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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: American Public Health Association

1998 Positions

State Office District Name Party Rating
Edmond Spencer Abraham 33%
Gary Ackerman 100%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 100%
Wayne Allard 0%
Thomas Allen 100%
Rob Andrews 100%
Bill Archer 0%
Richard Armey 0%
John Ashcroft 0%
Richard Hugh Baker 13%
Cass Ballenger 0%
James Barcia 38%
Bob Barr, Jr. 0%
Bill Barrett 13%
Roscoe Bartlett 0%
Charlie Bass 25%
Herbert Bateman 0%
Max Baucus 83%
Bob Bennett 17%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 100%
Douglas Bereuter 25%
Howard Berman 100%
Marion Berry 63%
Brian Bilbray 75%
Michael Bilirakis 13%
Jeff Bingaman 100%
Rod Blagojevich 88%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 0%
Sherwood Boehlert 100%
Kit Bond 33%
Henry Bonilla 25%
David Edward Bonior 88%
Mary Bono Mack 13%
Robert Borski, Jr. 88%
Leonard Boswell 50%
Rick Boucher 88%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 50%
John Breaux 50%
George Brown, Jr. 100%
Richard Bryan 83%
Ed Bryant 13%
Jim Bunning 13%
Conrad Burns 0%
Dan Burton 13%
Steve Buyer 0%
Robert Byrd 67%
Herbert Callahan 13%
Ben Campbell 17%
Thomas Campbell 88%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 0%
Chris Cannon 0%
Julia Carson 100%
Mike Castle 75%
John Chafee 67%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 13%
William Clay, Sr. 100%
Eva Clayton 100%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 100%
Robert Clement 63%
Michael Collins 0%
Larry Combest 13%
Gary Condit 63%
Kent Conrad 50%
Merrill Cook 38%
John Cooksey 13%
Jerry Costello 50%
Paul Coverdell 17%
Christopher Cox 0%
William Coyne 100%
Larry Craig 0%
Robert Cramer 43%
Philip Crane 0%
Barbara Cubin 0%
Randall Cunningham 0%
Patsy Ann Danner 38%
Thomas Daschle 83%
James Davis 88%
Thomas Davis III 50%
Bill Delahunt 100%
Thomas DeLay 0%
Peter Deutsch 100%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 25%
Jay Dickey 13%
Norm Dicks 100%
Julian Dixon 100%
Chris Dodd 100%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 0%
Calvin Dooley 88%
John Doolittle 0%
Byron Dorgan 67%
David Dreier 0%
Jennifer Dunn 13%
Chet Edwards 100%
Vern Ehlers 38%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 25%
Jo Ann Emerson 0%
Philip English 0%
Bob Etheridge 63%
Lane Evans 100%
Terry Everett 13%
Thomas Ewing 25%
Russ Feingold 100%
Bob Filner 100%
Mark Foley 43%
Michael Patrick Forbes 50%
Harold Ford, Jr. 100%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 25%
Tillie Fowler 13%
Barney Frank 100%
Robert Franks 63%
William Frist 33%
Jonas Frost III 100%
Elton Gallegly 25%
John Ganske 75%
Sam Gejdenson 100%
George Gekas 0%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 88%
Jim Gibbons 13%
Wayne Gilchrest 63%
Paul Gillmor 13%
Benjamin Gilman 75%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 13%
William Goodling 0%
Bart Gordon 50%
Slade Gorton 17%
Porter Goss 13%
Daniel Graham 100%
William Phillip Gramm 0%
Rodney Grams 0%
James Greenwood 75%
Judd Gregg 17%
Gilbert Gutknecht 13%
Tony Hall 43%
James Hansen 14%
J. Dennis Hastert 0%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 13%
Joel Hefley 0%
Jesse Helms 0%
Wally Herger, Jr. 0%
Rick Hill 14%
Van Hilleary 0%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 100%
Maurice Hinchey 100%
David Lee Hobson 25%
Pete Hoekstra 0%
Thomas Holden 38%
Ernest Hollings 40%
Darlene Hooley 100%
Stephen Horn 88%
John Nathan Hostettler 0%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 38%
Kenny Hulshof 0%
Duncan Hunter 0%
Asa Hutchinson 13%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 0%
Kay Hutchison 17%
Henry Hyde 14%
Daniel Inouye 100%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 0%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 100%
William Jefferson 88%
James Merrill Jeffords 50%
William Lewis Jenkins 0%
Christopher John 29%
Nancy Johnson 88%
Paul Kanjorski 63%
Sue Kelly 63%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 100%
Patrick Kennedy 88%
Bob Kerrey 100%
Dale Kildee 63%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 100%
Gerald Kleczka 88%
Ronald Klink 63%
Joseph Knollenberg 0%
Herb Kohl 100%
James Kolbe 63%
Dennis Kucinich 75%
Jon Kyl 0%
John LaFalce 63%
Ray LaHood 13%
Nicholas Lampson 88%
Tom Lantos 100%
Stephen Largent 0%
Steve LaTourette 63%
Frank Lautenberg 100%
Rick Lazio 63%
James Leach 75%
Jerry Lewis 25%
Ron Lewis 0%
Joe Lieberman 100%
John Linder 0%
William Lipinski 38%
Robert Livingston 13%
Trent Lott, Sr. 0%
Dick Lugar 17%
William Luther 88%
Connie Mack 17%
James Maloney 88%
Don Manzullo 0%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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