratic 75%
Christopher Shays 75%
John Spratt, Jr. 75%
Bob Wise, Jr. 75%
Matthew Martinez 71%
Michael McNulty 71%
Robert Byrd 67%
John Chafee 67%
Byron Dorgan 67%
VT U.S. Senate Sr Patrick Leahy Democratic 67%
NV U.S. Senate Sr Harry Reid Democratic 67%
Charles Robb 67%
Marion Berry 63%
Robert Clement 63%
Gary Condit 63%
Bob Etheridge 63%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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